Effingham County, Illinois

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Effingham County, Illinois
Effingham County Building and Jail.jpg
Effingham County Building and Jail in Effingham
Seal of Effingham County, Illinois
Seal
Map of Illinois highlighting Effingham County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1831
Named for Thomas Howar, the third Earl of Effingham
Seat Effingham
Largest city Effingham
Area
 • Total 480.01 sq mi (1,243 km2)
 • Land 478.78 sq mi (1,240 km2)
 • Water 1.23 sq mi (3 km2), 0.26%
Population
 • (2010) 34,242
 • Density 72/sq mi (28/km²)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.effingham.il.us

Effingham County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 34,242, which is a decrease of 0.1% from 34,264 in 2000.[1] Its county seat is Effingham.[2]

History[edit]

Effingham County was formed in 1855 out of Fayette and Crawford counties. It may have been named after Thomas Howard, 3rd Earl of Effingham, who resigned his commission as general in the British army in 1775, refusing to serve in the war against the Colonies. The name is Anglo-Saxon for "Effa's house". New information suggests that the county was named after a surveyor who surveyed the area whose last name was Effingham. There is no written proof that the county was named after Lord Effingham.

Effingham County Courthouse in Effingham

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 480.01 square miles (1,243.2 km2), of which 478.78 square miles (1,240.0 km2) (or 99.74%) is land and 1.23 square miles (3.2 km2) (or 0.26%) is water.[3]

Just west of Effingham, Illinois on Interstate 70 there is a 198 ft. White Cross. 50,000 travellers are estimated to pass the site each day. It is the world's second biggest cross, and took over 200 tons of steel to erect.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Settlements[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Effingham County is divided into fifteen townships:

Politics[edit]

Effingham County is one of Illinois's most Republican counties, if not the most. In the 2008 U.S. Presidential election, John McCain carried the county by a 36% margin over Barack Obama, making it McCain's strongest county in the state, with Obama carrying his home state by a 25.1% margin over McCain.[4]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Effingham County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,675
1850 3,799 126.8%
1860 7,816 105.7%
1870 15,653 100.3%
1880 18,920 20.9%
1890 19,358 2.3%
1900 20,465 5.7%
1910 20,055 −2.0%
1920 19,556 −2.5%
1930 19,013 −2.8%
1940 22,034 15.9%
1950 21,675 −1.6%
1960 23,107 6.6%
1970 24,608 6.5%
1980 30,944 25.7%
1990 31,704 2.5%
2000 34,264 8.1%
2010 34,242 −0.1%
Est. 2012 34,353 0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 34,264 people, 13,001 households, and 9,178 families residing in the county. The population density was 72 people per square mile (28/km²). There were 13,959 housing units at an average density of 29 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.66% White, 0.16% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 0.46% from two or more races. 0.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 54.4% were of German, 14.5% American, 7.8% English and 6.3% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 97.6% spoke English and 1.2% Spanish as their first language.

There were 13,001 households out of which 36.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 9.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.40% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.60% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 21.10% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,379, and the median income for a family was $46,895. Males had a median income of $31,442 versus $21,121 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,301. About 6.00% of families and 8.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.10% of those under age 18 and 7.10% of those age 65 or over.

Climate and weather[edit]

Effingham, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.4
 
35
18
 
 
2.5
 
41
22
 
 
3.6
 
52
32
 
 
4.1
 
64
42
 
 
4.5
 
74
52
 
 
4.3
 
83
62
 
 
4.5
 
87
66
 
 
2.9
 
85
63
 
 
3
 
78
55
 
 
3
 
67
43
 
 
4.1
 
52
34
 
 
3.3
 
40
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[8]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Effingham have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −29 °F (−34 °C) was recorded in January 1915 and a record high of 111 °F (44 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.38 inches (60 mm) in January to 4.51 inches (115 mm) in July.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Effingham County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  4. ^ U.S. Election Atlas
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Effingham, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°04′N 88°35′W / 39.06°N 88.59°W / 39.06; -88.59