Tippecanoe County, Indiana

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Tippecanoe County, Indiana
Tippecanoe courthouse 7-2004.jpg
Tippecanoe County courthouse in Lafayette, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Tippecanoe County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded March 1, 1826
Named for Kethtippecanoogi ("Place of the Succor Fish People" in Miami)
Seat Lafayette
Largest city Lafayette
Area
 • Total 503.24 sq mi (1,303 km2)
 • Land 499.81 sq mi (1,295 km2)
 • Water 3.44 sq mi (9 km2), 0.68%
Population
 • (2010) 172,780
 • Density 346/sq mi (133.48/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.county.tippecanoe.in.us
Footnotes: Indiana county number 79

Tippecanoe County is a county located in the northwest quadrant of the U.S. state of Indiana. According to the 2010 census, the population was 172,780;[1] the 2009 population estimate was 167,964.[2] The county seat is Lafayette.[3] It was created in 1826 from Wabash County.[4]

Tippecanoe County is part of the Lafayette, Indiana, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Tippecanoe County was formed March 1, 1826, and named for the anglicization of "Kethtippecanoogi", a Miami term meaning "place of the succor fish people." (Kriebel, Robert C. - Tippecanoe at 2000: A Hoosier County Recalls Its Past). The county is best known for Purdue University, the 1811 Battle of Tippecanoe, and the Tippecanoe County Courthouse, a structure built in 1881 and included in the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 503.24 square miles (1,303.4 km2), of which 499.81 square miles (1,294.5 km2) (or 99.32%) is land and 3.44 square miles (8.9 km2) (or 0.68%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

The county courthouse and nearby buildings along the Wabash River in Lafayette and West Lafayette.
The view northeast into the town of Battle Ground.

Incorporated[edit]

Unincorporated[edit]

Extinct[edit]

  • Archerville
  • Beeville
  • Chauncey (consolidated into West Lafayette)
  • Corwin
  • Concord
  • Columbus
  • Cincinnatus[6]
  • Clarksburg
  • Cleveland
  • Conroe
  • Erie
  • Florentine
  • Fulton (absorbed by Lafayette)
  • Gerard
  • Glen Hall
  • Granville (aka Weaton)
  • Heath
  • Huntersville
  • Harrisonville (absorbed into Battle Ground
  • Linwood (absorbed by Lafayette)
  • Little Chicago
  • Monroe
  • Oakland (absorbed by Lafayette)
  • Polk-White Corners
  • Prairieville
  • Harrisonville (consolidated into Battle Ground)
  • Kingston (consolidated into West Lafayette)
  • Monitor (previously Cynthyana)

Townships[edit]

A freight train approaches the town of South Raub on the border of Randolph and Wea Townships.

Climate and weather[edit]

Lafayette, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.8
 
33
17
 
 
1.6
 
39
22
 
 
2.9
 
50
31
 
 
3.5
 
62
40
 
 
3.9
 
74
51
 
 
4.2
 
83
60
 
 
3.8
 
86
65
 
 
3.9
 
84
63
 
 
2.7
 
78
55
 
 
2.6
 
66
43
 
 
2.8
 
51
34
 
 
2.6
 
38
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[7]

In recent years, temperatures in Lafayette have ranged from an average low of 17 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.58 inches (40 mm) inches in February to 4.24 inches (108 mm) inches in June.[7]

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

Railroads[edit]

Three different railroad lines intersect in Tippecanoe County, all running through the Lafayette area. CSX Transportation operates a north-south line; Norfolk Southern Railway operates a southwest-to-northeast line,[8] and the Kankakee, Beaverville and Southern Railroad operates an infrequently-used line running from the northwest to the southeast.

Airport[edit]

The county contains one public-use airport: Purdue University Airport (LAF) in West Lafayette, Indiana.[9]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[10][11]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[10][11]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[11]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[11]

Politics[edit]

Like the state of Indiana, Tippecanoe County has historically been politically conservative. But like the rest of Indiana, its political leanings at the national level moved from the conservative towards the moderate end of the spectrum from 2005-2009 before returning to its more conservative roots since those years. Due in large part to the presence of Purdue University, Tippecanoe County is one of the more progressive counties of the state.

In the 2008 Democratic primary, Tippecanoe County was one of 10 (out of 92) Indiana counties to give the majority of its votes to Barack Obama.[12] In the 2008 Presidential election, Tippecanoe County was one of 15 Indiana counties to give the majority of its votes to Obama/Biden. Thanks to the sizable support of Purdue University students, Tippecanoe County played a pivotal role in Barack Obama's upset win in Indiana (49.9%-49.0%; 1,367,264 votes to 1,341,101 votes) by supporting the Democrat ticket of Barack Obama/Joe Biden 55.1%-43.5% over the Republican ticket of John McCain/Sarah Palin.[13]

Presidential Election Results (Tippecanoe County, IN): 1960–present: U.S. winner is represented by (W), IN winner is represented by (I), and the Tippecanoe County vote winner is represented by italicized number of votes received in the county.
Year Democrat Republican Other
2012[14] (W) Obama/Biden 47.0% 26,642 (I) Romney/Ryan 50.6% 28,708
2008[13] (W)(I) Obama/Biden 55.1% 37,781 McCain/Palin 43.5% 29,822
2004[15] Kerry/Edwards 39.8% 20,818 (W)(I) G.W. Bush/Cheney 59% 30,897
2000[16] Gore/Lieberman 39.4% 18,220 (W)(I) G.W. Bush/Cheney 56.4% 26,106
1996[17] (W) Clinton/Gore 39.9% 17,232 (I) Dole/Kemp 49.5% 22,556 Perot 11.8% 5,394
1992[18] (W) Clinton/Gore 37.2% 17,343 (I) G. Bush/Quayle 42.8% 23,050 Perot 19.2% 9,684
1988[19] Dukakis/Bentsen 36.6% 16,256 (W)(I) G. Bush/Quayle 62.9% 27,897
1984[20] Mondale/Ferraro 34.4% 15,789 (W)(I) Reagan/G. Bush 64.8% 29,706
1980[21] Carter/Mondale 30.2% 14,636 (W)(I) Reagan/G. Bush 56.9% 27,589 Anderson 10.6% 5,141
1976[22] (W) Carter/Mondale 37.5% 17,850 (I) Ford/Dole 59.7% 29,186
1972[23] McGovern/Shriver 31.5% 14,598 (W)(I) Nixon/Agnew 68.1% 31,565
1968[24] Humphrey/Muskie 35.5% 14,528 (W)(I) Nixon/Agnew 59.4% 24,352 Wallace 4.9% 2,000
1964[25] (W)(I) L. Johnson/Humphrey 51.5% 20,257 Goldwater/Miller 48.3% 19,036
1960[26] (W) Kennedy/L. Johnson 36.3% 14,041 (I) Nixon/Lodge 63.5% 24,572

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 7,187
1840 13,724 91.0%
1850 19,377 41.2%
1860 25,726 32.8%
1870 33,515 30.3%
1880 35,966 7.3%
1890 35,078 −2.5%
1900 38,659 10.2%
1910 40,063 3.6%
1920 42,813 6.9%
1930 47,535 11.0%
1940 51,020 7.3%
1950 74,473 46.0%
1960 89,122 19.7%
1970 109,378 22.7%
1980 121,702 11.3%
1990 130,598 7.3%
2000 148,955 14.1%
2010 172,780 16.0%
Est. 2012 177,513 2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[27]
2012 Estimate[28]

According to the 2000 census, there were 148,955 people, 55,226 households, and 32,417 families residing in the county. The population density was 298 per square mile (115/km²). There were 58,343 housing units at an average density of 117 per square mile (45/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.86% White, 2.52% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 4.46% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.48% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. 5.26% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.1% were of German, 13.7% American, 9.4% Irish and 9.1% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 55,226 households, of which 28.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.90% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.30% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.01.

20.90% of the population were under the age of 18, 25.40% from 18 to 24, 27.10% from 25 to 44, 17.40% from 45 to 64, and 9.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 105.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.10 males.

The median household income was $38,65, and the median family income was $51,791. Males had a median income of $37,606 versus $25,142 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,375. About 7.30% of families and 15.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.10% of those under age 18 and 4.30% of those age 65 or over.[1]

Education[edit]

Public schools in rural/suburban Tippecanoe County are administered by the Tippecanoe School Corporation, while those in the cities are under either the Lafayette School Corporation or West Lafayette Community School Corporation. Purdue and Ivy Tech each have campuses at other sites in Indiana.

Universities and colleges

High Schools

Middle Schools/Junior High Schools

Elementary Schools

Private Schools

  • Apostolic Christian Academy
  • Beacon Academy
  • Concord School
  • Faith Christian School
  • First Assembly Christian Academy
  • Highland Christian School k-8
  • Lafayette Catholic Schools [37] k-12
  • Lafayette Christian School [38] k-8
  • Lafayette Faith Baptist [39]
  • Lighthouse Baptist Christian Academy
  • New Community School
  • Pleasantview Christian School
  • St Boniface 4-6
  • St James Lutheran k-8
  • St Mary Cathedral Elementary K-3

Economy[edit]

Much of the economy of Tippecanoe County is centered in its two largest communities: Lafayette and West Lafayette. Purdue University is by far the largest employer in the county, but private industry and commerce also employ many others. Major employers include Subaru-Indiana Automotive, Wabash National, Caterpillar, Fairfield Manufacturing, Franciscan St. Elizabeth Health, Alcoa, and State Farm.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Census data for Tippecanoe County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-12-11. 
  2. ^ "Tippecanoe County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-12-11. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ DeHart 1909, p. 151.
  5. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  6. ^ http://www.ingenweb.org/intippecanoe/ghosttowns.htm
  7. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Lafayette, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  8. ^ "Indiana Railroads" (PDF). Indiana Department of Transportation. 2008. Retrieved 2010-12-11. 
  9. ^ Public and Private Airports, Tippecanoe County, Indiana
  10. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  11. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  12. ^ "Election Center 2008: Primary Results - Elections & Politics news from CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved May 25, 2010. 
  13. ^ a b "2008 presidential election results". 
  14. ^ "2012 presidential election results". 
  15. ^ "2004 presidential election results". 
  16. ^ "2000 presidential election results". 
  17. ^ "1996 presidential election results". 
  18. ^ "1992 presidential election results". 
  19. ^ "1988 presidential election results". 
  20. ^ "1984 presidential election results". 
  21. ^ "1980 presidential election results". 
  22. ^ "1976 presidential election results". 
  23. ^ "1972 presidential election results". 
  24. ^ "1968 presidential election results". 
  25. ^ "1964 presidential election results". 
  26. ^ "1960 presidential election results". 
  27. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 31, 2013. 
  28. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 31, 2013. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°23′N 86°53′W / 40.39°N 86.89°W / 40.39; -86.89