Ford County, Illinois

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Ford County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Ford County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1859
Named for Thomas Ford
Seat Paxton
Largest city Paxton
Area
 • Total 486 sq mi (1,259 km2)
 • Land 486 sq mi (1,259 km2)
 • Water 0.6 sq mi (2 km2), 0.1%
Population
 • (2010) 14,081
 • Density 29/sq mi (11/km²)
Congressional districts 15th, 16th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Ford County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 14,081.[1] Its county seat is Paxton.[2]

Ford County is part of the ChampaignUrbana, IL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Ford County was formed February 17, 1859. It was the last of Illinois' 102 counties to be formed, and was created at the behest of some residents of Vermilion County, who complained to the General Assembly that they were located too far from the Iroquois County county seat. Ford County was named in honor of Thomas Ford, who served as Governor of Illinois from 1842 to 1846.[3]

President Gerald Ford visited Ford County on October 24, 1974, on the occasion of the retirement of Congressman Leslie C. Arends of Melvin who served in congress for 40 years, including over 30 years as Republican Minority Whip.[4]

The Libertarian Party has performed well enough in recent elections to gain "established party" status, making it easier for Libertarian candidates to appear on the ballot. This is the only county in Illinois where this is the case.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 486 square miles (1,260 km2), of which 486 square miles (1,260 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (0.1%) is water.[6]

Climate and weather[edit]

Paxton, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.7
 
30
14
 
 
1.4
 
35
19
 
 
3.2
 
48
29
 
 
3.4
 
61
39
 
 
4.4
 
72
50
 
 
3.5
 
82
59
 
 
3.8
 
85
62
 
 
3.3
 
83
60
 
 
3.2
 
77
53
 
 
3.3
 
65
41
 
 
3
 
49
31
 
 
3
 
35
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[7]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Paxton have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −25 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1999 and a record high of 102 °F (39 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.40 inches (36 mm) in February to 4.38 inches (111 mm) in May.[7]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Ford County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,979
1870 9,103 360.0%
1880 15,099 65.9%
1890 17,035 12.8%
1900 18,359 7.8%
1910 17,096 −6.9%
1920 16,466 −3.7%
1930 15,489 −5.9%
1940 15,007 −3.1%
1950 15,901 6.0%
1960 16,606 4.4%
1970 16,382 −1.3%
1980 15,265 −6.8%
1990 14,275 −6.5%
2000 14,241 −0.2%
2010 14,081 −1.1%
Est. 2013 13,832 −1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 14,241 people, 5,639 households, and 3,902 families residing in the county. The population density was 29 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 6,060 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.18% White, 0.25% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.40% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. 1.24% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 41.0% were of German, 11.2% English, 10.5% Irish and 10.4% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 98.4% spoke English as their first language.

There were 5,639 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 19.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,073, and the median income for a family was $44,947. Males had a median income of $32,085 versus $22,320 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,860. About 5.70% of families and 7.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.60% of those under age 18 and 5.90% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Map of Ford County

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated community[edit]

Townships[edit]

Ford County is divided into twelve townships:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 128. 
  4. ^ Welcome to Paxton, accessed February 15, 2011.
  5. ^ Archived news story from 1999
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Paxton, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

  • History of Ford County - Information from Centurama Celebrating The First 100 Years of Ford County, Illinois 1859-1959

Coordinates: 40°35′N 88°13′W / 40.59°N 88.22°W / 40.59; -88.22