Eizan Electric Railway
|Eizan Electric Railway|
"Deo 900" type, nicknamed "Kirara"
Nos. "Deo 903" - "Deo 904"
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Electrification||600 V DC|
|Type||public kabushiki gaisha|
|Founded||Kyoto, Japan (July 6, 1985 by Keifuku Electric Railroad Co., Ltd.)|
|Headquarters||25-3, Tanaka-Kamiyanagicho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan|
|Services||rail transit service, etc.|
|Parent||Keihan Electric Railway Co., Ltd.|
The name of this small railway network is abbreviated as Eiden (叡電?), and is derived from the name of its predecessor, the Eizan Electric Railway Division (叡山電鉄部 Eizan Dentetsu-bu?) of the Keifuku Electric Railroad. The present company was founded in 1985 as a subsidiary of Keifuku. The purpose of reorganization was to reduce the huge deficit of the Eiden lines, which had been completely isolated from the main Keifuku network since the abandonment of the Kyoto City Tramways in 1978. The split-off was considered to be an urgent matter, awaiting the completion of a long-awaited rail connection between the two networks of Eiden and Keihan. The Keihan Electric Railway was at that time constructing the Ōtō Line to the Eiden terminal at Demachiyanagi. The opening of the Ōtō Line significantly reduced the deficit of Eiden. Later on, in 2002, all shares of Keifuku were transferred from Keifuku to Keihan, of which Eiden became a wholly owned subsidiary.
Although the company was established relatively recently, the first section of its routes was opened in 1925: Demachiyanagi - present-day Yase-Hieizan-guchi. Its purpose was primarily to serve as a tourist line to Mount Hiei. At that time it was operated by Kyoto Electricity (京都電燈 Kyoto Dentō?), the predecessor of Keifuku as a railway operator.
The Kurama Line was built by the jointly owned company Kurama Electric Railway (鞍馬電気鉄道 Kurama Denki Tetsudō?) in order to provide access to Kurama temple and Kibune shrine in the hills north of Kyoto, from present-day Takaragaike (up into the mountain) to Kurama. The first section, present-day Takaragaike to Ichihara was opened in 1928, with the extension to Kurama the following year.
- __ Eizan Main Line (叡山本線)
- Demachiyanagi — Yase-Hieizanguchi: 5.6 km
- __ Kurama Line (鞍馬線)
- Takaragaike — Kurama: 8.8 km
- "Deo 700" series "Deo 710" type, "Deo 720" type, "Deo 730" type 1-car
- "Deo 800" series 2-car
- "Deo 900" series 2-car named "Kirara"
- "Deo 600" type 2-car
- "Deto 1000" type
- (Japanese) Official website