Keihan Electric Railway

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"Keihan" redirects here. It is not to be confused with a rice dish.
Keihan Electric Railway logo
Keihan 3000 series
Keihan 8000 series
Keihan 2600 Series
Keihan 800 Series
Yawatashi Station
Keihan Bus

Keihan Electric Railway Co., Ltd. (京阪電気鉄道株式会社 Keihan Denki Tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha?) (TYO: 9045) is a Japanese railway operator in Osaka, Kyoto, and Shiga Prefectures. It is known as "Keihan" (京阪?), "Keihan Dentetsu" (京阪電鉄?) or "Keihan Densha" (京阪電車?).

History[edit]

Keihan started its operation between Osaka and Kyoto in 1910. It was the first electric railway to connect these two cities, and the first line on the left bank of Yodo River. Keihan later purchased the lines in the Ōtsu area (Ōtsu Lines).

In the 1920s, Keihan built another Osaka-Kyoto line through its subsidiary Shinkeihan Railway (新京阪鉄道 Shin-keihan-tetsudō?), which merged into Keihan in 1930. This line is now known as Hankyu Kyoto Line.

In 1943, with the power given by the Land Transport Business Coordination Act (陸上交通事業調整法 rikujō-kōtsū-jigyō-chōsei-hō?) (Act No. 71 of 1938), the wartime government of Japan forced Keihan to merge with Hanshin Kyūkō Railway to form Keihanshin Kyūkō Railway (京阪神急行電鉄 Keihanshin Kyūkō Dentetsu?). In 1949, the pre-war Keihan operations, except for Shinkeihan lines, restored independence under the original corporate name. Keihanshin Kyūkō Railway later changed the name to present Hankyu Railway.

Lines[edit]

The lines operated by Keihan are grouped into Keihan Lines and Ōtsu Lines. The former operates between Kyoto and Osaka with long formation of larger rolling stock. The latter runs Kyoto and Ōtsu with more tram-like cars. The entire network has 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge double track.

Current lines[edit]

Keihan Lines[edit]

Ōtsu Lines[edit]

Other lines[edit]

  • Cable Line (鋼索線), also called Otokoyama Cable (男山ケーブル)

Closed lines[edit]

Unbuilt line[edit]

  • Umeda Line

Rolling stock[edit]

Keihan fleet as of October 2008[1]

Keihan Lines[edit]

  • 1900 series 5-car EMUs x 2 (introduced 1963)
  • 2200 series 7-car EMUs x 14 (introduced 1964)
  • 2400 series 7-car EMUs x 6 (introduced 1969)
  • 5000 series 7-car EMUs x 7 (introduced 1970)
  • 8030 series 8-car EMU x 1 (introduced 1971)
  • 1000 series 7-car EMUs x 6 (introduced 1977)
  • 2600 series 7-car EMUs x 6, 5-car EMUs x 8, 4-car EMUs x 5 (introduced 1978)
  • 6000 series 8-car EMUs x 14 (introduced 1983)
  • 7000 series 7-car EMUs x 4 (introduced 1989)
  • 8000 series 8-car EMUs x 10 (introduced 1989)
  • 7200 series 8-car EMUs x 2, 7-car EMU x 1 (introduced 1995)
  • 9000 series 8-car EMUs x 5 (introduced 1997)
  • 10000 series 4-car EMUs x 6 (introduced 2002)
  • 3000 series 8-car EMUs x 6 (introduced 2008)
  • 13000 series 4-car EMUs x 5 (to be introduced from spring 2012)

Ōtsu Lines[edit]

  • 600 series 2-car EMUs x 10
  • 700 series 2-car EMUs x 5
  • 800 series 4-car EMUs x 8 (introduced 1997)

Fares[edit]

Train fare varies based on travel distance. As of January 1, 2009, IC cards (PiTaPa and ICOCA) are accepted on the Keihan Lines and the Otsu Lines, but not on the Cable Line. The fare rate was changed on April 1, 2014 to reflect the change in the rate of consumption tax from 5% to 8%.[2]

Keihan Lines (Keihan Main Line, Oto Line, Nakanoshima Line, Katano Line, Uji Line)[edit]

Current and Historical Fare of Keihan Lines
Distance
(km)
Fare (JPY)
effective
April 1, 2014[2]
effective
October 19, 2008
1-3 150 150
4-7 210 200
8-12 270 260
13-17 310 300
18-22 330 320
23-28 350 340
29-34 370 360
35-40 390 380
41-46 400 390
47-52 410 400
53-54 420 410
  • Additional fare when taking or passing the following lines
Oto Line: 60 yen
Nakanoshima Line (Nakanoshima - Oebashi): 60 yen
  • When using commutation tickets, Naniwabashi Station is treated as the same station as Kitahama Station, and Oebashi Station as that as Yodoyabashi Station.

Otsu Lines (Keishin Line, Ishiyama Sakamoto Line)[edit]

Current and Historical Fare of Otsu Lines
Distance
(km)
Fare (JPY)
effective
April 1, 2014[2]
effective
October 19, 2008
1-5 170 160
6-10 240 230
11-15 320 310

Cable line[edit]

200 yen

Etymology[edit]

The name Keihan is derived from the words Kyoto and Osaka in Japanese. The characters for Kyoto are 京都 and Osaka's are 大阪. The first character from Kyoto and the second from Osaka make 京阪, which can be read "Keihan".

Other businesses[edit]

Keihan also operates (through the subsidiaries) other businesses such as bus, taxi, water bus, hotel, department store and amusement park, mainly in the area along its railway system.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "早わかり京阪電車" (Quick Guide to Keihan EMUs), Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō magazine November issue, p.44-55
  2. ^ a b c Keihan Electric Railway Co., Ltd. (March 4, 2014). "平成26年4月1日(火)からの消費税率引上げに伴う旅客運賃の認可および改定について". Retrieved October 19, 2014. 

External links[edit]