Keihan Electric Railway
Keihan Electric Railway Co., Ltd. (京阪電気鉄道株式会社 Keihan Denki Tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha?) (TYO: 9045) is a Japanese railway operator in Osaka, Kyoto, and Shiga Prefectures. It is known as "Keihan" (京阪?), "Keihan Dentetsu" (京阪電鉄?) or "Keihan Densha" (京阪電車?).
Keihan started its operation between Osaka and Kyoto in 1910. It was the first electric railway to connect these two cities, and the first line on the left bank of Yodo River. Keihan later purchased the lines in the Ōtsu area (Ōtsu Lines).
In the 1920s, Keihan built another Osaka-Kyoto line through its subsidiary Shinkeihan Railway (新京阪鉄道 Shin-keihan-tetsudō?), which merged into Keihan in 1930. This line is now known as Hankyu Kyoto Line.
In 1943, with the power given by the Land Transport Business Coordination Act (陸上交通事業調整法 rikujō-kōtsū-jigyō-chōsei-hō?) (Act No. 71 of 1938), the wartime government of Japan forced Keihan to merge with Hanshin Kyūkō Railway to form Keihanshin Kyūkō Railway (京阪神急行電鉄 Keihanshin Kyūkō Dentetsu?). In 1949, the pre-war Keihan operations, except for Shinkeihan lines, restored independence under the original corporate name. Keihanshin Kyūkō Railway later changed the name to present Hankyu Railway.
The lines operated by Keihan are grouped into Keihan Lines and Ōtsu Lines. The former operates between Kyoto and Osaka with long formation of larger rolling stock. The latter runs Kyoto and Ōtsu with more tram-like cars. The entire network has 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge double track.
- Keihan Main Line: Yodoyabashi - Sanjo
- Ōtō Line: Sanjo - Demachiyanagi
- Nakanoshima Line: Nakanoshima - Temmabashi
- Katano Line: Hirakatashi - Kisaichi
- Uji Line: Chushojima - Uji
- Cable Line (鋼索線), also called Otokoyama Cable (男山ケーブル)
- Keishin Line: Keishin-Sanjo (Sanjo) - Misasagi
- Umeda Line
Keihan fleet as of October 2008
- 1900 series 5-car EMUs x 2 (introduced 1963)
- 2200 series 7-car EMUs x 14 (introduced 1964)
- 2400 series 7-car EMUs x 6 (introduced 1969)
- 5000 series 7-car EMUs x 7 (introduced 1970)
- 8030 series 8-car EMU x 1 (introduced 1971)
- 1000 series 7-car EMUs x 6 (introduced 1977)
- 2600 series 7-car EMUs x 6, 5-car EMUs x 8, 4-car EMUs x 5 (introduced 1978)
- 6000 series 8-car EMUs x 14 (introduced 1983)
- 7000 series 7-car EMUs x 4 (introduced 1989)
- 8000 series 8-car EMUs x 10 (introduced 1989)
- 7200 series 8-car EMUs x 2, 7-car EMU x 1 (introduced 1995)
- 9000 series 8-car EMUs x 5 (introduced 1997)
- 10000 series 4-car EMUs x 6 (introduced 2002)
- 3000 series 8-car EMUs x 6 (introduced 2008)
- 13000 series 4-car EMUs x 5 (to be introduced from spring 2012)
- 600 series 2-car EMUs x 10
- 700 series 2-car EMUs x 5
- 800 series 4-car EMUs x 8 (introduced 1997)
- Keihan Lines (Keihan Main Line, Oto Line, Nakanoshima Line, Katano Line, Uji Line)
|Distance (km)||Fare (yen)|
- Additional fare when taking or passing the following lines
- Oto Line: 60 yen
- Nakanoshima Line (Nakanoshima - Oebashi): 60 yen
- When using commutation tickets, Naniwabashi Station is treated as the same station as Kitahama Station, and Oebashi Station as that as Yodoyabashi Station.
- Otsu Lines (Keishin Line, Ishiyama Sakamoto Line)
|Distance (km)||Fare (yen)|
- Cable line
- 200 yen
The name Keihan is derived from the words Kyoto and Osaka in Japanese. The characters for Kyoto are 京都 and Osaka's are 大阪. The first character from Kyoto and the second from Osaka make 京阪, which can be read "Keihan".
- "早わかり京阪電車" (Quick Guide to Keihan EMUs), Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō magazine November issue, p.44-55
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Keihan Electric Railway.|