Erbil International Airport

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Erbil International Airport
Firokaxaney Nêwdewletî Hewlêr
فڕۆکه‌خانه‌ی نێوده‌وڵه‌تی هه‌ولێر
ErbilAirport logo.jpg
Erbil International Airport terminal building.JPG
Airport type Public
Operator KRG
Serves Erbil, Iraq
Location Ankawa
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 1,341 ft / 409 m
Coordinates 36°14′15″N 043°57′47″E / 36.23750°N 43.96306°E / 36.23750; 43.96306Coordinates: 36°14′15″N 043°57′47″E / 36.23750°N 43.96306°E / 36.23750; 43.96306
ORER is located in Iraq
Location in Iraq
Direction Length Surface
m ft
15/33 2,803 9,196 Asphalt
18/36 4,800 15,748 Concrete
Statistics (2013)
Cargo 38,572
Total passengers 1,193,783

Erbil International Airport (IATA: EBLICAO: ORER), is the main airport of Erbil city in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.

It is administered by the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) under a committee consisting of the Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan, Nechervan Idris Barzani, and is one of two international airports (the other being Sulaymaniyah Airport) in the Kurdistan region of Iraq, with a third in Duhok being under construction. The new modern airport opened its doors in 2010.


The airport was built at the beginning of the 1970s as an Iraqi military base. The airstrip was used as a military base until 1991 by the Baath regime as a result of United Nations Security Council establishing a no-fly zone over Kurdistan. After the 2003 Iraq War, the Kurdistan Regional Government took over administrative rule of the region. On 26 May 2005, the airport was given the ICAO airport code, ORER. Endowed with natural resources including oil, natural gas and other minerals, investment in Kurdistan is growing. The city of Erbil has been the recipient of foreign investments. Due to the growing need for safe access into the country, the Kurdistan Regional Government, under the leadership of then Prime Minister have invested US$500 million in the construction of a modern airport.

Old airport[edit]

The old airport of Erbil covered 7,000 m2 (75,000 sq ft), and was divided into departure and arrival halls. It had three gates and the runway, which was originally intended for military purposes, was 2,800 m (9,200 ft) long and was provided with an ILS system. Its services included the Kurdistan International Bank, a Tourism Information office, the airline companies offices, duty-free shops, a cafeteria, and the Korek Telecom office.

The warehouse offered cargo space amounting to 4,320 m2 (46,500 sq ft) and consisted of an import and an export section. The cargo is handled by Dnata, an experienced, professional Dubai company. Dnata also does ground handling at airports in other countries, including the UK, Switzerland, and Australia.

Following the American control and since 2002, Skylink Aviation has provided ground operations and fuel supply at the airport.[1]

New airport[edit]

At a cost of $US550 million,[2] constructed by a Turkish company, the new airport and terminal building opened on 3 March 2010.[3] The airport is built next to the old airport, previously a military field. With its short 2,800 m (9,186 ft) runway and temporary terminal buildings, there was a great need for a new airport, not just a new terminal.

The new airport has one of the world's longest runways, 4,800 m × 90 m (15,748 ft × 295 ft) and equipped for ILS CAT II operations.[4] The new terminal features modern amenities such as duty-free shops and currency exchange offices.[5] The terminal features CIP areas for visiting business jets, and there is a VIP terminal for visiting dignitaries and diplomats.[2]

Erbil International Airport offers the least expensive aviation fuel in Iraq. As of 2010, the EIA selling price is 83 US cents per litre.[6]

Airlines and destinations[edit]


Airlines Destinations
Air Arabia Sharjah
Air Caucasus Tbilisi[7]
Atlasjet Ankara, Gaziantep, Istanbul-Atatürk, Izmir
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
EgyptAir Cairo
Emirates Dubai-International (suspended)[8]
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi (suspended)[9]
flydubai Dubai-International (suspended)
Georgian Airways Batumi, Tbilisi[10]
Germania Seasonal: Düsseldorf, Munich, Stockholm-Arlanda[11]
Iraqi Airways Amman-Queen Alia, Baghdad, Beirut, Berlin-Tegel, Dubai-International, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Istanbul-Atatürk, Rotterdam
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Mahan Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Pegasus Airlines Ankara
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia
Small Planet Airlines Charter: Stockholm-Arlanda[12] Amsterdam
Tunisair Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Seasonal: Antalya
Zagrosjet Amman-Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Ankara, Beirut, Diyarbakir, Istanbul-Atatürk, Larnaca, Munich, Stockholm-Arlanda


Airlines Destinations
Coyne Airways Dubai
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi
FitsAir Dubai
Royal Jordanian Cargo Amman-Queen Alia
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul-Atatürk[13]


Since its opening in 2006, the airport has seen increased traffic. Traffic was up 22% in 2010 and in 2011 demand was up 37% to just over 620,000 passengers. In the first four months of 2012 passenger numbers are up 52% with April setting a new record of 84,275 departing and arriving passengers.[14]

Statistics for Erbil International Airport[15]
Year Total passengers Total cargo (metric tons)
2006 163,619
2007 263,148 9,321
2008 301,534 13,335
2009 348,120 11,100
2010 435,469 10,619
2011 621,870 17,769
2012 947,600 27,849
2013 1,193,783 38,572


  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ a b "A winning design". 26 May 2005. 
  3. ^ "Old & New". 
  4. ^ "Built for the future". 
  5. ^ "Shops and Services". 
  6. ^ EIA informs of one liter fuel in Erbil is $0.83
  7. ^ May 2014 Timetable,
  8. ^;_ylt=AwrBJSCluONTIRsAONvQtDMD
  9. ^, Etihad Airways Suspends Flights to Erbil in Northern Iraq, Abu Dhabi Carrier Cites Security Concerns Due to Fighting Between Iraqi Security and Sunni Jihadists, By Robert Wall and Doug Cameron, Updated Aug. 7, 2014 3:12 p.m. ET
  10. ^ "Georgian Airways Interactive Map". Georgian Airways. Retrieved 15 September 2014. 
  11. ^
  12. ^ "Iraqi Airways returns | Stockholm Arlanda Airport". 24 October 2013. 
  13. ^ Turkish Airlines cargo winter schedule[dead link]
  14. ^ "Erbil International Airport growing by 50% in 2012; Mahan Air, Qatar Airways and new this year". 
  15. ^ "Erbil International Airport". 

External links[edit]