Erbil International Airport
|Erbil International Airport
Firokaxaney Nêwdewletî Hewlêr
فڕۆکهخانهی نێودهوڵهتی ههولێر
|IATA: EBL – ICAO: ORER|
|Elevation AMSL||1,341 ft / 409 m|
It is administered by the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) under a committee consisting of the Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan, Nechervan Idris Barzani, and is one of two international airports (the other being Sulaymaniyah Airport) in the Kurdistan region of Iraq, with a third in Duhok being under construction. The new modern airport opened its doors in 2010.
The airport was built at the beginning of the 1970s as an Iraqi military base. The airstrip was used as a military base until 1991 by the Baath regime as a result of United Nations Security Council establishing a no-fly zone over Kurdistan. After the 2003 Iraq War, the Kurdistan Regional Government took over administrative rule of the region. On 26 May 2005, the airport was given the ICAO airport code, ORER. Endowed with natural resources including oil, natural gas and other minerals, investment in Kurdistan is growing. The city of Erbil has been the recipient of foreign investments. Due to the growing need for safe access into the country, the Kurdistan Regional Government, under the leadership of then Prime Minister have invested US$500 million in the construction of a modern airport.
The old airport of Erbil covered 7,000 m2 (75,000 sq ft), and was divided into departure and arrival halls. It had three gates and the runway, which was originally intended for military purposes, was 2,800 m (9,200 ft) long and was provided with an ILS system. Its services included the Kurdistan International Bank, a Tourism Information office, the airline companies offices, duty-free shops, a cafeteria, and the Korek Telecom office.
The warehouse offered cargo space amounting to 4,320 m2 (46,500 sq ft) and consisted of an import and an export section. The cargo is handled by Dnata, an experienced, professional Dubai company. Dnata also does ground handling at airports in other countries, including the UK, Switzerland, and Australia.
At a cost of $US550 million, constructed by a Turkish company, the new airport and terminal building opened on 3 March 2010. The airport is built next to the old airport, previously a military field. With its short 2,800 m (9,186 ft) runway and temporary terminal buildings, there was a great need for a new airport, not just a new terminal.
The new airport has one of the world's longest runways, 4,800 m × 90 m (15,748 ft × 295 ft) and equipped for ILS CAT II operations. The new terminal features modern amenities such as duty-free shops and currency exchange offices. The terminal features CIP areas for visiting business jets, and there is a VIP terminal for visiting dignitaries and diplomats.
Erbil International Airport offers the least expensive aviation fuel in Iraq. As of 2010, the EIA selling price is 83 US cents per litre.
Airlines and destinations
|Etihad Cargo||Abu Dhabi|
|Royal Jordanian Cargo||Amman-Queen Alia|
|Turkish Airlines Cargo||Istanbul-Atatürk|
Since its opening in 2006, the airport has seen increased traffic. Traffic was up 22% in 2010 and in 2011 demand was up 37% to just over 620,000 passengers. In the first four months of 2012 passenger numbers are up 52% with April setting a new record of 84,275 departing and arriving passengers.
|Year||Total passengers||Total cargo (metric tons)|
- [dead link]
- "A winning design". Erbilairport.net. 26 May 2005.
- "Old & New". Erbilairport.net.
- "Built for the future". Erbilairport.net.
- "Shops and Services". Erbilairport.net.
- EIA informs of one liter fuel in Erbil is $0.83
- May 2014 Timetable, http://www.aircaucasus.com/
- http://online.wsj.com/articles/etihad-airways-suspends-flights-to-city-of-erbil-in-northern-iraq-1407434024, Etihad Airways Suspends Flights to Erbil in Northern Iraq, Abu Dhabi Carrier Cites Security Concerns Due to Fighting Between Iraqi Security and Sunni Jihadists, By Robert Wall and Doug Cameron, Updated Aug. 7, 2014 3:12 p.m. ET
- "Georgian Airways Interactive Map". Georgian Airways. Retrieved 15 September 2014.
- "Iraqi Airways returns | Stockholm Arlanda Airport". Swedavia.com. 24 October 2013.
- Turkish Airlines cargo winter schedule[dead link]
- "Erbil International Airport growing by 50% in 2012; Mahan Air, Qatar Airways and Transavia.com new this year". anna.aero.
- "Erbil International Airport". Erbilairport.net.