Executive Yuan

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Executive Yuan
行政院
Executive Yuan01.jpg
Agency overview
Formed 25 October 1928
Jurisdiction  Republic of China
Headquarters Zhongzheng, Taipei
Employees 407
Agency executives Mao Chi-kuo, President[1]
Chang San-cheng, Vice President[2]
Lee Shih-chuan, Secretary-General
Hsiao Chia-chi, Sung Yu-hsieh, Deputy Secretary-General[3]
Website www.ey.gov.tw
Executive Yuan
Chinese 行政院

The Executive Yuan (EY; Chinese: 行政院; pinyin: Xíngzhèng Yuàn; Wade–Giles: Hsing2-cheng4 Yüan4; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Hêng-chèng Īⁿ) is the executive branch of the Government of the Republic of China (ROC).

Organization and structure[edit]

Executive Yuan in Mainland China (1928-1949)

It is headed by a president (often translated as premier), and has a vice president (vice premier), and twelve cabinet ministers, various chairpersons of commissions, and five to nine ministers without portfolio as its members. The vice premier, ministers and chairpersons are appointed by the President of the Republic of China on the recommendation of the premier.[4]

Its formation, as one of five Yuans of the government, stemmed from the Three Principles of the People, the constitutional theory of Sun Yat-sen, but was adjusted constitutionally over the years to adapt to the situation in Taiwan by changes in the laws and the Constitution of the Republic of China.

Ministries[edit]

Title Name Executive (Ministry) Minister
English Name Hanzi Pinyin
Interior 內政 Nèizhèng Chen Wei-zen
Foreign Affairs 外交 Wàijiāo David Lin
National Defense 國防 Guófáng Yen Ming
Finance 財政 Cáizhèng Chang Sheng-ford
Education 教育 Jiàoyù Wu Se-hwa
Justice 法務 Făwù Luo Ying-shay
Economic Affairs 經濟 Jīngjì John Deng
Transportation and Communications 交通 Jiāotōng Yeh Kuang-shih
Health and Welfare 衛生福利 Wèishēng Fúlì Chiang Been-huang
Culture 文化 Wénhùa Hung Meng-chi (acting)
Labor 勞動 Láodòng Chen Hsiung-wen
Science and Technology 科技 Kējì Lin Yi-bing (acting)

Councils and Commissions[edit]

Empowered by various laws, or even the Constitution, under the Executive Yuan several individual boards are formed to enforce different executive functions of the government. Unless regulated otherwise, the chairs are appointed by and answer to the Premier. The committee members of the boards are usually (a) governmental officials for the purpose of interdepartmental coordination and cooperation; or (b) creditable professionals for their reputation and independence.

Minister-presided Commissions[edit]

According to Articles three and four of the organic law of the Executive Yuan, the commissioners of following two commissions hold the rank of minister.

Independent Commissions[edit]

There are, or would be, five independent executive commissions under the Executive Yuan. The chiefs of these five institutions would not be affected by any change of the Premier. However, the related organic laws are currently under revision or dispute.

Directorates General[edit]

Authorized by Article Five of the organic law of the Executive Yuan:

Authorized by Article Nine of the amendments of the Constitution of the Republic of China:

National Museum[edit]

Organizations no longer under Executive Yuan[edit]

Due to periodical restructuring of the government body, there are some agencies which may be dissolved or be merged with other bigger and more active agencies. Based on Executive Yuan website, the following bodies are no longer the agencies under Executive Yuan:[5]

Dissolved or cease to function[edit]

Ministers without portfolio[edit]

In the Executive Yuan, the current ministers without portfolio are:[7]

Executive Yuan Council[edit]

The Executive Yuan Council, commonly referred to as "The Cabinet" (內閣), is the chief policymaking organ of the ROC government. It consists of the premier, who presides over its meetings, the vice premier, ministers without portfolio, the heads of the ministries, and the heads of the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission and the Overseas Chinese Affairs Commission. The secretary-general and the deputy secretary-general of the Executive Yuan also attend, as well as heads of other Executive Yuan organizations by invitation, but they have no vote. Article 58 of the Constitution empowers the Executive Yuan Council to evaluate statutory and budgetary bills concerning martial law, amnesty, declarations of war, conclusion of peace or treaties, and other important affairs before submission to the Legislative Yuan.

Relationship with the Legislative Yuan[edit]

A common scene in Taiwanese news consists of ministers being asked harsh questions by legislative committees. Legally, the Executive Yuan must present the Legislative Yuan with an annual policy statement and an administrative report. The Legislative Yuan may also summon members of the Executive Yuan for questioning.

Whenever there is disagreement between the Legislative Yuan and Executive Yuan, the Legislative Yuan may pass a resolution asking the Executive Yuan to alter the policy proposal in question. The Executive Yuan may, in turn, ask the Legislative Yuan to reconsider. Afterwards, if the Legislative Yuan upholds the original resolution, the premier must abide by the resolution or resign. The Executive Yuan may also present an alternative budgetary bill if the one passed by the Legislative Yuan is deemed difficult to execute.

Leaders[edit]

Mao Chi-kuo, the President of Executive Yuan

Executive Yuan Presidents[edit]

Executive Yuan Vice Presidents[edit]

Executive Yuan Secretary-Generals[edit]

Transportation[edit]

The Executive Yuan building is accessible within walking distance East from Taipei Railway Station or West from Shandao Temple Station of the Taipei Metro.

See also[edit]

References[edit]