FIFA U-20 World Cup

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FIFA U-20 World Cup
Founded 1977
Region International (FIFA)
Number of teams 24
Current champions  France (1st title)
Most successful team(s)  Argentina (6 titles)
Website U-20 World Cup
2015 FIFA U-20 World Cup

The FIFA U-20 World Cup, until 2005 known as the FIFA World Youth Championship, is the world championship of football for male players under the age of 20 and is organized by Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA). The Championship has been awarded every two years since the first tournament in 1977 held in Tunisia.[1]

In the nineteen tournaments held, only nine nations have won the title. Argentina is the most successful team with six titles, followed by Brazil with five titles. Portugal won two titles, while Ghana, Germany, Spain, France and formerly existing nations Soviet Union and Yugoslavia have won the title once each.

A corresponding event for women's teams, the FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup, began in 2002 with the name "FIFA U-19 Women's World Championship" and an age limit of 19. The age limit for the women's competition was changed to 20 beginning with the 2006 FIFA U-20 Women's World Championship, and the competition was renamed as a "World Cup" in 2007 in preparation for the 2008 event.

The 2013 tournament was played in Turkey and the next edition is scheduled to be played in New Zealand in June–July 2015.

Qualification[edit]

FIFA Coca-Cola Cup until 1997, features 24 teams in the final tournament. 23 countries, including the defending champions, have to qualify in the six confederations Youth Championships. The host country automatically qualifies.

Confederation Championship
AFC (Asia) AFC U-19 Championship
CAF (Africa) African Youth Championship
CONCACAF (North, Central America and Caribbean) CONCACAF Under-20 Championship
CONMEBOL (South America) South American Youth Championship
OFC (Oceania) OFC Under 20 Qualifying Tournament
UEFA (Europe) UEFA European Under-19 Football Championship

Results[edit]

Summaries[edit]

FIFA World Youth Championship[edit]

Year Host Final Third Place Match Number of teams
Champion Score Second Place Third Place Score Fourth Place
1977
Details
 Tunisia
Soviet Union
2–2 a.e.t.
(9–8 PSO)

Mexico

Brazil
4–0
Uruguay
16
1979
Details
 Japan
Argentina
3–1
Soviet Union

Uruguay
1–1 a.e.t.
(5–3 PSO)

Poland
16
1981
Details
 Australia
West Germany
4–0
Qatar

Romania
1–0
England
16
1983
Details
 Mexico
Brazil
1–0
Argentina

Poland
2–1 a.e.t.
South Korea
16
1985
Details
 Soviet Union
Brazil
1–0 a.e.t.
Spain

Nigeria
0–0 a.e.t.
(3–1 PSO)

Soviet Union
16
1987
Details
 Chile
Yugoslavia
1–1 a.e.t.
(5–4 PSO)

West Germany

East Germany
2–2 a.e.t.
(3–1 PSO)

Chile
16
1989
Details
 Saudi Arabia
Portugal
2–0
Nigeria

Brazil
2–0
United States
16
1991
Details
 Portugal
Portugal
0–0 a.e.t.
(4–2 PSO)

Brazil

Soviet Union
1–1 a.e.t.
(5–4 PSO)

Australia
16
1993
Details
 Australia
Brazil
2–1
Ghana

England
2–1
Australia
16
1995
Details
 Qatar
Argentina
2–0
Brazil

Portugal
3–2
Spain
16
1997
Details
 Malaysia
Argentina
2–1
Uruguay

Republic of Ireland
2–1
Ghana
24
1999
Details
 Nigeria
Spain
4–0
Japan

Mali
1–0
Uruguay
24
2001
Details
 Argentina
Argentina
3–0
Ghana

Egypt
1–0
Paraguay
24
2003
Details
 UAE
Brazil
1–0
Spain

Colombia
2–1
Argentina
24
2005
Details
 Netherlands
Argentina
2–1
Nigeria

Brazil
2–1
Morocco
24

FIFA U-20 World Cup[edit]

Year Host Final Third Place Match Number of teams
Champion Score Second Place Third Place Score Fourth Place
2007
Details
 Canada
Argentina
2–1
Czech Republic

Chile
1–0
Austria
24
2009
Details
 Egypt
Ghana
0–0 a.e.t.
(4–3 PSO)

Brazil

Hungary
1–1 a.e.t.
(2–0 PSO)

Costa Rica
24
2011
Details
 Colombia
Brazil
3–2 a.e.t.
Portugal

Mexico
3–1
France
24
2013
Details
 Turkey
France
0–0 a.e.t.
(4–1 PSO)

Uruguay

Ghana
3–0
Iraq
24
2015
Details
 New Zealand 24
2017
Details
 South Korea 24
  • Key:
    • a.e.t. - after extra time
    • PSO- match won on penalty shootout

Performances by countries[edit]

Below are the 33 nations that have reached at least the semifinal in the U-20 World Cup finals.

Team Titles Runners-up Third place Fourth place
 Argentina 6 (1979, 1995, 1997, 2001, 2005, 2007) 1 (1983) 1 (2003)
 Brazil 5 (1983, 1985, 1993, 2003, 2011) 3 (1991, 1995, 2009) 3 (1977, 1989, 2005)
 Portugal 2 (1989, 1991) 1 (2011) 1 (1995)
 Ghana 1 (2009) 2 (1993, 2001) 1 (2013) 1 (1997)
 Spain 1 (1999) 2 (1985, 2003) 1 (1995)
 Soviet Union 1 (1977) 1 (1979) 1 (1991) 1 (1985)
 West Germany 1 (1981) 1 (1987)
 France 1 (2013) 1 (2011)
 Yugoslavia 1 (1987)
 Uruguay 2 (1997, 2013) 1 (1979) 2 (1977, 1999)
 Nigeria 2 (1989, 2005) 1 (1985)
 Mexico 1 (1977) 1 (2011)
 Qatar 1 (1981)
 Japan 1 (1999)
 Czech Republic 1 (2007)
 Poland 1 (1983) 1 (1979)
 England 1 (1993) 1 (1981)
 Chile 1 (2007) 1 (1987)
 Romania 1 (1981)
 East Germany 1 (1987)
 Republic of Ireland 1 (1997)
 Mali 1 (1999)
 Egypt 1 (2001)
 Colombia 1 (2003)
 Hungary 1 (2009)
 Australia 2 (1991, 1993)
 Iraq 1 (2013)
 South Korea 1 (1983)
 United States 1 (1989)
 Paraguay 1 (2001)
 Morocco 1 (2005)
 Austria 1 (2007)
 Costa Rica 1 (2009)

Performances by continental zones[edit]

All continents except Oceania have made an appearance in the final match of the tournament. To date, South America leads with eleven titles, followed by Europe with seven titles and Africa with one title. Teams from Asia and North America have entered the final match three times, but were disappointed by either one of the two traditional football power continents. Fourth place remains as the best result ever for Oceania, which was achieved in 1993, although some[who?] may argue as Australia is part of the AFC, its results now count for Asia.

Confederation (continent) Performances
Winners Runners-up Third Fourth
CONMEBOL (South America) 11 titles: Argentina (6), Brazil (5) 6 times: Brazil (3), Uruguay (2), Argentina (1) 6 times: Brazil (3), Chile (1), Colombia (1), Uruguay (1) 5 times: Uruguay (2), Chile (1), Paraguay (1), Argentina (1)
UEFA (Europe) 7 titles: Portugal (2), Germany (1), France (1), Spain (1), Soviet Union (1), Yugoslavia (1) 6 times: Spain (2), Czech Republic (1), Germany (1), Portugal (1), Soviet Union (1) 8 times: England (1), Germany (1), Hungary (1), Rep. of Ireland (1), Romania (1), Poland (1), Portugal (1), Soviet Union (1) 6 times: Poland (1), England (1), Soviet Union (1), Spain (1), Austria (1), France (1)
CAF (Africa) 1 title: Ghana (1) 4 times: Ghana (2), Nigeria (2) 4 times: Egypt (1), Ghana (1), Mali (1), Nigeria (1) 2 times: Ghana (1), Morocco (1)
AFC (Asia) None 2 times: Japan (1), Qatar (1) None 2 times: South Korea (1), Iraq (1)
CONCACAF (North, Central America and Caribbean) None 1 time: Mexico (1) 1 time: Mexico (1) 2 times: United States (1), Costa Rica (1)
OFC (Oceania) None None None 2 times: Australia1 (2)
1 = as part of OFC (currently in AFC since 2006).
Map of the best results for each country

Awards[edit]

Golden Ball[edit]

The adidas Golden Ball award is awarded to the player who plays the most outstanding football during the tournament. It is selected by the media poll. Since the 2007 tournament, those who finish as runners-up in the vote receive the Silver Ball and Bronze Ball awards as the second and third most outstanding players in the tournament respectively.

World Cup Golden Ball Silver Ball Bronze Ball Ref(s)
1977 Tunisia Soviet Union Volodymyr Bessonov Brazil Júnior Brasília Brazil Cléber [2]
1979 Japan Argentina Diego Maradona Paraguay Julio César Romero Argentina Ramón Díaz [3]
1981 Australia Romania Romulus Gabor West Germany Michael Zorc West Germany Roland Wohlfarth [4]
1983 Mexico Brazil Geovani Argentina Roberto Zárate Argentina Luis Islas [5]
1985 Soviet Union Brazil Paulo Silas Brazil Gérson Spain Juan Carlos Unzué [6]
1987 Chile Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Robert Prosinečki Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Zvonimir Boban West Germany Marcel Witeczek [7]
1989 Saudi Arabia Brazil Bismarck United States Kasey Keller Nigeria Christopher Nwosu [8]
1991 Portugal Portugal Emílio Peixe Brazil Élber Portugal Paulo Torres [9]
1993 Australia Brazil Adriano [10]
1995 Qatar Brazil Caio Portugal Dani Argentina Joaquín Irigoytía [11]
1997 Malaysia Uruguay Nicolás Olivera Uruguay Marcelo Zalayeta Argentina Pablo Aimar [12]
1999 Nigeria Mali Seydou Keita Nigeria Pius Ikedia Spain Pablo Couñago [13]
2001 Argentina Argentina Javier Saviola Argentina Andrés D'Alessandro France Djibril Cissé [14]
2003 United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates Ismail Matar Brazil Dudu Brazil Dani Alves [15]
2005 Netherlands Argentina Lionel Messi Nigeria John Obi Mikel Nigeria Taye Taiwo [16]
2007 Canada Argentina Sergio Agüero Argentina Maximiliano Moralez Mexico Giovani dos Santos [17]
2009 Egypt Ghana Dominic Adiyiah Brazil Alex Teixeira Brazil Giuliano [18]
2011 Colombia Brazil Henrique Portugal Nélson Oliveira Mexico Jorge Enríquez [19]
2013 Turkey France Paul Pogba Uruguay Nicolás López Ghana Clifford Aboagye [20]

Golden Shoe[edit]

The adidas Golden Shoe is awarded to the topscorer of the tournament. If more than one players are equal by same goals, the players will be selected based by the most assists during the tournament.

World Cup Golden Shoe Goals Silver Shoe Goals Bronze Shoe Goals Ref(s)
1977 Tunisia Brazil Guina 4 Iraq Hussein Saeed 3 Mexico Luis Placencia 3 [2]
1979 Japan Argentina Ramón Díaz 8 Argentina Diego Maradona 6 Paraguay Romero 4 [3]
1981 Australia Australia Mark Koussas 4 Egypt Taher Amer 4 West Germany Ralf Loose 4 [4]
1983 Mexico Brazil Geovani 6 Poland Joachim Klemenz 5 Argentina Jorge Luis Gabrich 4 [5]
1985 Soviet Union Spain Sebastián Losada 3 Spain Fernando 3 Brazil Müller 3 [6]
1987 Chile West Germany Marcel Witeczek 7 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Davor Šuker 6 Chile Camilo Pino 5 [7]
1989 Saudi Arabia Soviet Union Oleg Salenko 5 Nigeria Mutiu Adepoju 3 Brazil Sonny Anderson 3 [8]
1991 Portugal Soviet Union Sergei Sherbakov 5 Spain Urzaiz 4 Mexico Pedro Pineda 4 [9]
1993 Australia Colombia Henry Zambrano 3 Mexico Vicente Nieto 3 United States Chris Faklaris 3 [10]
1995 Qatar Spain Joseba Etxeberria 7 Portugal Dani 4 Brazil Caio 4 [11]
1997 Malaysia Brazil Adaílton Martins Bolzan 10 France David Trezeguet 5 Australia Kostas Salapasidis 4 [12]
1999 Nigeria Spain Pablo Couñago 5 Mali Mahamadou Dissa 5 United States Taylor Twellman 4 [13]
2001 Argentina Argentina Javier Saviola 11 Brazil Adriano 6 France Djibril Cissé 6 [14]
2003 United Arab Emirates United States Eddie Johnson 4 Japan Daisuke Sakata 4 Argentina Fernando Cavenaghi 4 [15]
2005 Netherlands Argentina Lionel Messi 6 Spain Fernando Llorente 5 Ukraine Oleksandr Aliyev 5 [16]
2007 Canada Argentina Sergio Agüero 6 Spain Adrián López 5 Argentina Maximiliano Moralez 4 [17]
2009 Egypt Ghana Dominic Adiyiah 8 Hungary Vladimir Koman 5 Spain Aarón Ñíguez 4 [18]
2011 Colombia Brazil Henrique 5 Spain Álvaro Vázquez 5 France Alexandre Lacazette 5 [19]
2013 Turkey Ghana Ebenezer Assifuah 6 Portugal Bruma 5 Spain Jesé Rodríguez 5 [20]

Golden Glove[edit]

The Golden Glove Award is awarded to the best goalkeeper of the tournament.

World Cup Golden Glove Ref(s)
2009 Egypt Costa Rica Esteban Alvarado [18]
2011 Colombia Portugal Mika [19]
2013 Turkey Uruguay Guillermo de Amores [20]

FIFA Fair Play Award[edit]

FIFA Fair Play Award is given to the team who has the best fair play record during the tournament with the criteria set by FIFA Fair Play Committee.

Tournament FIFA Fair Play Award Ref(s)
1977 Tunisia  Brazil [2]
1979 Japan  Poland [3]
1981 Australia  Australia [4]
1983 Mexico  South Korea [5]
1985 Soviet Union  Colombia [6]
1987 Chile  West Germany [7]
1989 Saudi Arabia  United States [8]
1991 Portugal  Soviet Union [9]
1993 Australia  England [10]
1995 Qatar  Japan [11]
1997 Malaysia  Argentina [12]
1999 Nigeria  Croatia [13]
2001 Argentina  Argentina [14]
2003 United Arab Emirates  Colombia [15]
2005 Netherlands  Colombia [16]
2007 Canada  Japan [17]
2009 Egypt  Brazil [18]
2011 Colombia  Nigeria [19]
2013 Turkey  Spain [20]

Records and statistics[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ CBC.ca
  2. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Tunisia 1977 - Award". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Japan 1979 - Award". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Australia 1981 - Award". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Mexico 1983 - Award". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship USSR 1985 - Award". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Chile 1987 - Award". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Saudi Arabia 1989 - Award". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Portugal 1991 - Award". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Australia 1993 - Award". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Qatar 1995 - Award". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Malaysia 1997 - Award". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  13. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Nigeria 1999 - Award". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  14. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Argentina 2001 - Award". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  15. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship UAE 2003 - Award". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  16. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Netherlands 2005 - Award". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  17. ^ a b c "FIFA U20 World Cup Canada 2007 - Award". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  18. ^ a b c d "FIFA U20 World Cup Egypt 2009 - Award". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  19. ^ a b c d "FIFA U-20 World Cup Colombia 2011 - Award". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  20. ^ a b c d "FIFA U-20 World Cup Turkey 2013 - Award". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 

External links[edit]