|Original author(s)||Facebook Inc.|
|Initial release||12 April 2013|
Facebook Home is a user interface layer for Android-compatible smartphones that was developed by Facebook, a social networking service. Designed to be a drop-in replacement for the existing home screen ("launcher") on an Android device, the software provides a replacement home screen that allows users to easily view and post content on Facebook along with launching apps, a replacement lock screen that displays notifications from Facebook and other apps, and an overlay which allows users to chat via Facebook messages or SMS from any app. Facebook Home was unveiled at a press event on April 4, 2013, and was released on April 12, 2013 for a limited selection of devices from HTC and Samsung Electronics—including the HTC First, a new smartphone pre-loaded with the software.
Citing that many users use smartphones for social networking services such as Facebook, its designers aimed to create an alternative user environment that would emphasize interacting with the device through people instead of apps. The Cover Feed serves as the replacement home screen while using Facebook Home; it is used to view updates posted by others on Facebook in a full screen environment and access an application launcher. The lock screen displays notifications (sorted by priority using an internal algorithm) from both Facebook and other apps on cards, while also displaying updates in a similar format. Home aims to hide as much of the Android shell as possible; by default, interface elements such as the status bar on the top of the screen are hidden.
A system known as "Chat Heads" are used for messages and SMS; avatars of friends that a user is currently in conversation with are overlaid on the Android interface. Tapping an avatar opens a pop-up chat window over the app currently in use.
Facebook promised support for Home on a "wide range of devices" (including smartphones and tablets), but it is currently only compatible with the HTC First (which is pre-loaded with Home and was unveiled alongside the software), One X, One (2013), Samsung Galaxy S III, S4, Note II, and Nexus 4.
Initially the ability to view non-Facebook notifications through Home was only available on the HTC First, as technical limitations preventing this functionality on other devices were patched by HTC in its distribution of Android on the device.
While the Facebook Home interface is officially incompatible with all other Android devices, some of its features were backported to Facebook's main apps. An update to the Facebook Messenger app added Chat Heads, while an update to the main Facebook app in August 2013 added the ability to enable Cover Feed as the lock screen (however, Cover Feed only supports devices that would otherwise support Facebook Home).
A few hours after release, it had received an average review of 2.3 out of 5 on Google Play. Though expert reviews, such as from David Pogue of the New York Times, were more balanced, they generally acknowledged that while the experience of Home was very polished, it "reinvents the way you open programs on your phone" to enhance focus on Facebook features, to the detriment of other apps not focused on social networking. Others, like Om Malik, have highlighted potential privacy concerns, noting that use of Facebook Home might allow the company unprecedented access to user data on mobile devices.
In response to its poor reception, Facebook indicated in late-May 2013 that it was planning on making improvements to Home in response to consumer feedback. The first of these improvements came in an update released in early-June 2013, adding the ability to pin shortcuts to a tray on the bottom of the application menu screen. In December 2013, Facebook released an update to Home, which added a more traditional home screen.
- "Facebook Home revamps any Android phone to make it about 'people, not apps'". The Verge. Retrieved 4 April 2013.
- "Facebook Home can be disabled on HTC First, stock Android sits beneath". TechRadar. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
- "Facebook adds Cover Feed to standard Android app, no Home required". The Verge. Retrieved 9 December 2013.
- "Facebook unmasks the HTC First handset". CNET. Retrieved 4 April 2013.
- "HTC and Facebook announce the First smartphone with AT&T, arriving April 12th for $99.99". The Verge. Retrieved 4 April 2013.
- "Facebook Tries Salvaging Home With Redesign That Makes Its Lockscreen More Familiar". TechCrunch. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
- "Chat Heads come to Facebook Messenger for Android". The Verge. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
- "Hours in, Facebook Home suffering from poor Google Play reviews as 48% of users award it 1 star", The Next Web, April 12, 2013
- Pogue, David (April 9, 2013), "Facebook Grabs for Your Phone. What Gives?", The New York Times
- Stern, Joanna (April 9, 2013), "Facebook Home and HTC First Review: A Nice Place to Visit, but Not Quite Home", ABC News
- Malik, Om (April 4, 2013), "Why Facebook Home bothers me: It destroys any notion of privacy", GigaOM
- "Facebook puts HTC First launch on hold in the UK to 'focus on making Home better'". The Verge. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
- "Facebook adds a tray for your favorite apps in Home update". The Verge. Retrieved 8 June 2013.