Greater Helsinki

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Map of Greater Helsinki (light green) and the Capital Region (dark green).
Central Helsinki, the focal point of the Capital Region, from the sky.

Greater Helsinki (Finnish: Helsingin seutu, Suur-Helsinki, Swedish: Helsingforsregionen, Storhelsingfors) is metropolitan area including smaller Capital Region (Pääkaupunkiseutu, Huvudstadsregionen) urban kernel and commuter towns surrounding Helsinki, the capital of Finland. Greater Helsinki is sometimes incorrectly called (the) Helsinki Region due to an incorrect direct translation of the Finnish and Swedish terms Helsingin seutu and Helsingforsregionen.

These regions are located in the south of Finland, on the coast of the Gulf of Finland, which is part of the Baltic Sea. The smaller region includes Helsinki, Vantaa, Espoo, and Kauniainen and has a population of about 1,1 million. The Greater Helsinki region is the largest urbanised area in the country with 1 402 394[1] inhabitants and is by far the most important economic, cultural, as well as scientific region of Finland. Seven out of Finland's 17 universities[note 1] and most of the headquarters of notable companies and governmental institutions are located in Greater Helsinki, as is Finland's main aviation hub, Helsinki Airport, which is located in Vantaa.

Terminology[edit]

In the strictest sense, the Finnish Capital Region consists of four municipalities with city status, Helsinki, Vantaa, Espoo and Kauniainen, whose total population is about 1,1 million (2014). This area is most often called the Capital region in English, Pääkaupunkiseutu in Finnish, and Huvudstadsregionen in Swedish, although the use of the terms is not especially consistent. The vast majority of the inhabitants live in the urban areas of the cities, but within the boundaries of these cities there are also non-urban and suburban areas.

Commonly about eight more municipalities are considered to be part of Greater Helsinki, as they can be considered as commuter towns and exurbs of Helsinki. When Hyvinkää, Järvenpää, Kerava, Kirkkonummi, Nurmijärvi, Sipoo, Tuusula, and Vihti are included, the number of inhabitants rises to 1.4 million. All of the municipalities belong to the region of Uusimaa. Of these, Kerava, Järvenpää, Tuusula and Nurmijärvi are part of the urban area, as parts of 7 other municipalities. Also the cities of Porvoo, Lohja and a little less Riihimäki, which have very close ties, motorway and in the case of Riihimäki commuter train accesses, and are fairly near from the capital, are nowadays often included in regional planning, which rises the populations to about 1.550.000.

As a part of "Urban audit" project the Eurostat has attempted to standardise the concept of 'metropolitan area'. According to this study the Metropolitan area of Helsinki consist of Kernel of Helsinki: Helsinki, Espoo, Vantaa and Kauniainen. Helsinki Larger Urban Area (Helsingin seutu in Finnish) consists of 12 cities and municipalities: kernel of Helsinki and the above mentioned eight municipalities.[2]

Statistics Finland define the commuter belt of Helsinki (Helsingin työssäkäyntialue, Helsingfors pendlingsområde) to include a total of 24 municipalities, with a land area of 7,359.80 km2 and a population of 1,431,108 as of 31 December 2007.[3][4] In addition to that, there are people from as far as Lahti and even Tampere commuting to Helsinki daily.

Statistics[edit]

The table below lists population, area, and population density for the largest municipalities of the Greater Helsinki area. (Note that "Helsinki Metropolitan Area" and the other terms used are not firmly established and may vary in different contexts.) The near commuter towns of Lohja and Porvoo are not usually counted in, but considering how near there are and how high is the commuting rate from then to Helsinki they rise the overall population to nearly 1,5 million people.

Municipality Area Population
(2014-09-30)
Population density
Helsinki 213.75 km² 620,982 2,905.18/km²
Espoo 312.26 km² 264,464 846.94/km²
Vantaa 238.37 km² 210,096 881.39/km²
Kauniainen 5.88 km² 9,207 1,565.82/km²
Urban area (Capital region) 770.26 km² 1,104,749 1,434.25/km²
Hyvinkää 322.62 km² 46,340 143.64/km²
Järvenpää 37.55 km² 40,180 1,070.04/km²
Kerava 30.62 km² 35,269 1,151.83/km²
Kirkkonummi 366.10 km² 38,110 104.1/km²
Nurmijärvi 361.84 km² 41,447 114.55/km²
Sipoo 339.62 km² 19,022 56.01/km²
Tuusula 219.51 km² 38,163 173.86/km²
Vihti 522.06 km² 29,009 55.57/km²
Commuter towns 2,199.92 km² 287,540 130.7/km²
Metropolitan area (Greater Helsinki) 2,970.18 km² 1,392,289 468.76/km²

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ These are Aalto University, University of Helsinki, Academy of Fine Arts, Hanken, Sibelius Academy, Theatre Academy, National Defence University.

References[edit]

External links[edit]