Instituto Superior Técnico
|Instituto Superior Técnico|
|Academic staff||1,073 |
|Students||10,231 (2010/2011) |
|Location||Lisbon, Oeiras and Loures, Portugal|
|Colours||Cyan and White|
Instituto Superior Técnico (IST) is a school of engineering, part of the Universidade Técnica de Lisboa (Technical University of Lisbon). Founded in 1911, IST is the largest and the most prestigious school of engineering in Portugal. It is a public school with a large degree of scientific and financial autonomy.
IST, since its foundation, has been the largest school of engineering, science and technology in Portugal, at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. It develops strong research and development activities in accordance with the highest international standards. It has three campi, all located in the Greater Lisbon area (Alameda in Lisbon, Taguspark in Oeiras and Tecnológico e Nuclear Campus in Loures), and consists of ten Departments and one Autonomous Section that are responsible for teaching the undergraduate and postgraduate programmes. Each Department is organised in sections, which group together specific subjects within its scientific area. In addition, the laboratories of the several Departments are an important source of support to the teaching and research activities carried out at IST.
Today, IST offers 21 undergraduate programmes attended by more than 5,800 students, covering a wide range of areas of knowledge, including not only all the traditional engineering specializations, but also other modern areas such as Biomedical Engineering, Aerospace and Physics Engineering.
Postgraduate training is also very important with over 4,300 students enrolled in 25 master's, 28 doctoral and several specialized programmes. Its highly-qualified faculty includes 1186 Ph.D. holders.
IST is also actively involved in several networks and international programmes to promote student mobility, both at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Through a large number of agreements with other institutions worldwide, IST participates in more than 20 Dual Master programmes, and joint PhD programmes with MIT, CMU, UT-Austin and EPFL.
Instituto Superior Técnico (IST) was created in 1911 from the division of the Industrial and Commercial Institute of Lisbon. Alfredo Bensaúde, an engineer, was IST's first dean (1911–1922) and promoted a wide-rang reform in the Portuguese higher technical education, including the first engineering courses at IST: mining, civil, mechanical, electrical, and chemical-industrial. IST's second dean was Duarte Pacheco (1927–1932), also an engineer, who was responsible for the construction of the university campus at Alameda. The architect Porfírio Pardal Monteiro designed it. Meanwhile IST became part of the recently created Technical University of Lisbon. Throughout the following decade, the image of engineers from IST was projected into major engineering works, promoted by Duarte Pacheco, who was by the time Minister of Public Works.
Between 1952 and 1972, 12 study centres were established in Portugal, three of them at IST, in the fields of chemistry, geology and mineralogy, and electronics. These centres were responsible for promoting faculty training and scientific qualification through doctoral studies in universities and research centres abroad. In 1970, the minimum period for obtaining a bachelor degree decreased from six to five years, and IST denoted a remarkable increase of the number of students. During this period, scientific research at IST increased significantly, through the creation of the Complexo Interdisciplinar which fasten together various autonomous research units, and contributes to transform IST in a reference school at European level[according to whom?].
In the 1990s, new courses were created in cutting-edge engineering areas, including master and doctoral programmes. In 2001, IST inaugurated a new campus in Oeiras, located in a science and technology park, the TagusPark, which involves more than 120 technology-based companies. In the academic year of 2006-2007, the Declaration of Bologna was successfully implemented for all IST programmes, aiming the establishment of a European Education Area to make Europe a competitive knowledge-based economy.
Today's IST is generally recognised as Portugal's leading engineering school. IST is involved with some of Portugal's most prestigious R&D&I and technology transfer institutions. A vast number of courses in cutting-edge engineering areas, at undergraduate, master and doctoral levels, are nowadays offered at IST. IST is also actively involved in several networks and international programmes to promote student mobility, both at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Through a large number of agreements with other institutions worldwide, IST participates in more than 20 Dual Master programmes, and joint PhD programmes with MIT, CMU, UT-Austin and EPFL.
Programs of study 
IST offers undergraduate and graduate studies in:
- Aerospace Engineering
- Applied Mathematics and Computation
- Biological Engineering
- Biomedical Engineering
- Chemical Engineering
- Civil Engineering
- Communication Networks Engineering
- Electrical and Computer Engineering
- Electronics Engineering
- Environmental Engineering
- Geological and Mining Engineering
- Industrial Engineering and Management
- Information Systems and Computer Engineering
- Materials Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering
- Physics Engineering
- Instituto Superior Técnico is a member of TIME association (Top Industrial Managers for Europe) for researchers and student exchanges and double-degree in Europe. T.I.M.E. Coordinator is Prof. José Santos-Victor.
- It also belongs to CLUSTER (Consortium Linking Universities of Science and Technology for Education and Research), which is a network of leading European Universities of Technology; their fundamental missions are advanced research and higher education of engineers, scientists and architects. See Cluster
- IST is also a member of the Conference of European Schools for Advanced Engineering Education and Research (CESAER), a non-profit association of leading engineering universities in Europe and of Partnership of a European Group of Aeronautics and Space Universities (PEGASUS).
Since 2011 IST has three campi:
- the Alameda campus, located in the heart of Lisbon
- the Taguspark campus, located in Oeiras
- the IST Tecnológico e Nuclear Campus, located in Loures
Notable alumni 
- Alfredo Nobre da Costa, former Prime Minister of Portugal (1978), former Minister for Industry and Technology (1975–76)
- Alberto Romão Dias, former State Secretary for Higher Education, university professor, chemical-industrial engineering (1964-2007)
- Ângelo Correia, politician and business administrator, chemical-industrial engineering (1968)
- António Câmara, founder and CEO of YDreams, Prémio Pessoa winner, researcher and professor at the Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade Nova de Lisboa, civil engineering
- António Couto dos Santos, former Minister for Youth (1987–91), Parliamentary Affairs (1991–92)and Education (1993–95)
- António Guterres, former Prime Minister of Portugal; former president of the Socialist International and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, electrical engineering (1971)
- Artur Agostinho, sports news, radio and television personality, actor, television presenter, electrical engineering (did not graduate)
- Diamantino Durão, former Minister for Education (1991–92), former President of IST (1984–91, 1993–2000)
- Duarte Pacheco, former Mayor of Lisbon (1938), former Minister for Public Instruction (1928) and Public Works and Communications (1932–36, 1938–43), former President of IST (1927–28, 1936–38), electrical engineering (1923)
- Fraústo da Silva, former Minister for Education (1982–83)
- João de Deus Pinheiro, politician, Minister of Education, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Member of the European Parliament, European Commissioner, rector, university professor, chemical-industrial engineering (1970)
- João Pavão Martins, founder of SISCOG, full professor of Computer Science and Engineering at IST, mechanical engineering (1976) (later got a masters degree in computer science and a PhD in Artificial intelligence from State University of New York at Buffalo).
- João Sentieiro, current president of Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT), full professor at IST, electrical engineering (1969)
- José Sucena Paiva, former State Secretary for Science and Technology, full professor at the IST Energy Department, electrical engineering (1966)
- José Epifanio da Franca, full professor at the IST Electronics Department, electrical engineering (1978), co-founder (1997) and CEO of Chipidea Microelectrónica.
- José Manuel Bento dos Santos, businessman, trader, metals broker, cook, gastronomer, chemical-industrial engineering.
- Júlio Ferry Borges, former president of the Euro-International Concrete Committee, civil engineering (1945)
- Luis Veiga da Cunha, former Minister for Education, (1979–80)
- Maria de Lurdes Pintasilgo, first woman to serve as Prime Minister of Portugal, chemical-industrial engineering (1953)
- Mariano Gago, Portuguese Minister for Science, Technology and Higher Education, electrical engineering (1960)
- Mário Crespo, television presenter, reporter, journalist (did not graduate)
- Pepetela, Angolan writer, sociology professor (did not graduate)
- Paulo Branco, film producer and distributor, chemical engineering
- Raul Pires Ferreira Chaves, inventor, former Director of Public Works in Cape Verde and Portuguese Guinea, former president of Associação Industrial, Comercial e Agrícola da Guiné
- Roberto Carneiro, former Minister for Education (1987–91)
- Stephan Morais, first Portuguese to be nominated a Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum
See also 
- (Portuguese) IST e IBM lançam projecto de computação de alto desempenho, in Diário Digital (17th April 2007)
- (Portuguese) Biografia do Eng.º Júlio Ferry Borges, Laboratório Nacional de Engenharia Civil
- Instituto Superior Técnico Home Page
- Universidade Técnica de Lisboa Home Page
- Mobility and International Cooperation Office (NMCI)
- "Study at IST"
- Rádio Zero Instituto Superior Técnico Radio
- Diferencial Instituto Superior Técnico Newspaper
- CinemaParaIST Instituto Superior Técnico Film Club
- Projecto FST Instituto Superior Técnico Formula Student Team