John Chamberlain (journalist)
|Born||John Rensselaer Chamberlain
October 28, 1903
New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.
|Died||April 9, 1995
New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.
|Residence||Cheshire, Connecticut, U.S.|
|Occupation||Writer, Journalist, Literary Critic|
|Employer||New York Times (1926-1930s)
The Wall Street Journal (1950-1960)
The Freeman (1946-1995)
National Review (1955-1995)
King Features (1960-1985)
Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism
|Known for||Libertarian thought|
John Rensselaer Chamberlain (October 28, 1903 – April 9, 1995) was an American journalist, business and economic historian, syndicated columnist and literary critic. He was dubbed "one of America’s most trusted book reviewers" by the classical liberal and slightly libertarian magazine The Freeman.
He began his career in journalism at the New York Times in 1926, and he later served there as both an editor and book reviewer, writing the daily book review for the New York Times for several years during the 1930s. Later, he worked on the staff at Scribner's and Harper's magazines. Serving on the editorial staffs of Fortune (1936–1941) and Life (1941–1950), for a time he wrote the editorials for Life under the direction of Henry Luce, the founder of Time, Inc.
Chamberlain was a member of the Dewey Commission and a contributor to Not Guilty: the Report of the Commission of Inquiry into the Charges Made Against Leon Trotsky in the Moscow Trials (1938) by John Dewey. For most of this period, Chamberlain was, in his own words, "a New York literary liberal" involved in political causes of the Left.
Changing political beliefs
In the early 1940s, Chamberlain moved to the intellectual Right, along with friends such as former communists Whittaker Chambers and John Dos Passos, although Chamberlain was never himself a communist. Influenced by Albert J. Nock, he credits the writers Ayn Rand, Isabel Paterson and Rose Wilder Lane with his final "conversion" to what he called "an older American philosophy" of libertarian and conservative ideas. Along with his friends Henry Hazlitt and Max Eastman, he helped to promote the work of the Austrian economist F. A. Hayek, The Road to Serfdom, writing the "Foreword" to the first American edition of the book in 1944.
In 1946, Leonard Read of the Foundation for Economic Education established a free market magazine named The Freeman, reviving the name of a publication which had been edited by Albert J. Nock (1920–1924). Its first editors included Chamberlain, Hazlitt and Suzanne La Follette, and its contributors during Chamberlain's tenure there included James Burnham, John Dos Passos, Max Eastman, Frank Meyer, Raymond Moley, Morrie Ryskind, and the Austrian School economists Ludwig von Mises and F. A. Hayek. He joined the classical liberal Mont Pelerin Society during this period, as well. After stepping down as editor of The Freeman, Chamberlain continued his regular column for the periodical, "A Reviewer’s Notebook."
William F. Buckley, Jr., credited Chamberlain with "changing the course of his life" by writing the "Introduction" to Buckley's first book, God and Man at Yale. Later, Chamberlain became a lifelong contributing editor for Buckley's magazine, National Review, from its founding until his death. He still occasionally differed from Buckley; for example, he praised Atlas Shrugged by Ayn Rand.
For twenty-five years, he wrote a syndicated column for King Features which appeared in newspapers across the country.
After his first wife died in 1954, he married Ernestine Stodelle, who had previously been married to the Russian theatrical director Theodore Komisarjevsky.
- Farewell to Reform, Being a History of the Rise, Life and Decay of the Progressive Mind in America (1932)
- The Roots of Capitalism (1959)
- The Enterprising Americans: a Business History of the United States' (Harper & Row, 1963)
- The National Review Reader
- Freedom and Independence: The Hillsdale Story (1979)
- A Life With the Printed Word (Regnery, 1982)
- The Turnabout Years (Jameson, 1991)
- Opitz, Edmund A., "A Reviewer Remembered: John Chamberlain 1903–1995," The Freeman, June, 1995, vol. 45, iss. 6.
- Carnes, Marc C., ed. (2005) American National Biography: Supplement 2. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 84.
- Chamberlain, A Life With the Printed Word, p. 65.
- Chamberlain, pp. 93–94.
- Diggins, Up From Communism.
- Chamberlain, p. 136.
- Chamberlain, p. 138; Hamilton, Charles H., "The Freeman: the Early Years," The Freeman, Dec. 1984, vol. 34, issue 12.
- Chamberlain, pp. 136–139, and pp. 72–173.
- Chamberlain, p. 147.
- Chamberlain, pp. 149–150.
- Chamberlain, John (1982). A Life With the Printed Word. Chicago: Regnery Gateway. p. 147. ISBN 0895266563.
- Diggins, John P., Up From Communism, Harper & Row, 1975.
- Opitz, Edmund A., "A Reviewer Remembered: John Chamberlain 1903–1995," The Freeman, June, 1995  (retrieved 4-12-09).
- The New York Times, "John Chamberlain, Columnist, Dies at 91," April 13, 1995  (retrieved 4-12-09).
- Mark Christopher Carnes, Paul R. Betz – American National Biography: Supplement