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Sometimes the terms Republitarian or liberty Republican are used as well. Libertarian Republicans' views are similar to Libertarian Party members, but differ in regard to the strategy used to implement libertarian policies.
Libertarian Republicans represent a political faction within the Republican Party. They are strong believers in the traditional Republican principle of economic libertarianism that was advocated by past presidential candidates such as Senator Robert Taft, Senator Barry Goldwater and Representative Ron Paul. Individuals who self-identify as libertarian Republicans do not necessarily share the same political beliefs across the spectrum, though there do seem to be several issues that bind them together, including beliefs in fiscal conservatism, personal responsibility, and personal liberty.
The most common belief libertarian Republicans share is fiscal conservatism – specifically, advocating for lower taxes at every level of government, a reduction in the level of spending in the federal budget, easing the burden of federal regulations on business interests, the reform of the entitlement system, and ending or making significant cuts to the welfare state. Additionally, they oppose budget deficits and deficit spending and work to minimize it as much as possible. Libertarian Republicans tend to support more fiscal conservatism than their mainstream counterparts in the party, and are less willing to abandon these principles for political expediency.
Libertarian Republicans often differ from traditional Republicans in their emphasis on protection of civil liberties. It is distinct from the Republican Party because it sees state-enforced conservative social policies as encroachments on personal privacy and individual liberties. Libertarian Republicans disagree with the activities of mainstream Republicans with regard to civil liberties since the September 11 attacks in 2001, opposing the PATRIOT Act, REAL ID, and President George W. Bush's domestic intelligence program.
Opposition to the use of the term libertarian Republican comes from the libertarian adherence to the Non-Aggression Principle, its core philosophy of voluntarism and lack of force against individuals, to which the Republican Party platform or philosophy does not adhere to.
The Republican Liberty Caucus was founded in 1991 at a meeting of a group of Florida members of the Libertarian Republican Organizing Committee attending a Young Republicans Convention. They included Philip Blumel, Tom Walls, Eric Rittberg, and Rex Curry and decided to develop a national Republican Liberty Caucus organization. The group represents the GOP's libertarian wing.
GOProud is an organization representing conservative and libertarian gay men, lesbians, and their allies in the Republican Party. GOProud advocates for free markets, limited government, and respect for individual rights.
Tea Party activities have declined since 2010. According to Harvard professor Theda Skocpol, the number of Tea Party chapters across the country has slipped from about 1,000 to 600, but that this is still "a very good survival rate." A 2011 Reason-Rupe poll found that among those who self-identified as Tea Party supporters, 41 percent leaned libertarian and 59 percent socially conservative. Mostly, Tea Party organizations are said to have shifted away from national demonstrations to local issues. A shift in the operational approach used by the Tea Party has also affected the movement's visibility, with chapters placing more emphasis on the mechanics of policy and getting candidates elected rather than staging public events.
The Tea Party's involvement in the 2012 GOP presidential primaries was minimal, owing to divisions over whom to endorse as well as lack of enthusiasm for all the candidates. Following the selection of Paul Ryan as Mitt Romney's vice-presidential running mate, the New York Times declared that Tea Party lawmakers are no longer a fringe of the conservative coalition, but now "indisputably at the core of the modern Republican Party."
The following is a list of self-described libertarians who are registered members of the Republican Party:
- U.S. Representative Justin Amash of Michigan
- U.S. Representative Thomas Massie of Kentucky
- U.S. Representative Dana Rohrabacher of California
- U.S. Representative Raul Labrador of Idaho
- U.S. Representative Ted Yoho of Florida
- U.S. Representative Mark Sanford of South Carolina
- Former U.S. Representative Barry Goldwater, Jr. of California
- Former U.S. Representative Ron Paul of Texas
- Former U.S. Representative Trey Radel of Florida
U.S. State Governors
U.S. State Legislators
Authors and scholars
- Nobel Prize–winning economist Milton Friedman
- Author Zora Neale Hurston
- Wall Street Journal writer Stephen Moore
- Economist Mark Skousen
- GOProud co-founder Christopher R. Barron
- Radio talk show host Glenn Beck
- TV personality Tucker Carlson
- Radio talk show host Jerry Doyle
- Actor and filmmaker Clint Eastwood
- Radio talk show host Larry Elder 
- FOX News Host of Red Eye w/ Greg Gutfeld/Contributor Greg Gutfeld
- Radio talk show host and political commentator Jack Hunter
- TV personality Dennis Miller
- Political activist Grover Norquist
- Humorist P. J. O'Rourke
- Businessman Wayne Allyn Root
- Investment broker Peter Schiff
- Factions in the Republican Party
- Libertarian conservatism
- Libertarian Democrat
- Old Right
- Republican Liberty Caucus
- South Park Republican
- Liberty Caucus
- Position Statement: Republican Liberty Caucus[dead link]. Republican Liberty Caucus, 3-2011. Retrieved April 16, 2011.
- RLC Members Push Platform Changes in States[dead link]. Republican Liberty Caucus, 7-22-2008. Retrieved April 16, 2011.
- "Libertarianism is based on a single ideal, the non-aggression principle," 11-06-2013. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
- History of the Republican Liberty Caucus[dead link]. Republican Liberty Caucus, 2-20-2011. Retrieved April 16, 2011.
- "Our Mission". Retrieved 2010-05-09.
- Tea Party 2012: A Look At The Conservative Movement's Last Three Years
- Tea Party ‘Is Dead’: How the Movement Fizzled in 2012’s GOP Primaries; The Daily Beast; February 2, 2012
- Emily Ekins, Is Half the Tea Party Libertarian?, Reason, September 26, 2011
- How tea party and its unlikely allies nixed Atlanta's transit tax The Christian Science Monitor. August 1, 2012. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- Tea party evolves, achieves state policy victories NBC News. August 12, 2012. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
- Ryan Brings the Tea Party to the Ticket; The New York Times; August 12, 2012; Retrieved August 13, 2012
- "I use the term constitutional conservative, but also used the term libertarian conservative."
- "I would say libertarian Republicans believe that national defense is the No. 1 priority of the federal government under the Constitution, but whatever we do has to comport with the Constitution."
- "The libertarian in me says that it's a violation of property and privacy rights."
- "I became basically what would be called a libertarian/conservative."
- "conservative Christian Republican with a libertarian slant"
- "I wear [libertarianism as a badge of honor"
- "Of course, I’ve grown up in a political family. So that kind of translated itself into following a philosophy of general libertarian leanings."
- "The libertarian is trapped on a question like this, because we don’t believe in the welfare state."
- "The libertarian msg cuts thru party lines. It's about WE the PEOPLE."
- "‘Libertarian’ is not a bad word in my lexicon, I want the government out of your pocketbook and out of your bedroom."
- "I consider myself a libertarian in a lot of ways, I think the government should get out of your bedroom, off your back, and out of your wallet. That is, I think, the traditional northeast libertarian viewpoint."
- "libertarian-leaning constitutional conservative,"
- "I believe a true libertarian philosophy promotes a pro-life agenda and secure borders but that is a topic for another post."
- "I’m a “closet libertarian”, so you can guess where I personally stand on the issue."
- Milton Friedman on the Charlie Rose Show. PBS, November 2005. Retrieved April 16, 2011.
- Beito, David T. and Linda Royster Beito. Isabel Paterson, Rose Wilder Lane, and Zora Neale Hurston on War, Race, the State, and Liberty. The Independent Institute, The Independent Review, Spring-08. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
- Republican Liberty Caucus 2006 Convention Summary. Retrieved April 16, 2011.
- Chris Barron
- "Libertarian Republican". Libertarian Republican. 2011-09-25. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
- Tucker Carlson Joins the Cato Institute. Cato Institute, Cato-at-liberty.org, 7-28-2009. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
- "Today he is the libertarian-leaning host of The Jerry Doyle Show, a daily three-hour program about politics and culture syndicated by the Talk Radio Network". Jerrydoyle.com. Retrieved 2013-06-24.
- Clint Eastwood talks to Jeff Dawson. The Guardian (UK), 6-1-2008. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
- Larry Elder on NNDB. NNDB. Retrieved April 16, 2011.
- "Conservative, libertarian, independent.". Southern Avenger. Retrieved 2013-06-24.
- Currie, Duncan. Dennis The Right-Wing Menace?. National Review, 6-27-2003. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
- Hunter, Jack (2012-11-30). "In Defense of Grover Norquist". The American Conservative. Retrieved 2013-06-24.
- Reason interviews libertarian Republican P.J. O'Rourke[dead link]. Republican LIberty Caucus, 7-7-2009. Retrieved April 16, 2011.
- Quinn, Garrett (September 14, 2012). "An Exit Interview With Wayne Allyn Root". Reason. Retrieved September 14, 2012.
- January 28, 2012 (2012-01-28). "Peter Schiff: Libertarians Need To Infiltrate The GOP". Westernjournalism.com. Retrieved 2013-06-24.