John F. Kennedy, Jr.
|John F. Kennedy, Jr.|
Kennedy greets invited guests at the HBO and Imagine Entertainment premiere held at Kennedy Space Center in 1998.
|Born||John Fitzgerald Kennedy, Jr.
November 25, 1960
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Died||July 16, 1999
Atlantic Ocean, off the coast of Martha's Vineyard
|Cause of death||Plane crash (see article)|
|Other names||JFK, Jr.
|Alma mater||Brown University
New York University
|Occupation||Journalist, lawyer, magazine publisher|
|Spouse(s)||Carolyn Bessette (1996–1999, their deaths)|
|Parents||John F. Kennedy
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
John Fitzgerald Kennedy, Jr. (November 25, 1960 – July 16, 1999), often referred to as John F. Kennedy, Jr., JFK Jr., John Jr. or John-John, was an American socialite, magazine publisher and lawyer. The young son of U.S. President John F. Kennedy and First Lady Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy, Kennedy died in a plane crash along with his wife Carolyn Bessette-Kennedy and her older sister Lauren Bessette, on July 16, 1999.
Early life 
Kennedy was born at Georgetown University Hospital sixteen days after his father was elected to the presidency. He was in the public spotlight up until his death in 1999. Kennedy had an older sister, Caroline, and an infant brother, Patrick, who died two days after his birth in 1963. For most of the first three years of his life, Kennedy lived in the White House when his father was president. Kennedy's nickname "John-John" came from a reporter who misheard JFK calling him ("John" spoken twice in quick succession). Although Kennedy was often referred to publicly as "John-John," members of his extended family themselves did not use this nickname.
Kennedy's father was assassinated on November 22, 1963, and the state funeral was held three days later on his third birthday. In a moment that became an emotional and iconic image of the 1960s, Kennedy stepped forward and rendered a final salute as the flag-draped casket was carried out from St. Matthew's Cathedral. The image was captured by photographer Stan Stearns. Following his father's assassination, Kennedy grew up on the Upper East Side of Manhattan in New York City and his mother, Jackie, married Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis, whom she had met in the early 1950s. Their marriage lasted until Onassis' death in 1975.
Kennedy attended the Collegiate School in New York City from third through tenth grades, and later graduated from Phillips Academy (also known as Andover). Kennedy graduated from Brown University in 1983 with a bachelor's degree in history.
After Brown, Kennedy took a working break, traveling to India and spending some time at the University of Delhi, where he met Mother Teresa. He also worked with some of the Kennedy special interest projects, including the East Harlem School at Exodus House and Reaching Up. From 1984–86, he worked for the New York City Office of Business Development. He served as deputy director of the 42nd Street Development Corporation in 1986. He also did a bit of acting during that time, an activity which had been one of his passions; he appeared in many plays while at Brown. He expressed interest in acting as a career, but his mother strongly disapproved of it as a suitable profession.
In 1989, Kennedy earned a J.D. degree from the New York University School of Law. He failed the New York bar exam twice before passing on the third try in July 1990. Kennedy then served as a prosecutor in the Manhattan district attorney's office for four years.
Public career 
Several times, Kennedy was asked publicly if he was interested in following in his father's footsteps and choosing politics as a career; he would always decline for the time being, but he would not rule it out for the future. In 1995, Kennedy and New York public relations magnate Michael J. Berman founded George, a glossy politics-as-lifestyle monthly which sometimes took editorial aim even at members of his own family. Kennedy controlled 50 percent of the company's shares. After Kennedy's death, the magazine was bought out by Hachette Filipacchi Magazines, his partners in George, and continued for over a year. With falling advertising sales, the magazine folded in early 2001. Before his death, however, Kennedy had conceded that he "might have to wind it up by the end of the year".
Personal life 
Kennedy married Carolyn Bessette on September 21, 1996, on Cumberland Island, Georgia. His older sister Caroline acted as the matron of honor and his cousin Anthony Stanislas Radziwill was his best man.
On July 16, 1999, Kennedy, his wife Carolyn, and sister-in-law Lauren Bessette were reported missing when the Piper Saratoga II HP he was piloting failed to arrive at its planned destination after Kennedy checked in with the FAA tower at the Martha's Vineyard Airport in Vineyard Haven, Massachusetts. The trio were en route to attend the wedding of Kennedy's cousin, Rory Kennedy. A search commenced more than 15 hours later to locate them, finally ending in the late afternoon hours of July 21, when the three bodies were recovered from the ocean floor by Navy divers. The bodies were taken by motorcade to the county medical examiner's office. The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) determined that the plane had crashed into the Atlantic Ocean off Martha's Vineyard, the probable cause being pilot error: "Kennedy's failure to maintain control of the airplane during a descent over water at night, which was a result of spatial disorientation." Kennedy was not qualified to fly a plane by "instruments only", though the crash occurred in conditions not legally requiring such qualification. Other pilots flying similar routes reported no visual horizon due to haze. In the evening of July 21, autopsies at the county medical examiner's office revealed that the crash victims had died upon impact. At the same time, the Kennedy and Bessette families announced their plans for memorial services. In the late hours of July 21, the three bodies were taken from Hyannis to Duxbury, where they were cremated in the Mayflower Cemetery crematorium. On the morning of July 22, their ashes were scattered from the Navy destroyer USS Briscoe off the coast of Martha's Vineyard.
While an undergraduate at Brown, Kennedy was initiated into Phi Psi, a local, unaffiliated social fraternity. In 1984, Phi Psi joined the national Phi Kappa Psi fraternity, and became known as the Rhode Island Alpha Chapter of Phi Kappa Psi (which was the organization's name from 1902 to 1978).
See also 
- Flegenheimer, Matt (March 5, 2012). "Stan Stearns, 76; Captured a Famous Salute". The New York Times. p. B10.
- Kennedy Year in Review CNN.
- Lucas, Dean (2007-07-22). "Famous Pictures Magazine – JFK jr salutes JFK". Famous Pictures Magazine. Retrieved 2013-05-21.
- As We Remember Her: Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis in the Words of Her Family, by Carl Sferrazza Anthony
- A&E Biography
- Heymann, Clemens David (2007). American Legacy: The Story of John & Caroline Kennedy. Simon and Schuster. p. 323. ISBN 0-7434-9738-4.
- Blow, Richard; Bradley, Richard (2002). American Son: A Portrait of John F. Kennedy, Jr. Macmillan. p. 17. ISBN 0-312-98899-0.
- Spoto, Donald (2000). Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis: A Life. Macmillan. p. 330. ISBN 0-312-97707-7.
- A&E Biography
- A&E Biography
- Bercovici, Jeff (2001). "Hachette delivers death ax to George". Media Life Magazine.
- "Reliable Sources: 'George' Folds". CNN. January 6, 2001.
- Littell, Robert T. (2004). The Men We Became: My Friendship With John F. Kennedy, Jr. Macmillan. p. 175. ISBN 0-312-32476-6.
- Landau, Elaine (2000). John F. Kennedy, Jr. Twenty-First Century Books. p. 117. ISBN 0-7613-1857-7.
- Heymann, Clemens David (2007). American Legacy: The Story of John & Caroline Kennedy. Simon and Schuster. p. 458. ISBN 0-7434-9738-4.
- "Crash and Search Time Line". The Washington Post. July 22, 1999. Retrieved 29 November 2012.
- "NTSB report NYC99MA178".
- "NTSB report NYC99MA178 Full Narative".
- Maxwell, Paula (July 28, 1999). "Kennedy cremated in Duxbury". Duxbury Clipper (Duxbury. MA). Retrieved 29 November 2012.
- Gellman, Barton; Ferdinand, Pamela (1999-07-23). "Kennedy, Bessettes Given Shipboard Rites". Washington Post. pp. A1. Retrieved 2008-05-22.
- Robert T. Littell, The Men We Became: My Friendship With John F. Kennedy, Jr. (St. Martin’s Press 2004), passim.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: John F. Kennedy, Jr.|
- John F. Kennedy, Jr. at the Internet Movie Database
- National Transportation Safety Board investigation final report
- JFK Jr's political donations
- FBI file on John F. Kennedy Jr.
- CNN.com In-depth coverage of JFK Jr's death
- Kennedy's body, airplane wreckage found
- John F. Kennedy, Jr. at the Notable Names Database
- Regarding JFK Jr.'s burial at sea
- John F. Kennedy, Jr. at Find a Grave
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