John M. Ford
|John Milo Ford|
John M. Ford portrait 2000
April 10, 1957|
East Chicago, Indiana, USA
|Died||September 25, 2006
Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
|Occupation||Novelist, writer, game designer|
|Genres||Science fiction, fantasy, cyberpunk|
Ford was regarded (and obituaries, tributes and memories describe him) as an extraordinarily intelligent, erudite and witty man. He was a popular contributor to several online discussions. He composed poems, often improvised, in both complicated forms and blank verse, notably Shakespearean pastiche; he also wrote pastiches and parodies of many other authors and styles. At Minicon and other science fiction conventions he would perform "Ask Dr. Mike", giving humorous answers to scientific and other questions in a lab coat before a whiteboard.
Ford was born in East Chicago, Indiana, and raised in Whiting, Indiana. In the mid-1970s he attended Indiana University Bloomington, where he was active in the IU science fiction club and Society for Creative Anachronism (using the name Miles Atherton de Grey); while there, he published his first short story "This, Too, We Reconcile" in the May 1976 Analog.
Ford left IU and moved to New York to work on the newly founded Isaac Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine, where, starting in mid-1978, he published poetry, fiction, articles, and game reviews. Although his last non-fiction appeared there in September 1981, he was tenth most frequent contributor for the 1977–2002 period. About 1990, he moved to Minneapolis. In addition to writing, he worked at various times as a hospital orderly, computer consultant, slush pile reader, and copy editor.
Ford suffered from complications related to diabetes since childhood and also had renal dysfunction which required dialysis and, in 2000, a kidney transplant, which improved his quality of life considerably. He was found dead from natural causes in his Minneapolis home on September 25, 2006 by his partner since the mid-1990s, Elise Matthesen. He was a prominent member of the Friends of the Minneapolis Public Library, which established a John M. Ford Book Endowment after his death with the donations to be used as interest-generating capital for yearly purchase of new books.
Though Ford's novels varied in setting and style, several were of the Bildungsroman (coming-of-age) type: in Web of Angels, The Final Reflection, Princes of the Air, Growing Up Weightless, and The Last Hot Time, Ford wrote variations on the theme of growing up, learning about one's world and one's place in it, and taking responsibility for it — which involves taking on the power and wisdom to influence events, to help make the world a better place.
Ford's 1983 book The Klingons for FASA's Star Trek role-playing game influenced later Paramount productions.:121 Ford authored the award-winning adventure The Yellow Clearance Black Box Blues (1985) for West End Games' Paranoia role-playing game.:189
Otherwise, Ford's works are characterized by an aversion to doing things that have been done before. This is perhaps most notable in his two Star Trek novels, The Final Reflection (1984) and How Much for Just the Planet? (1987). The Final Reflection is the story of a small group of Klingons who prevent a war between the Klingon Empire and the Federation while the regular series characters are relegated to cameo appearances. (This novel introduced the fictional language Klingonaase.) In the comedic How Much for Just the Planet?, the Enterprise crew compete with a Klingon crew for control of a planet, whose colonists are not happy with this and defend their peace in inventive ways, which soon make everything a farce, including a Vaudevillian pie fight. The book includes song lyrics that satirize many 20th century stage musicals. Both novels present the Klingons in a more positive light, not just as the token evil menace of the week.
Ford avoided repetition not only of the work of others, but also of his own work. Where many writers make a name for themselves by developing a known style that repeats in many books, Ford always surprised with his ability to use a variety of styles that best suited the world, characters, and situations he had chosen to write about. (John Clute expressed this in 1993 The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction as "Two decades into his career, there remains some sense that JMF remains unwilling or unable to create a definitive style or mode; but his originality is evident, a shifting feisty energy informs almost everything he writes, and that career is still young.") This might have limited his readership, however he was much respected by his fellow writers, editors, critics and fans. Robert Jordan, Ford's lifelong close friend, called Ford "the best writer in America — bar none." Neil Gaiman called Ford "my best critic … the best writer I knew." Patrick Nielsen Hayden said "Most normal people had the slight sense that something large and super-intelligent and trans-human had sort of flown over ... There would be a point where basically the plot would become so knotted and complex he would lose all of us."
- Web of Angels (1980, Pocket Books, ISBN 0-671-82947-5; 1992, Tor Books, ISBN 0-8125-0959-5), an early exploration of some topics that would later be described as cyberpunk
- The Princes of the Air (1982, Pocket Books, ISBN 0-671-44482-4; 1991, Tor Books, ISBN 0-8125-0958-7), a space opera
- The Dragon Waiting (1983, Timescape Books, ISBN 0-671-47552-5; 1985, Avon Books, ISBN 0-380-69887-0; 2002, Gollancz, ISBN 0-575-07378-0), a fantasy alternate history combining vampires, the Medicis, and the convoluted English politics surrounding Edward IV and Richard III; winner of the 1984 World Fantasy Award
- The Final Reflection (1984, Pocket Books, ISBN 0-671-47388-3; 1985, Ultramarine, ISBN 0-318-37547-8; 1985, Gregg Press, ISBN 0-8398-2885-3; 1991, Pocket Books, ISBN 0-671-74354-6, a Star Trek tie-in novel; (also 2004, Pocket Books, ISBN 0-7434-9659-0 [in omnibus Signature Edition, The Hand of Kahless])
- How Much for Just the Planet? (1987, Pocket Books, ISBN 0-671-62998-0; 1990, ISBN 0-671-72214-X; 1991, ISBN 0-671-03859-1), a Star Trek tie-in novel
- The Scholars of Night (1988, Tor Books, ISBN 0-312-93051-8; 1989, ISBN 0-8125-0214-0), a high tech Cold War thriller involving an undiscovered Christopher Marlowe play
- Casting Fortune (1989, Tor Books, ISBN 0-8125-3815-3), a collection of stories set in the Liavek shared world, reprints "A Cup of Worrynot Tea" and "Green Is the Color" and original story "The Illusionist"
- Fugue State (1990, Tor Books, ISBN 0-8125-0813-0), a longer version of the novella of the same name, published as Tor SF Double No. 25 with The Death of Doctor Island by Gene Wolfe
- Growing Up Weightless (1993, Bantam Spectra, ISBN 0-553-37306-4; 1994, ISBN 0-553-56814-0), a Bildungsroman set on a human-colonized Moon; joint winner of the 1993 Philip K. Dick Award
- Timesteps (1993, Rune Press), a selection of poems
- From the End of the Twentieth Century (1997, NESFA Press, ISBN 0-915368-74-9, ISBN 0-915368-73-0), a collection of short stories, poetry, and essays
- The Last Hot Time (2000, Tor Books, ISBN 0-312-85545-1; 2001 paperback, ISBN 0-312-87578-9), urban fantasy set in a magical Chicago, Illinois
- Heat of Fusion and Other Stories (2004, Tor Books, ISBN 0-312-85546-X), a collection of short stories and poetry, finalist for the World Fantasy Award in 2005
With Darrell Schweitzer and George H. Scithers, Ford co-authored On Writing Science Fiction (The Editors Strike Back!) (1981, Owlswick Press, ISBN 0-913896-19-5; Wildside Press 2000, ISBN 1-880448-78-5), a writers' manual with advice illustrated by short stories that were first sales to IASFM.
Some shorter works
- "A Cup of Worrynot Tea" in Liavek: The Players of Luck (1986, edited by Emma Bull and Will Shetterly)
- "Green Is the Color", "Eel Island Shoals" (song), "Pot-Boil Blues" (song) in Liavek: Wizard's Row (1987, edited by Emma Bull and Will Shetterly)
- "Riding the Hammer" in Liavek: Spells of Binding (1988, edited by Emma Bull and Will Shetterly)
- "The Grand Festival: Sestina" (poem), "Divination Day: Invocation" (poem), "Birth Day: Sonnet" (poem), "Procession Day/Remembrance Night: Processional/Recessional" (poem), "Bazaar Day: Ballad" (poem), "Festival Day: Catechism" (poem), "Restoration Day: Plainsong" in Liavek: Festival Week (1990, edited by Emma Bull and Will Shetterly)
- "Scrabble with God", IASFM October 1985, reprinted in From the End of the Twentieth Century
Ford published a variety of short fiction and poetry, from short short stories that are essentially fantastic jokes, to novellas revealing a deep understanding of human frailties and emotions. His poem "Winter Solstice, Camelot Station" won the World Fantasy Award for Short Fiction in 1989.
Ford published some children's fiction under pseudonyms that he did not make public, and two children's gamebooks under house names Michael J. Dodge (Star Trek: Voyage to Adventure, 1984) and Milo Dennison (The Case of the Gentleman Ghost, 1985).
- The Yellow Clearance Black Box Blues (1985, West End Games, ISBN 0-87431-027-X), an adventure for the Paranoia roleplaying game
- Star Trek III with Greg Costikyan and Doug Kaufman (1985, West End Games)
- GURPS Time Travel with Steve Jackson (1991, Steve Jackson Games, ISBN 1-55634-115-6), a resource book for the GURPS roleplaying game
- GURPS Y2K with Steve Jackson et al. (1999, Steve Jackson Games, ISBN 1-55634-406-6), a resource book for the GURPS roleplaying game
- GURPS Traveller: Starports (2000, Steve Jackson Games, ISBN 1-55634-401-5), a resource book for the GURPS Traveller roleplaying game
- GURPS Infinite Worlds with Steve Jackson and Kenneth Hite (2005, Steve Jackson Games, ISBN 1-55634-734-0), a resource book for the GURPS roleplaying game
Ford further wrote Klingon manuals for the Star Trek role-playing game, and a number of RPG articles, which appeared in Autoduel Quarterly, Pyramid, Roleplayer, Space Gamer, and Journal of the Travellers' Aid Society.
- 2005 Origins Award for Role-Playing Game Supplement of the Year – GURPS Infinite Worlds 4th Edition
- 1998 Minnesota Book Award for Fantasy & Science Fiction
- 1993 Philip K. Dick Award – Growing Up Weightless
- 1991 Origins Award for Best Roleplaying Supplement – GURPS Time Travel
- 1989 World Fantasy Award for Best Short Fiction – "Winter Solstice, Camelot Station" (in Invitation to Camelot, edited by Parke Godwin)
- 1989 Rhysling Award for Long Poem – also "Winter Solstice, Camelot Station"
- 1985 Origins Award for Best Roleplaying Supplement – The Yellow Clearance Black Box Blues
- 1984 World Fantasy Award for Best Novel – The Dragon Waiting
- 2005 World Fantasy Award for Best Collection – Heat of Fusion and Other Stories
- 1996 Nebula Award for Best Novelette – "Erase/Record/Play" (in Starlight 1, edited by Patrick Nielsen Hayden)
- 1996 Theodore Sturgeon Award – also "Erase/Record/Play"
- 1995 Rhysling Award for Long Poems – "Troy: The Movie" (in Weird Tales, Spring 1994)
- 1991 Rhysling Award for Long Poems – "Bazaar Day: Ballad" (in Liavek: Festival Week, edited by Will Shetterly and Emma Bull) and "Cosmology: A User’s Manual" (in Isaac Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine, January 1990)
- 1990 Rhysling Award for Long Poems – "A Holiday in the Park" (in Weird Tales, Winter 1988/1989)
- 1987 Nebula Award for Best Novelette (final ballot) – "Fugue State" (in Under the Wheel, edited by Elizabeth Mitchell)
- "United States Social Security Death Index," index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/J5TC-LZN : accessed 16 Feb 2013), John Milo Ford, 25 September 2006; citing U.S. Social Security Administration, Death Master File, database (Alexandria, Virginia: National Technical Information Service, ongoing).
- Vezner, Tad (2006-10-28). "Crafters of sci-fi attend obscure writer's eulogy: Peers laud Minneapolis author for his unpredictable works". St. Paul Pioneer Press. (Discussion of the article and a few factual errors in it by fans.)
- James Patrick Kelly, On the Net: Frequent Fliers, Asimov's 4/2003. See also Ford's entries in the Asimov's index.
- "Ford's comment at a "four things" meme blogpost". Making Light. 2005-12-25.
- Matthesen, Elise (2006-09-25). "John M. Ford, 1957-2006". Making Light.
- Shannon Appelcline (2011). Designers & Dragons. Mongoose Publishing. ISBN 978-1-907702-58-7.
- Burns, Eric (2006-09-25). "Requiescat In Pace: John M. Ford".
- "From the End of the Twentieth Century". Nesfa.org. 2006-08-05. Retrieved 2011-04-05.
- "On writing science fiction : the editors strike back! (Book, 1981) [WorldCat.org]". Worldcatlibraries.org. Retrieved 2011-04-05.
- "Against Entropy". 2007-01-20.
- From the End of the Twentieth Century
- John M. Ford at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- John M. Ford, game designer at BoardGameGeek.Com
- John M. Ford: A Chronological Bibliography up to 1997 by New England Science Fiction Association
- Fan memorial website
- Bibliography with cover scans at Fantastic Fiction
Texts by Ford online
- Mike Ford: Occasional Works – Part One to Twelve and Coda: selection of Ford's comments to Patrick and Teresa Nielsen Hayden's weblog Making Light, with links to context
- 110 Stories, poem written about the September 11, 2001 attacks
- Troy: The Movie, 1994 poem
- Winter Solstice, Camelot Station, 1989 poem
- "As Above, So Below", short story (in Dragons of Light, ed. Orson Scott Card, Ace Books, 1980)
- "Driving North", short story written as the script for issue 10 of Captain Confederacy
- Strange Horizons 2002 interview with Ford
- Patrick Nielsen Hayden's 2001 online interview with Ford (and other inkWELL participants)
- Alex Krislov's 1980s interview with Ford
- Quote from "Playing Scrabble with God", another
- Ford's USENET posts 1994–5, in Google Groups archive
- Teresa Nielsen Hayden: Making Light: John M. Ford, 1957-2006. With links to online works by Ford, articles, weblog posts and memories about Ford
- Memory of Ford by his aunt Jane (Harley) Starner
- Will Shetterly: An Introduction to John M. Ford
- Neil Gaiman: Introduction to From the End of the Twentieth Century
- Steve Jackson: Daily Illuminator article remembering Ford
- Eric Burns, Websnark: Requiescat in Pace, John M. Ford with discussion of Ford's influence on Klingons in Star Trek
- John Clute: Obituary: John M. Ford, in The Independent
- Andrew Brown: column on London memorial gathering for Ford, in The Guardian
- David Langford: John M Who? SFX December 2006
- Peg Kerr: personal journal entry on the Minneapolis memorial gathering
- The Society for the Preservation of Mike - a LiveJournal community
- Photos tagged "JohnMFord" at Flickr.com
- More links remembering John M. Ford