Julie Bindel

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Julie Bindel
Born 1962 (age 51–52)
United Kingdom
Occupation Columnist, political commentator, cultural critic
Nationality British
Genres Advocacy journalism
Subjects Women's rights, feminism, lesbian feminism
Literary movement Feminism and LGBT rights movement
Partner(s) Harriet Wistrich

www.guardian.co.uk/profile/juliebindel

Julie Bindel (born 20 July 1962)[1] is an English writer, feminist and co-founder of the group Justice for Women, which opposes violence against women from a feminist viewpoint.[2][3]

A freelance journalist whose work regularly appears in The Guardian,[4] Bindel is described as a "Marmite writer",[5] as readers are strongly divided on her work. Her bi-phobia and transphobia have made her unpopular amongst much of the LBGT community. Source Her primary areas of interest are lesbian rights, opposition to the sex industry, modern anti-trafficking campaigns and defending female victims of domestic violence.[5] She has been involved in feminist law reform campaigns for victims of domestic violence and originally began writing as a way to get the message across to the wider public. As a lesbian, she has shared her views and been quoted regarding sexual identity and sexual orientation issues and refers to herself as a political lesbian feminist.[6][7] Bindel though does not support same-sex marriage[8] and believes that it would be preferable to outlaw marriage altogether and have civil partnerships for both same-sex and opposite-sex couples.[9][10]

As of 2009 she resides in Crouch End and has written about the area.[5] In August 2010 she entered The Independent's "Pink List" as ninety-eighth of the top 101 most influential gay and lesbian people in the UK.[11]

Early career, activism and research[edit]

Julie Bindel was a teenager in Leeds when she became involved in feminism in 1979, through meeting feminists who were then campaigning about sexual violence and the complacency of the police at the time of the Yorkshire Ripper, Peter Sutcliffe. "The Yorkshire Ripper case was my reason for becoming a campaigner against sexual violence".[12] Sutcliffe was sentenced to life imprisonment in 1981 for murdering thirteen women between 1975 and 1980.[13] She states, "I was angry, like many others, that the police only really seemed to step up the investigation when the first 'non-prostitute' was killed."[12] Bindel was angry about the police's advice for women to stay indoors although many had jobs which required them to be out after dark; she was also not happy about the police's assertions in 1979–1980 that sex workers were the killer's target even though, from May 1978 onwards, all the victims were not sex workers by trade.[12] Bindel took part in feminist protests against the killings including flyering mock-up police notices for men to stay off the streets for the safety of women.[12] She continued campaigning against sexual violence, and worked as an unpaid feminist activist working for women's rights. In the 1990s she attended London Metropolitan University as an undergraduate.

In 1990, Bindel was a co-founder of Justice for Women (JFW), a group which opposes violence against women from a feminist viewpoint.[3][14] "Justice For Women is a feminist organisation that campaigns and supports women who have fought back against or killed violent male partners".[15] They are concerned with issues of mariticide arising from domestic abuse.[16] JFW offer welfare advice, campaign on domestic violence, abused women who kill violent partners, immigration rights, and the dangers women face with the rise of religious fundamentalism. JFW "campaign for changes in the defences to murder so that they encompass and reflect women's experiences of domestic violence."[15]

Bindel's writing on cyberstalking, where a victim is humiliated or threatened with unwelcome email messages at work or to professional associates, has been cited by academics.[17] In 2006 Bindel wrote of a personal pact regarding rape and how rape victims are re-victimized by being "identified, vilified and even criminalised."[18] She shared that if she were raped at the time she would likely not report it to the police because of these concerns.[18]

Bindel's activism is reflected in her contribution to research and writing on feminist issues, violence against women, and prostitution; she was a researcher at both Leeds Metropolitan and London Metropolitan Universities, being the assistant director of the research unit on violence and abuse at Leeds Metropolitan.[19] Her writing features in books and reports she has written, edited, contributed to, or been quoted in, and these are detailed in the bibliography.

Journalism[edit]

Bindel's journalistic writing began while she was Assistant Director of the Research Centre on Violence, Abuse and Gender Relations at Leeds Metropolitan University.[19] She was first published by The Independent newspaper in 1998 concerning prostitution in the UK.[20][21] According to her writing, the life and death of her friend Emma Humphreys in 1998 led her into journalism.[22] Bindel had campaigned for Emma to be acquitted and released from prison following Emma's conviction for the murder of a violent pimp.[23]

In 2001 she began writing an occasional column for The Guardian, from the start covering gay and lesbian issues, child protection, prostitution and violence against women.[24][25][26] From October 2003, her contributions in The Guardian became more frequent, and she wrote about the main themes that concerned her: rape, child sexual abuse, domestic violence, men who murder women, men who murder partners, child protection, sex offenders, prostitution, gay and lesbian issues, broader LGBT issues including transsexualism and gender reassignment surgery, human trafficking, sex tourism, women who murder violent men, and lesbian issues. Her style is often controversial. During her time at The Guardian, Bindel also broadened her range of topics to include vegetarianism, Barbie, Sylvia Pankhurst memorial, and wrote columns on Andrea Dworkin, Sheila Jeffreys and Louis Armstrong.

Bindel is also a regular contributor to the Guardian's "Comment is Free" forum.

Domestic violence and murder[edit]

Bindel's writing on the issue of violence against women in domestic and personal relationships with men[27][28][29][30] has featured in her journalism from the start, and continues to do so.[31][32][33]

In 2008 her activism and writing coincided when the issue she had campaigned on for over a decade became the focus of government legislation. Since the death of Emma Humphreys, who she helped to get released from prison, Bindel had sought to get a law changed that had historically protected men and penalised women. If men murdered a partner in the heat of the moment, an appeal to 'provocation' had been admissible in mitigation. Such an appeal was not practical for women trapped in violent relationships, because murders carried out in the context of ongoing subjection to violence tended not to occur in the heat of the moment, but would be often be calculated as a solution which provided an escape from violence. Bindel's campaign against violence against women on the one hand sought to resist the mitigation men could appeal to when partners were murdered, and allow the sustained violence women could be subjected to act as a mitigating factor if they murdered their partner. Harriet Harman, Minister for Women and Equality, was of a similar mind on this issue, and legislation was proposed that would change the law to this effect. Bindel explained her support for this legislation in her column.[34] Erin Pizzey, one of the early founders of women's refuges, was critical of the new law, and other newspapers leveled their criticisms at both Harman and Bindel.[35]

Using titles like "Why I hate men" and "Why men hate me", Bindel has discussed her views on men, violence, and the way men relate to women, and what is revealed in their comments about her writing.[36][37]

Sex work, trafficking and sex tourism[edit]

Bindel has written and worked on issues concerning prostitution and sex work since 1998,[38][39][40] and this is reflected in her Guardian writing.[25][41][41][41]

In 2008 Bindel co-wrote a report commissioned by the POPPY Project on British brothels, named Big Brothel (a play on the title of the Channel 4 reality TV programme Big Brother). The report on 900 brothels found that unprotected anal sex was available in for an extra £10 to £200 payment, and penetrative sex from £15 to £250, with an average of £61. The brothels operated as legitimate businesses across every borough in London; a number of the premises involved offered "very young girls", but denied any were under age, and many of the women were from Eastern Europe and South East Asia.[42] Bindel wrote about the findings in her Guardian column, describing experiences such as those of a young woman having sex with twenty men a day, and discussed Harriet Harman's (UK Minister for Women and Equality) plans to make paying for sex illegal.[43]

The report was criticised by 27 leading academics involved in sex work research, claiming that the report was carried out without formal academic ethical approval, without acknowledgement of existing sources, and co-written by a journalist with anti-prostitution views.[44] The POPPY project responded that the report was one they produced independently, that the POPPY project was not an academic institution, and because significant media attention was usually lacking in this area of research it was important to provide a counterbalance to the positive media focus on the sex industry.[45]

Transsexualism and transgenderism[edit]

Bindel's writings on gender reassignment surgery, transsexualism and transgender issues have upset people in transsexual and transgender communities, particularly the 2004 piece that cast transsexual people as ungenuinely transitioning while ridiculing their experiences.[46]

Bindel's first published article on transsexualism was a December 2003 Sunday Telegraph Magazine report; it was the first example of coverage of a narrative of 'transsexual regret' in the UK media. Bindel interviewed 'Claudia', a post-operative transsexual, who regretted her decision to have surgery and felt that the psychiatrist involved did not take sufficient care in reaching a diagnosis. Bindel questioned the medical approach in the article.[47]

A month later a piece, "Gender Benders, beware" was printed in The Guardian concerning her anger about a rape crisis centre's dispute with a transsexual rape counselor; the article also expressed her views about transsexuals and transsexualism.[46] Many considered the language used to be offensive and demeaning. The Guardian received more than two hundred letters of complaint from transsexual people, doctors, therapists, academics and others. Transgender activist group Press for Change cite this article as an example of 'discriminatory writing' about transsexual people in the press.[48] Complaints focussed on the title, "Gender benders, beware", the cartoon[49] accompanying the piece,[50] and the disparaging tone, such as "Think about a world inhabited just by transsexuals. It would look like the set of Grease" and "I don't have a problem with men disposing of their genitals, but it does not make them women, in the same way that shoving a bit of vacuum hose down your 501s [jeans] does not make you a man."[46]

Four responses were published. Julie Hesmondhalgh, an actress who played transsexual character 'Hayley' in the ITV soap Coronation Street commented: "Men in dresses with birds'-nest hair chopping off their meat and two veg in order to enjoy the privileges of using the women's bog or snogging their same sex partner without fear of ridicule?! Can someone please inform the intelligent and compassionate Julie Bindel, whose amazing work for Justice for Women I have long admired, that Les Battersby is using her name to masquerade as a Sun [tabloid] reporter? And that the Guardian is accidentally printing his column?"[51]

In response to the complaints, the Guardian editor wrote that the newspaper received about 200 letters, and noted that international lobbying did not account for all of these, and that most condemned the views expressed in the column, the Guardian for publishing it, and the illustration accompanying it. Twelve of the letters were complaints. The editor said, "Dismay at the piece was registered not only by transsexual people but by doctors, therapists, academics and others involved in the field."[52] Referring to her as "a lesbian activist for the rights of women and children [ ... ] a rare kind of writer who puts her money where her mouth is,"[52] he explained that Bindel understood that there were problems with the way the article was written. He echoed the sentiments of one therapist in concluding, "This column, which obscured any argument in discriminatory language, [...] abused an already abused minority that the Guardian might have been expected to protect."[52]

Bindel expressed her views about transsexualism and gender reassignment surgery three years later in the context of psychiatrist Russell Reid's censure by the General Medical Council due to his treatment of some transsexual patients.[53] Reid was the private psychiatrist who had treated Claudia, and her second Guardian article on this topic followed a series of more than 20 reports in the Guardian focusing on transsexualism, Russell Reid and approaches to treatment from the time of Bindel's first article in 2004, when Reid began to be investigated, and his censure and hearing in 2007.[54] The second article appeared after the results of the hearing were announced, and contained interview material with Claudia, and Bindel's views on reassignment surgery.[53]

In the summer of 2007, Bindel was invited to present her views on transsexual reassignment surgery on BBC Radio 4's "Hecklers", a series in which someone argues a provocative thesis, and a panel of speakers challenges them. She proposed that "sex change surgery is unnecessary mutilation".[55][56] The panelists who opposed this were Professor Stephen Whittle (Law professor and trans activist), Peter Tatchell (gay activist), Dr. Kevan Wylie (psychiatrist) and Michelle Bridgman (therapist and trans activist). She wrote about her appearance on the show in her column the same day, and summarised her position on transsexualism.[57] On his website, Tatchell endorsed Bindel's criticism of "traditional male and female roles and the social pressure to conform to cultural expectations of how men and women are supposed to behave," recognising these as "often profoundly oppressive." But he criticises her for "putting gender theory and ideology before the happiness of individual human beings who feel out of place and unhappy in their birth sex."[58] A year later, in 2008, Bindel's apology for the 2004 piece was noted by Christine Burns of Press for Change when she interviewed her in 2008,[59] and Bindel repeated her apology for the tone of the original piece.

In autumn 2008 Bindel was nominated for the UK LGB rights organisation Stonewall's 2008 "Journalist of the year" award. Stonewall's nomination was protested by independent trans and queer groups. Bindel put out a release via the London Feminist Network,[60] There was a picket of the awards ceremony on 6 November 2008 with mixed support from attendees of the event.[61] Bindel attended, although she did not receive an award. Bindel responded to the protest in a piece in the Guardian which covered the way the LGBT movement had developed since her early days as a radical lesbian feminist. She suggested that the protest was as much about "Stonewall for refusing to add the T (for transsexual) on to the LGB (for lesbian, gay and bisexual)."[62] She detailed her frustration with the bullying tactics of those involved, how she was expected to be part of the LGBTQQI movement, yet was criticised for expressing opinions on trans issues while at the same time being told to be inclusive to trans people and issues, concluding that she wanted nothing to do with it.[62] The protest did not receive mainstream press attention, but was covered in the UK gay press.[61][63] A spokesperson for the protest confirmed that the protest was about Stonewall rather than Bindel herself: "'We're quite happy to leave her alone,' said Zoe O'Connell from the London TransFeminist Group. 'The protest was very much against Stonewall and not Bindel.'"[64]

Bindel is reported as still maintaining that "people should question the basis of the diagnosis of male psychiatrists, 'at a time when gender polarisation and homophobia work hand-in-hand.'"[61] She argues that "Iran carries out the highest number of sex change surgeries in the world", that "surgery is an attempt to keep gender stereotypes intact",[61] and that "the idea that certain distinct behaviours are appropriate for males and females underlies feminist criticism of the phenomenon of 'transgenderism'."[61] Following the Stonewall protest Whittle invited her to debate these issues again with Susan Stryker, a trans academic and activist from the USA, in front of an audience at Manchester Metropolitan University on 12 December 2008. The debate was broadcast live on the internet, but has not been made available as a podcast at the time of writing.[when?]

Lesbian feminism, gay and lesbian[edit]

Bindel began writing about lesbian issues as a radical lesbian feminist before her entry into journalism;[65] her time with The Guardian saw her interest on lesbian and feminist issues come to include gay issues,[24] scientific theories about sexuality,[66] the way gender roles are taught to children,[67] the cosmetics industry,[68] cosmetic surgery for women,[69] the media portrayal of lesbian chic,[70] and lesbian child-bearing.[71]

In her November 2008 piece written after the Stonewall protest, Bindel talked about her frustration with being in a movement that insisted she accept trans people, yet resulted in her being criticised whenever she spoke on trans issues. She said that as a longtime active member of the lesbian community she felt uncomfortable with the increasing inclusion of sexuality and gender-variant communities into the expanding LGBT 'rainbow alliance': "the mantra now at 'gay' meetings is a tongue-twisting LGBTQQI."[62] "It is all a bit of an unholy alliance. We have been put in a room together and told to play nicely."[62] "I for one do not wish to be lumped in with an ever-increasing list of folk defined by 'odd' sexual habits or characteristics."[62] "I just want to be left alone. I am not in your gang, I did not ask to be, so please don't tell me I am one of yours, and then tell me off for offending your orthodoxy."[62] In January 2009 she wrote about the radical lesbian feminism of the 1970s and 1980s, and her desire to return to those values. She concluded with an invitation to heterosexual women to adopt lesbianism, saying "Come on sisters, you know it makes sense. Stop pretending you think lesbianism is an exclusive members' club, and join the ranks. I promise that you will not regret it."[72]

Rape[edit]

During her time as a Guardian contributor Bindel has begun to write more on issues about rape, such as drug rape and date rape.[73][74][75][76][77] She is critical of how difficult life is made for women who report rape, how the investigative and legal process ends up with women being dealt with more like the offender than the victim in an environment where some appear to think it is more important to safeguard the rights of men who might be accused maliciously than women who are victims. Bindel responded to the difficulties of reporting and prosecuting rape by saying she would not report it herself, "we may as well forget about the criminal justice system and train groups of vigilantes to exact revenge and, hopefully, deter attacks. Because if I were raped, I would rather take my chances as a defendant in court, than as a complainant in a system that seems bent on proving that rape is a figment of malicious women's imagination."[78] Her writing on rape has appeared in newspapers in the Middle East[79] and India,[80] and her views have been reported by the BBC.[81]

Child protection and sex offenders[edit]

Bindel has written about child protection issues,[26] the way sex offenders are dealt with[82] and biological theories about what drives sex offenders.[83]

Other topics[edit]

Bindel has written articles that depart from themes central to her lesbian feminist background, such as vegetarianism,[84] Arsenal,[85] and questioned the point of gender-neutral toilets at the Royal Festival Hall, at the expense of one of the women's toilet facilities there.[86]

Personal life[edit]

Bindel's partner is Harriet Wistrich, a lawyer.[87]

Bibliography[edit]

Bindel has written for the Telegraph, Independent and Guardian newspapers, including more than 160 columns for the Guardian, featured in the online 'Comment is Free' section,[4] she has written several published works:

Lesbian feminism[edit]

  • Bindel J, 'Neither an Ism nor a Chasm', in All the Rage: Reasserting Radical Lesbian Feminism, Women's Press, London 1996

Domestic violence[edit]

  • Bindel, J. The Map of my Life: The Story of Emma Humphreys. Astraia Press, 2003 (ISBN 0954-6341-0-1)
  • Bindel, J. "Women Overcoming Violence and Abuse: Information Pack on Topics Covered at the International Conference on Violence, Abuse and Women's Citizenship" (Research Paper No. 15, Research Centre on Violence, Abuse and Gender Relations, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK) 1996
  • Bindel, J & Fleming, J. Women Overcoming Violence and Abuse: Information Pack on Topics Covered at the International Conference on Violence, Abuse and Women's Citizenship. University of Bradford, Violence, Abuse & Gender Relations Research Unit, 1996
  • Bindel, J. "Violence, Abuse & Women's Citizenship: An International Conference, Brighton, UK, 10–15 November 1996" Press Pack, Leeds Metropolitan University Research Centre on Violence, Abuse and Gender Relations, Leeds Metropolitan University; Published by Research Centre on Violence, Abuse and Gender Relations, 1996
  • Kelly, L; Bindel, J; Burton, S; Butterworth, D; Cook, K; Regan, L. Domestic Violence Matters: An Evaluation of a Development Project, Home Office Information and Publications Group, 1996[88]

Sex work[edit]

  • Bindel, J. Profitable Exploits: Lap Dancing in the UK, London, Child and Woman Abuse Studies Unit of London Metropolitan University, 2004
  • Bindel, J & Kelly, L. A Critical Examination of Responses to Prostitution in Four Countries: Victoria, Australia; Ireland; the Netherlands; and Sweden, Child and Woman Abuse Studies Unit of London Metropolitan University, 2003
  • Bindel, J. 'Flushing the Johns' Trouble and Strife, No. 38, 1998, pp. 35–36
  • Bindel, J. 'Press for Change'; A guide for journalists reporting on the prostitution and trafficking of women, CATW, 2006[89]
  • Bindel, J; Atkins, H. Big Brothel – a survey of the off-street sex industry in London, POPPY Project, 2008

Other works[edit]

  • Griffin, G. Feminist activism in the 1990s pp. 65–78, Taylor & Francis, 1995; ISBN 0-7484-0290-X
  • Plante, R. F. Sexualities in context: a social perspective; Westview Press, 2006; ISBN 0-8133-4293-7
  • Kinnell, H. Violence and Sex Work in Britain, Willan Publishing, 2008; ISBN 1-84392-350-5
  • Gupta, R. From homebreakers to jailbreakers: Southall Black Sisters; Zed Books, 2003; ISBN 1-84277-441-7
  • Marsh, I & Melville, G. Crime, Justice and the Media; Taylor & Francis, 2009, ISBN 0-415-44490-X
  • Anderson, I & Doherty, K. Accounting for Rape Psychology, Feminism and Discourse Analysis in the Study of Sexual Violence; Routledge, 2006; ISBN 0-203-08754-2
  • Jeffreys, S. The Industrial Vagina: The Political Economy of the Global Sex Trade, Taylor & Francis, 2008; ISBN 0-415-41233-1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Weekend birthdays". The Guardian (Guardian Media). 20 July 2014. p. 52. 
  2. ^ Cooke, Rachel (30 January 2001), Snap decisions, The Guardian 
  3. ^ a b Griffin, Gabriele (1995), Feminist activism in the 1990s, Taylor & Francis, pp. 65–78, ISBN 978-0-7484-0290-8 
  4. ^ a b Julie Bindel guardian.co.uk
  5. ^ a b c Julie Bindel Interview 9 August 2004 WriteWords
  6. ^ Sexualities in context: a social perspective Rebecca F. Plante; Basic Books, 2006; ISBN 0-8133-4293-7, ISBN 978-0-8133-4293-1
  7. ^ Lesbianism is a choice’ – Julie Bindel Lesbelicious, 30 January 2008
  8. ^ Sky News Press Preview on 21st February 2012
  9. ^ Bindel, Julie (27 February 2012). "Stop the whingeing about gay people demanding rights". The Guardian. 
  10. ^ Bindel, Julie (16 June 2014). "Gay marriage is not about equality but a way of keeping women quiet". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 July 2014. 
  11. ^ The IoS Pink List 2010 The Independent, 1 August 2010
  12. ^ a b c d Violence and Sex Work in Britain Hilary Kinnell, Willan Publishing, 2008, p.18; ISBN 1-84392-350-5, ISBN 978-1-84392-350-3
  13. ^ "1981: Yorkshire Ripper jailed for life", BBC On This Day, 22 May
  14. ^ You can't be an armchair feminist: Reclaim the Night is 30 tomorrow. Julie Bindel, who knows all about the joys of direct action, will be there
  15. ^ a b About Justice for Women Justice for Women
  16. ^ From homebreakers to jailbreakers: Southall Black Sisters Rahila Gupta; Zed Books, 2003; ISBN 1-84277-441-7, ISBN 978-1-84277-441-0
  17. ^ Ian Marsh, Gaynor Melville Crime, Justice and the Media Taylor & Francis, 2009, ISBN 0-415-44490-X, 9780415444903
  18. ^ a b Accounting for Rape Psychology, Feminism and Discourse Analysis in the Study of Sexual Violence. Irina Anderson, Kathy Doherty; Routledge, 2006; ISBN 0-203-08754-2, ISBN 978-0-203-08754-1
  19. ^ a b Patricia Wynn Davies Wife wins damages for rape The Independent, 9 October 1997
  20. ^ Bindel, Julie (12 November 2008), Out of the gutter, The Independent 
  21. ^ Bindel, Julie (18 August 1999), Streets Apart on Approach to Kerb Crawling (letter), The Guardian 
  22. ^ Bindel, Julie (23 July 2008), This one's for Emma, The Guardian 
  23. ^ Bindel, Julie (14 September 2000), Woman cleared of murder 'overdosed', BBC News 
  24. ^ a b Bindel, Julie (3 March 2001), Gay men need to talk straight about paedophilia, The Guardian 
  25. ^ a b Bindel, J (24 January 2003), Losing the game, The Guardian 
  26. ^ a b Bindel, Julie (16 August 2002), Into the arms of a stranger, The Guardian 
  27. ^ Julie, Bindel (2003), The Map of my Life: The Story of Emma Humphreys, London: Astraia Press, ISBN 0-9546341-0-1 
  28. ^ Julie, Bindel (1996), Women overcoming violence and abuse: information pack on topics covered at the International Conference on Violence, Abuse and Women's Citizenship, University of Bradford, Research Unit on Violence, Abuse and Gender Relations 
  29. ^ Julie, Bindel (1996), Violence, Abuse & Women's Citizenship: An International Conference, Brighton, UK, 10–15 November 1996 Press Pack, Leeds: Research Centre on Violence, Abuse and Gender Relations, Leeds Metropolitan University 
  30. ^ L, Kelly; J, Bindel; S, Burton; D, Butterworth; K, Cook; L, Regan (1996), Domestic Violence Matters: An Evaluation of a Development Project, London: Home Office Information and Publications Group 
  31. ^ Julie, Bindel (16 March 2007), Beating the wife-beaters, The Guardian 
  32. ^ Julie, Bindel (16 July 2007), The making of a killer, The Guardian 
  33. ^ Julie, Bindel (2 July 2008), Two women killed each week, The Guardian 
  34. ^ Bindel, Julie (29 July 2008), An end to the easy way out, The Guardian 
  35. ^ Pizzey, Erin (29 July 2008), "Erin Pizzey, champion of women's rights, says radical feminist plans to let victims of domestic abuse get away with murder are an affront to morality", Mail Online 
  36. ^ Bindel, Julie (2 November 2006), Why I hate men, The Guardian 
  37. ^ Bindel, Julie (24 December 2007), Why men hate me, The Guardian 
  38. ^ Bindel, Julie (1998), "Flushing the Johns", Trouble and Strife (38): 35–36 
  39. ^ Bindel, J; Kelly, L (2003), A Critical Examination of Responses to Prostitution in Four Countries: Victoria, Australia; Ireland; the Netherlands; and Sweden, Child and Woman Abuse Studies Unit of London Metropolitan University 
  40. ^ Bindel, J (2004), Profitable Exploits: Lap Dancing in the UK, Child and Woman Abuse Studies Unit of London Metropolitan University 
  41. ^ a b c Bindel, J (13 December 2006), Terror in our streets, The Guardian 
  42. ^ Bindel, Julie; Atkins, Helen (2008), Big Brothel – a survey of the off-street sex industry in London, London: POPPY Project 
  43. ^ Bindel, Julie (10 September 2008), Revealed: the truth about brothels, The Guardian 
  44. ^ Sanders; Pitcher; Campbell; Brooks-Gordon; O'Neill; Phoenix; Hubbard; Whowell; Mai; May (October 2008), An Academic Response to "Big Brothel" 
  45. ^ Lipset, Anthea (3 October 2008). "Big Brothel research 'seriously flawed'". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  46. ^ a b c Bindel, Julie (31 January 2004), Gender Benders, beware, The Guardian 
  47. ^ Bindel, Julie (15 December 2003), I changed for all the wrong reasons, and then it was too late, Telegraph 
  48. ^ Media Issues Press for Change – PfC examples of press coverage
  49. ^ Gender Benders, Beware The Guardian Weekend, 31 January 2004
  50. ^ Claire McNab Re: UK: Gender benders, beware [The Guardian McNabb reaction to PfC list on article
  51. ^ Hesmondhalgh, Julie (7 February 2004), letter in response to Gender Benders Beware, The Guardian 
  52. ^ a b c Mayes, Ian (14 February 2004), A change, of course, The Guardian 
  53. ^ a b Bindel, Julie (23 May 2007), Mistaken Identity, The Guardian 
  54. ^ Batty, David (18 February 2004), Warning over online trade in sex hormones, The Guardian 
  55. ^ Bindel, Julie (1 August 2007), "Sex change surgery is unnecessary mutilation", Hecklers (BBC Radio 4) 
  56. ^ Hecklers – Radio 4 Press for Change
  57. ^ Bindel, Julie (1 August 2007), My trans mission, The Guardian 
  58. ^ Tatchell, Peter (3 August 2007), Transsexualism – Bindel condemns, Tatchell defends, London 
  59. ^ Podcast: Lunch With Julie Bindel http://podcast.plain-sense.co.uk/2008/10/17/lunch-with-julie-bindel/
  60. ^ London Feminist Network[dead link]
  61. ^ a b c d e Grew, Tony (7 November 2008), Celebs split over trans protest at Stonewall Awards 
  62. ^ a b c d e f Bindel, Julie (8 October 2008), "It's not me. It's you", The Guardian 
  63. ^ "150 people protest at 'transphobic' Stonewall Awards", Lesbilicious, 7 November 2008 
  64. ^ "Bindel offends bisexuals, cat-fanciers, devil worshippers", Lesbilicious, 11 November 2008 
  65. ^ Bindel, Julie (1996), "Neither an Ism nor a Chasm", All the Rage: Reasserting Radical Lesbian Feminism (Women's Press) 
  66. ^ Bindel, Julie (14 December 2004), If I wanted to be straight, I would be, The Guardian 
  67. ^ Bindel, Julie (14 March 2007), An end to gender, The Guardian 
  68. ^ Bindel, Julie (19 June 2006), Cruelty without beauty, The Guardian 
  69. ^ Bindel, Julie (11 January 2008), The knife consultant, The Guardian 
  70. ^ Bindel, Julie (12 June 2006), From dysfunctional dyke to designer doll, The Guardian 
  71. ^ Bindel, Julie (8 December 2006), Why are pregnant lesbians scary?, The Guardian 
  72. ^ Bindel, Julie (30 January 2009), My sexual revolution, The Guardian 
  73. ^ Bindel, Julie (2 October 2003), Rape is never glamorous, The Guardian 
  74. ^ Bindel, Julie (30 March 2006), We must rethink rape, The Guardian 
  75. ^ Bindel, Julie (16 November 2006), How 'rape' has been raped, The Guardian 
  76. ^ Bindel, Julie (1 February 2007), Why is rape so easy to get away with?, The Guardian 
  77. ^ Bindel, Julie (2 September 2008), Mirren's twisted logic, The Guardian 
  78. ^ Bindel, Julie (25 October 2006), If I were raped today, I would not report it, The Guardian 
  79. ^ Bindel, Julie (30 July 2008), There is never ever an excuse for rape, Kuwait Times 
  80. ^ Bindel, Julie (26 July 2008), Rape – there is never an excuse, ever, The Hindu 
  81. ^ Parkinson, Dan (16 November 2006), Should women be more responsible?, BBC News 
  82. ^ Bindel, Julie (19 December 2003), He certainly was not Soham man, The Guardian 
  83. ^ Bindel, Julie (13 June 2007), Testosterone-fuelled theories, The Guardian 
  84. ^ Bindel, Julie (13 June 2005), Why I hate vegetarians, The Guardian 
  85. ^ Bindel, Julie (18 May 2006), I'm glad Arsenal lost, The Guardian 
  86. ^ Bindel, Julie (10 April 2008), The great gender-neutral toilet scandal, The Guardian 
  87. ^ http://www.thecnj.com/camden/2008/081408/gulliver081408.html
  88. ^ NCJRS Abstract National Criminal Justice Reference System
  89. ^ Julie Bindel Press for Change

External links[edit]