Kensington is a neighborhood in the center of the New York City borough of Brooklyn. It is the area south of Prospect Park and the Green-Wood Cemetery. It is bordered by Coney Island Avenue to the east, Fort Hamilton Parkway and Caton Avenue to the north, McDonald Avenue and 37th Street to the west, and Foster Avenue and 47th Street to the south. The neighborhoods that border it are Ditmas Park and Prospect Park South to the east (both of which are parts of Flatbush), Windsor Terrace to the north, Borough Park to the west, and Midwood to the south.
Kensington is a predominantly residential area that consists of housing types that run the gamut from brick rowhouses to detached one-family Victorians to apartment buildings. Pre-war brick apartment buildings dominate the Ocean Parkway and Coney Island Avenue frontage, including many that operate as co-ops. The main commercial streets are Coney Island Avenue, Church Avenue, and Ditmas Avenue. Ocean Parkway bisects the neighborhood north-south. Kensington is served by the NYPD's 66th Precinct.
Kensington is a very diverse neighborhood, containing Ukrainian, South Asian (Bangladeshi and Pakistani), Chinese, Orthodox Jewish, Hasidic, Irish, Polish, Italian, Albanian, Russian, Latino, Mexican, Australian and Caribbean communities. More than 300 immigrants from Darfur have also settled in Kensington as of 2010.
The land where Kensington now sits was first colonized by Dutch farmers during the seventeenth century. It was re-settled by British colonists in 1737. Developed in 1885 after the completion of Ocean Parkway, the neighborhood was named after the place and borough in West London, at the turn of the century.
Ocean Parkway, which starts in Kensington, was finished in 1880; it features about five miles of landscaped malls, benches, chess tables and walking and bike paths, linking Prospect Park to Coney Island, and is now part of the Brooklyn-Queens Greenway. Homebuilding began in earnest in the 1920s and attracted Italian and Irish immigrants to the neighborhood. Brick and brownstone townhouses coexist with single- and two-family homes with yards and garages. Five- and six-story pre- and post-war apartment buildings and co-ops are also common.
The IND Culver Line (F G trains) runs along the western part of the neighborhood and stops underground at Fort Hamilton Parkway and at Church Avenue. The line rises above ground to an elevated structure (F train) to serve the Ditmas Avenue and 18th Avenue stops. In addition, Kensington is served by the B8, B16, B35, B67, B68, and B103 local buses, as well as the BM1, BM2, BM3, and BM4 express buses to Manhattan.
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Founded as a deposit station in 1908 by the Mothers' Kindergarten Club of P.S. 134 (18th Avenue and East 5th Street) and the Kensington Improvement League, Kensington's branch library quickly outgrew two locations before becoming a full-fledged branch at 770 McDonald Avenue (near Ditmas Avenue) in 1912. When it again needed more space in 1960, it moved to 410 Ditmas Ave., between East 4th & East 5th Streets, a former catering hall known as Ditmas Gardens, Savoy Garden, and The Manor, that was leased and renovated, arousing national media interest. The Branch moved again in 2012, opening on Thursday, November 15, 2012 at its newly built facilities located at 4207 18th Avenue. 
- Evelyn Kozak (August 14, 1899 – June 11, 2013), American supercentenarian who at the age of 113 years, 301 days was the world's oldest living Jewish person.
- Sufjan Stevens
- 66th Precinct, NYPD.
- "Little Bangledesh". All City New York. Retrieved 2009-02-28.
- "From Darfur to a Corner of Brooklyn". New York Times. 2010-04-10. Retrieved 2010-08-18.
- "Ask the Historian". WNYC. Retrieved 2010-07-31. "When the developers were buying up the farmland at the end of the 19th and the early 20th centuries, they wanted to attract the wealthy to buy their new homes. Giving English-sounding names made it an attraction. Kensington is a suburb of London."
- Official Webpage of the Kensington Branch of the Brooklyn Public Library
- Name From London, People From Everywhere
- NYTimes article on the history of horseriding
- Public Library
- Kensington BK