List of American Civil War battles

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The Battles of the American Civil War were fought between April 12, 1861 and May 12–13, 1865 in 23 states (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia[A]) and the District of Columbia, as well as the following territories (Arizona Territory[B], Colorado Territory, Dakota Territory, Indian Territory, New Mexico Territory, and Washington Territory) and naval engagements.

For lists of battles organized by campaign and theater, see:

Some battles have more than one name; e.g., the battles known in the North as Battle of Antietam and Second Battle of Bull Run were referred to as the battles of Sharpsburg and Manassas by the South. This was because the North tended to name battles after any landmarks, whereas the South named battles after nearby towns. See Naming the American Civil War#Naming the battles and armies for more details.

Battles of the American Civil War by Theater and Year

Battles rated by CWSAC[edit]

The American Battlefield Protection Program (ABPP) was established within the United States National Park Service to classify the preservation status of historic battlefield land. In 1993, the Civil War Sites Advisory Commission (CWSAC) reported to Congress and the ABPP on their extensive analysis of significant battles and battlefields. Of the estimated 8,000 occasions in which hostilities occurred in the American Civil War, this table and related articles describe the 384 battles that were classified in CWSAC's Report on the Nation's Civil War Battlefields. In addition to the status of battlefield land preservation (not included in this table) CWSAC rated the military significance of the battles into four classes, as follows:[1]

Class A – Decisive: A general engagement involving field armies in which a commander achieved a vital strategic objective. Such a result might include an indisputable victory on the field or be limited to the success or termination of a campaign offensive. Decisive battles had a direct, observable impact on the direction, duration, conduct, or outcome of the war.
Class B – Major: An engagement of magnitude involving field armies or divisions of the armies in which a commander achieved an important strategic objective within the context of an ongoing campaign offensive. Major battles had a direct, observable impact on the direction, duration, conduct, or outcome of the campaign.
Class C – Formative: An engagement involving divisions or detachments of the field armies in which a commander accomplished a limited campaign objective of reconnaissance, disruption, defense, or occupation. Formative battles had an observable influence on the direction, duration, or conduct of the campaign.
Class D – Limited: An engagement, typically involving detachments of the field armies, in which a commander achieved a limited tactical objective of reconnaissance, defense, or occupation. Limited battles maintained contact between the combatants without observable influence on the direction of the campaign.
Battle Date State CWSAC Outcome
Battle of Fort Sumter April 12–14, 1861 South Carolina
A
Confederate victory: Beauregard takes Charleston Federal fort, first battle of American Civil War.
Battle of Sewell's Point May 18–19, 1861 Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Union gunboats fight inconclusive battle with Confederate artillery.
Battle of Aquia Creek May 29 – June 1, 1861 Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Confederate artillery hit by naval bombardment, later withdrawn.
Battle of Philippi (West Virginia) June 3, 1861 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
D
Union victory: Union forces rout a small Confederate detachment in Western Virginia.
Battle of Big Bethel June 10, 1861 Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Union attack on Confederate positions near a church repelled.
Battle of Boonville (Missouri) June 17, 1861 Missouri
C
Union victory: Union forces defeat pro-Confederate governor's Missouri State Guard.
Battle of Hoke's Run July 2, 1861 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
D
Union victory: Robert Patterson defeats Jackson's Confederates but fails to capitalize on his victory.
Battle of Carthage July 5, 1861 Missouri
C
Confederate victory: Confederate victory in Missouri during U.S. Civil War.
Battle of Rich Mountain July 11, 1861 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
B
Union victory: Confederate forces under Gen. Robert S. Garnett split in half mid-battle by Union forces under Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan. One half surrenders; the other escapes.
Battle of Blackburn's Ford July 18, 1861 Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Irvin McDowell's recon-in-force defeated at Manassas.
First Battle of Bull Run
or First Manassas
July 21, 1861 Virginia
A
Confederate victory: McDowell loses to J.E. Johnston, Beauregard; Jackson named "Stonewall".
Battle of Wilson's Creek August 10, 1861 Missouri
A
Confederate victory: Union forces under Nathaniel Lyon and Samuel D. Sturgis lose to Confederates under Sterling Price and Benjamin McCulloch. Lyon is killed. First major battle west of the Mississippi.
Battle of Kessler's Cross Lanes August 26, 1861 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
D
Confederate victory: Confederates under John B. Floyd surprise and defeat Union forces under Erastus B. Tyler.
Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries August 28–29, 1861 North Carolina
C
Union victory: Union forces capture two North Carolina forts.
Battle of Dry Wood Creek September 2, 1861 Missouri
D
Confederate victory: Union cavalry from Kansas defeated by Missouri State Guard.
Battle of Carnifex Ferry September 10, 1861 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
B
Union victory: Confederates withdraw by night after several hours of fighting.
Battle of Cheat Mountain September 12–15, 1861 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
B
Union victory: 300 Union troops withstand uncoordinated Confederate attacks.
First Battle of Lexington September 13–20, 1861 Missouri
C
Confederate victory: Union forces badly defeated by Missouri State Guard.
Battle of Liberty September 17, 1861 Missouri
D
Confederate victory: Minor Missouri State Guard victory.
Battle of Barbourville September 19, 1861 Kentucky
D
Confederate victory:Zollicoffer raided a Federal recruitment camp and brought a counter-thrust.
Battle of Greenbrier River October 3, 1861 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
D
Inconclusive: Confederates withdraw after inconclusive battle.
Battle of Santa Rosa Island October 9, 1861 Florida
C
Union victory: Union forces repel Confederate attempt to capture island.
Battle of Camp Wildcat October 21, 1861 Kentucky
C
Union victory: Confederates chased from Cumberland Gap
Battle of Fredericktown October 21, 1861 Missouri
D
Union victory: Missouri State Guard defeated.
Battle of Ball's Bluff October 21, 1861 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: 550 Union soldiers captured.
First Battle of Springfield October 25, 1861 Missouri
D
Union victory: Union forces capture town.
Battle of Belmont November 7, 1861 Missouri
C
Inconclusive: Grant captures and destroys Confederate supplies near Cairo, Illinois.
Battle of Ivy Mountain November 8, 1861 Kentucky
D
Union victory:
Battle of Round Mountain November 19, 1861 Oklahoma
(Indian Territory
at the time)
D
Confederate victory: Opothleyahola's Unionist Creeks and Seminoles defeated near present-day Stillwater.
Battle of Chusto-Talasah December 9, 1861 Oklahoma
(Indian Territory
at the time)
D
Confederate victory: Opothleyahola defeated near present-day Tulsa.
Battle of Camp Allegheny December 13, 1861 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
C
Inconclusive: Confederates withstand Union attack.
Battle of Rowlett's Station December 17, 1861 Kentucky
D
Inconclusive:
Battle of Dranesville December 20, 1861 Virginia
C
Union victory: Union defeats Confederate forces under J.E.B. Stuart.
Battle of Chustenahlah December 26, 1861 Oklahoma
(Indian Territory
at the time)
B
Confederate victory: Opothleyahola defeated, flees to Kansas.
Battle of Mount Zion Church December 28, 1861 Missouri
D
Union victory: Union victory in Northeastern Missouri.
Battle of Cockpit Point January 3, 1862 Virginia
C
Inconclusive: Inconclusive Civil War battle in Virginia.
Battle of Hancock January 5–6, 1862 Maryland
D
Inconclusive: Unsuccessful Confederate attack on Maryland town.
Battle of Roan's Tan Yard January 8, 1862 Missouri
D
Union victory: Confederates routed.
Battle of Middle Creek January 10, 1862 Kentucky
C
Union victory: Union forces under James A. Garfield defeat Confederates under Humphrey Marshall.
Battle of Mill Springs January 19, 1862 Kentucky
B
Union victory: Felix Zollicoffer killed.
Battle of Fort Henry February 6, 1862 Tennessee
B
Union victory: Ulysses S. Grant and Foote's gunboats gain control of Tennessee River by defeating Lloyd Tilghman
Battle of Roanoke Island February 7–8, 1862 North Carolina
B
Union victory: Union forces under Ambrose E. Burnside capture island from Henry A. Wise
Battle of Fort Donelson February 11–16, 1862 Tennessee
A
Union victory: Confederate army under Simon Bolivar Buckner surrenders to Grant, Union gains control of Cumberland River
Battle of Valverde February 20–21, 1862 New Mexico
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
B
Confederate victory: Union forces routed in New Mexico Territory.
Battle of Island Number Ten
(Battle of New Madrid)
February 28
April 8, 1862
Missouri
A
Union victory: Union victory by Pope over John P. McCown.
Battle of Pea Ridge March 6–8, 1862 Arkansas
A
Union victory: Union victory by Samuel Ryan Curtis over Earl Van Dorn ensured continued Union control of Missouri.
Battle of Hampton Roads March 8–9, 1862 Virginia
B
Inconclusive: USS Monitor battles CSS Virginia, battle ends in a draw.
Battle of New Bern March 14, 1862 North Carolina
B
Union victory: Union troops disembark from ships and capture the town.
First Battle of Kernstown March 23, 1862 Virginia
B
Union victory: Union forces defeat Confederates under "Stonewall" Jackson.
Battle of Fort Macon March 23 – April 26, 1862 North Carolina
C
Union victory: Confederate fort surrenders after Union artillery bombardment.
Battle of Glorieta Pass March 26–28, 1862 New Mexico
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
A
Confederate tactical victory. Union strategic victory. Dubbed the "Gettysburg of the West".
Siege of Yorktown (1862)
(Battle of Yorktown)
April 5 – May 4, 1862 Virginia
B
Inconclusive: Union troops win skirmish near site of decisive Revolutionary War battle.
Battle of Shiloh April 6–7, 1862 Tennessee
A
Union victory: Grant and reinforcements under Buell repulse Albert Sidney Johnston and P. G. T. Beauregard, but the Union lost more men.
Battle of Fort Pulaski April 10–11, 1862 Georgia
B
Union victory: Union blockade closes Savannah, Georgia. Parrott rifle makes masonry forts obsolete.
Battle of Forts Jackson and St. Philip April 18–28, 1862 Louisiana
A
Union victory: Decisive battle for possession of New Orleans.
Battle of South Mills April 19, 1862 North Carolina
D
Inconclusive: Confederates thwart attempt to destroy a canal.
Capture of New Orleans April 25 – May 1, 1862 Louisiana
B
Union victory: Union forces capture city.
Siege of Corinth April 29 – May 30, 1862 Mississippi
A
Union victory: Union forces capture town, Beauregard tricks Union in order to escape to Tupelo.
Battle of Williamsburg May 5, 1862 Virginia
B
Inconclusive: McClellan and Longstreet fight inconclusive battle.
Battle of Eltham's Landing May 7, 1862 Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Inconclusive Civil War battle in Virginia.
Battle of McDowell May 8, 1862 Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Stonewall Jackson's Confederates defeat Union forces.
Battle of Drewry's Bluff May 15, 1862 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Union naval attack repelled by Confederate artillery.
Battle of Princeton Court House May 15–17, 1862 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
C
Confederate victory:
Battle of Front Royal May 23, 1862 Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Stonewall Jackson threatens the Union rear, forces their retreat.
First Battle of Winchester May 25, 1862 Virginia
A
Confederate victory: Stonewall Jackson defeats Nathaniel P. Banks.
Battle of Hanover Court House May 27, 1862 Virginia
C
Union victory: Union victory during U.S. Civil War.
Battle of Seven Pines May 31 – June 1, 1862 Virginia
B
Inconclusive: J.E. Johnston attacks Union forces, wounded, inconclusive
Battle of Tranter's Creek June 5, 1862 North Carolina
D
Union victory: Confederate forces retreat after Colonel Singletary is killed.
Battle of Memphis June 6, 1862 Tennessee
B
Union victory: Union forces capture the city.
First Battle of Chattanooga June 7–8, 1862 Tennessee
D
Union victory: Union forces bombard the town.
Battle of Cross Keys June 8, 1862 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: John C. Fremont defeated by elements of Stonewall Jackson's force.
Battle of Port Republic June 9, 1862 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Costly victory for Stonewall Jackson.
Battle of Secessionville June 16, 1862 South Carolina
B
Confederate victory: Union repulsed, Union commander later court-martialed for disobeying orders.
Battle of Saint Charles June 17, 1862 Arkansas
C
Union victory: The USS Mound City is hit by Confederate shore gun and explodes.
Battle of Simmon's Bluff June 21, 1862 South Carolina
D
Union victory:
Battle of Oak Grove June 25, 1862 Virginia
D
Inconclusive: (Seven Days) Indecisive battle between McClellan and Lee.
Battle of Beaver Dam Creek June 26, 1862 Virginia
B
Union victory: (Seven Days) Robert E. Lee defeated.
Battle of Gaines' Mill June 27, 1862 Virginia
A
Confederate victory: (Seven Days) Lee defeats McClellan.
Battle of Garnett's & Golding's Farm June 27–28, 1862 Virginia
D
Inconclusive: (Seven Days) Indecisive battle between Lee and McClellan.
Battle of Savage's Station June 29, 1862 Virginia
C
Inconclusive: (Seven Days) Union forces withdraw.
Battle of Tampa June 30 – July 1, 1862 Florida
D
Confederate victory: Union gunboat attacks, but later withdraws.
Battle of Glendale June 30, 1862 Virginia
B
Inconclusive: (Seven Days) McClellan retreats from Lee's Confederates.
Battle of White Oak Swamp June 30, 1862 Virginia
C
Inconclusive: Indecisive artillery duel.
Battle of Malvern Hill July 1, 1862 Virginia
A
Union victory: (Seven Days) McClellan defeats Lee but withdraws after battle.
Battle of Cotton Plant
(Battle of Hill's Plantation)
July 7, 1862 Arkansas
D
Union victory: Union victory in Arkansas.
First Battle of Murfreesboro July 13, 1862 Tennessee
C
Confederate victory.
Battle of Baton Rouge August 5, 1862 Louisiana
B
Union victory:
Battle of Kirksville August 6–9, 1862 Missouri
D
Union victory: Union forces capture town.
First Battle of Donaldsonville August 9, 1862 Louisiana
D
Union victory:
Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9, 1862 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Union forces repelled by Confederate counter-attack.
First Battle of Independence August 11, 1862 Missouri
D
Confederate victory: Confederate victory near Kansas City.
Battle of Lone Jack August 15–16, 1862 Missouri
D
Confederate victory: Confederate victory, Union commander killed. Rebels forced to withdraw after battle.
Battle of Fort Ridgely August 21–22, 1862 Minnesota
C
* Dakota War of 1862: Failed Santee Sioux attack on Union controlled fort.
First Battle of Rappahannock Station August 22–25, 1862 Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Union supplies destroyed during skirmish.
Battle of Manassas Station Ops. August 25–27, 1862 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Jackson turns into Pope's rear area; destroys Manassas Station.
Second Battle of Bull Run
or Second Manassas
August 28–30, 1862 Virginia
A
Confederate victory: Lee defeats Pope's Army of Virginia
Battle of Thoroughfare Gap August 28, 1862 Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Longstreet defeats small Union force to arrive at Manassas battlefield.
Battle of Richmond (Kentucky) August 30, 1862 Kentucky
B
Confederate victory: Edmund Kirby Smith routs Union army under Brig. Gen. William "Bull" Nelson.
Battle of Chantilly September 1, 1862 Virginia
B
Inconclusive: Union forces nearly being cut off, Isaac Stevens and Philip Kearny are killed.
Battle of Harpers Ferry September 12–15, 1862 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
B
Confederate victory: Stonewall Jackson captures Union garrison under Dixon S. Miles
Battle of Munfordville September 14–17, 1862 Kentucky
B
Confederate victory: Union force surrenders.
Battle of South Mountain September 14, 1862 Maryland
B
Union victory: McClellan defeats Lee.
Battle of Antietam September 17, 1862 Maryland
A
Tactically inconclusive; strategic Union victory: McClellan ends Lee's invasion of North, bloodiest single day of the war.
Battle of Shepherdstown September 19–20, 1862 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
C
Confederate victory: Confederate brigades counterattack and defeat pursuing Union brigades.
Battle of Iuka September 19, 1862 Mississippi
C
Union victory: Rosecrans is victorious over Price near Mississippi town.
Battle of Wood Lake September 23, 1862 Minnesota
C
* Dakota War of 1862: Overwhelming defeat of Santee Sioux forces during the Dakota War of 1862.
First Battle of Sabine Pass September 24, 1862 Texas
C
Union victory:
First Battle of Newtonia September 30, 1862 Missouri
C
Confederate victory: Union forces panic under bombardment from Confederate artillery.
Battle of Saint John's Bluff October 1–3, 1862 Florida
D
Union victory:
Second Battle of Corinth
(Battle of Corinth)
October 3–4, 1862 Mississippi
B
Union victory: Confederate attack fails.
Battle of Galveston Harbor (1862)
(First Battle of Galveston)
October 4, 1862 Texas
D
Union victory:
Battle of Hatchie's Bridge October 5, 1862 Tennessee
C
Inconclusive: Confederate force under Earl Van Dorn escapes across river.
Battle of Perryville October 8, 1862 Kentucky
A
Inconclusive: Tactical indecisive battle that ended Bragg's Kentucky campaign.
Battle of Old Fort Wayne October 22, 1862 Oklahoma
(Indian Territory
at the time)
D
Union victory:
Battle of Georgia Landing October 27, 1862 Louisiana
C
Union victory:
Battle of Clark's Mill November 7, 1862 Missouri
D
Confederate victory: Union force surrenders to larger Confederate force.
Battle of Cane Hill November 28, 1862 Arkansas
C
Confederate victory: Small Confederate force delays Union while larger force escapes.
Battle of Prairie Grove December 7, 1862 Arkansas
B
Union victory: Union secures NW Arkansas.
Battle of Hartsville December 7, 1862 Tennessee
C
Confederate victory: Disguised in Union uniforms, Confederates infiltrate and defeat Union forces.
Battle of Fredericksburg December 13, 1862 Virginia
A
Confederate victory: Lee beats back repeated frontal assaults by Burnside.
Battle of Kinston December 14, 1862 North Carolina
D
Union victory: Union forces under John G. Foster defeat Confederates under Nathan Evans.
Battle of White Hall December 16, 1862 North Carolina
D
Inconclusive: Foster fights indecisive battle with Beverly Robertson.
Battle of Goldsboro Bridge December 17, 1862 North Carolina
C
Union victory: Foster defeats Confederates and destroys the bridge.
Battle of Jackson, Tennessee December 19, 1862 Tennessee
D
Union victory: Confederate feint to distract Union forces.
Battle of Chickasaw Bayou December 26–29, 1862 Mississippi
B
Confederate victory: (Vicksburg Campaign) Pemberton defeats Sherman; Union attack on Confederate right flank thwarted.
Battle of Parker's Cross Roads December 31, 1862 Tennessee
C
Confederate victory: Confederates repel Union double-pronged assault.
Battle of Stones River
(Second Battle of Murfreesboro)
December 31, 1862 –
January 2, 1863
Tennessee
A
Inconclusive: Forces fight to draw/Bragg retreats
Battle of Galveston
(Second Battle of Galveston)
January 1, 1863 Texas
B
Confederate victory: John B. Magruder expels occupying Union troops from Galveston, Texas.
Second Battle of Springfield January 8, 1863 Missouri
D
Union victory: Confederates enter town, but are unable to take nearby fort.
Battle of Fort Hindman (Battle of Arkansas Post) January 9, 1863 Arkansas
C
Union victory: Part of Vicksburg Campaign, fight for control of mouth of Arkansas River.
Battle of Hartville January 9–11, 1863 Missouri
D
Confederate victory: Confederates are victorious, but unable to continue raid.
Bear River Massacre January 29, 1863 Idaho
(Washington Territory
at the time)
C
* Indian Wars: Shoshone forces massacred by Union troops.
Battle of Dover February 3, 1863 Tennessee
D
Union victory: Failed Confederate attack on town.
Battle of Fort McAllister (1863) March 5, 1863 Georgia
C
Confederate victory:
Battle of Thompson's Station March 5, 1863 Tennessee
C
Confederate victory:
Battle of Fort Anderson March 13–15, 1863 North Carolina
D
Union victory: Daniel H. Hill leads unsuccessful Confederate attack on New Bern.
Battle of Kelly's Ford March 17, 1863 Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Indecisive cavalry battle during Civil War.
Battle of Vaught's Hill March 20, 1863 Tennessee
D
Union victory: Union forces withstand attack by John Hunt Morgan's Confederates.
Battle of Brentwood March 25, 1863 Tennessee
D
Confederate victory: Union force surrenders.
Battle of Washington, NC March 30 – April 20, 1863 North Carolina
D
Inconclusive: Hill unable to take North Carolina town from Union forces.
First Battle of Charleston Harbor April 7, 1863 South Carolina
C
Confederate victory:
Battle of Franklin (1863) April 10, 1863 Tennessee
D
Union victory: Confederates withdraw after rearguard defeat.
Battle of Suffolk (Hill's Point)
(Battle of Fort Huger)
April 11 – May 4, 1863 Virginia
C
Inconclusive
Battle of Suffolk (Norfleet House);
Siege of Suffolk
April 11 – May 4, 1863 Virginia
C
Inconclusive: Twin battles fought over Suffolk.
Battle of Fort Bisland April 12–13, 1863 Louisiana
D
Union victory:
Battle of Irish Bend April 14, 1863 Louisiana
C
Union victory:
Battle of Vermillion Bayou April 17, 1863 Louisiana
D
Union victory:
Battle of Cape Girardeau April 26, 1863 Missouri
D
Union victory: Confederate attack fails.
Battle of Grand Gulf April 29, 1863 Mississippi
C
Confederate victory: Unsuccessful naval attack by Grant's forces.
Battle of Snyder's Bluff April 29 – May 1, 1863 Mississippi
D
Confederate victory: Union feint during Vicksburg Campaign.
Battle of Day's Gap April 30, 1863 Alabama
C
Union victory: Union victory during a raid in Alabama.
Battle of Chancellorsville April 30 – May 6, 1863 Virginia
A
Confederate victory: Lee defeats Hooker's Army of Potomac, Jackson mortally wounded.
Battle of Port Gibson May 1, 1863 Mississippi
B
Union victory: in Vicksburg campaign, Grant defeats Confederates
Battle of Chalk Bluff May 1–2, 1863 Arkansas
D
Confederate victory: Confederates win but can't continue raid.
Second Battle of Fredericksburg May 3, 1863 Virginia
B
Union victory: Union forces under John Sedgwick defeat Confederate forces left to guard the town by Lee.
Battle of Salem Church May 3–4, 1863 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Lee defeats Sedgwick.
Battle of Raymond May 12, 1863 Mississippi
B
Union victory: Failed Confederate attempt to protect Vicksburg from approaching Federals.
Battle of Jackson, Mississippi May 14, 1863 Mississippi
B
Union victory: Sherman, McPherson defeat Johnston
Battle of Champion Hill May 16, 1863 Mississippi
A
Union victory: Grant defeats Pemberton.
Battle of Big Black River Bridge May 17, 1863 Mississippi
B
Union victory: Confederate forces trapped in Vicksburg.
Siege of Vicksburg May 18 – July 4, 1863 Mississippi
A
Union victory: the siege ends; Grant accepts surrender of second Confederate army under Pemberton.
Battle of Plains Store May 21, 1863 Louisiana
C
Union victory: Union victory near Baton Rouge.
Siege of Port Hudson May 21 – July 9, 1863 Louisiana
A
Union victory: last Confederate stronghold on Mississippi surrenders; Gardner surrenders to Banks.
Battle of Milliken's Bend June 7, 1863 Louisiana
C
Union victory: In the largest battle fought between Confederate and Black troops, after nearly two days of close combat, the Confederates were defeated in their attempt to raise the siege of Vicksburg.
Battle of Brandy Station June 9, 1863 Virginia
B
Inconclusive: Pleasonton surprises J.E.B. Stuart's cavalrymen in their camps near Brandy Station.
Second Battle of Winchester June 13–15, 1863 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Confederate victory paves way for Lee's invasion of the North.
Battle of Aldie June 17, 1863 Virginia
C
Inconclusive: Indecisive battle during Robert E. Lee's march north.
Battle of Middleburg June 17–19, 1863 Virginia
C
Inconclusive: J.E.B. Stuart retreats from engagement with Union cavalry.
Battle of LaFourche Crossing June 20–21, 1863 Louisiana
D
Union victory:
Battle of Upperville June 21, 1863 Virginia
C
Inconclusive: Indecisive cavalry battle during Lee's invasion.
Battle of Hoover's Gap June 24–26, 1863 Tennessee
C
Union victory: Union victory prevents Confederates in Tennessee from coming to the aid of Vicksburg.
Second Battle of Donaldsonville June 28, 1863 Louisiana
D
Union victory:
Battle of Goodrich's Landing June 29–30, 1863 Louisiana
D
Inconclusive: Confederates drive Union Black Regiments off of several plantations.
Battle of Hanover June 30, 1863 Pennsylvania
C
Inconclusive: J.E.B. Stuart forced to change his route, delaying his efforts to unite with Lee's force outside Gettysburg.
Battle of Cabin Creek July 1–2, 1863 Oklahoma
(Indian Territory
at the time)
C
Union victory:
Battle of Gettysburg July 1–3, 1863 Pennsylvania
A
Union victory: Lee loses to Meade, Pickett's Charge fails, ends second invasion of North. Confederate army arrived in Gettysburg to resupply army, unaware of Union army nearby.
Battle of Helena July 4, 1863 Arkansas
B
Union victory: Confederate assault on river port fails securing eastern Arkansas for Union.
Battle of Williamsport July 6–16, 1863 Maryland
C
Inconclusive: Meade and Lee fight indecisive battle.
Battle of Boonsboro July 8, 1863 Maryland
D
Inconclusive: Indecisive action at rearguard of Lee's retreat.
Battle of Corydon July 9, 1863 Indiana
C
Confederate victory: Confederate raid results in civilian casualties, including a Lutheran minister.
Battle of Fort Wagner July 11, 1863 South Carolina
D
Confederate victory: first of two Union attempts to take Ft. Wagner.
Battle of Kock's Plantation July 12–13, 1863 Louisiana
C
Confederate victory:
Battle of Grimball's Landing July 16, 1863 South Carolina
D
Inconclusive:
Battle of Honey Springs July 17, 1863 Oklahoma
(Indian Territory
at the time)
B
Union victory: In Indian Territory, two largely Black and American Indian forces meet. Union victory.
Second Battle of Fort Wagner
(Battle of Fort Wagner, Morris Island)
July 18, 1863 South Carolina
B
Confederate victory: second of two Union attempts to take Ft. Wagner fails, heroism of the 54th Massachusetts.
Battle of Buffington Island July 19, 1863 Ohio
C
Union Victory:
Battle of Manassas Gap July 23, 1863 Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Indecisive battle by day, Confederates withdraw by night.
Battle of Big Mound July 24–25, 1863 North Dakota
(Dakota Territory
at the time)
C
* Dakota War of 1862: Union forces defeat Santee and Teton Sioux forces.
Battle of Dead Buffalo Lake July 26, 1863 North Dakota
(Dakota Territory
at the time)
D
* Sioux Wars/Dakota War of 1862: Sibley defeats Sioux forces.
Battle of Salineville July 26, 1863 Ohio
D
Union victory: Confederate Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan surrenders in Ohio. The northernmost battle in the Civil War.
Battle of Stony Lake July 28, 1863 North Dakota
(Dakota Territory
at the time)
D
* Dakota War of 1862: Sioux forces escape Union forces in pursuit.
Second Battle of Fort Sumter August 17 –
September 9, 1863
South Carolina
B
Confederate victory: Union's massive bombardment and naval attack fails to retake the fort.
Second Battle of Charleston Harbor August 17 –
September 8, 1863
South Carolina
B
Inconclusive:
Second Battle of Chattanooga August 21
September 8, 1863
Tennessee
D
Union victory: Union captures town.
Lawrence Massacre
(Quantrill's Raid)
August 23, 1863 Kansas
C
Confederate victory: Quantrill's Raiders pillage the city.
Battle of Devil's Backbone September 1, 1863 Arkansas
C
Union victory: Union victory after heavy fighting.
Battle of Whitestone Hill September 3–5, 1863 North Dakota
(Dakota Territory
at the time)
D
* Sioux Wars/Dakota War of 1862: Union forces defeat several American Indian tribes including the Sioux and Blackfeet.
Second Battle of Sabine Pass September 8, 1863 Texas
B
Confederate victory: Confederate forces place stakes in river to help aim their guns at Union ships.
Battle of Bayou Fourche September 10, 1863 Arkansas
B
Union victory: Union victory allows for capture of Little Rock.
Battle of Davis's Cross Roads September 10–11, 1863 Georgia
C
Union victory: Union forces establish defensive positions prior to Chickamauga.
Battle of Chickamauga September 19–20, 1863 Georgia
A
Confederate victory: Bragg defeats Rosecrans, George Thomas of US anointed "The Rock of Chickamauga"
Battle of Blountville
(Battle of Blountsville)
September 22, 1863 Tennessee
D
Union victory: Union forces capture town.
Battle of Stirling's Plantation September 29, 1863 Louisiana
D
Confederate victory:
Battle of Baxter Springs October 6, 1863 Kansas
C
Confederate victory: Quantrill's Raiders massacre Union Black Troops during U.S. Civil War.
Battle of Blue Springs October 10, 1863 Tennessee
D
Union victory: Confederate forces overrun.
First Battle of Auburn October 13, 1863 Virginia
D
Union victory: J.E.B. Stuart escapes by hiding in a ravine.
Battle of Bristoe Station October 14, 1863 Virginia
B
Union victory: Meade defeats elements of Lee's forces, but Confederates destroy railroad during retreat.
Second Battle of Auburn October 14, 1863 Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Confederates attack Union rearguard, indecisive.
Battle of Fort Brooke October 16–18, 1863 Florida
D
Union victory:
Battle of Buckland Mills October 19, 1863 Virginia
D
Confederate victory: Union cavalry caught in ambush, defeated.
Battle of Pine Bluff October 25, 1863 Arkansas
D
Union victory: Confederate attack fails.
Battle of Wauhatchie October 28–29, 1863 Tennessee
B
Union victory: Longstreet defeated by Union forces.
Battle of Collierville November 3, 1863 Tennessee
D
Union victory: Abortive Confederate attack on the town.
Battle of Droop Mountain November 6, 1863 West Virginia
C
Union victory:
Second Battle of Rappahannock Station November 7, 1863 Virginia
B
Union victory: Union forces surge across river, forcing Lee to retreat.
Battle of Campbell's Station November 16, 1863 Tennessee
D
Union victory: Confederate double-envelopment attempt fails.
Chattanooga Campaign November 23–25, 1863 Tennessee
A
Union victory: Grant defeats Braxton Bragg and relieves Union forces besieged in Chattanooga.
Battle of Mine Run November 27
December 2, 1863
Virginia
B
Inconclusive: Meade bombards Lee's Confederates but then withdraws.
Battle of Ringgold Gap November 27, 1863 Georgia
B
Confederate victory: Confederates under Patrick Cleburne defeat Union forces under Joseph Hooker.
Battle of Fort Sanders November 29, 1863 Tennessee
B
Union victory: Longstreet unable to take fort due to poor quality gunpowder.
Battle of Bean's Station December 14, 1863 Tennessee
D
Confederate victory: Union forces withdraw a short distance.
Battle of Mossy Creek December 29, 1863 Tennessee
D
Union victory: Confederate cavalry forced back.
Battle of Dandridge January 17, 1864 Tennessee
C
Confederate victory: Union forces withdraw.
Battle of Athens January 26, 1864 Alabama
D
Union victory: Union victory in Northern Alabama.
Battle of Fair Garden January 27, 1864 Tennessee
C
Inconclusive: Union victory followed by withdrawal.
Battle of Morton's Ford February 6–7, 1864 Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Diversionary Union attack.
Battle of Middle Boggy Depot February 13, 1864 Oklahoma
(Indian Territory
at the time)
D
Union victory:
Battle of Meridian February 14–20, 1864 Mississippi
C
Union victory: Sherman occupies town.
Battle of Olustee February 20, 1864 Florida
B
Confederate victory: Union fail to take Florida.
Battle of Okolona February 22, 1864 Mississippi
B
Confederate victory: Confederate cavalry, commanded by Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, routed 7,000 cavalry under the command of Brig. Gen. William Sooy Smith.
First Battle of Dalton February 22–27, 1864 Georgia
C
Confederate victory: After several days of intense skirmishing, Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas's army withdrew upon realizing Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's troops could repel any assault. However, the intelligence garnered from the Battle of Dalton helped pave the way for a Union victory in the summer.
Battle of Walkerton March 2, 1864 Virginia
C
Confederate victory: controversy surrounding the Dahlgren Affair.
Battle of Fort De Russy March 12–14, 1864 Louisiana
B
Union victory: Fort DeRussy fell and the Red River to Alexandria was open.
Battle of Paducah March 25, 1864 Kentucky
C
Confederate victory: Confederate raid by Forrest successful.
Battle of Elkin's Ferry April 3–4, 1864 Arkansas
C
Union victory: Confederates unable to prevent Union river crossing.
Battle of Mansfield April 8, 1864 Louisiana
A
Confederate victory: Banks Union Red River Campaign halted by the Confederates.
Battle of Prairie D'Ane April 9–13, 1864 Arkansas
B
Union victory: Frederick Steele defeats Sterling Price.
Battle of Pleasant Hill April 9, 1864 Louisiana
B
Union victory: Confederate attack fails.
Battle of Fort Pillow April 12, 1864 Tennessee
B
Confederate victory: N.B. Forrest takes fort, massacres black soldiers.
Battle of Blair's Landing April 12–13, 1864 Louisiana
C
Union victory:
Battle of Plymouth April 17, 1864 North Carolina
C
Confederate victory: Confederate land forces, supported by naval ram, retake two Union forts near Plymouth, North Carolina.
Battle of Poison Spring April 18, 1864 Arkansas
C
Confederate victory: Part of Red River Campaign in Arkansas, black troops massacred.
Battle of Monett's Ferry April 23, 1864 Louisiana
C
Union victory: Confederate forces driven back.
Battle of Marks' Mills April 25, 1864 Arkansas
D
Confederate victory: Part of Red River Campaign in Arkansas.
Battle of Jenkins' Ferry April 30, 1864 Arkansas
C
Union victory: Part of Red River Campaign in Arkansas.
Battle of Albemarle Sound May 5, 1864 North Carolina
C
Inconclusive: Indecisive naval battle during U.S. Civil War.
Battle of the Wilderness May 5–7, 1864 Virginia
A
Inconclusive: Grant and Lee meet inconclusively.
Battle of Port Walthall Junction May 6–7, 1864 Virginia
C
Union victory: Union forces destroy railroad
Battle of Rocky Face Ridge May 7–13, 1864 Georgia
C
Union victory: Due to a flanking movement by Union troops under Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman, Confederates led by Gen. Joseph E. Johnston were forced to evacuate their strong position near Atlanta.
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House May 8–21, 1864 Virginia
A
Inconclusive: Grant and Lee meet inconclusively, Grant writes to Halleck "I propose to fight it out on this line if it takes all summer".
Battle of Swift Creek May 9, 1864 Virginia
C
Inconclusive: Union forces damage railroad, but are stopped by Confederate forces.
Battle of Cloyd's Mountain May 9, 1864 Virginia
C
Union victory: Union victory, Confederate General Albert G. Jenkins killed.
Battle of Chester Station May 10, 1864 Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Union forces under Benjamin Butler pushed back.
Battle of Cove Mountain May 10, 1864 Virginia
D
Union victory: Union victory after brief battle.
Battle of Yellow Tavern May 11, 1864 Virginia
C
Union victory: Union forces win cavalry battle, J.E.B. Stuart is mortally wounded.
Battle of Proctor's Creek May 12–16, 1864 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Beauregard defeats Butler.
Battle of Resaca May 13, 1864 Georgia
C
Inconclusive: Sherman defeats Johnston
Battle of New Market May 15, 1864 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Confederate forces halt Union army under Franz Sigel from advance up the Shenandoah Valley.
Battle of Mansura May 16, 1864 Louisiana
C
Union victory:
Battle of Adairsville May 17, 1864 Georgia
C
Union victory: Failed Confederate attempt to destroy part of the Union force approaching Atlanta.
Battle of Yellow Bayou May 18, 1864 Louisiana
C
Union victory:
Battle of Ware Bottom Church May 20, 1864 Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Beauregard boxes Butler in.
Battle of North Anna May 23–26, 1864 Virginia
B
Inconclusive: Lee outmaneuvers Grant, but because of illness, he is unable to capitalize.
Battle of Wilson's Wharf May 24, 1864 Virginia
D
Union victory: Confederates under Fitzhugh Lee defeated by two Union black regiments.
Battle of New Hope Church May 25–26, 1864 Georgia
C
Confederate victory: Hooker's forces defeated.
Battle of Dallas (Georgia) May 26 – June 4, 1864 Georgia
C
Union victory: Confederate withdrawal in Georgia.
Battle of Pickett's Mill May 27, 1864 Georgia
C
Confederate victory: Unsuccessful attack by Sherman on Johnston.
Battle of Haw's Shop May 28, 1864 Virginia
C
Union victory: Union advance halted.
Battle of Totopotomoy Creek May 28–30, 1864 Virginia
B
Inconclusive: Union forces pushed back.
Battle of Old Church May 30, 1864 Virginia
C
Union victory: Union forces drive Confederates back to Cold Harbor.
Battle of Cold Harbor May 31
June 12, 1864
Virginia
A
Confederate victory: Lee repulses Grant, Confederate general says "This is not war, this is murder".
Battle of Piedmont June 5, 1864 Virginia
B
Union victory: Union forces under David Hunter defeat Confederate defenses on march to Staunton, Virginia, upper Shenandoah Valley.
Battle of Old River Lake June 6, 1864 Arkansas
D
Union victory:
Battle of Marietta June 6 – July 3, 1864 Georgia
B
Union victory: Sherman defeats Johnston.
First Battle of Petersburg June 9, 1864 Virginia
D
Confederate victory: Beauregard defeats Butler.
Battle of Brice's Crossroads June 10, 1864 Mississippi
B
Confederate victory: N.B. Forrest routs Union force almost three times as large.
Battle of Cynthiana June 11–12, 1864 Kentucky
C
Union victory: Union Brig. Gen. Stephen Gano Burbridge defeated Confederate Brig. Gen. John Hunt Morgan. Most Confederate soldiers were casualties, though Morgan escaped.
Battle of Trevilian Station June 11–12, 1864 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Confederate victory, George Armstrong Custer nearly surrounded and has to be rescued by Sheridan.
Second Battle of Petersburg June 15–18, 1864 Virginia
A
Confederate victory: Lee repulses Grant at back door to Richmond.
Battle of Lynchburg June 17–18, 1864 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Fake Confederate reinforcements lead to Union retreat.
Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road June 21–24, 1864 Virginia
B
Inconclusive: Union siege lines extended for Siege of Petersburg.
Battle of Kolb's Farm June 22, 1864 Georgia
C
Union victory: Confederate attack fails due to poor terrain conditions.
Battle of Saint Mary's Church June 24, 1864 Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Union forces fight a successful delaying action.
Battle of Staunton River Bridge June 25, 1864 Virginia
C
Confederate victory:
Battle of Kennesaw Mountain June 27, 1864 Georgia
B
Confederate victory: Johnston repulses Sherman.
Battle of Sappony Church June 28, 1864 Virginia
D
Confederate victory:
First Battle of Ream's Station June 29, 1864 Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Maj. Gen. William Mahone and Brig. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee defeated Union cavalry raiding Confederate railroads south of Petersburg, Virginia.
Battle of Monocacy
(Battle of Monocacy Junction)
July 9, 1864 Maryland
B
Confederate victory: Union Gen. Lew Wallace slows up Jubal Early, saving DC.
Battle of Fort Stevens July 11–12, 1864 District of Columbia
B
Union victory: Failed Confederate attempt to capture Washington, D.C., President Lincoln, observing the battle, comes under Confederate fire.
Battle of Tupelo July 14–15, 1864 Mississippi
B
Union victory: Nathan Bedford Forrest
Battle of Cool Spring July 18–19, 1864 Virginia
C
Confederate victory:
Battle of Peachtree Creek July 20, 1864 Georgia
B
Union victory: (Atlanta Campaign) First Confederate attack against Union forces north of Atlanta fails.
Battle of Rutherford's Farm July 20, 1864 Virginia
D
Union victory: Confederates under Jubal Early caught by surprise and defeated.
Battle of Atlanta July 22, 1864 Georgia
B
Union victory: (Atlanta Campaign) Sherman turns back Hood's attack east of Atlanta.
Second Battle of Kernstown July 24, 1864 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Jubal Early defeats Union forces.
First Battle of Deep Bottom July 27–29, 1864 Virginia
C
Confederate victory:
Battle of Ezra Church July 28, 1864 Georgia
B
Union victory: (Atlanta Campaign) Confederate attack on Union army northwest of Atlanta fails to gain element of surprise, finding entrenched Union forces. Union victory.
Battle of Killdeer Mountain
July 28–29, 1864 North Dakota
(Dakota Territory
at the time)
C
* Sioux Wars/Dakota War of 1862: Union forces defeat Sioux.
Battle of the Crater July 30, 1864 Virginia
A
Confederate victory: Lee defeats Burnside.
Battle of Folck's Mill August 1, 1864 Maryland
D
Inconclusive: Indecisive Civil War battle.
Battle of Mobile Bay August 2–23, 1864 Alabama
A
Union victory: David Farragut takes port, says "Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead".
Battle of Utoy Creek August 5–7, 1864 Georgia
C
Inconclusive: (Atlanta Campaign) Indecisive battle on Union right flank near Atlanta.
Battle of Moorefield August 7, 1864 West Virginia
C
Union victory:
Second Battle of Dalton August 14–15, 1864 Georgia
D
Union victory: Union forces withstand attack until relieved.
Second Battle of Deep Bottom August 14–20, 1864 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: The Confederates drove back the Union threat, but at a cost of diluting their forces as the Union had hoped.
Battle of Guard Hill August 16, 1864 Virginia
C
Inconclusive:
Battle of Globe Tavern August 18–21, 1864 Virginia
B
Union victory: Confederate forces lose control of railroads at Petersburg.
Battle of Lovejoy's Station August 20, 1864 Georgia
D
Confederate victory: Confederates repel Union raiders attacking the station.
Second Battle of Memphis August 21, 1864 Tennessee
C
Union victory: Partially successful Confederate raid.
Battle of Summit Point August 21, 1864 West Virginia
D
Inconclusive:
Second Battle of Ream's Station August 25, 1864 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Union lines overrun by Confederates.
Battle of Smithfield Crossing August 25–29, 1864 West Virginia
D
Inconclusive:
Battle of Jonesborough August 31
September 1, 1864
Georgia
A
Union victory: William J. Hardee's Confederates defeated, resulting in Atlanta's fall the following day.
Battle of Berryville September 3–4, 1864 Virginia
C
Inconclusive: At the same time Confederate Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early sent Maj. Gen. Joseph B. Kershaw's division to attack Colonel Joseph Thoburn's division of the VIII Corps, and Kershaw initially routed Thoburn's left flank. Darkness ended the fighting. The next morning, Early, seeing the strength of the Union's entrenched line, retreated behind Opequon Creek.
Battle of Opequon
(Third Battle of Winchester)
September 19, 1864 Virginia
A
Union victory: Sheridan defeats Early, several officers killed or wounded on both sides.
Battle of Fisher's Hill September 2–22, 1864 Virginia
B
Union victory: Successful Union frontal assault.
Battle of Fort Davidson September 27, 1864 Missouri
B
Union victory: Union forces detonate their own fort after losing to Confederates.
Battle of Chaffin's Farm
(New Market Heights)
September 29–30, 1864 Virginia
B
Union victory: Union forces victorious, but fail to capture several forts.
Battle of Peebles' Farm September 30 – October 2, 1864 Virginia
B
Union victory: Union victory near Petersburg.
First Battle of Saltville October 1–3, 1864 Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Confederates defeat Union Black Cavalry, war crimes committed against captured blacks.
Battle of Allatoona October 5, 1864 Georgia
B
Union victory: Union fortifications hold.
Battle of Darbytown and New Market October 7, 1864 Virginia
C
Union victory:
Battle of Tom's Brook October 9, 1864 Virginia
C
Union victory: Union cavalry defeats Confederates.
Battle of Darbytown Road October 13, 1864 Virginia
D
Confederate victory: Federal assault on Confederate fortifications repulsed with heavy casualties.
Battle of Glasgow October 15, 1864 Missouri
C
Confederate victory: Union forces surrender.
Second Battle of Lexington October 19, 1864 Missouri
D
Confederate victory: Union forces driven out of town.
Battle of Cedar Creek October 19, 1864 Virginia
A
Union victory: Sheridan defeats Early, drives Confederates from Shenandoah Valley.
Battle of Little Blue River October 21, 1864 Missouri
D
Confederate victory: Confederate victory in Missouri.
Battle of Byram's Ford October 22–23, 1864 Missouri
B
Union victory: Confederates under Marmaduke defeated.
Second Battle of Independence October 22, 1864 Missouri
C
Confederate victory: Union forces occupy town.
Battle of Westport October 23, 1864 Missouri
A
Union victory: Union forces win decisive battle to take control of Missouri.
Battle of Marais des Cygnes October 25, 1864 Kansas
C
Union victory: Price's Confederates pursued into Kansas.
Battle of Mine Creek October 25, 1864 Kansas
C
Union victory: Price's army crushed, flees back into Missouri.
Battle of Marmiton River October 25, 1864 Missouri
D
Union victory: Price escapes Union pursuit.
Battle of Decatur October 26–29, 1864 Alabama
C
Union victory: Confederates unable to cross river.
Battle of Boydton Plank Road October 27–28, 1864 Virginia
B
Inconclusive: Union forces take control of road, but withdraw after battle.
Battle of Fair Oaks & Darbytown Road October 27–28, 1864 Virginia
C
Confederate victory:
Second Battle of Newtonia October 28, 1864 Missouri
B
Union victory: James G. Blunt defeats Joseph O. Shelby.
Battle of Johnsonville November 4–5, 1864 Tennessee
B
Confederate victory: Confederates bombard Union forces during the night after a fire starts near union positions.
Battle of Bull's Gap November 11–13, 1864 Tennessee
D
Confederate victory: Minor Confederate victory during U.S. Civil War.
Battle of Griswoldville November 22, 1864 Georgia
B
Union victory: Sherman's march to the sea continued.
Battle of Columbia November 24, 1864 Tennessee
C
Confederate victory: Confederates divert attention.
Battle of Buck Head Creek November 28, 1864 Georgia
C
Union victory:
Battle of Spring Hill November 29, 1864 Tennessee
B
Union victory: Confederate mistakes allow Federal forces to redeploy, leading to the Battle of Franklin.
Sand Creek massacre November 29, 1864 Colorado
(Colorado Territory
at the time)
B
* Colorado War: U.S. forces massacre Cheyenne and Arapaho.
Battle of Honey Hill November 30, 1864 South Carolina
C
Confederate victory: The third battle of Sherman's March to the Sea was a failed Union Army expedition under Maj. Gen. John P. Hatch that attempted to cut off the Charleston and Savannah Railroad in support of Sherman's projected arrival in Savannah.
Battle of Franklin (1864) November 30, 1864 Tennessee
A
Union victory: Hood attacks Schofield but suffers crushing losses; Pickett's Charge of the West.
Battle of Waynesboro, Georgia December 4, 1864 Georgia
C
Union victory: Kilpatrick stops Wheeler from attacking Sherman.
Third Battle of Murfreesboro December 5–7, 1864 Tennessee
D
Union victory: Confederate raid mostly unsuccessful.
First Battle of Fort Fisher December 7–27, 1864 North Carolina
C
Confederate victory: Failed Union attempt to take fort.
Second Battle of Fort McAllister December 13, 1864 Georgia
B
Union victory:
Battle of Nashville December 15–16, 1864 Tennessee
A
Union victory: Thomas attacks and virtually destroys Hood's Confederate Army of Tennessee.
Battle of Marion December 17December 17–18, 1864 Virginia
D
Union victory:
Second Battle of Saltville December 20–21, 1864 Virginia
C
Union victory: Confederate forces retreated, and General George Stoneman's troops entered the town and destroyed the saltworks.
Second Battle of Fort Fisher January 13–15, 1865 North Carolina
A
Union victory: Union takes fort.
Battle of Rivers' Bridge February 3, 1865 South Carolina
D
Union victory: Union forces capture river crossing.
Battle of Hatcher's Run February 5–7, 1865 Virginia
B
Union victory: Union force launch unexpected attack.
Battle of Wilmington (North Carolina) February 22, 1865 North Carolina
D
Union victory: Last Confederate port falls.
Battle of Waynesboro, Virginia March 2, 1865 Virginia
B
Union victory: Remnants of Confederate Army of the Valley are destroyed.
Battle of Natural Bridge March 6, 1865 Florida
C
Confederate victory: Confederate victory in Florida prevents the capture of Tallahassee.
Battle of Wyse Fork March 7–10, 1865 North Carolina
D
Union victory: Confederate attacks repelled by Union artillery.
Battle of Monroe's Cross Roads March 10, 1865 North Carolina
D
Inconclusive:
Battle of Averasborough March 16, 1865 North Carolina
C
Inconclusive: Union and Confederate forces attack one another in turn, both attacks fail.
Battle of Bentonville March 19–21, 1865 North Carolina
A
Union victory: Sherman defeats Confederates
Battle of Fort Stedman March 25, 1865 Virginia
A
Union victory: Lee attempts to break siege.
Battle of Spanish Fort March 27 – April 8, 1865 Alabama
B
Union victory: Union forces capture fort just east of Mobile.
Battle of Lewis's Farm March 29, 1865 Virginia
C
Union victory: Union forces capture Confederate earthworks.
Battle of White Oak Road March 31, 1865 Virginia
B
Union victory: Confederate forces under Richard H. Anderson defeated.
Battle of Dinwiddie Court House March 31, 1865 Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Pickett defeats Sheridan.
Battle of Five Forks April 1, 1865 Virginia
A
Union victory: Sheridan routs Confederates.
Battle of Selma April 2, 1865 Alabama
B
Union victory: Wilson defeats Forrest.
Third Battle of Petersburg April 2, 1865 Virginia
A
Union victory: Grant defeats Lee.
Battle of Sutherland's Station April 2, 1865 Virginia
C
Union victory: Lee's supply lines are cut.
Battle of Fort Blakely April 2–9, 1865 Alabama
A
Union victory: Union forces capture fort outside of Mobile.
Battle of Namozine Church April 3, 1865 Virginia
D
Confederate victory: Several Confederates captured, Custer's brother earns Medal of Honor.
Battle of Amelia Springs April 5, 1865 Virginia
C
Inconclusive:
Battle of Rice's Station April 6, 1865 Virginia
D
Union victory:
Battle of Sayler's Creek
(or Sailor's Creek)
April 6, 1865 Virginia
B
Union victory: Lee realizes his army is on the verge of defeat.
Battle of High Bridge April 6–7, 1865 Virginia
C
Inconclusive: Union forces thwart Lee's attempts to burn bridges and to resupply, Grant proposes that Lee surrender, but he refuses.
Battle of Cumberland Church April 7, 1865 Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Union forces attack Confederate rearguard, but darkness cuts the attack short.
Battle of Appomattox Station April 8, 1865 Virginia
B
Union victory: Union forces thwart Lee's final attempt to resupply.
Battle of Appomattox Court House April 9, 1865 Virginia
A
Union victory: Lee's forces surrounded. He subsequently surrenders.
Battle of Palmito Ranch May 12–13, 1865 Texas
D
Confederate victory: Confederate victory in Texas during final phases of the Civil War.

Other USA/CSA battles[edit]

Other non-Indian wars battles and skirmishes not rated by CWSAC.

Battle Date State Outcome
Battle of Gloucester Point May 7, 1861 Virginia Inconclusive: Earliest exchange of gunfire between the Union Navy and organized Rebel forces after the surrender of Fort Sumter
Battle of Pig Point June 5, 1861 Virginia Confederate victory: Early skirmish between Union gunboat USS Harriet Lane and a shore battery and rifle company of CSA defenders at Pig Point in Portsmouth, Virginia near Hampton Roads, Virginia.
Battle of Cole Camp June 19, 1861 Missouri Confederate victory: Pro-Confederate Missouri State Guard defeat pro-Union Missouri Home Guard at Cole Camp
Battle of Mathias Point June 27, 1861 Virginia Confederate victory: Confederates repulse the Union attack and kill Commander James H. Ward of the Union Potomac Flotilla, the first Union Navy officer killed during the Civil War.
Battle of Corrick's Ford July 13, 1861 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
Union victory: Confederate Brig. Gen. Robert S. Garnett is the first general killed in the Civil War.
First Battle of Mesilla July 25, 1861 New Mexico
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Confederate victory: Confederate victory secures the southern part of the New Mexico Territory for the CSA.
Battle of Athens August 5, 1861 Missouri Union victory: Union victory in small skirmish in Missouri
Battle of Charleston (1861) (Missouri) August 19, 1861 Missouri Union victory: Union force destroys Confederate camp.
Battle of Canada Alamosa September 24–25, 1861 New Mexico
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Confederate victory: One of several small cavalry skirmishs in Confederate Arizona near the border with Union New Mexico Territory.
Battle of Cockle Creek October 5, 1861 Virginia Union victory: ends Confederate smuggling up the Chincoteague Bay.
Battle of the Head of Passes October 12, 1861 Louisiana Confederate victory: Naval forces square-off at the mouth of the Mississippi River.
Battle of Port Royal November 7, 1861 South Carolina Union victory: Union fleet under S. F. Du Pont capture Confederate forts at Hilton Head, South Carolina.
Skirmish at Blackwater Creek December 19, 1861 Missouri Union victory: Union forces under General Pope capture a newly recruited Missouri State Guard regiment.
Battle of Elizabeth City February 10, 1862 North Carolina Union victory: Destruction of the Mosquito Fleet.
Stanwix Station March 30, 1862 Arizona
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Union victory: Westernmost skirmish of the war.
Battle of Peralta April 14, 1862 New Mexico
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Union victory: Union forces defeat the 5th Texas Mounted Volunteers.
Battle of Picacho Pass April 15, 1862 Arizona
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Confederate victory: Confederate pickets defeat Union cavalry patrol.
Battle of Whitney's Lane May 19, 1862 Arkansas Union victory: Union campaign towards Little Rock, Arkansas halted.
Capture of Tucson (1862) May 20, 1862 Arizona
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Union victory: A Union force of 2,000 took the city from ten Tucson militiamen without a shot fired.
First Battle of Pocotaligo May 29, 1862 South Carolina Union victory: Mission objective fulfilled – Charleston & Savannah railroad bridge damaged.
Battle of Compton's Ferry August 11, 1862 Missouri Union victory:
Battle of Charleston (1862) September 13, 1862 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
Confederate victory: Confederate troops occupy Charleston during Kanawha Valley offensive.
Battle of Crampton's Gap September 14, 1862 Maryland Union victory: Union broke the Confederate line and drove through the gap. Confederates were strategically successful in stalling the Union advance and protecting the rear of their forces engaged at Harpers Ferry.
Battle of Pocotaligo October 22, 1862 South Carolina Confederate victory: Union troops repulsed after minimally damaging the Charleston & Savannah railroad.
Skirmish at Island Mound October 27–29, 1862 Missouri Union victory:
Yazoo Pass Expedition February 3 –
April 12, 1863
Mississippi Confederate victory: Elaborate amphibious Union flanking maneuver is thwarted by Confederates at Fort Pemberton during the Vicksburg campaign.
Battle of Portland Harbor June 27, 1863 Maine Union victory: Naval engagement.
Battle of Sporting Hill June 30, 1863 Pennsylvania Inconclusive: Small skirmish during the Gettysburg Campaign was the northernmost engagement of Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia during the Civil War.
Battle of Carlisle July 1, 1863 Pennsylvania Inconclusive: Small, but strategically important skirmish during the Gettysburg Campaign.
Battle of Hunterstown July 2, 1863 Pennsylvania Inconclusive: Minor cavalry engagement during the Gettysburg Campaign
Battle of Fairfield July 3, 1863 Pennsylvania Confederate victory: Cavalry engagement during the Gettysburg Campaign secured the important Hagerstown Road.
Jackson Expedition July 5–25, 1863 Mississippi Union victory: Forces under General William T. Sherman clear General Joseph E. Johnston's relief effort from the Vicksburg area.
Battle of Funkstown July 10, 1863 Maryland Inconclusive: Action during Lee's retreat to Virginia after the Battle of Gettysburg.
Draft Riots July 13–16, 1863 New York
Battle of Bayou Meto (Battle of Reed's Bridge) August 27, 1863 Arkansas Confederate Victory: Confederate forces delay the Union advance on Little Rock.
Battle of Bayou Bourbeux November 3, 1863 Louisiana Confederate victory: Confederate District of Western Louisiana troops attack the isolated rear guard during Union withdrawal from Opelousas.
Battle of Laredo March 18, 1864 Texas Confederate victory: Union force sent to destroy 05,000 bales of cotton
Battle of Salyersville April 13–14, 1864 Kentucky Union victory: Confederates were driven into Salyersville with heavy losses.
Battle of Cherbourg (1864)
(Sinking of CSS Alabama)
June 19, 1864 (Naval engagement) Union victory: USS Kearsarge sinks CSS Alabama
Battle of Camden Point July 13, 1864 Missouri Union victory:
Battle of Brown's Mill July 30, 1864 Georgia Confederate victory: cavalry engagement during Atlanta campaign
Battle of Fort Smith July 31, 1864 Arkansas Union victory: Federal troops maintain control of western Arkansas
Battle of Gainesville August 17, 1864 Florida Confederate victory:
Battle of Sulphur Creek Trestle September 23–25, 1864 Alabama Confederate victory: Raid to disrupt Sherman's supply line
Battle of Marianna September 27, 1864 Florida Union victory: Cavalry raid into Florida panhandle.
St. Albans raid October 19, 1864 Vermont Confederate victory: Northernmost land action of the American Civil War
Battle of Anthony's Hill (Battle of King's Hill) December 24, 1864 Tennessee Confederate victory: Forrest turns back Union pursuers after the Battle of Nashville.
Battle of Broxton Bridge February 2, 1865 South Carolina [2]
Battle of Fort Myers February 20, 1865 Florida Union victory: Southernmost land battle of the war.
Battle of Morrisville April 13–15, 1865 North Carolina Union victory: Last cavalry battle of the War.
Battle of West Point April 16, 1865 Georgia Union victory: Union victory during final phase of U.S. Civil War.
Battle of Columbus (1865) (Battle of Girard) April 16, 1865 Georgia Union victory: during final phase of war.
Battle of Anderson May 1, 1865 South Carolina Inconclusive: Minor skirmish.
Battle of Crooked Creek in Cullman County, Alabama sortkey Alabama
Battle of Aiken sortkey South Carolina

Other battles in the Indian Wars[edit]

Other battles and skirmishes, not rated by CWSAC, of the Indian Wars between either USA or CSA forces and the Apache, Arapaho, Cheyenne, Comanche, Dakota, Kiowa, Navajo, and Shoshone which occurred during the American Civil War – including: the Apache Wars, Colorado War, Dakota War of 1862, and Navajo Wars.

Battle Date State Outcome
Siege of Tubac August, 1861 Arizona
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Apache victory. Confederate militia and townspeople flee to Tucson.
First Battle of Dragoon Springs May 5, 1862 Arizona
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Apache victory. Westernmost Confederate battle fatalities.
Second Battle of Dragoon Springs May 9, 1862 Arizona
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Confederate victory. Livestock recaptured.
Battle of Apache Pass July 15–16, 1862 Arizona
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Apache Wars: Union soldiers fight with Apache warriors.
Battles of New Ulm August 19 and 23, 1862 Minnesota Dakota War of 1862: Two battles in the Dakota War of 1862.
Battle of Birch Coulee September 2, 1862 Minnesota Dakota War of 1862: Worst defeat of Union forces during the Dakota War of 1862.
Battle of Canyon de Chelly January 12–14, 1864 Arizona
(Arizona Territory
at the time)
US victory
First Battle of Adobe Walls November 25, 1864 Texas American Indian Wars: Kit Carson fights Kiowa forces to a draw, but manages to destroy their settlement.
Battle of Dove Creek January 8, 1865 Texas Kickapoo victory: Texas State Militia and CS troops are defeated by Kickapoo Indians.
Battle of Fort Buchanan February 17, 1865 Arizona
(Arizona Territory
at the time)
Apache victory. Fort Buchanan destroyed.

Troop engagements[edit]

This is a chronological summary and record of every engagement between the troops of the Union and of the Confederacy, showing the total losses and casualties in each engagement. It was collated and compiled from the Official Records of the War Department.

This summary has been divided by year:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n On June 19, 1861, at the Second Wheeling Convention, delegates from western Virginia formed the Unionist "Restored government of Virginia" in Wheeling opposed to the secessionist government in Richmond.[3] West Virginia became the 35th state in the Union on June 20, 1863.[4][5]
  2. ^ Arizona Territory (USA) was split from New Mexico Territory on February 24, 1863. The geographically different Arizona Territory (CSA), known as Confederate Arizona, was officially declared on August 1, 1861.

References[edit]

  1. ^ CWSAC Report
  2. ^ Durgan, Jerry (March 8, 2011). "Last stand: Battle for Broxton Bridge reenactment draws hundreds of students, spectators". The Times and Democrat (Orangeburg, SC). Retrieved October 28, 2011. 
  3. ^ "First Session of the Second Wheeling Convention". State of West Virginia Division of Culture and History. Retrieved May 19, 2011. 
  4. ^ Lincoln, Abraham. "Statehood Proclamation". State of West Virginia Division of Culture and History. Retrieved May 19, 2011. 
  5. ^ "West Virginians Approve the Willey Amendment". State of West Virginia Division of Culture and History. Retrieved May 19, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Lossing, Benson J., LL.D. A History of the Civil War 1861–65: And the Causes that Led Up to the Great Conflict. New York: The War Memorial Association, 1912.