List of islands of Croatia

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Map of the Croatian islands

This is a list of islands of Croatia. There are over a thousand islands in Croatia, the exact number varying according to definitions, and they cover a total area of about 3,300 km2 (1,300 sq mi).[1]

The number and classification of islands in Croatia varies over time and across different measurements, causing some domestic controversy when discrepancies are found.[2]

Largest islands[edit]

These are the larger ones, sorted approximately from northwest to southeast:

Northern seacoast[edit]

Northern Dalmatia[edit]

Central and southern Dalmatia[edit]

Hydrographic Institute definitions[edit]

The Hydrographic Institute of the Republic of Croatia classifies all landforms surrounded by water in the Adriatic Sea as islands (Croatian: otoci), islets (otočići) and rocks (hridi). The categorization is determined according to their surface area. Rocks are defined as islets smaller than 0.1 km², islets are between 0.1 and 1.0 km² and islands proper are bigger than 1.0 km².[3]

#
Number
Area (km²)
Percentage of
total area
Coastline
length (km)
Percentage of
total coastline
Islands 79 3,195.71 3,573.81
Islets 525 62.41 717.80
Rocks and rocks awash 642 1.44 106.82
Total 1246 3,259.57 4,398.44
Source: T. Duplančić Leder, T. Ujević, M. Čala: Coastline lengths and areas... Geoadria, 9/1, 5-32, 2004.[3]

According to measurements obtained in early 2000s the largest islands in the Adriatic Sea are Cres with an area of 405.70 km2, and Krk with an area of 405.22 km2 (In earlier literature, including atlases, Krk was usually cited as the largest island). The smallest island is Smokvica Vela (Kornati) with an area of 1.04 km2.[3]

The island with the longest coastline of 302.47 km (187.95 mi) is Pag, being the fifth according to area value and the island with the shortest coastline length of 5.8 km (3.60 mi) is Vele Orjule.[3]

The biggest islet is Badija with an area of 0.97 km2, while the smallest one is Galicija covering 0.01 km2.[3]

List of islands[edit]

The following table lists the 79 Croatian islands having an area of 1 km2 or more, sorted by their surface area from largest to smallest. The area data is rounded off to the second decimal.

# Island Area (km2) Population County Coordinates
1 Cres 405.70 3,184 Primorje-Gorski Kotar 44°52′07″N 14°25′22″E / 44.86861°N 14.42278°E / 44.86861; 14.42278 (Cres)
2 Krk 405.22 17,860 Primorje-Gorski Kotar 45°04′27″N 14°36′28″E / 45.07417°N 14.60778°E / 45.07417; 14.60778 (Krk)
3 Brač 395.44 14,031 Split-Dalmatia 43°19′26″N 16°38′33″E / 43.32389°N 16.64250°E / 43.32389; 16.64250 (Brač)
4 Hvar 297.38 11,103 Split-Dalmatia 43°08′39″N 16°46′46″E / 43.14417°N 16.77944°E / 43.14417; 16.77944 (Hvar)
5 Pag 284.18 8,398 Lika-Senj / Zadar 44°28′59″N 14°58′00″E / 44.48306°N 14.96667°E / 44.48306; 14.96667 (Pag)
6 Korčula 271.47 16,182 Dubrovnik-Neretva 42°56′20″N 16°54′11″E / 42.93889°N 16.90306°E / 42.93889; 16.90306 (Korčula)
7 Dugi otok 113.30 1,772 Zadar 44°00′40″N 15°02′15″E / 44.01111°N 15.03750°E / 44.01111; 15.03750 (Dugi otok)
8 Mljet 98.02 1,111 Dubrovnik-Neretva 42°44′52″N 17°31′52″E / 42.74778°N 17.53111°E / 42.74778; 17.53111 (Mljet)
9 Vis 89.72 3,617 Split-Dalmatia 43°02′41″N 16°09′15″E / 43.04472°N 16.15417°E / 43.04472; 16.15417 (Vis)
10 Rab 86.16 9,480 Primorje-Gorski Kotar 44°46′14″N 14°46′32″E / 44.77056°N 14.77556°E / 44.77056; 14.77556 (Rab)
11 Pašman 60.11 2,711 Zadar 43°57′05″N 15°21′03″E / 43.95139°N 15.35083°E / 43.95139; 15.35083 (Pašman)
12 Šolta 58.18 1,479 Split-Dalmatia 43°22′46″N 16°17′51″E / 43.37944°N 16.29750°E / 43.37944; 16.29750 (Šolta)
13 Lošinj 74 7,771 Primorje-Gorski Kotar
14 Ugljan 51.05 6,182 Zadar 44°05′03″N 15°09′34″E / 44.08417°N 15.15944°E / 44.08417; 15.15944 (Ugljan)
15 Lastovo 40.82 835 Dubrovnik-Neretva 42°45′15″N 16°52′31″E / 42.75417°N 16.87528°E / 42.75417; 16.87528 (Lastovo)
16 Kornat 32.44 7 Šibenik-Knin 43°48′33″N 15°19′09″E / 43.80917°N 15.31917°E / 43.80917; 15.31917 (Kornat)
17 Čiovo 28.13 4,455 Split-Damatia 43°30′01″N 16°17′53″E / 43.50028°N 16.29806°E / 43.50028; 16.29806 (Čiovo)
18 Olib 26.14 147 Zadar 44°22′41″N 14°47′08″E / 44.37806°N 14.78556°E / 44.37806; 14.78556 (Olib)
19 Molat 22.18 207 Zadar 44°13′55″N 14°50′33″E / 44.23194°N 14.84250°E / 44.23194; 14.84250 (Molat)
20 Vir 22.08 1,608 Zadar 44°18′16″N 15°03′59″E / 44.30444°N 15.06639°E / 44.30444; 15.06639 (Vir)
21 Mali Lošinj 21.79 N/A Primorje-Gorski Kotar
22 Murter 17.58 5,060 Šibenik-Knin 43°48′04″N 15°36′46″E / 43.80111°N 15.61278°E / 43.80111; 15.61278 (Murter)
23 Unije 16.88 90 Primorje-Gorski Kotar 44°38′56″N 14°15′25″E / 44.64889°N 14.25694°E / 44.64889; 14.25694 (Unije)
24 16.51 557 Zadar 44°02′20″N 15°06′53″E / 44.03889°N 15.11472°E / 44.03889; 15.11472 ()
25 Šipan 16.22 436 Dubrovnik-Neretva 42°43′42″N 17°52′44″E / 42.72833°N 17.87889°E / 42.72833; 17.87889 (Šipan)
26 Sestrunj 15.12 48 Zadar 44°09′22″N 14°59′27″E / 44.15611°N 14.99083°E / 44.15611; 14.99083 (Sestrunj)
27 Žirje 15.08 124 Šibenik-Knin 43°39′05″N 15°39′41″E / 43.65139°N 15.66139°E / 43.65139; 15.66139 (Žirje)
28 Žut 14.83 0 Šibenik-Knin 43°51′47″N 15°18′51″E / 43.86306°N 15.31417°E / 43.86306; 15.31417 (Žut)
29 Silba 14.27 265 Zadar 44°22′56″N 14°41′41″E / 44.38222°N 14.69472°E / 44.38222; 14.69472 (Silba)
30 Prvić (Krk) 12.76 0 Primorje-Gorski Kotar 44°54′38″N 14°48′05″E / 44.91056°N 14.80139°E / 44.91056; 14.80139 (Prvić (Krk))
31 Drvenik Veliki 11.70 168 Split-Dalmatia 43°26′39″N 16°08′43″E / 43.44417°N 16.14528°E / 43.44417; 16.14528 (Drvenik Veli)
32 Ist 9.73 202 Zadar 44°16′28″N 14°45′51″E / 44.27444°N 14.76417°E / 44.27444; 14.76417 (Ist)
33 Premuda 8.67 58 Zadar 44°19′44″N 14°37′31″E / 44.32889°N 14.62528°E / 44.32889; 14.62528 (Premuda)
34 Plavnik 8.64 0 Primorje-Gorski Kotar 44°58′17″N 14°31′30″E / 44.97139°N 14.52500°E / 44.97139; 14.52500 (Plavnik)
35 Maun 8.50 0 Zadar 44°25′42″N 14°55′21″E / 44.42833°N 14.92250°E / 44.42833; 14.92250 (Maun)
36 Šćedro 8.37 0 Split-Dalmatia 43°05′18″N 16°42′07″E / 43.08833°N 16.70194°E / 43.08833; 16.70194 (Šćedro)
37 Zlarin 8.05 276 Šibenik-Knin 43°41′19″N 15°50′56″E / 43.68861°N 15.84889°E / 43.68861; 15.84889 (Zlarin)
38 Kaprije 7.12 143 Šibenik-Knin 43°41′51″N 15°42′01″E / 43.69750°N 15.70028°E / 43.69750; 15.70028 (Kaprije)
39 Sveti Grgur 6.38 0 Primorje-Gorski Kotar 44°52′02″N 14°45′35″E / 44.86722°N 14.75972°E / 44.86722; 14.75972 (Sveti Gregur)
40 Biševo 5.92 19 Split-Dalmatia 42°58′27″N 16°00′39″E / 42.97417°N 16.01083°E / 42.97417; 16.01083 (Biševo)
41 Veliki Brijun 5.72 0 Istria
42 Ilovik 5.50 104 Primorje-Gorski Kotar
43 Sveti Klement 5.28 0 Split-Dalmatia
44 Dolin 4.61 0 Primorje-Gorski Kotar
45 Goli otok 4.54 0 Primorje-Gorski Kotar
46 Lopud 4.38 269 Dubrovnik-Neretva
47 Svetac 4.19 0 Split-Dalmatia
48 Zverinac 4.18 48 Zadar
49 Sušac 4.03 0 Dubrovnik-Neretva
50 Škarda 3.78 0 Zadar
51 Susak 3.77 188 Primorje-Gorski Kotar
52 Rava 3.63 98 Zadar
53 Rivanj 3.62 22 Zadar
54 Drvenik Mali 3.43 54 Split-Dalmatia
55 Kakan 3.39 0 Šibenik-Knin
56 Zmajan 3.30 0 Šibenik-Knin
57 Jakljan 3.07 0 Dubrovnik-Neretva
58 Prežba 2.80 0 Dubrovnik-Neretva
59 Tijat 2.78 0
60 Piškera 2.67 0 Zadar
61 Zeča 2.55 0
62 Koločep 2.44 294 Dubrovnik-Neretva
63 Prvić (Šibenik) 2.41 453
64 Vrgada 2.32 242
65 Lavdara 2.27 0
66 Tun Veli 2.21 0
67 Škrda 2.05 0
68 Levrnaka 1.84 0
69 Lavsa 1.78 0
70 Sit 1.77 0
71 Kurba Vela 1.74 0
72 Mrčara 1.45 0 Dubrovnik-Neretva
73 Arta Velika 1.28 0 Šibenik-Knin
74 Vele Srakane 1.18 8
75 Katina 1.13 0
76 Planik 1.09 0
77 Mali Brijun 1.07 0
78 Vele Orjule 1.06 0
79 Smokvica Vela 1.05 0

Selected islets[edit]

The following is an incomplete list of islets.

Bureau of Statistics definitions[edit]

The Croatian Bureau of Statistics uses data from the Geographical Department of the Faculty of Science of the University of Zagreb, which classifies a total of 1,185 islands, rocks and reefs: 48 inhabited islands, 670 uninhabited islands (Croatian: otoci), 389 rocks (hridi) and 78 reefs (grebeni).[4]

The rocks and reefs are defined as the "rocky remains of an islet or a rocky formation destroyed by abrasion", differentiated by whether they are "always above sea level" or "at, under or above sea level (at low tide)", respectively.[4]

Other definitions[edit]

Mark Biondich's Eastern Europe: An Introduction to the People, Lands, and Culture puts the number of Croatian islands at 1,246. Of these, there are 718 islands in the conventional sense, 389 cliffs, and 78 reefs.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Duplančić Leder, Tea; Ujević, Tin; Čala, Mendi (June 2004). "Coastline lengths and areas of islands in the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea determined from the topographic maps at the scale of 1 : 25 000" (PDF). Geoadria (Zadar) 9 (1): 5–32. Retrieved 2011-01-21. 
  2. ^ "Kartografi protiv Turističke zajednice - Imamo 1246 otoka, tko je izgubio dva, ne znamo". Jutarnji list (in Croatian). 2010-06-08. Retrieved 2011-10-09. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Duplančić Leder, Tea; Ujević, Tin; Čala, Mendi (June 2004). "Coastline lengths and areas of islands in the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea as determined from topographic maps at a 1:25,000 scale" (PDF). Geoadria (Zadar, Croatia: Hrvatsko geografsko društvo - Zadar, Geography Department, University of Zadar) 9 (1). ISSN 1331-2294. Retrieved 2011-10-09. 
  4. ^ a b Croatian Bureau of Statistics (2009). "Geographical and meteorological data" (PDF). Statistical Yearbook for 2009. Croatian Bureau of Statistics. p. 44. Retrieved 2011-10-09. 
  5. ^ Biondich, Mark (2005). Eastern Europe: An Introduction to the People, Lands, and Culture. ABC-CLIO. p. 414. ISBN 1-57607-800-0.

External links[edit]