List of lakes of Indonesia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from List of lakes in Indonesia)
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of the notable lakes of Indonesia. Indonesia has 521 natural lakes and over 100 reservoirs, covering approximately 21,000 km². The total volume of water held is approximately 500 km³. The largest lake, by both area and volume, is Lake Toba in Sumatra. It holds 240 km³ of freshwater, and is largest lake body in Southeast Asia.

Indonesia has 3 of the 20 deepest lakes in the world - Lake Matano in Sulawesi (590 m), Lake Toba in Sumatra (529 m) and Lake Poso in Sulawesi (450 m). The only lake in Indonesia having a cryptodepression (the bottom of the lake is below sea level) is Lake Matano.












The lakes and reservoirs supply water for personal and commercial uses, and support economic activities like fisheries, hydropower, irrigation, transport, and recreation. They assist in preventing floods, and are important ecological entities.

Sumatra[edit]

Name Type Elevation (m) Area (km²) Max-depth (m) Volume (km³)
Lake Laut Tawar Tectonic 1,100 70 80 -
Lake Toba Volcanic/ tectonic 905 1,130 529 240
Lake Maninjau Caldera 459 97.9 169 10.4
Lake Diatas Tectonic 1,531 12.3 44 -
Lake Dibawah Tectonic 1,462 11.2 309 -
Lake Singkarak Tectonic 362 107.8 268 16.1
Lake Gunung Tujuh Caldera 1,950 9.6 40 -
Lake Kerinci Tectonic/ volcanic 710 46 97 1.6
Lake Ranau Tectonic/ volcanic 540 125.9 229 21.95
Source:[1][2]

Kalimantan[edit]

Name Type Elevation (m) Area (km²) Max-depth (m) Volume (km³)
Lake Sentarum Floodplain 35 275 8 --
Lake Bangkau Floodplain 10 20 4.5 -
Riam Kanan Reservoir Reservoir - 92 - 1.2
Lake Semayang Floodplain 5 120 6 -
Lake Jempang Floodplain 50 450 6 -
Source:[1][2]

Java[edit]

Name Type Elevation (m) Area (km²) Max-depth (m) Volume (km³)
Saguling Reservoir Reservoir 645 53.4 99 0.93
Cirata Reservoir Reservoir 200 62 125 2.16
Jatiluhur Reservoir Reservoir 111 83 105 2.97
Darma Reservoir Reservoir 670 4 14 0.04
Sempor Reservoir Reservoir 100 12? 42 0.052
Mrica Reservoir Reservoir 200 70? 100 -
Lake Rawa Pening Semi-natural 463 25 14 0.052
Gajah Munkur Reservoir Reservoir 140 90 136 0.74
Kedung Ombo Reservoir Reservoir 100 46 90 0.72
Sengguruh Reservoir Reservoir - - - -
Lahor Reservoir Reservoir 270 2.6 30 0.037
Sutami Reservoir Reservoir 270 15 50 0.34
Wlingi Reservoir Reservoir 163 3.8 6 0.024
Selorejo Reservoir Reservoir 620 4 32 0.062
Source:[1][2]

Lesser Sunda Islands[edit]

Name Type Elevation (m) Area (km²) Max-depth (m) Volume (km³)
Bali
Lake Tamblingan Caldera 1,214 1.9 90 -
Lake Buyan Caldera 1,214 3.9 87 -
Lake Bratan Caldera 1,231 3.8 22 -
Lake Batur Caldera 1,031 15.9 88 -
Palasari Reservoir Reservoir 66 3? 45 -
Lombok
Lake Segara Anak Crater 2,008 11.3 190 -
Flores
Lake Tigawarna Crater 1,410 0.4 60 -
Source:[1][2]

Sulawesi[edit]

Name Type Elevation (m) Area (km²) Max-depth (m) Volume (km³)
Lake Tondano Crater 600 50 20 -
Lake Limboto Floodplain 25 56 2.5 -
Lake Lindu Tectonic 1,000 32 100 -
Lake Poso Tectonic 508 323.2 450 -
Lake Sidenreng Floodplain 6 200? 4 -
Lake Tempe Floodplain 5 350 5 -
Lake Matano Tectonic 382 164.1 590 -
Lake Towuti Tectonic 293 561.1 203 -
Source:[1][2]

Papua[edit]

Name Type Elevation (m) Area (km²) Max-depth (m) Volume (km³)
Lake Amaru Solution 250 22 20 -
Lake Gigi Solution 1,780 46.9 - -
Lake Laamora Solution 400 62.1 50 -
Lake Paniai Tectonic 1,742 195.5 50 -
Lake Rombebai Floodplain 10 149 - -
Lake Sentani Landslide dam 70 93.6 42 -
Source:[1][2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Lehmusluoto, Pasi; Badruddin Machbub (1997). National inventory of the major lakes and reservoirs in Indonesia. Edita Oy. ISBN 951-45-7237-8. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Lehmusluoto, Pasi (2003). "Expedition Indodanau". Retrieved 2006-12-16.