List of lighthouses and lightvessels in Australia

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This is a list of lighthouses and lightvessels in Australia.

Australia has a coastline of 25,760 kilometres (16,010 mi),[1] with over 350 lighthouses and navigational aids around the Australian coastline,[2] and a single inland lighthouse, the Point Malcolm lighthouse.[3]

The first lighthouse was Macquarie Lighthouse, which was lit in 1793 as a tripod mounted wood and coal fired beacon.[2][4] The last manned lighthouse was Maatsuyker Island Lighthouse, off the south coast of Tasmania, which was automated in 1996.[2]

Listing[edit]

The lighthouses and lightvessels of Australia are listed in the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency List of Lights publication 111.[5] They are listed by the United Kingdom Hydrographic Office on volume K of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals.[6] The ARLHS World List of Lights lists them with the prefix "AUS".[7]

On The Lighthouse Directory, the lighthouses of Australia are listed according to their location:

Another listing is held by Lighthouses of Australia Inc., which lists lighthouses by state[17]

Another list exists at Australian Lighthouses, a website which includes both an A-Z list[25] and a list by state.[26]

A list also exists at SeaSide Lights, which lists lighthouses by state:[27]

In order to be listed below, an active lighthouse has to appear at least in one of The Lighthouse Directory, Lighthouses of Australia Inc. or SeaSide Lights. Other lists mentioned above include many lights which are hard to describe as "lighthouses".[35] Historical lighthouses were sometimes included when they are mentioned in other reliable sources.

Management[edit]

Most of the lighthouses and lightvessels in Australia are managed by the Australian Maritime Safety Authority (AMSA), though the AMSA usually only manages the lighting equipment, with local authorities managing the lighthouses and parklands. In New South Wales the lighthouses and parklands are mostly managed by the Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water or the New South Wales Department of Lands.[9] In the Northern Territory some of the lighthouses are managed by the Darwin Port Corporation.[10] In South Australia some of the stations are managed by the Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources.[13] In Tasmania, many lighthouses are managed by the Tasmania Parks and Wildlife Service.[14] In Victoria, harbour aids are maintained by the Port of Melbourne Corporation in the Melbourne area and by the Victorian Regional Channels Authority elsewhere,[36] while parklands are mostly managed by Parks Victoria.[15] In Western Australia some of the stations are managed by the Department of Environment and Conservation.

Lighthouses by State[edit]

Jervis Bay Territory[edit]

Location Name Image Coordinates Established Automated Deactivated Remarks
Jervis Bay Village Cape St George Lighthouse Cape St George lighthouse ruins.jpg 35°09′07″S 150°45′42″E / 35.15184°S 150.76154°E / -35.15184; 150.76154 (Cape St George Lighthouse) 1860 1889 Destroyed[37]

New South Wales[edit]

There are several lighthouse siblings in the vicinity - lighthouses that were designed by the same architect around the same time, which are very similar by design. These include:

Location Name Image Coordinates Established Automated Deactivated Remarks
Balgowlah Heights Grotto Point Light Grotto Point Light.jpg 33°49′04″S 151°15′41″E / 33.8177°S 151.2615°E / -33.8177; 151.2615 (Grotto Point Light) 1911 active
Ballina Richmond River Light Richmond River Lighthouse.jpg 28°52′01″S 153°35′30″E / 28.8670°S 153.5918°E / -28.8670; 153.5918 (Richmond River Lighthouse) 1866 1920 active
Bradleys Head Bradleys Head Light Bradleys Head Lighthouse Sydney.jpg 33°51′13″S 151°14′48″E / 33.8536°S 151.2467°E / -33.8536; 151.2467 (Bradleys Head Lighthouse) 1905 active
Burrewarra Point Burrewarra Point Light BurewarraPoint.jpg 35°50′02″S 150°14′01″E / 35.8339°S 150.2336°E / -35.8339; 150.2336 (Burrewarra Point Lighthouse) 1974 1974 active Solar powered[38]
Cape Byron Cape Byron Light Phare de Cap Byron.jpg 28°38′19″S 153°38′11″E / 28.63854°S 153.6364°E / -28.63854; 153.6364 (Cape Byron Lighthouse) 1901 active
Cremorne Point Robertson Point Light Robertson Point Light.jpg 33°50′55″S 151°13′59″E / 33.8487°S 151.2330°E / -33.8487; 151.2330 (Robertsons Point Lighthouse) 1910 active
Crowdy Head Crowdy Head Light Crowdy Head Light.jpg 31°50′36″S 152°45′13″E / 31.84344°S 152.7536°E / -31.84344; 152.7536 (Crowdy Head Lighthouse) 1878 1928 active
Culburra Beach Crookhaven Heads Light Crookhaven Heads Light c1908.jpg 34°53′57″S 150°46′13″E / 34.89914°S 150.77024°E / -34.89914; 150.77024 (Crookhaven Heads Lighthouse) 1882 active Solar Powered[39]
Fingal Head Fingal Head Light Fingal Head Light 2009.jpg 28°12′00″S 153°34′15″E / 28.200°S 153.5708°E / -28.200; 153.5708 (Fingal Head Lighthouse) 1872 1920 active
Fort Denison Fort Denison Light Fort Denison 1.JPG 33°51′17″S 151°13′34″E / 33.8546°S 151.2260°E / -33.8546; 151.2260 (Fort Denison Lighthouse) 1913 active
Green Cape Green Cape Lighthouse Green Cape Lighthouse.jpg 37°15′41″S 150°02′57″E / 37.2614°S 150.0493°E / -37.2614; 150.0493 (Green Cape Lighthouse) 1883 1983 1997 replaced with solar powered light tower [40]
Kiama Kiama Light Kiama Light.jpg 34°40′18″S 150°51′45″E / 34.6718°S 150.8626°E / -34.6718; 150.8626 (Kiama Lighthouse) 1887 1920 active
Kurnell Cape Bailey Light Cape Bailey Lighthouse.jpg 34°02′07″S 151°13′20″E / 34.0352°S 151.2222°E / -34.0352; 151.2222 (Cape Bailey Lighthouse) 1950 active
Montague Island Montague Island Light Phare de l'ile Montague.jpg 36°15′07″S 150°13′35″E / 36.2520°S 150.2264°E / -36.2520; 150.2264 (Montague Island Lighthouse) 1881 1986 active Solar powered[41]
Nelson Bay Nelson Head Light Nelson Head Light.jpg 32°42′37″S 152°09′41″E / 32.7104°S 152.1614°E / -32.7104; 152.1614 (Nelson Head Lighthouse) 1872 1984 2003
Newcastle Nobbys Head Light Nobbys Head Light, 1902 cropped.jpg 32°55′07″S 151°47′54″E / 32.9185°S 151.7984°E / -32.9185; 151.7984 (Nobbys Head Lighthouse) 1854 1935 active
Norah Head Norah Head Light Norah Head Light.JPG 33°16′54″S 151°34′35″E / 33.2816°S 151.5764°E / -33.2816; 151.5764 (Norah Head Lighthouse) 1903 1995 active
Palm Beach Barrenjoey Lighthouse BarrenjoeyLighthouse.JPG 33°34′48″S 151°19′47″E / 33.5801°S 151.3298°E / -33.5801; 151.3298 (Barrenjoey Lighthouse) 1855 1932 active
Mosman Parriwi Head Light 33°48′44″S 151°14′47″E / 33.8121°S 151.2463°E / -33.8121; 151.2463 (Parriwi Head Lighthouse) 1911 active
Point Perpendicular Point Perpendicular Light Point Perpendicular Lighthouse.jpg 35°05′38″S 150°48′16″E / 35.0939°S 150.8044°E / -35.0939; 150.8044 (Point Perpendicular Lighthouse) 1899 1993 replaced with solar powered light tower [42]
Point Stephens Point Stephens Light Point Stephens Lighthouse cropped.jpg 32°44′49″S 152°12′05″E / 32.7470°S 152.2014°E / -32.7470; 152.2014 (Point Stephens Lighthouse) 1862 1989 active Solar powered[43]
Shark Island Shark Island Light Shark Island Light historic 1 cropped.jpg 33°51′23″S 151°15′26″E / 33.8565°S 151.2572°E / -33.8565; 151.2572 (Shark Island Lighthouse) 1913 active
Smoky Cape Smoky Cape Lighthouse SmokyCapeLighthouse.JPG 30°55′23″S 153°05′16″E / 30.9230°S 153.0877°E / -30.9230; 153.0877 (Smoky Cape Lighthouse) 1891 1988 active
Solitary Islands North Solitary Island Light North Solitary - cropped.jpg 29°55′29″S 153°23′23″E / 29.9246°S 153.3897°E / -29.9246; 153.3897 (North Solitary Island Lighthouse) 1975 active Fibreglass structure; Solar powered[44]
Solitary Islands South Solitary Island Light South Solitary Island Lighthouse.jpg 30°12′24″S 153°16′03″E / 30.2067°S 153.2674°E / -30.2067; 153.2674 (South Solitary Island Lighthouse) 1880 1975 active Solar powered[45]
Seal Rocks Sugarloaf Point Light Sugarloaf Point Lighthouse.jpg 32°26′27″S 152°32′21″E / 32.4409°S 152.5392°E / -32.4409; 152.5392 (Sugarloaf Point Lighthouse) 1875 1987 active External stairs[46]
Sydney Harbour Eastern Channel Pile Light East Channel Pile Light.jpg 33°50′30″S 151°16′18″E / 33.8418°S 151.2718°E / -33.8418; 151.2718 (Eastern Channel Pile Light) 1924 active
Sydney Harbour Western Channel Pile Light 33°50′16″S 151°15′46″E / 33.8379°S 151.2629°E / -33.8379; 151.2629 (Western Channel Pile Light) 1924 active
Port Macquarie Tacking Point Lighthouse Tacking Point Lighthouse qtl1 cropped.jpg 31°28′31″S 152°56′14″E / 31.4754°S 152.9372°E / -31.4754; 152.9372 (Tacking Point Lighthouse) 1879 1919 active
Ulladulla Warden Head Light Warden Head Light 2007.jpg 35°21′56″S 150°29′27″E / 35.3655°S 150.4909°E / -35.3655; 150.4909 (Warden Head Lighthouse) 1873 1920 active Battery powered, relocated[47]
Vaucluse Macquarie Lighthouse Macquarie Lighthouse, Sydney, photo by Sardaka 09-59, 31 July 2007 (UTC).jpg 33°51′14″S 151°17′06″E / 33.8539°S 151.2851°E / -33.8539; 151.2851 (Macquarie Lighthouse) 1793 1976 active Australia's first lighthouse[4]
Vaucluse Vaucluse Bay Range Front Light 33°50′58″S 151°16′26″E / 33.8495°S 151.2739°E / -33.8495; 151.2739 (Vaucluse Bay Front) 1884 active
Vaucluse Vaucluse Bay Range Rear Light 33°51′30″S 151°16′22″E / 33.8582°S 151.2729°E / -33.8582; 151.2729 (Vaucluse Bay Rear) 1884 active
Watsons Bay Hornby Lighthouse Hornby Light 2010.jpg 33°50′01″S 151°16′51″E / 33.8335°S 151.2809°E / -33.8335; 151.2809 (Hornby Lighthouse) 1858 1933 active
Wollongong Wollongong Breakwater Lighthouse Wollongong Breakwater Lighthouse.jpg 34°25′11″S 150°54′24″E / 34.4196°S 150.9067°E / -34.4196; 150.9067 (Wollongong Harbour Lighthouse) c.1870 1974 [48]
Wollongong Wollongong Head Lighthouse Flagstaff Point Lighthouse.jpg 34°25′19″S 150°54′35″E / 34.4219°S 150.9097°E / -34.4219; 150.9097 (Wollongong Head Lighthouse) 1936 1936 active
Yamba Clarence River Light Clarence Head lighthouse.jpg 29°25′57″S 153°21′50″E / 29.4324°S 153.3639°E / -29.4324; 153.3639 (Clarence River Lighthouse) 1866 1920 active Battery powered[49]

Northern Territory[edit]

Most of the lighthouses in the Northern Territory were constructed by the Commonwealth Lighthouse Service during the "Golden Age of Australian Lighthouses", between 1913 and 1920. These include Cape Don Light, East Vernon Light, Emery Point Light, Cape Hotham Light and Cape Fourcroy.[50]

Of these five, three can be considered "siblings", Cape Hotham Light, Emery Point Light and Cape Fourcroy Light. They are almost identical white square skeletal towers, and they also share a similar light characteristic, three flashes every 15 second (Fl.(3) 15s).[51]

Location Name Image Coordinates Established Automated Deactivated Remarks
Cobourg Peninsula Cape Don Light Cape Don Lighthouse.jpg 11°18′28″S 131°45′55″E / 11.30786°S 131.76515°E / -11.30786; 131.76515 (Cape Don Lighthouse) 1917 1983 active solar powered[52]
Cape Fourcroy Cape Fourcroy Light 11°47′51″S 130°01′28″E / 11.79747°S 130.02434°E / -11.79747; 130.02434 (Cape Fourcroy Lighthouse) active
Clarence Strait Cape Hotham Light Cape Hotham, 1928.jpg 12°02′47″S 131°17′22″E / 12.04644°S 131.28946°E / -12.04644; 131.28946 (Cape Hotham Lighthouse) 1928 active
East Vernon Island East Vernon Light East Vernon Light historic.jpg 12°04′38″S 131°05′43″E / 12.07722°S 131.09531°E / -12.07722; 131.09531 (East Vernon Lighthouse) 1928 active
Larrakeyah Barracks Emery Point Light Emery Point Light, 1915.JPG 12°27′14″S 130°48′56″E / 12.45382°S 130.81555°E / -12.45382; 130.81555 (Emery Point Lighthouse) 1900 active
Cox Peninsula Point Charles Light Charles Point Lighthouse cropped.jpg 12°23′21″S 130°37′50″E / 12.38929°S 130.63068°E / -12.38929; 130.63068 (Charles Point Lighthouse) 1893 1933 active survived cyclone Tracy;[53] solar powered[54]

Queensland[edit]

Most lighthouses in Queensland were constructed in well established groups:

Location Name Image Coordinates Established Automated Deactivated Remarks
Cooktown Archer Point Light Archer Point Light, 2005.jpg 15°35′37″S 145°19′43″E / 15.5936°S 145.3285°E / -15.5936; 145.3285 (Archer Point lighthouse) 1883 1979 active
Townsville Bay Rock Light Bay Rock Lighthouse at Townsville Maritime Museum.jpg 19°07′00″S 146°45′10″E / 19.1168°S 146.7529°E / -19.1168; 146.7529 (Bay Rock Lighthouse) 1886 1930 c.1992 [57][58]
Booby Island Booby Island Light Booby Island Light and No 2 Quarters, 1957.jpg 10°36′15″S 141°54′36″E / 10.6042°S 141.9100°E / -10.6042; 141.9100 (Booby Island Lighthouse) 1890 1991 active generator powered[59]
Bulwer Island Bulwer Island Light Bulwarislandlighthouse.JPG 27°28′53″S 153°01′36″E / 27.4815°S 153.0266°E / -27.4815; 153.0266 (Bulwer Island Lighthouse) 1912 1983 not original site [60]
Burnett Heads New Burnett Heads Light 24°45′30″S 152°24′45″E / 24.7582°S 152.4126°E / -24.7582; 152.4126 (New Burnett Heads Lighthouse) 1971 1971 active
Burnett Heads Old Burnett Heads Light Old Burnett Heads Light closeup, 2010.jpg 24°45′49″S 152°24′33″E / 24.7637°S 152.4091°E / -24.7637; 152.4091 (Old Burnett Heads Lighthouse) 1873 1932 1971
Bustard Head Bustard Head Light StateLibQld 1 125971 View of the Bustard Head Lighthouse in 1932.jpg 24°01′20″S 151°45′52″E / 24.0223°S 151.7644°E / -24.0223; 151.7644 (Bustard Head Lighthouse) 1869 1985 active
Caloundra New Caloundra Light NewCaloundra Light, 2008.jpg 26°48′05″S 153°08′15″E / 26.8015°S 153.1374°E / -26.8015; 153.1374 (New Caloundra Lighthouse) 1968 1969 1997
Caloundra Old Caloundra Light Old Caloundra Light, 2008.jpg 26°48′06″S 153°08′15″E / 26.8016°S 153.1374°E / -26.8016; 153.1374 (Old Caloundra Lighthouse) 1896 1942 1968
Cape Bowling Green Cape Bowling Green Light Cape Bowling Green lighthouse, 2008.jpg 19°19′34″S 147°25′32″E / 19.3262°S 147.4256°E / -19.3262; 147.4256 (Cape Bowling Green Lighthouse) 1874 1920 active original moved[61]
Cape Capricorn Cape Capricorn Light 23°29′11″S 151°14′10″E / 23.4863°S 151.2361°E / -23.4863; 151.2361 (Cape Capricorn Lighthouse) 1875 active
Cape Cleveland Cape Cleveland Light Cape Cleveland Light dusk.jpg 19°10′58″S 147°00′55″E / 19.1829°S 147.0154°E / -19.1829; 147.0154 (Cape Cleveland Lightstation) 1879 active
Cape Moreton Cape Moreton Light Cape Moreton Light.jpg 27°01′55″S 153°27′57″E / 27.0319°S 153.4659°E / -27.0319; 153.4659 (Cape Moreton Lighthouse) 1857 active
Cleveland New Cleveland Point Light New Cleveland Point Light, 2009.jpg 27°30′37″S 153°17′21″E / 27.51018°S 153.28909°E / -27.51018; 153.28909 (New Cleveland Point Lighthouse) 1976 active
Cleveland Old Cleveland Point Light Cleveland Lighthouse.jpg 27°30′37″S 153°17′20″E / 27.5102°S 153.2890°E / -27.5102; 153.2890 (Cleveland Point Lighthouse) 1847 1976 experimented with laser lighthouse in 1969[62]
Cooktown Grassy Hill Light Cooktown Lifghthouse, 2005.jpg 15°27′38″S 145°15′19″E / 15.4606°S 145.2553°E / -15.4606; 145.2553 (Grassy Hill Lighthouse) 1886 1927 active
Comboyuro Point Comboyuro Point Light Lighthouse at Comboyuro Point, Moreton Island, 1906.jpg 27°03′42″S 153°21′45″E / 27.06164°S 153.36263°E / -27.06164; 153.36263 (Comboyuro Point Lighthouse) 1874 1954 1960 Collapsed[63]
Cowan Cowan Point Cowan Cowan Point Light Cowan Cowan lighthouse, Moreton Island, 1899.jpg 27°08′12″S 153°21′46″E / 27.13655°S 153.36282°E / -27.13655; 153.36282 (Cowan Cowan Point Lighthouse) 1873 1950[64] Demolished[65]
Creal Reef Creal Reef Light Creal Reef Lighthouse.jpg 20°32′02″S 150°22′50″E / 20.533973°S 150.38051°E / -20.533973; 150.38051 (Creal Reef Lighthouse) 1985[66] active
Curtis Island Sea Hill Light Sea Hill Lighthouse - NW point of Curtis Island - 1873 (replaced in 1960).jpg 23°29′27″S 150°58′49″E / 23.490931°S 150.980414°E / -23.490931; 150.980414 (Sea Hill Light) 1876 2006 First lighthouse now at Gladstone Maritime Museum[11]
Dent Island Dent Island Light Dent Island Light.jpg 20°22′09″S 148°55′44″E / 20.3692°S 148.9289°E / -20.3692; 148.9289 (Dent Island Lighthouse) 1879 1987 active
Double Island Point Double Island Point Light Double Island Point lighthouse.jpg 25°56′10″S 153°11′27″E / 25.9362°S 153.1907°E / -25.9362; 153.1907 (Double Island Point Lighthouse) 1884 1992 active
Eborac Island Eborac Island Light Eborac Island Light, 2007.jpg 10°40′56″S 142°32′01″E / 10.682116°S 142.533649°E / -10.682116; 142.533649 (Eborac Island Lighthouse) active
Fitzroy Island Fitzroy Island Light 16°55′34″S 146°00′07″E / 16.9261°S 146.0020°E / -16.9261; 146.0020 (Fitzroy Island Lighthouse) 1943 1992
Flat Top Island Flat Top Island Light Flat Top Island Light, 1917.jpg 21°09′41″S 149°14′47″E / 21.1615°S 149.2464°E / -21.1615; 149.2464 (Flat Top Island Lighthouse) 1879 1920 2007
Sandy Cape Sandy Cape Light Sandy Cape Lighthouse, 2007.jpg 24°43′48″S 153°12′31″E / 24.7299°S 153.2086°E / -24.7299; 153.2086 (Sandy Cape Lighthouse) 1870 1991 active
Goods Island Goods Island Light Goods Island Aerial, 1999 cropped.jpg 10°33′55″S 142°08′58″E / 10.5654°S 142.1494°E / -10.5654; 142.1494 (Goods Island Lighthouse) 1886 active
Lady Elliot Island Lady Elliot Island Light Old Lady Elliot Lighthouse.jpg 24°06′53″S 152°42′42″E / 24.1146°S 152.7116°E / -24.1146; 152.7116 (Lady Elliot Island Lighthouse) 1873 active
Gulf of Carpenteria CLS-4 Carpentaria 27°28′53″S 153°01′37″E / 27.481317°S 153.026867°E / -27.481317; 153.026867 (CLS-2 Carpentaria) 1918 1985 Lightship; Not in service[67]
Low Island Low Isles Light Low Isles Lighthouse.jpg 16°23′02″S 145°33′35″E / 16.3840°S 145.5598°E / -16.3840; 145.5598 (Low Isles Lighthouse) 1878 1993 active
Moreton Bay Moreton Bay Pile Light Morton Bay Pile Light.jpg 27°18′39″S 153°12′37″E / 27.3109°S 153.2104°E / -27.3109; 153.2104 (Moreton Bay Pile Light) 1884[68] 1952[69] 1966-1967[70] Structure destroyed in 1949[70]
North Reef North Reef Light North Reef Light from above.jpg 23°11′08″S 151°54′13″E / 23.1855°S 151.9037°E / -23.1855; 151.9037 (North Reef Light) 1878 1978 active
Pine Islet Pine Islet Light Pine Islet Light. 2007.jpg 21°39′27″S 150°13′00″E / 21.6575°S 150.2166°E / -21.6575; 150.2166 (Pine Islet Lighthouse) 1885 1985 relocated; last working kerosene lighthouse in the world[71]
Mooloolaba Point Cartwright Light Point Cartwright Light.jpg 26°40′47″S 153°08′18″E / 26.6797°S 153.1384°E / -26.6797; 153.1384 (Point Cartwright Lighthouse) 1978 1978 active
Point Lookout Point Lookout Light StateLibQld 1 119568 Construction of the lighthouse at Point Lookout, 1932.jpg 27°25′54″S 153°32′25″E / 27.4316°S 153.5404°E / -27.4316; 153.5404 (Point Lookout Lighthouse) 1932 active
Point Danger Point Danger Light Point Danger lighthouse.jpg 28°09′54″S 153°33′03″E / 28.1650°S 153.5507°E / -28.1650; 153.5507 (Point Danger Lighthouse) 1971 1971 active experimented with laser lighthouse in 1971[72]
Townsville Wharton Reef Light 19°15′36″S 146°49′18″E / 19.2599°S 146.8217°E / -19.2599; 146.8217 (Wharton Reef Lighthouse) 1915 1915 1990 not original site [73]
Wyborn Reef Wyborn Reef Light Wyborn Reef light cropped.jpg 10°49′09″S 142°46′30″E / 10.819185°S 142.77493°E / -10.819185; 142.77493 (Wyborn Reef Light) 1938[74] active

South Australia[edit]

Location Name Image Coordinates Established Automated Deactivated Remarks
Althorpe Islands Althorpe Island Lighthouse Althorpe Island lighthouse, South Australia, 1900.jpg 35°22′17″S 136°51′37″E / 35.3715°S 136.8603°E / -35.3715; 136.8603 1879 1991 active Diesel Powered[75]
Beachport Cape Martin Lighthouse BeachportLighthouse.JPG 37°29′22″S 140°00′45″E / 37.4895°S 140.0125°E / -37.4895; 140.0125 1960 active
Cape Banks Cape Banks Lighthouse Cape Banks lighthouse.JPG 37°53′53″S 140°22′35″E / 37.8980°S 140.3763°E / -37.8980; 140.3763 1883 1928 active
Cape Borda Cape Borda Lighthouse Cape Borda Lighthouse.jpg 35°45′10″S 136°35′37″E / 35.7528°S 136.5937°E / -35.7528; 136.5937 1858 1989 active
Cape Donington Cape Donington Lighthouse 34°43′35″S 135°59′38″E / 34.7265°S 135.9939°E / -34.7265; 135.9939 1878 active
Cape du Couedic Cape du Couedic Lighthouse Phare de Cap Couedic.jpg 36°03′28″S 136°42′18″E / 36.0579°S 136.7049°E / -36.0579; 136.7049 1909 1957 active
Cape Jaffa Cape Jaffa Lighthouse CapeJaffaLH 0666.jpg 36°50′09″S 139°50′46″E / 36.8359°S 139.8462°E / -36.8359; 139.8462 1872 1973 Screw pile; Not original site[76]
Cape Jervis Cape Jervis Lighthouse Cape Jervis.jpg 35°36′13″S 138°05′40″E / 35.6037°S 138.0945°E / -35.6037; 138.0945 1871 1972 active
Cape Spencer Cape Spencer Lighthouse Cape Spencer Lighthouse.JPG 35°17′56″S 136°52′58″E / 35.2988°S 136.8827°E / -35.2988; 136.8827 1950 1975 active
Cape St Albans Cape St Albans Lighthouse 35°48′13″S 138°07′29″E / 35.8036°S 138.1248°E / -35.8036; 138.1248 1908 1908 active
Cape Willoughby Cape Willoughby Lighthouse Cape Willoughby Light.jpg 35°50′34″S 138°07′58″E / 35.8428°S 138.1327°E / -35.8428; 138.1327 1852 1974 2003 South Australia's first lighthouse[77]
Corny Point Corny Point Lighthouse Corny Point Lighthouse.JPG 34°53′47″S 137°00′37″E / 34.8965°S 137.0104°E / -34.8965; 137.0104 1882 1920 active
Marino Marino Rocks Navigational Aid Marino CP Light.JPG 35°03′13″S 138°30′42″E / 35.0536°S 138.5117°E / -35.0536; 138.5117 1962 1962 active
Penguin Island Penguin Island Lighthouse 37°29′52″S 140°00′49″E / 37.4979°S 140.0136°E / -37.4979; 140.0136 1878 1918 1960 Abandoned[78]
Point Lowly Point Lowly Lighthouse 32°59′59″S 137°47′07″E / 32.9996°S 137.7853°E / -32.9996; 137.7853 1883 1973 1993
Point Malcolm Point Malcolm Lighthouse Malcom Point lighthouse, Lake Alexandrina.JPG 35°30′32″S 139°11′27″E / 35.5089°S 139.1909°E / -35.5089; 139.1909 1878 1931 Australia's only inland lighthouse; reactivated[3][79]
Port Adelaide Port Adelaide Lighthouse Port Adelaide Lighthouse.jpg 34°50′33″S 138°30′15″E / 34.8424°S 138.5042°E / -34.8424; 138.5042 1869 1901 Not original site; lit on Saturdays[79][80]
Port Macdonnell Cape Northumberland Lighthouse 38°03′23″S 140°40′03″E / 38.0563°S 140.6674°E / -38.0563; 140.6674 1882 1990 active
Cape Northumberland Old Macdonnell Lighthouse 38°03′23″S 140°40′03″E / 38.0563°S 140.6674°E / -38.0563; 140.6674 1859 1881 destroyed[81]
Robe Robe Lighthouse Robe Lighthouse.jpg 37°09′51″S 137°00′37″E / 37.1643°S 137.0104°E / -37.1643; 137.0104 1972 1972 active
South Neptune Island South Neptune Island Lighthouse 35°20′15″S 136°07′04″E / 35.3375°S 136.1177°E / -35.3375; 136.1177 1901 c.1990 active New tower[82]
Tiparra Reef Tipara Reef Screw Pile Tipara Reef Screw Pile.jpg 33°55′47″S 137°37′35″E / 33.9297°S 137.6263°E / -33.9297; 137.6263 1877 1995 Not original site[83]
Troubridge Hill Troubridge Hill Lighthouse 35°09′59″S 137°38′27″E / 35.1663°S 137.6408°E / -35.1663; 137.6408 1980 1980 active
Troubridge Island Troubridge Island Lighthouse Troubridge Island Lighthouse.jpg 35°07′01″S 137°49′39″E / 35.1170°S 137.8276°E / -35.1170; 137.8276 1856 1981 2001 Under threat from erosion[84]
West Cape West Cape Lighthouse 35°14′39″S 136°49′27″E / 35.2442°S 136.8241°E / -35.2442; 136.8241 1980 1980 active Build of stainless steel[85]
Wonga Shoal Wonga Shoal Lighthouse Wonga Shoal Light.jpg 34°49′24″S 138°26′15″E / 34.8233°S 138.4376°E / -34.8233; 138.4376 1901 1912 Destroyed[86]

Tasmania[edit]

Location Name Image Coordinates Established Automated Deactivated Remarks
Bluff Hill 41°00′32″S 144°36′36″E / 41.0090°S 144.6101°E / -41.0090; 144.6101 1982 1982 active
Cape Bruny Cape Bruny Lighthouse 43°29′28″S 147°08′33″E / 43.4910°S 147.1424°E / -43.4910; 147.1424 1838 1996
Cape Forrestier Cape Forrestier Lighthouse 42°07′00″S 148°21′32″E / 42.1167°S 148.3589°E / -42.1167; 148.3589 1971 Dismantled[14]
Cape Sorell Cape Sorell Lighthouse 42°11′52″S 145°10′09″E / 42.1978°S 145.1693°E / -42.1978; 145.1693 1899 active
Cape Tourville Cape Tourville Lighthouse 42°07′21″S 148°20′34″E / 42.1226°S 148.3427°E / -42.1226; 148.3427 1971 1971 active
Cape Wickham Cape Wickham Lighthouse Cape Wickham Lighthouse 1887.jpg 39°35′19″S 143°56′34″E / 39.5885°S 143.9429°E / -39.5885; 143.9429 1861 1918 active Tallest in Australia
Currie Harbour Currie Lighthouse 39°55′45″S 143°50′32″E / 39.9293°S 143.8422°E / -39.9293; 143.8422 1880 active deativated 1989 - 1995[87]
Deal Island Deal Island Lighhouse Deal Island.jpg 39°29′39″S 147°19′21″E / 39.4943°S 147.3225°E / -39.4943; 147.3225 1848 1921 1992 Australia's highest lighthouse[88]
Eddystone Point 40°59′35″S 148°20′52″E / 40.9931°S 148.3478°E / -40.9931; 148.3478 1889 active
Goose Island Goose Island Lighthouse Goose Island Lighthouse.jpg 40°18′42″S 147°48′05″E / 40.3116°S 147.8013°E / -40.3116; 147.8013 1846 1931 active
Hells Gate Bonnet Island Lighthouse 42°13′24″S 145°13′19″E / 42.2232°S 145.2219°E / -42.2232; 145.2219 1892 1910 active
Hells Gate Entrance Island Lighthouse Entrance Island Lighthouse.jpg 42°12′39″S 145°12′55″E / 42.2108°S 145.2154°E / -42.2108; 145.2154 1892 1910 active
Highland Bluff (new) 40°44′19″S 145°17′24″E / 40.7386°S 145.2901°E / -40.7386; 145.2901 active
Highland Bluff (old) 40°45′59″S 145°17′55″E / 40.7663°S 145.2985°E / -40.7663; 145.2985 1924
Iron Pot Iron Pot Lighthouse Iron Pot Lighthouse.jpg 43°03′31″S 147°25′02″E / 43.0587°S 147.4172°E / -43.0587; 147.4172 1832 active Tasmania's first lighthouse[89]
Low Head Low Head Lighthouse 41°03′19″S 146°47′20″E / 41.0553°S 146.7889°E / -41.0553; 146.7889 1833 1995 active Tasmania's second lighthouse[90]
Low Head Middle Channel Lighthouse 41°04′47″S 146°48′27″E / 41.0797°S 146.8074°E / -41.0797; 146.8074 1882 1955 active
Low Head She Oak Point Lighthouse 41°04′40″S 146°48′14″E / 41.0777°S 146.8040°E / -41.0777; 146.8040 1882 1955 active
Maatsuyker Island Maatsuyker Island Lighthouse Aranjee x-mas Matt2.jpg 43°39′25″S 146°16′17″E / 43.6570°S 146.2714°E / -43.6570; 146.2714 1891 1996 Last manned lighthouse; Australia's most southern;[91][92]
Mersey Bluff Devonport Mersey Bluff Lighthouse.jpg 41°09′31″S 146°21′19″E / 41.1587°S 146.3554°E / -41.1587; 146.3554 1889 1920 active
Point Home Lookout Point Home Lookout Lighthouse 42°33′04″S 147°57′13″E / 42.5512°S 147.9537°E / -42.5512; 147.9537 1971 1971 active
Rocky Cape 40°51′16″S 145°30′30″E / 40.8545°S 145.5083°E / -40.8545; 145.5083 1968 1968 active
Round Hill Point 41°03′54″S 145°57′42″E / 41.0650°S 145.9618°E / -41.0650; 145.9618 1923 1980 active
Sandy Cape 41°25′18″S 144°44′54″E / 41.4217°S 144.7484°E / -41.4217; 144.7484 1953 active
Swan Island 40°43′40″S 148°07′32″E / 40.7277°S 148.1256°E / -40.7277; 148.1256 1845 1985 active
Table Cape Table Cape Lighthouse Table Cape Lighthouse.jpg 40°56′47″S 145°43′44″E / 40.9465°S 145.7290°E / -40.9465; 145.7290 1888 1920 active
Tasman Island Tasman Island Lighthouse Tasman Island Lighthouse.jpg 43°14′22″S 148°00′18″E / 43.2395°S 148.0051°E / -43.2395; 148.0051 1906 1976 active
West Point 40°56′34″S 144°36′50″E / 40.9428°S 144.6139°E / -40.9428; 144.6139 1916 1982 Destroyed[93]

Victoria[edit]

Location Name Image Coordinates Established Automated Deactivated Remarks
Aireys Inlet Split Point Lighthouse SplitPoint 0072.jpg 38°28′05″S 144°06′16″E / 38.4680°S 144.1044°E / -38.4680; 144.1044 (Split Point Lighthouse) 1891 1919 active
Cape Liptrap Cape Liptrap Lighthouse Cape Liptrap Lighthouse, Australia.jpg 38°54′08″S 145°55′00″E / 38.9021°S 145.9167°E / -38.9021; 145.9167 (Cape Liptrap Lighthouse) 1913 1913 active
Cape Nelson Cape Nelson Lighthouse Cape Nelson lighthouse 2.jpg 38°25′52″S 141°32′32″E / 38.4310°S 141.5423°E / -38.4310; 141.5423 (Cape Nelson Lighthouse) 1884 1995 active
Cape Otway Cape Otway Lighthouse Cape Otway.jpg 38°51′24″S 143°30′42″E / 38.8568°S 143.5118°E / -38.8568; 143.5118 (Cape Otway Lighthouse) 1848 1994 Replaced with a solar powered light tower[94]
Cape Schanck Cape Schanck Lighthouse Cape schanck lighthouse-1-web.jpg 38°29′34″S 144°53′10″E / 38.4927°S 144.8862°E / -38.4927; 144.8862 (Cape Schanck Lighthouse) 1859 active
Citadel Island Citadel Island Lighthouse 39°06′51″S 146°14′12″E / 39.1143°S 146.2367°E / -39.1143; 146.2367 (Citadel Island Lighthouse) 1913 1982 Solar powered
Cliffy Island Cliffy Island Lighthouse Cliffy Island Lighthouse.jpg 38°57′02″S 146°42′20″E / 38.9506°S 146.7056°E / -38.9506; 146.7056 (Cliffy Island Lighthouse) 1884 1971 active Solar powered[95]
Gabo Island Gabo Island Lighthouse Gabo Island Lighthouse 1917.jpg 37°34′07″S 149°55′01″E / 37.5687°S 149.9169°E / -37.5687; 149.9169 (Gabo Island Lighthouse) 1853 1993 active Solar powered[96]
Gellibrand Shoal Gellibrand Pile Light 37°52′43″S 144°54′53″E / 37.8785°S 144.9147°E / -37.8785; 144.9147 (Gellibrand Pile Light) 1906 1976 Destroyed[97]
Griffiths Island Griffiths Island Lighthouse Port fairy lighthouse.jpg 38°23′27″S 142°15′19″E / 38.3909°S 142.2552°E / -38.3909; 142.2552 (Griffiths Island Lighthouse) 1859 active Wind powered[98]
Lady Bay Lower Lady Bay Lower Lighthouse 38°23′27″S 142°29′07″E / 38.3907°S 142.4854°E / -38.3907; 142.4854 (Lady Bay Lower Lighthouse) 1854 active
Lady Bay Upper Lady Bay Upper Lighthouse 38°23′25″S 142°29′07″E / 38.3903°S 142.4854°E / -38.3903; 142.4854 (Lady Bay Upper Lighthouse) 1859 active Not original site[99]
McCrae Eastern Lighthouse 38°20′54″S 144°55′40″E / 38.3483°S 144.9279°E / -38.3483; 144.9279 (Eastern Lighthouse) 1854 1994
Point Hicks Point Hicks Lighthouse Point Hicks Lighthouse.jpg 37°48′06″S 149°16′31″E / 37.8018°S 149.2753°E / -37.8018; 149.2753 (Point Hicks Lighthouse) 1890 active
Point Lonsdale Point Lonsdale Lighthouse Point Lonsdale lighthouse.jpg 38°17′31″S 144°36′50″E / 38.2919°S 144.6139°E / -38.2919; 144.6139 (Point Lonsdale Lighthouse) 1863 active
Portland Whaler's Bluff Lighthouse 38°20′14″S 141°36′33″E / 38.3373°S 141.6091°E / -38.3373; 141.6091 (Whaler's Bluff Lighthouse) 1889 active
Portland Portland Bay Lighthouse 38°21′15″S 141°37′11″E / 38.3542°S 141.6198°E / -38.3542; 141.6198 (Portland Bay Lighthouse) 1859 1889
Port Melbourne Port Melbourne Front Light 37°50′30″S 144°55′45″E / 37.8417°S 144.9293°E / -37.8417; 144.9293 (Port Melbourne Front Light) 1924
Port Melbourne Port Melbourne Rear Light 37°50′14″S 144°55′46″E / 37.8371°S 144.9294°E / -37.8371; 144.9294 (Port Melbourne Rear Light) 1924 active
Port Phillip South Channel Pile Light South Channel Pile Light.JPG 38°20′19″S 144°49′07″E / 38.3386°S 144.8186°E / -38.3386; 144.8186 (South Channel Pile Light) 1874 1985 relocated and reactivated[100]
Port Phillip West Channel Pile Light 38°11′34″S 144°45′23″E / 38.1927°S 144.7563°E / -38.1927; 144.7563 (WestChannel Pile Light) 1881 active
Queenscliff Queenscliff High Light Queenscliff Black Lighthouses.jpg 38°16′17″S 144°39′42″E / 38.2715°S 144.6618°E / -38.2715; 144.6618 (Queenscliff Black Lighthouse) 1843 active Built of bluestone[101]
Queenscliff Queenscliff Low Light Queenscliff Lighthouse.jpg 38°16′25″S 144°39′33″E / 38.2737°S 144.6593°E / -38.2737; 144.6593 (Queenscliff White Lighthouse) 1854 active Not original site[102]
Williamstown Williamstown Lighthouse WilliamstownTimeballTower.JPG 37°52′00″S 144°54′45″E / 37.8668°S 144.9126°E / -37.8668; 144.9126 (Williamstown Lighthouse) 1840 1934 1987 Light deactivated; time ball active[103]
Wilsons Promontory Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse Lighthousewilsonsprom1.jpg 39°07′48″S 146°25′27″E / 39.1299°S 146.4242°E / -39.1299; 146.4242 (Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse) 1859 1975 active Furthest south on mainland[104]

Western Australia[edit]

Location Name Image Coordinates Established Automated Deactivated Remarks
Adele Island 15°30′36″S 123°09′27″E / 15.5101°S 123.1574°E / -15.5101; 123.1574 1951 active
Arthur Head Arthur Head Lighthouse 32°03′24″S 115°44′24″E / 32.0566°S 115.7400°E / -32.0566; 115.7400 (Arthur Head Lighthouse) 1851 1902 Demolished[105]
Bessieres Island Lighthouse 21°38′10″S 115°06′42″E / 21.6362°S 115.1118°E / -21.6362; 115.1118 (Bessieres Island Lighthouse) 1913 active
Breaksea Island Breaksea Island Lighthouse 35°03′51″S 118°03′26″E / 35.0642°S 118.0573°E / -35.0642; 118.0573 (Breaksea Island Lighthouse) 1858 active
Bunbury Casuarina Point Lighthouse Phare de Bunbury.jpg 33°19′09″S 115°37′59″E / 33.3191°S 115.6330°E / -33.3191; 115.6330 (Casuarina Point Lighthouse) 1870 active
Caffarelli Island Caffarelli Island Lighthouse 16°02′46″S 123°17′09″E / 16.0461°S 123.2858°E / -16.0461; 123.2858 (Caffarelli Island Lighthouse) 1967 active
Cape Bossut Cape Bossut Lighthouse Cape Bossut.jpg 18°42′49″S 121°37′22″E / 18.7137°S 121.6227°E / -18.7137; 121.6227 (Cape Bossut Lighthouse) 1913 c.1980 demolished
Cape Leeuwin Cape Leeuwin Lighthouse Cape Leeuwin lighthouse, Western Australia, 1996.jpg 34°22′30″S 115°08′10″E / 34.3750°S 115.1362°E / -34.3750; 115.1362 (Cape Leeuwin Lighthouse) 1896 1992 active
Cape Leveque Cape Leveque Lighthouse Cape-leveque-light.jpg 16°23′42″S 122°55′42″E / 16.3949°S 122.9282°E / -16.3949; 122.9282 (Cape Leveque Lighthouse) 1911 active
Cape Naturaliste Cape Naturaliste Lighthouse Cape Naturaliste.jpg 33°32′15″S 115°01′08″E / 33.53750°S 115.01889°E / -33.53750; 115.01889 (Cape Naturaliste Lighthouse) 1873 1978 active struck by ball lightning in 1907[106]
Carnarvon Babbage Island Lighthouse 24°52′34″S 113°37′51″E / 24.8760°S 113.6309°E / -24.8760; 113.6309 (Babbage Island Lighthouse) 1965 active
Cave Point Cave Point Lighthouse 35°07′13″S 117°53′56″E / 35.1202°S 117.8990°E / -35.1202; 117.8990 (Cave Point Lighthouse) 1976 1994 [107]
Dirk Hartog Island Cape Inscription Lighthouse Cape Inscription Lighthouse.jpg 25°28′54″S 112°58′19″E / 25.4818°S 112.9720°E / -25.4818; 112.9720 (Cape Inscription Lighthouse) 1910 1917 active
East Island East Island Lighthouse 16°54′09″S 122°11′52″E / 16.9024°S 122.1979°E / -16.9024; 122.1979 (East Island Lighthouse) 1968 active
Eclipse Island Eclipse Island Lighthouse 35°10′56″S 117°53′05″E / 35.1821°S 117.8847°E / -35.1821; 117.8847 (Eclipse Island Lighthouse) 1926 1976 active replaced with beacon[108]
Escape Island Escape Island Lighthouse 30°20′00″S 114°59′11″E / 30.3334°S 114.9864°E / -30.3334; 114.9864 (Escape Island Lighthouse) 1930 active
Fremantle North Mole Lighthouse Fremantle North Mole Lighthouse.jpg 32°03′14″S 115°43′28″E / 32.0538°S 115.7245°E / -32.0538; 115.7245 (North Mole Lighthouse) 1906 active
Fremantle South Mole Lighthouse South Mole Light.jpg 32°03′21″S 115°43′57″E / 32.0558°S 115.7325°E / -32.0558; 115.7325 (South Mole Lighthouse) 1903 active
Gantheaume Point Gantheaume Point Lighthouse 17°58′27″S 122°10′39″E / 17.9741°S 122.1775°E / -17.9741; 122.1775 (Gantheaume Point Lighthouse) 1905 1922 active
Guilderton Guilderton Lighthouse 31°20′22″S 115°29′32″E / 31.3394°S 115.4921°E / -31.3394; 115.4921 (Guilderton Lighthouse) 1983 1983 active
Hillarys Hilarys Lighthouse.jpg 31°49′25″S 115°44′01″E / 31.8235°S 115.7336°E / -31.8235; 115.7336 1986 active
Jarman Island Jarman Island Lighthouse 20°39′31″S 117°13′03″E / 20.6585°S 117.2174°E / -20.6585; 117.2174 (Jarman Island Lighthouse) 1888 1917 1985 [109]
Legendre Island Legendre Island Lighthouse 20°21′30″S 116°50′34″E / 20.3584°S 116.8427°E / -20.3584; 116.8427 (Legendre Island Lighthouse) 1927 1989 active
Geraldton Moore Point Lighthouse 28°46′58″S 114°34′45″E / 28.7827°S 114.5793°E / -28.7827; 114.5793 (Moore Point Lighthouse) 1878 1985 active
Mosman Park Buckland Hill Lighthouse 32°01′01″S 115°45′39″E / 32.01708°S 115.76097°E / -32.01708; 115.76097 (Buckland Hill Lighthouse) c.1970 active
North West Cape North West Cape Light Harold E Holt Naval Base.jpg 21°48′56″S 114°09′12″E / 21.8156°S 114.1534°E / -21.8156; 114.1534 (North West Cape Light) 1967 active on radio tower[110]
Pelsart Island Pelsart Island Lighthouse 28°59′07″S 113°57′44″E / 28.9854°S 113.9623°E / -28.9854; 113.9623 (Pelsart Island Lighthouse) 1974 active
Point Cloates Point Cloates Lighthouse Point Cloates.jpg 22°42′32″S 113°40′51″E / 22.7090°S 113.6808°E / -22.7090; 113.6808 (Point Cloates Lighthouse) 1910 1933 1936 Ruins, heritage listed[111]
Point King Point King Lighthouse Old forts Lhouse alb.jpg 35°02′07″S 117°55′08″E / 35.0354°S 117.9189°E / -35.0354; 117.9189 (Point King Lighthouse) 1858 1911 Ruins, heritage listed[112]
Quobba Point Quobba Point Light 24°28′47″S 113°25′05″E / 24.4797°S 113.4181°E / -24.4797; 113.4181 (Quobba Point Light) 1950 active
Rottnest Island Bathurst Lighthouse Bathurst lighthouse, Rottnest-4.jpg 31°59′21″S 115°32′26″E / 31.9893°S 115.5406°E / -31.9893; 115.5406 (Bathurst Lighthouse) 1900 1986 active
Rottnest Island Wadjemup Lighthouse Wadjemup Lighthouse, Rottnest-11.jpg 32°00′26″S 115°30′15″E / 32.0072°S 115.5041°E / -32.0072; 115.5041 (Wadjemup Lighthouse) 1851 1986 active Australia's first rotating beam lighthouse[113]
Woodman Point Woodman Light WoodmanPointLighthouse.JPG 32°07′51″S 115°46′11″E / 32.1309°S 115.7697°E / -32.1309; 115.7697 (Woodman Point Light) 1902 1955 active

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Australia". CIA World Factbook. Retrieved 2010-08-26. 
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  4. ^ a b "The Macquarie Lighthouse, Australia's First Lighthouse". Lighthouses of New South Wales. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. 
  5. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 111, The West Coasts of North and South America (Excluding Continental U.S.A. and Hawaii), Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand, and the Islands of the North and South Pacific Oceans (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 
  6. ^ Admiralty List Of Lights And Fog Signals vol. K Indian and Pacific Oceans, South of the Equator. United Kingdom Hydrographic Office. 2010/2011. ISBN 978-0-7077-1764-7.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  7. ^ "Australia". ARLHS. Amateur Radio Lighthouse Society. 
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  13. ^ a b Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Australia: South Australia". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 
  14. ^ a b c Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Australia: Tasmania". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 
  15. ^ a b Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Australia: Victoria". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 
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  17. ^ :"State Indexes". Lighthouses of Australia. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. 
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  29. ^ Searle, Garry. "List of Lighthouses - Northern Territory". Lighthouses of Australia. SeaSide Lights. 
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  31. ^ Searle, Garry. "List of Lighthouses - Queensland". Lighthouses of Australia. SeaSide Lights. 
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  33. ^ Searle, Garry. "List of Lighthouses - Victoria". Lighthouses of Australia. SeaSide Lights. 
  34. ^ Searle, Garry. "List of Lighthouses - Tasmania". Lighthouses of Australia. SeaSide Lights. 
  35. ^ See for example, Brush Island Light, a small concrete hut with an automated lamp on top of it, not listed on The Lighthouse Directory, Lighthouses of Australia Inc. and SeaSide Lights but listed on Australian Lighthouses, List of Lights, Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals and the ARLHS World List of Lights.
  36. ^ "Role of VRCA". regionalchannels.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 26 August 2010. 
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  39. ^ "The Crookhaven Heads Lighthouse". Lighthouses of New South Wales. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. 
  40. ^ Steve Merson (July–August 2004). "Light the coast like a street with lamps". Lighthouses of Australia Inc Bulletin (4). 
  41. ^ "The Montague Island Lighthouse". Lighthouses of New South Wales. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. 
  42. ^ "The Point Perpendicular Lighthouse at Jervis Bay". Lighthouses of New South Wales. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. 
  43. ^ "The Point Stephens Lighthouse". Lighthouses of New South Wales. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. 
  44. ^ Ian Clifford (February 2000). "South & North Solitary Islands Trip Report". Lighthouses of Australia Inc Bulletin. 
  45. ^ "The South Solitary Lighthouse". Lighthouses of New South Wales. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. 
  46. ^ "The Sugarloaf Point Lighthouse". Lighthouses of New South Wales. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. 
  47. ^ "The Warden Head Lighthouse at Ulladulla". Lighthouses of New South Wales. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. 
  48. ^ "The Wollongong Breakwater Lighthouse". Lighthouses of New South Wales. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. 
  49. ^ "The Clarence River Lighthouse at Yamba". Lighthouses of New South Wales. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. 
  50. ^ Komesaroff, Michael B. (May 1977). "The Golden Age of Australian Lighthouses". The Victorian Historical Journal 48 (2).  reprinted in "The Golden Age of Australian Lighthouses". Lighthouses of Australia Inc Bulletin (5). September 2003. 
  51. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 111, The West Coasts of North and South America (Excluding Continental U.S.A. and Hawaii), Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand, and the Islands of the North and South Pacific Oceans (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2009. p. 187-188. 
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  53. ^ Mike Foley (1987). "Point Charles Lighthouse and the Military Occupation of the Cox Peninsula" (PDF). Darwin: Northern Territory Library Service. 
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  57. ^ "The Bay Rock Lighthouse". Lighthouses of Queensland. Lighthouses of Australia Inc.  moved to Townsville Maritime Museum
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  61. ^ "On the waterfront". anmm.gov.au. Retrieved 26 August 2010. 
  62. ^ http://www.lighthouses.org.au/lights/QLD/Cleveland%20Point/Cleveland%20Point.htm possibly the first lighthouse to experiment with lasers, but the Point Danger Light officially lays claim to being the first, in 1971
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  66. ^ "Creal Reef Light, QLD, AN424-01". Aids to Navigation Schedule Issue 10. Australian Maritime Safety Authority. December 2006. 
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  68. ^ "Annual Report on Harbours and Lighthouses". The Queenslander. 22 November 1884. 
  69. ^ "Notice to Mariners No. 12 of 1952". The Courier-Mail. 10 December 1952. 
  70. ^ a b "The Moreton Bay Pile Light". Lighthouses of Queensland. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. 
  71. ^ "The Pine Islet Lighthouse". Lighthouses of Queensland. Lighthouses of Australia Inc.  moved to Mackay not operational as a navigational lighthouse
  72. ^ http://www.lighthouses.org.au/lights/QLD/Point%20Danger/Point%20Danger.htm
  73. ^ "The Wharton Reef Lighthouse". Lighthouses of Queensland. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. 
  74. ^ "Wyborn Reef Light, QLD, AN299-01". Aids to Navigation Schedule Issue 14. Australian Maritime Safety Authority. May 2006. 
  75. ^ "The Althorpe Island Lighthouse". Lighthouses of South Australia. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  76. ^ "The Cape Jaffa Lighthouse". Lighthouses of South Australia. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. Retrieved 19 August 2010.  kerosene powered, non-operational
  77. ^ Searle, Garry. Willoughby.asp?fState=SA "{{{3}}}". Lighthouses of South Australia. SeaSide Lights. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  78. ^ "The old Penguin Island Lighthouse". Lighthouses of South Australia. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  79. ^ a b http://www.unc.edu/~rowlett/lighthouse/sa.htm
  80. ^ Searle, Garry. "Port Adelaide". Lighthouses of South Australia. SeaSide Lights. Retrieved 19 August 2010.  This lighthouse originally stood at the entrance to the Port River in Port Adelaide. It was moved to South Neptune Island in 1901, and remained there until it was replaced in 1985. The old tower was subsequently returned to the South Australian Maritime Museum.
  81. ^ "The Cape Northumberland Lighthouse". Lighthouses of South Australia. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. Retrieved 30 August 2010. 
  82. ^ "The South Neptune Island Lighthouse". Lighthouses of South Australia. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. Retrieved 19 August 2010. the original tower was returned to adelaide, see note regarding Port Adelaide Lighthouse
  83. ^ "Shipwrecks and sea rescue: Lighthouses". samemory.sa.gov.au. Retrieved 26 August 2010. 
  84. ^ "The Troubridge Island Lighthouse". Lighthouses of South Australia. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  85. ^ Searle, Garry. "West Cape". Lighthouses of South Australia. SeaSide Lights. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  86. ^ Searle, Garry. "Wonga Shoal". Lighthouses of South Australia. SeaSide Lights. Retrieved 19 August 2010.  Knocked over by a sailing ship, two lighthouse keepers were drowned.
  87. ^ "The Currie Harbour Lighthouse". Lighthouses of Tasmania. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. 
  88. ^ "The Deal Island Lighthouse in Bass Strait". Lighthouses of Tasmania. Lighthouses of Australia Inc.  At an elevation of 305 metres, deactivated 1992.
  89. ^ "The Iron Pot Lighthouse". Lighthouses of Tasmania. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  90. ^ "The Low Head Lighthouse". Lighthouses of Tasmania. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. Retrieved 2011-01-16. 
  91. ^ "The Maatsuyker Island Lighthouse". Lighthouses of Tasmania. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  92. ^ "Australian Lighthouses". lighthouses.net.au. Retrieved 26 August 2010.  De-manned in 1995
  93. ^ Deborah Taylor (May 1999). "Tasmanian Expedition Report: (Part 1 of 4)". Lighthouses of Australia Inc Bulletin.  Accessed 19 August 2010
  94. ^ "The Cape Otway Lighthouse". Lighthouses of Victoria. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  95. ^ "The Cliffy Island Lighthouse". Lighthouses of Victoria. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  96. ^ "The Gabo Island Lighthouse". Lighthouses of Victoria. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  97. ^ "The Point Gellibrand Lightships & Pile Light". Lighthouses of Victoria. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. Retrieved 19 August 2010.  struck by ship
  98. ^ "The Griffiths Island Lighthouse". Lighthouses of Victoria. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  99. ^ "The Lady Bay Upper Lighthouse". Lighthouses of Victoria. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  100. ^ http://www.lighthouses.org.au/lights/VIC/South%20Channel%20Pile%20Light/South%20Channel%20Pile%20Light.htm
  101. ^ "The Black Lighthouse at Fort Queenscliff". Lighthouses of Victoria. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  102. ^ "Parks Victoria: South Channel Pile Light page". parkweb.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 26 August 2010. 
  103. ^ "The Williamstown Lighthouse and Timeball Tower". Lighthouses of Victoria. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  104. ^ "The Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse". Lighthouses of Victoria. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. Retrieved 19 August 2010.  Most southernly lighthouse on mainland Australia.
  105. ^ "Lighthouses of Western Australia - Arthur Head". members.upnaway.com. Retrieved 29 August 2010.  demolished 1905
  106. ^ http://www.lighthouses.org.au/lights/WA/Cape%20Naturaliste/Cape%20Naturaliste.htm
  107. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Australia: Western Australia". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. inactive
  108. ^ "The Eclipse Island Lighthouse". Lighthouses of Western Australia. Lighthouses of Australia Inc.  lantern room removed, solar powered beacon installed
  109. ^ "The Jarman Island Lighthouse". Lighthouses of Western Australia. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. 
  110. ^ "North West Cape Light on Tower 11". members.upnaway.com. Retrieved 29 August 2010.  on Tower 11 of the United States Naval Communication Station Harold E. Holt
  111. ^ "The Point Cloates Lighthouse at Ningaloo". Lighthouses of Western Australia. Lighthouses of Australia Inc.  abandoned in 1936
  112. ^ "Point King Lighthouse Albany WA Conservation Plan" (PDF). 
  113. ^ http://www.lighthouses.org.au/lights/WA/Rottnest%20Main/Rottnest%20Main.htm

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