List of media adaptations of Journey to the West
Journey to the West, one of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature, was written in the 16th century and attributed to Wu Cheng'en. Stories and characters were widely used, especially in Beijing opera, and has been adapted many times in modern film, television, stage, and other media.
- The Japanese artist Tsukioka Yoshitoshi published a series of prints in 1865 titled Tsûzoku saiyûki (A Modern Journey to the West).
- The Monkey Sun (Opičák Sun), a 1984 production adapting several chapters from the novel by the Theatre Esence in Prague, Czechoslovakia.
- Amazing Adventures of the Marvelous Monkey King, a 2001 children's play by Elizabeth Wong.
- The Monkey King, a 2005 production by the Children's Theater Company in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
- Journey to the West: The Musical, a stage musical which received its world premiere at the New York Musical Theatre Festival on 25 September 2006.
- Monkey: Journey to the West, a stage musical version created by Chen Shi-Zheng, Damon Albarn and Jamie Hewlett. It premiered as part of the Manchester International Festival at the Palace Theatre on 28 June 2007.
- Mary Zimmerman, Introduction by Anthony C. Yu, Journey to the West: A Play (Northwestern University Press, 2011).
- Monkey: A Journey to the West, a live storytelling by Sebastian Lockwood of the New Hampshire Institute of Art, presented in February 2012.
- The Cave of the Silken Web, or Pan Si Dong, a 1927 silent adaptation of one chapter of the novel. It was followed by a 1930 sequel, The Cave of the Silken Web II (alternatively known as Spiders II).
- Princess Iron Fan, a 1941 liberal adaptation of a short sequence from Journey to the West; the first Chinese animated feature film.
- Monkey Sun, a 1959 Japanese film produced by Toho, released as Magic Monkey Sun in Japan, as The Adventures of Sun Wu Kung in the United States, and as Monkey Sun internationally.
- Havoc in Heaven, also known as Uproar in Heaven, is a 1961 Chinese animated feature film directed by Wan Lai-ming and produced by Wan and his three brothers. In 2012 it was "restored" in 3D.
- 1960s Hong Kong film series produced by the Shaw Brothers Studio and directed by Ho Meng-hua:
- Hong Haier, also known as The Fantastic Magic Baby, a 1975 Hong Kong film directed by Chang Cheh.
- Monkey King With 72 Magic, a 1979 Taiwanese film directed and produced by Fu Ching-Wa.
- Monkey King Conquers the Demon, also known as Monkey Conquers the Demon (金猴降妖), a 1985 Chinese animated film directed by Te Wei, produced by Shanghai Animation Film Studio.
- A Chinese Odyssey, a two-part 1995 Hong Kong fantasy comedy film loosely based on the novel.
- Heavenly Legend, a 1998 Taiwanese film by Tai Seng Entertainment that is partially based on the novel.
- A Chinese Tall Story (2005), a Hong Kong comedy film loosely based on the novel.
- Fire Ball, a 2005 Taiwanese animated feature film made by Wang Film Productions and directed by Wong Tung.
- Saiyūki, also known as Monkey Magic: The Movie and Adventures of the Super Monkey, is a Japanese feature film produced by Fuji Television, released in Japan on 14 July 2007. The film was made in lieu of a second season of the 2006 television series by the same name. The film was a box office success, becoming the 8th highest-grossing film of 2007 in Japan.
- Monkey King vs. Er Lang Shen is a 2007 CG Chinese animated film produced by Yuan Cheng depicting Wukong's fight against Er Lang Shen.
- The Forbidden Kingdom is a 2008 Chinese-American fantasy-adventure martial arts film featuring Jet Li as the Monkey King.
- Journey to the West: Conquering the Demons is a 2013 Hong Kong comedy film loosely based on the novel.
- The Monkey King is a 2014 Chinese-Hong Kong film directed by Cheang Pou-soi depicting Wukong's rebellion against Heaven.
- In March 2011, Neil Gaiman announced plans to pen a screen adaptation of Journey to the West at the request of television producer Zhang Jizhong. Guillermo del Toro is rumoured as a possible director and James Cameron will also consult on the film.
- The Monkey King 2 has been announced for a 2016 release.
- Monkey Magic (Saiyūki), a 1978–1980 Japanese television series based on Journey to the West. It was translated into English by the BBC.
- Science Fiction Saiyuki Starzinger, a 1978-1979 Japanese anime produced by Toei Animation which features a science fiction / space opera reimagination of the story.
- Journey to the West, a two season television series produced by CCTV, starring Liu Xiao Ling Tong as Sun Wukong. The two seasons were released in 1986 and 1999 respectively. Noted for its faithfulness to the original novel, this series is still considered by many as a classic.
- Journey to the West, a 1994 Japanese television series. Nippon TV produced another television series, based on Journey to the West, titled New Monkey, it ran for only one season.
- Journey to the West, a 1996 Hong Kong television series produced by TVB, starring Dicky Cheung as Sun Wukong. It was followed by a 1998 sequel, Journey to the West II, starring Benny Chan as Sun Wukong.
- The Monkey King, also called The Lost Empire, a 2001 television adaptation of the legend by Sci Fi Channel.
- The Monkey King: Quest for the Sutra, a 2002 Hong Kong television series loosely based on the novel. It was produced by TVB and starred Dicky Cheung as Sun Wukong again.
- Saiyūki, a 2006 Japanese television series produced by Fuji Television. The lead character of Son Goku (Sun Wukong) was given to Shingo Katori, a member of the pop group SMAP. This remake has been so successful as to break viewing records with one in three Japanese viewers watching each episode of the series.
- Wu Cheng'en and Journey to the West, a 2010 Chinese television series which tells the story of Wu Cheng'en and his inspiration for writing the novel. The main cast from the 1986 Journey to the West version reprised their roles in this series.
- Journey to the West, a 2010 Chinese television series directed and produced by Cheng Lidong, starring Fei Zhenxiang as Sun Wukong. It started airing on Zhejiang Satellite TV on 14 February 2010.
- Journey to the West, a 2011 Chinese television series produced by Zhang Jizhong, starring Wu Yue as Sun Wukong. It started airing on Southern Television Guangdong on 28 July 2011.
Comics, manga and anime
- Alakazam the Great, a retelling of the first part of the story based on the characters designed by Osamu Tezuka. It was one of the first anime films produced by Toei Animation.
- Adventures from China: Monkey King, a 20 volume comic series by Wei Dong Chen.[better source needed]
- Doraemon: Nobita's Parallel "Journey to the West", a 1988 anime
- Dragon Ball was initially inspired by Journey to the West. For example, Sun Wukong becomes "Son Goku", who wields an elongating staff weapon and has the ability to change into a giant ape. The object of sutras are replaced by the seven wish-granting Dragon Balls.
- Ginseng Fruit (also known as Stealing the Ginseng Fruit), a Chinese animation by Shanghai Animation Film Studio.
- Gokū no Daibōken, a 1967 Japanese anime.
- Havoc in Heaven (also known as Uproar in Heaven), a Chinese animation by Shanghai Animation Film Studio.
- Iyashite Agerun Saiyūki, a 2007 adult anime.
- Monkey Magic is an animated retelling of the legend.
- Monkey Typhoon is a manga and anime series based on the Journey to the West saga, following a futuristic steampunk-retelling of the legend.
- Pokémon has a Sun Wukong inspired Pokémon named Infernape.
- Saint is a Hong Kong manhua created by Khoo Fuk-lung and loosely based on Journey to the West.
- Saiyūki is a manga and anime series inspired by the legend. Follow-up series include Saiyūki Gaiden, Saiyūki Ibun and Saiyūki Reload Blast.
- Secret Journey is an erotic doujin by Po-ju that features a travelling priest, a young boy, who encounters a monkey demoness, Son Goku, who becomes his first disciple.
- Shinzo is an anime loosely based on Journey to the West.
- Starzinger is an animated science fiction version of the story.
- The Ape, a graphic novel by Milo Manara and Silverio Pisu published in 1986 by Catalan Communications. Previously serialised in Heavy Metal in 1983, this is a more adult adaptation of Journey to the West with a preface by Renata Pisu. ISBN 978-0-87416-019-2
- The Flying Superboard is a Korean animated television series based on Journey to the West.
- The Journey West is a series of illustrated ebooks available for the Kindle and Nook that retell Journey to the West using rhyming verses vaguely reminiscent of Dr. Seuss. Book One: The Monkey King was released in 2011.
- The Monkey King is a dark sword and sorcery manga inspired by the tale.
- Xi You Ji is a 1999 Chinese cartoon broadcast on CCTV. The whole series was later released on a 26-disc VCD set. The show was later dubbed into English and edited by Cinar (now known as Cookie Jar Entertainment) and was titled Journey to the West - Legends of the Monkey King. It first aired on Teletoon in Canada and was originally shown on the Cookie Jar Toons block on This TV in the United States from 2009 to 2010.
- XIN is an American comic mini-series produced by Anarchy Studio.
- The play in Love Hina episode 16 is also based on Journey to the West.
- Between 2005 and 2007, the American composer Barry Schrader created a four-part electro-acoustic composition cycle, Monkey King, which was named after the deeds of Sun Wukong.
- The 2008 album Journey to the West is the soundtrack to the musical stageplay Monkey: Journey to the West. It was composed by the English musician Damon Albarn with the UK Chinese Ensemble. The soundtrack itself is only based upon, but not a direct recording of the musical.
- Shen Yun Performing Arts has featured several vignettes from Journey to the West in its dance productions, which tour internationally. These include "The Monkey King Triumphs" and "Monkey King Captures Pigsy".
Books referencing the novel
- Xiyoubu (西遊補; A Supplement to the Journey to the West) is a Ming Dynasty addendum to Journey to the West written by Dong Yue in 1640. The novel describes events which occurred between chapters 61 and 62 of Journey to the West.
- Gene Luen Yang's graphic novel American Born Chinese uses the legend of the Monkey King as a major metaphor throughout the book. He uses the Monkey King's quest to become equal to a god to compare the feelings of the main character, a Chinese immigrant, who is struggling to fit into American society.
- In the children's novel Michael and the Monkey King by Alan James Brown, the Monkey King's mythical journey to the west becomes a modern day quest to save the lives of a young boy's parents.
- The Monkey King's Daughter is a series of books by Todd DeBonis for young readers, about the adventures of Meilin Cheng, a 14-year old Asian-American girl who learns she is the daughter of Sun Wukong.
- The Dark Heavens, Journey to Wudang and Celestial Battle series are fantasy novels by Kylie Chan in which Sun Wukong is a frequently occurring character.
- In Kim Stanley Robinson's novel The Years of Rice and Salt, the first chapter (entitled "Awake to Emptiness") is presented in the style of Journey to the West. The protagonist of that chapter, a Mongol warrior named Bold, is an incarnation of Monkey.
- Mark Salzman's second book The Laughing Sutra (1991) partially re-imagines the Journey to the West in the context of late 20th century Chinese history. A young man, Hsun-ching, sets out to recover a lost sutra and gains a strange-looking companion, ″the colonel″, who claims extremely long life and carries a metal staff. Stories of the Monkey King and Chinese heroes are referenced throughout.
- China Gate is a 1988 arcade game by Technos Japan Corp.. It was based on the original story and characters. The Japanese version is titled Saiyu Gōma Roku (西遊降魔録?, "Conquering Devil Journeys to the West").
- Ether Saga Odyssey is a MMORPG based on Journey to the West and developed by Beijing Perfect World.
- Ganso Saiyūki: Super Monkey Daibōken is an NES RPG based on Journey to the West and made popular by GameCenter CX
- Enslaved: Odyssey to the West is a multi-platform game developed by Ninja Theory based on a futuristic take on the novel.
- Journey to the West is an unlicensed Famicom game produced by Taiwanese developer TXC Corp in 1994.
- League of Legends, Heroes of Newerth and Smite all have a playable Monkey King character. League of Legends has Wukong, Heroes of Newerth has Monkey King and Smite has Sun Wukong.
- Dota 2 has a weapon called Monkey King Bar which is the subject[clarification needed] of Sun Wukong's weapon, Ruyi Jingu Bang.
- Smite is a MOBA style game similar to League of Legends that features Sun Wukong as a playable character.
- Monkey Magic is a 1999 video game for the PlayStation console based on the anime series of the same title.
- Saiyuki: Journey West is a 1999 tactical role-playing game for the PlayStation. It was developed by Koei.
- Saiyūki World, a 1988 Japan-exclusive NES game by Jaleco. It was followed by a 1990 sequel, Saiyūki World 2: Tenjōkai no Majin, adapted and released in 1991 as Whomp 'Em.
- SonSon, a 1984 arcade game by Capcom.
- Westward Journey Online II, a MMORPG developed and run by NetEase.
- Yūyūki, a 1989 text-based adventure video game for the Famicom Disk System and developed by Nintendo.
- Puzzle & Dragons has Sun Wukong as a usable God.
- Legend of Wukong is based on Journey to the West.
- Warriors Orochi games feature Sun Wukong as a character. Warriors Orochi 3[specify] specifically features both the Monkey King and Xuanzang (reimagined as a female dancer) as playable characters. The after-mission cutscene for the mission in which the player unlocks Xuanzang make many references to the novel. Including a conversation between the characters Toyotomi Hideyoshi and Ishikawa Goemon speculating on whose roles from the novel they fill.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Journey to the West.|
- "Yoshitoshi's 'A Modern "Journey to the West" (Tsūzoku saiyūki)'". Retrieved 7 October 2014.
- "Opičák Sun" (in Czech). Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Amazing Adventures of the Marvelous Monkey King by Elizabeth Wong". Retrieved 9 May 2013.
- "Production History". Children's Theatre Company. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
- "The Monkey King Tickets and Information". Theater Mania. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
- "Journey to the West The Musical (website)". Retrieved 7 October 2014.
- "The Cave of the Silken Web (1927)". A Journal of Chinese Film History. The Chinese Mirror. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
- "The Cave of the Silken Web II (1930)". A Journal of Chinese Film History. The Chinese Mirror. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
- "Monkey Sun". Toho Kingdom. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Unseen Films". Retrieved 7 October 2014.
- "Interview: Restoring "The Monkey King"". Retrieved 7 October 2014.
- "Monkey Goes West (1966)". IMDb. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Nu er guo (1968)". IMDb. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "SEE RANK Hou wang da zhan tian bing tian jiang (1979)". IMDb. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Contact Support". Retrieved 7 October 2014.
- "Fire Ball (2005)". IMDb. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "The Adventures of Super Monkey (2007)". IMDb. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "2007 Japan Yearly Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- Jagernauth, Kevin (10 March 2011). "Neil Gaiman To Pen Epic 'Journey To The West'; Guillermo Del Toro Being Courted To Direct". Indiewire The Playlist. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- Lewis, Leo (2006-02-15). "Broadcasters in a spin as Monkey swings back to TV". Times Online. Retrieved 2008-10-18. Archived
- "Adventures from China: Monkey King". China Sprout. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- "Infernape (Pokémon)". Retrieved 7 October 2014.
- Asian Bureau (16 February 2010). "Spotlight on Korea Production Profile: The Flying Superboard". Animation World Network. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "The Monkey King 1: Sun WuKong [Kindle Edition]". amazon.com. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Journey To The West by Monkey". Beggars Group. Retrieved 2012-02-05.
- "Journey to the West". Shen Yun Performing Arts. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Alan James Brown's novels". Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "The Producers". Words That Cook web site. Words That Cook. Retrieved 29 December 2009.
- Wilson, Andrew (June 15, 2002). "Worlds of wonder". The Scotsman (Edinburgh, Scotland). p. 10.
- "China Gate (Saiyou Goumaroku)". coinoexpress. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "NES Longplay  Saiyuuki World". YouTube. Retrieved 7 October 2014.
- "Saiyuuki World". Retrieved 7 October 2014.
- "Saiyuuki World 2 - Tenjoukai no Majin (J) - part 1". YouTube. Retrieved 7 October 2014.
- "SydLexia.com - Whomp 'Em". Retrieved 7 October 2014.
- "Whomp 'Em". Retrieved 7 October 2014.