|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Chinese Wikipedia. (June 2009)|
|Traded as||SEHK: 0511,OTC Pink: TVBCY|
|Founded||Broadcast Drive, Kowloon, Hong Kong (1967)|
|Headquarters||77 Chun Choi Street
Tseung Kwan O Industrial Estate;
New Territories, Hong Kong
|Key people||Mona Fong (Executive Chairman), Norman Leung (Executive Deputy Chairman)|
|Products||TVB Jade, TVB Pearl, TVBI, TVB Pay Vision, TVBS, TVB.com, TVB Publishing, etc.|
|Revenue||$4.33 billion HK dollars (2007)|
Television Broadcasts Limited, commonly known as TVB, the first wireless commercial television station in Hong Kong, TVB is now one of two free-to-air TV broadcasters in Hong Kong and one of the largest commercial Chinese programme producers in the world. It commenced broadcasting on 19 November 1967. With a staff of about 4,500, it is one of two free-to-air television broadcasters in Hong Kong, the other being, Asia Television Limited (ATV).
When TVB first began broadcasting, to distinguish it from the cable television broadcaster, Rediffusion Television, it was commonly known as "Wireless Television" (無綫電視 Cantonese: mo sin din si) in Chinese, although there is more than one terrestrial television station now. The company's current chairman is Sir Run Run Shaw.
TVB's headquarters (Hong Kong TVB City) is Asia's largest commercial television production center.
TVB currently operates five free channels in Hong Kong: TVB Jade (Cantonese) and TVB Pearl (English) are TVB's flagship television channels. Under the digital terrestrial television platform, which formally commenced on 31 December 2007, J2 and iNEWS are new channels launched with standard definition, while HD Jade is Hong Kong's first 24-hour broadcasting free channel in high definition. TVB currently provides twelve pay-tv channels for its associated company, TVB Pay Vision Limited.
TVB reaches out to the overseas Chinese communities. Its productions are available in Mainland China, Taiwan, Macau, the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Republic of Ireland, New Zealand, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, and Singapore, among others, on channels such as TVB's own TVBS-Europe  subscription satellite service. In Taiwan, TVB operates through its TVBS subsidiary.
Many of Hong Kong's film and pop stars started their careers at the station through drama series produced by TVB. Special TVB events such as the annual TVB Anniversary Celebration are broadcast to planetary audience. TVB also runs talent programmes such as the annual Miss Hong Kong and Miss Chinese International beauty pageants. Successful contestants may be offered TVB's contracts and represent Hong Kong to take part at world-class beauty contests, including the Miss World Pageant.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (February 2012)|
The following are some of the notable events which have marked TVB's history:
- 19 November 1967, Jade broadcast live at 9 am the day of the 14th Macau Grand Prix, for Hong Kong's first live show. At 4 pm, at Ocean Terminal in Tsim Sha Tsui Kai broadcast ceremony, then-Governor David Trench came over helicopter. The General Manager is the first Australian Beynon (Colin Bednall).
- In 1968, TVB broadcast the production of our first TV series "West Side Story Love Day", for the first time using satellite broadcast of the Olympic Games and in 1969 the first man landed on the moon.
- On 18 June 1972, for the first time the use of electronic news gathering equipment, TVB reported Hong Kong's Tsui Ping Road landslide.
- In 1973, TVB organized the first Miss Hong Kong Pageant.
- On 11 July 1976, to the global satellite broadcast for the first time Miss Universe held in Hong Kong campaign, a global audience of more than 500 million people.
- In November 1992, at the Silver Jubilee, TVB held the world's first International Symposium on Chinese television (International Symposium on prospect & challenges in Chinese Television Broadcasting), more than 200 broadcasters around the world, Chinese industry representatives.
- On 14 February 2004, reduction of production departments Variety about 70 jobs, lead to the Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions to help set up the first wireless employees union, also launched on 16 February "Black Operations" expression of dissatisfaction with employers In 23 February meeting held its first labor, reflecting dissatisfaction.
- On 31 December 2007, at 7 pm, TVB launched the official start of digital terrestrial broadcasting services.
- On August 2008, TVB was invited to Beijing Olympic Broadcasting, and was involved in the production of television broadcast Olympic Equestrian Events.
- On 8 November 2008, the first major international beauty pageant production of television programs, held in Macao and called the 48th Miss International, was broadcast on TVB.
TVB dominates most of the television market in Hong Kong, but it is not considered the powerhouse it used to be. It started in 1965 as a competitor to what was then called Rediffusion Television, later become ATV, a cable operator that charged subscription fees for its operation, and the only terrestrial competitor to TVB. One of the first shows launched was Enjoy Yourself Tonight in 1967.
TVB receives praise for its programming from a wide range of demographics, including the middle class, as was the case with its 2004 historical drama series War and Beauty. Its programme line-up features a steady stream of soap operas, variety shows and other populist fare.
TVB has been criticised for signing exclusive contracts with many local celebrities which restrict them from appearing on other local television stations. Hong Kong's Cable T.V. claims it is unfair competition (although Asia Television Ltd, another major television station in Hong Kong, disagrees). In fact, many artists do not have exclusive contracts with TVB and are free to show up in programmes produced by other local television stations or out-sourcing production houses.
The annual TVB Music Awards ceremony is one of the biggest for Cantopop personalities. It is widely rumoured that TVB distributes the awards to those who are obedient to the company's demands, and the Independent Commission Against Corruption has investigated the arrangement of the awards. It ruled that three TVB staff members under scrutiny were not guilty. Afterwards, TVB reformed its music programmes in a bid to reestablish their authority.
On the other hand, TVB was awarded the National Association of Broadcasters's (NAB) International Broadcasting Excellence Award in 2001. The award recognised the company's outstanding contributions to the community through a wide range of charitable programmes and activities. Hong Kong thus becomes the first city in Asia to receive this prestigious award in this area.
In 2005, TVB, in association with the Hong Kong Jockey Club, organised the biggest fund-raising campaign in the company's history in response to South-East Asia's devastating tsunami. It raised over one hundred million Hong Kong dollars to assist those affected.
From 31 March 2008, TVBS-Europe launched their "Multi-channel" package in Europe. It consists of 5 different channels which include the existing TVBS-Europe Channel plus the addition of TVBN, TVB Entertainment News, TVB Classic and TVB Lifestyle.
TVB was originally located on Broadcast Drive in Kowloon Tong, and was neighbours with RTHK and ATV. By the late 1980s, the company had out-grown the facility at Broadcast Drive, and built a new studio complex, named T.V. City, at 220 Clear Water Bay Road in November 1988. The first TVB City was in fact the old Shaw Movie Town complex used by Shaw Brothers since 1958. The old Broadcast Drive headquarters was later converted into apartments. The first TVB City is now used by Celestial Pictures.
To cope with future development and expansion, TVB began planning in 1998 to develop a replacement facility at the Tseung Kwan O Industrial Estate. The new HK$2.2 billion TVB City came into full operation in October 2003. The new headquarters are built on by far the largest piece of land ever leased by the then Hong Kong Industrial Estates Corporation and the first service-providing company in the area. It has a building area of over 110,000 square metres, 30% more than that of the previous facilities at Clear Water Bay. Studio 1 in TVB City, which can seat an audience of six hundred and thirty, is the largest television production studio among commercial television stations in Asia.
TVB broadcasts several news programmes, such as News At 6:30 (Jade) and News At 7:30 (Pearl). It also operates its own news channel, TVBN. (Chinese: TVB新聞台; Cantonese Yale: TVB san man toi) and TVBN2 (Chinese: TVB新聞二台; Cantonese Yale: TVB san man toi), through TVB Network Vision (Chinese: 無綫收費電視; Cantonese Yale: mo sin sau fai din si).
- Sir Run Run Shaw G.B.M. (Non-Executive Chairman)
- Mona Fong (Deputy Chairperson and Managing Director)
- Stephen Chan Chi Wan (General Manager)
- Virginia Lok (Production and Resource Director)
Notable shows from TVB
TVB is a major television programme producer in Hong Kong, and its programmes usually receive greater ratings than offerings from the other local television stations. Many local and international movie actors, including Chow Yun-fat, Tony Leung Chiu-Wai and Stephen Chow, began their careers in TVB shows.
- Enjoy Yourself Tonight (1967–1994), one of the world's longest-running live variety show. Its popularity is comparable to United States's Saturday Night Live.
- The Bund (1980), starring Chow Yun-fat. It is regarded by many[who?] as one of the best TVB dramas due to inspirational storyline and music. The drama was a success throughout Asia, which inspired several serial adaptations, including TVB's own 1996 adaptation (starring Sunny Chan) and a 2007 Mainland China adaptation (starring Huang Xiaoming).
- The Legend of the Condor Heroes (1982), a serial adaptation of Louis Cha's wuxia novel of the same name, starring Felix Wong and Barbara Yung.
- Return of the Condor Heroes (1983), the sequel to Legend of the Condor Heroes, is a serial adaptation of Louis Cha's wuxia novel of the same name, starring Andy Lau and Idy Chan.
- Looking Back in Anger (1989), is a tragic serial drama starring Felix Wong, Deric Wan, and Carina Lau. It remains to be one of the most watched TVB drama to date.
- The Greed of Man (1992), starring Adam Cheng, Sean Lau heavily impacted international stockbrokers, and created the phenomenon known as the Ding Hai effect.
- The File of Justice series (1992–1997) were a popular legal drama series, spanning to five seasons. It is commonly known as the Hong Kong version of America's Law & Order.
- Cold Blood Warm Heart (1995), a popular romantic serial drama starring Adam Cheng, Gallen Lo, Julian Cheung, Nnadia Chan, Louis Koo, Maggie Cheung Ho Yee, Christine Ng and Jessica Hsuan.
- A Kindred Spirit (1995–1999), the second longest-running series in Hong Kong television history.
- Super Trio Series (1995–present), a popular variety game show.
- The Detective Investigation Files series (1995–1999) were a popular crime drama series about detectives in Hong Kong, spanning to three seasons and one spin-off season. Louis Koo and Jessica Hsuan won their first "Best Actor" and "Best Actress" award respectively in 1999 for their roles in the fourth season.
- Journey to the West (1996) was one of the few TVB Jade programmes to be dubbed in English and rebroadcast on TVB Pearl.
- Old Time Buddy (1997), a comedy-drama that satires Hong Kong's filming industry in the 1960s. The drama won "Best Drama" at the annual TVB Anniversary Awards, also yielding Gallen Lo's first win for "Best Actor."
- The Untraceable Evidence series (1997) were a popular crime drama series about forensic science. It is commonly known as the Hong Kong version of America's CSI.
- Secret of the Heart (1998), a popular serial drama famous for its dramatized triangle relationships. It yielded Gallen Lo's second win for "Best Actor", Ada Choi for "Best Actress", and Nick Cheung for "Most Improved Actor."
- The Armed Reaction series (1998–2004) were a popular crime drama series dealing with discrimination women face within the police force. The drama spanned four seasons.
- The Healing Hands series (1998–2005) were a popular medical drama series known for its remarkable medical accuracy. It is commonly known as Hong Kong's version of America's ER. The first season yielded "Best Drama" award in 1998.
- At the Threshold of an Era (1999–2000) is an epic drama featuring a large ensemble cast. It is TVB's second most expensive drama to date.
- War of the Genders (2000), a sitcom starring Carol Cheng and Dayo Wong, is generally considered as TVB's most critically acclaimed sitcom. It held the title as TVB's highest-rated drama (49 viewership points) until the broadcast of Korea's Jewel in the Palace, which broke to 50. It yielded Cheng to win "Best Actress" and Wong to win "My Favorite Male Character."
- Virtues of Harmony (2001–2005) is one of the longest running sitcoms in Hong Kong, yielding two seasons – a historical costume series with a modern-day spin-off.
- A Step into the Past (2001), a serial adaptation of Huang Yi's wuxia novel The Chronicles of Finding Qin, starring Louis Koo. The drama yielded Koo's second win for "Best Actor."
- Golden Faith (2002) a series revolving family and greed of the Ting family. It won Gallen Lo the third Best Actor as Ting Sin Boon and My Top 12 Favourite Television Characters shared with Jessica Hsuan. It also won Myolie Wu's first TVB award with My Favourite Vastly Improved Actress as Ting Sin Yan. The peaking point was 39.
- Square Pegs (2003), a drama serial starring Roger Kwok, depicts the life of a mentally-retarded young man. It yielded Kwok's win for "Best Actor". A modern spin-off drama was released in 2005, which Kwok won the "Best Actor" award again for the second time.
- Triumph in the Skies (2003), cited as one of TVB's best serial dramas, revolves around staff at the Hong Kong International Airport and pilots and air hostesses at the fictional Solar Airways. Starring 'film king' Francis Ng and top line actress Flora Chan, the series is famous for catapulting the careers of Myolie Wu, Ron Ng, Sammul Chan and Bosco Wong.
- The Last Breakthrough (2004), one of TVB's most heart-warming dramas based on an medical organization that goes to Kenya to help the less fortunate.
- War and Beauty (2004), a costume drama serial depicting the lives of four concubines and their psychological torments with each other to strive to the top. It yielded Gigi Lai and Bowie Lam's win for "Best Actress" and "Best Actor" respectively; Sheren Tang for "Best Supporting Actress", Chan Hung-lit for "Best Supporting Actor" and 2004's "Best Drama".
- Heart of Greed (2007), a popular drama serial that achieved the "Best Drama" award of 2007. It yielded Moses Chan's first win for "Best Actor", Louise Lee for "Best Actress", and Louis Yuen for "Best Supporting Actor."
- Moonlight Resonance (2008), the sister production of Heart of Greed. While it was critically less successful than the former, the drama is the highest-rated TVB production ever produced, yielding the "Best Drama" award of 2008. It yielded Ha Yu's first win for "Best Actor", Michelle Yim for "Best Actress," Raymond Lam for "Favourite Male Character"and Tavia Yeung for "Best Supporting Actress".
- E.U. (2009), the third season of The Academy series which were starred Ron Ng and Sammul Chan, was widely popular in part due to Michael Tse's character, Laughing Gor. His character inspired a spin-off film, Turning Point (2009), starring Tse, Anthony Wong, and Francis Ng. Tse was awarded the "Best Supporting Actor" award.
- Rosy Business (2009), award-winning costume drama starring Sheren Tang and Wayne Lai. It yielded Tang the "Best Actress" award, Lai with three awards (Best Actor, My Favorite Male Character, 's Popular Artist), Susan Tse for "Best Supporting Actress", Pierre Ngo for "Most Improved Actor", Producer Lee Tim-shing for "Lifetime Achievement Award" and "Best Drama" award for 2009.
- Beyond the Realm of Conscience (2009), a grand TVB production drama loosely inspired by popular Korean drama [Jewel in the Palace] which was broadcast in Hong Kong in 2009. The Story going with the two friends like sisters who then became enemies, lied in the conflicting around the palace during the latter years of Tang Dynasty. Along with widely acclaimed by critics for its elaborate costumes and gripping plot, the series became the one of highest rating TVB drama, praised the popularity of First Villain role of Tavia Yeung as Yiu Gam Ling. It then led her to win two awards in one night such as "My Favourite Female Character" and "Best Outstanding Performance" for the series.
- No Regrets (2010), which is also known as "Rosy Business 2", is the award-winning sister drama of Rosy Business. This is a drama set in the 1930s that has won many awards from the "TVB Anniversary Awards Gala 2010" including: Wayne Lai and Sheren Tang won "Best Actor" and "Best Actress", for the second year in a row, Evergreen Mak and Fala Chen won "Best Supporting Actor", and "Best Supporting Actress". Raymond Wong won "Most Improved Actor". This is another highly-acclaimed drama produced by Producer Lee Tim Sing.
- When Heaven Burns (2011), a series that was filmed back in 2009, known for being the first TVB series to focus on cannibalism. Many people refuse to accept the topic of cannibalism and not watch it which caused very low ratings, making it the second lowest rating series of 2011. The series was also later banned in Mainland China due to reference to the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989. However, the series was highly praised by those who have seen it including praises for having a fresh topic and the good acting by actors Bowie Lam, Moses Chan and Charmaine Sheh. The series became a very popular topic on the internet.
In 2009, TVB drew criticism on Internet forums when its news department lightly dabbed the issue on 4 June Incident during the 20th Anniversary of the event. This was seen as a deliberate act to gain the favor of the Chinese Central Government, and to make their programming more acceptable by Chinese censors. TVB is also criticised for not reporting news that may harm their own interests, such as the mid-term review of both aTV's and TVB's broadcast licensing.
The standard of TVB's entertainment programmes, from soap operas to game shows, have also been criticised to be of reducing quality. Soap operas reflect less and less of the lives of the average Hong Kong citizen, and game shows are said to resort to the use of bad language and borderline eroticism, wastage of food and resources, and polluting the minds and children and adolescents.
TVB has also been heavily criticised for being a copycat, copying many elements from the more successful shows on TV, sometimes to the extent that they even copy the entire format of a show, such as Hong Kong Today, with which TVB made Focus on Focus, others drama include "Forensic Heroes" was undeniably a copy from American TV "CSI", "Dicey Business" was a copy of "Las Vegas" .
On 11 March 2010, the general manager Stephen Chan Chi Wan and four others were arrested on corruption charges by the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC). TVB confirmed that three of their employees were involved, and that their duties and work had been suspended pending further development. Stephen Chan Chi Wan was charged with corruption in September 2010 with TVB declining to comment on the situation. Stephen Chan and his co-accused were acquitted by a court in September 2011.
Hong Kong Free-to-air
Hong Kong Pay Vision
- TVB Window
- TVB Entertainment News
- TVB Drama 1
- TVB Drama 2
- TVB Classic
- TVB Lifestyle
- TVB Kids
- TVB Lifestyle2
- TVB Mainland News
- TVB PV Info
- TVB Movies
- TVB8 - broadcast in Mandarin
- TVB Xinghe
- TVB DAIFU
- TVB Korea Channel
- Astro Wah Lai Toi (co-owned with Astro)
- Astro On Demand (co-owned with Astro)
- TVB Entertainment
- TVB Vietnam
- Fairchild TV (20% ownership; co-owned with Fairchild Group)
- TVBS (also available TVBS Channel)
- TVBS Joy Channel
- TVBS-Asia (available internationally in Asia and owned by TVBI Company Limited)
- List of Hong Kong companies
- List of Chinese companies
- Asia Television Limited - rival broadcaster
- TVB News
- The company registered on 26 July 1965 C.R. No:0011781（Television Broadcasts Limited）—The Cyber Search Centre of the Integrated Companies Registry Information System
- "Corporate Information". Television Broadcasts Limited. 2006. Retrieved 14 June 2007.
- "Television Broadcasts Limited Provides Hong Kong's One-and-Only Free 24-Hour High Definition Channel". TVB. 12 December 2007. Retrieved 12 December 2007.
- "Picture imperfect". The Standard. Hong Kong. 11 June 2007. Retrieved 6 November 2007.
- "Corporate Info". TVBI Company Limited. 2007. Retrieved 6 November 2007.
- "Stars arrested over 'rigged' awards". BBC. 17 July 2003. Retrieved 6 November 2007.
- "舞影行動終止 何麗全曾國強陳家倫慶清白" (in simplified Chinese). 金羊網. 21/1/2005. Retrieved 11/06/2007.
- "NAB International Broadcasting Excellence Award". National Association of Broadcasters. Retrieved 9 June 2008.[dead link]
- Chinese Channel Home Page
- [ShawMovieTown Shaw Brothers History]
- "Grand Opening of Television Broadcasts Limited's TVB City A Significant Milestone of the Broadcasting and Production Industry in Hong Kong". TVB. 10 December 2003. Retrieved 6 November 2007.
- MAK, Adrian Yau Kee (11 March 2010). "Announcement". Television Broadcasts Limited. Retrieved 12 March 2010.
- "TVB boss cleared in corruption case". RTHK. 2 September 2011. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
- TVB Official Site (Chinese)