List of active rebel groups

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This is a list of active rebel groups around the world whose domains may be subnational, transnational or international. A "rebel group" is defined here as a political group seeking change through armed conflict in opposition to an established government or governments.

Groups which control territory[edit]

The following rebel groups control a certain amount of land or territory. Such control might be temporary, contested or fluctuating within a state of war.

It does not include the governments of stable breakaway states or other states with limited recognition.

Rebel Group Country Conflict Territory Controlled Notes
ShababFlag.svg Al-Shabaab  Somalia War in Somalia (2009–present) Parts of southern Somalia[1] (see Somalia control map)
 Ukraine War in Donbass Parts of Donetsk and Lugansk oblasts in country's east.[2] Recognized as sovereign states by South Ossetia. (See international recognition)
Houthis Logo.png Houthis  Yemen Shia insurgency in Yemen Sa'adah governorate and surrounding areas of northwestern Yemen (See Houthis article)
Kachin Independence Army flag.svg Kachin Independence Army  Burma Kachin conflict Northern Myanmar; parts of Kachin State.[3] Military wing of Kachin Independence Organisation
United Wa State Army flag.png United Wa State Army  Burma Internal conflict in Burma Northeastern Myanmar; Wa Self-Administered Division.[4] Military wing of the United Wa State Party
 Syrian Kurdistan  Syria Syrian Civil War Parts of northern and northeastern Syria (See Syrian Kurdistan, Syrian Kurdistan campaign (2012–present)). Ambiguous relationship with Syrian government
Syrian opposition  Syria Syrian Civil War See Cities and towns during the Syrian Civil War. Various groups not necessarily allied, but difficult to say which group controls which areas.
 Islamic State  Iraq
 Lebanon
 Syria
Iraqi insurgency (2011-present), Syrian Civil War Large parts of northwestern Iraq and eastern Syria.[5] The group also controls Arsal, Lebanon.[6]
Zapatista Army of National Liberation  Mexico Chiapas conflict The Councils of Good Government; parts of Chiapas.[7] Established various de facto autonomous anarchist regions.
Boko Haram  Nigeria Islamist insurgency in Nigeria Towns in northeast Nigeria[8]
Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement-in-Opposition  South Sudan South Sudanese Civil War Territories west of Bentiu, Unity.[9]
Citations required
Iraqi Turkmen Front  Iraq Iraqi insurgency (2011-present) Amirli[citation needed]
Forces Nouvelles de Côte d'Ivoire  Ivory Coast Ivorian Civil War Northern Ivory Coast.[citation needed]
Sudan Revolutionary Front  Sudan Sudan–SRF conflict Parts of South Kordofan state, Blue Nile state, and possibly Darfur.[citation needed]

Other groups[edit]

Other rebel groups are listed by the states within which they operate. Because the above list of rebel groups controlling territory may be incomplete, this list may still contain some groups which do control territory.

International[edit]

Afghanistan[edit]

Algeria[edit]

Angola[edit]

Burma[edit]

Burundi[edit]

Central African Republic[edit]

Central African Republic Séléka

Lord's Resistance Army

Chad[edit]

China[edit]

Further information: Xinjiang conflict
Group Strength
East Turkestan Islamic Movement 1,000

Colombia[edit]

Democratic Republic of the Congo[edit]

Egypt[edit]

Group Strength
Muslim Brotherhood
Anti-Coup Alliance
al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya
Ansar Bait al-Maqdis 1,000[19]

Ethiopia[edit]

France[edit]

Greece[edit]

Haiti[edit]

India[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

Iran[edit]

Iraq[edit]

Group Strength
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant 30,000[31]
Logo of the Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation.png Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation 100,000
Logo of the Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order.png Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order 5,000
IAILogo.png Islamic Army of Iraq 10,000
Free Iraqi Army
Shiism arabic blue.svg Special Groups 7,000
Badr Brigades
Shiism arabic blue.svg Soldiers of Heaven
Shiism arabic blue.svg Mukhtar Army
General Military Council for Iraqi Revolutionaries

Ireland[edit]

See United Kingdom

Italy[edit]


Laos[edit]

Lebanon[edit]

Libya[edit]

Further information: Libyan Civil War of 2014
Group Strength
Shura Council of Benghazi Revolutionaries 6,000
Libya New General National Congress
Libya Zintan Brigade
Brigade 93 300
Toubou Front for the Salvation of Libya

Mali[edit]

Further information: Northern Mali conflict
Group Strength
Azawad National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad 10,000[32]
Ansar Dine 2,000
Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa
al-Qaeda 800
Boko Haram
Ansar al-Sharia (Mali)

Mexico[edit]

Morocco[edit]

Mozambique[edit]

Namibia[edit]

Nigeria[edit]

Group Strength
Boko Haram
Ansaru
Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta 15,000
Niger Delta People's Volunteer Force
Niger Delta Liberation Front 2,500
Niger Delta Vigilante 4,000

Pakistan[edit]

Palestine[edit]

Paraguay[edit]

Group Strength
Paraguayan People's Army

Peru[edit]

Further information: Internal conflict in Peru
Group Strength
Shining Path 4,200

Philippines[edit]

Group Strength
Communist Party of the Philippines
Moro National Liberation Front
Moro Islamic Liberation Front[47]
Sultanate of Sulu
Abu Sayyaf[48] 300
Rajah Sulaiman movement[49][50]
Jemaah Islamiyah
Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters

Russia[edit]

Group Strength
Caucasus Emirate

Rwanda[edit]

Senegal[edit]

Movement of Democratic Forces of Casamance

South Sudan[edit]

Group Strength
Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement-in-Opposition
South Sudan Liberation Movement
Nuer White Army
South Sudan South Sudan Democratic Movement
Lord's Resistance Army 200[51]

Sudan[edit]

Further information: War in Darfur and Sudan–SRF conflict
Group Strength
Sudan Revolutionary Front 60,000
Sudan Liberation and Justice Movement

Syria[edit]

Main coalitions

Group Strength
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant 50,000[52]
Islamic Front 50,000[53]
People's Protection Units Flag.svg People's Protection Units 47,000
Syria Free Syrian Army 40,000
al-Qaeda 15,000
Ajnad al-Sham Islamic Union 15,000
Authenticity and Development Front 13,000
Army of Mujahedeen 8,000
Jabhat al-Akrad 7,000
Muhajirin wa-Ansar Alliance 6,000
Muslim Brotherhood of Syria 6,000
Ansar al-Deen Front 3,000
Syrian Revolutionary Command Council
Euphrates Volcano
Mujahideen Shura Council
Ahl al-Sham
Jaysh al-Sham
Kurdistan Workers' Party
Alwiya al-Furqan
Ghuraba al-Sham of Turkey
Jund al-Sham
Abdullah Azzam Brigade
Fatah al-Islam
Ansar al-Islam
Iraq Free Iraqi Army
Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan
East Turkestan Islamic Movement
Ahrar al-Jazeera
Sutoro
Syriac Military Council
Shammar
Asayish
Kurdistan Democratic Party
Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
Syria Group of the One and Only 300[54]
Syria Nahrwan Al-Sham

Thailand[edit]

Further information: South Thailand insurgency
Group Strength
Pattani United Liberation Organization
National Revolution Front
National Front for the Liberation of Pattani
Jemaah Islamiyah

Turkey[edit]

Uganda[edit]

Ukraine[edit]

Further information: War in Donbass
Group Strength
Federal State of Novorossiya Federal State of Novorossiya 10,000–20,000[56][57][58]
Donbass People's Militia

United Kingdom[edit]

Uzbekistan[edit]

Yemen[edit]

Group Strength
Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula
Houthis 100,000
People's Democratic Republic of Yemen South Yemen Movement

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  3. ^ "Burma attack breaks Kachin truce near China border". BBC. January 20, 2013. Retrieved August 18, 2014. "The rebels are seeking greater autonomy within Burma for ethnic Kachins who have had de facto control over a part of northern Burma for more than 50 years." 
  4. ^ Luke Gerdes (February 8, 2009). "Constructing Terror: How Issues of Construct Validity Undermine the Utility of Terror Databases and Statistical Analyses of Terrorism". All Academic Research. Retrieved August 18, 2014. "The best such example comes from the United Wa State Army (UWSA), an armed ethnic organization that has established de facto control over a portion of Northeastern Burma." 
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  10. ^ Wright 2006, pp. 107–108, 185, 270–271.
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  25. ^ U.S. Court Convicts Khalid Awan for Supporting Khalistan Commando Force
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  43. ^ |url=http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/countries/pakistan/terroristoutfits/Al-Akhtar_Trust.htm
  44. ^ |url=http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/countries/pakistan/terroristoutfits/Rabita_Trust.htm
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  50. ^ Ticking Time Bombs - msnbc.com
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