List of active rebel groups

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This is a list of active rebel groups around the world whose domains may be subnational, transnational or international. A "rebel group" is defined here as a political group seeking change through armed conflict in opposition to an established government or governments.

Groups which control territory[edit]

The following rebel groups control a certain amount of land or territory. Such control might be temporary, contested or fluctuating within a state of war.

It does not include the governments of stable breakaway states or other states with limited recognition.

Rebel Group Country Conflict Territory Controlled Notes
ShababFlag.svg Al-Shabaab  Somalia War in Somalia (2009–present) Parts of southern Somalia (see Somalia control map)
Houthis  Yemen Shia insurgency in Yemen Sa'adah governorate and surrounding areas of northwestern Yemen (See Houthis article)
Kachin Independence Army flag.svg Kachin Independence Army  Burma Kachin conflict Parts of Kachin State and possibly Shan State Military wing of Kachin Independence Organisation
Ala kurdên rojava.svg Kurdish forces in Syria  Syria Syrian Civil War Parts of northern and northeastern Syria (See Syrian Kurdistan, Syrian Kurdistan campaign (2012–present)) Ambiguous relationship with Syrian government
Rebel forces in Syria  Syria Syrian Civil War See Cities and towns during the Syrian Civil War Various groups not necessarily allied, but difficult to say which group controls which areas.
Flag of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant.svg The Islamic State  Iraq Iraqi insurgency (post-U.S. withdrawal) North-western Iraq
Forces Nouvelles de Côte d'Ivoire  Ivory Coast Ivorian Civil War Northern Ivory Coast
Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement-in-Opposition  South Sudan South Sudanese conflict (2013–14) Parts of Jonglei, Unity, and Upper Nile states
Sudan Revolutionary Front  Sudan Sudan–SRF conflict Parts of South Kordofan state, Blue Nile state, and possibly Darfur

Other groups[edit]

Other rebel groups are listed by the states within which they operate. Because the above list of rebel groups controlling territory may be incomplete, this list may still contain some groups which do control territory.







Central African Republic[edit]

Central African Republic Séléka

Lord's Resistance Army



Further information: Xinjiang conflict
Group Strength
East Turkestan Islamic Movement 1,000


Congo, Democratic Republic of the[edit]



Group Strength
Muslim Brotherhood
Anti-Coup Alliance
al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya
Ansar Bait al-Maqdis 1,000[10]









Group Strength
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant 15,000
Logo of the Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation.png Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation 100,000
Logo of the Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order.png Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order 5,000
IAILogo.png Islamic Army of Iraq 10,000
Free Iraqi Army
Shiism arabic blue.svg Special Groups 7,000
Badr Brigades
Shiism arabic blue.svg Soldiers of Heaven
Shiism arabic blue.svg Mukhtar Army
General Military Council for Iraqi Revolutionaries


See United Kingdom







Group Strength
Libya Operation Dignity
Ansar al-Sharia (Benghazi)
Pro-government in Libyan conflict
Libya Shield (Militia)
Zintan Brigade
Brigade 93 300


Further information: Northern Mali conflict
Group Strength
Azawad National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad 10,000[22]
Ansar Dine 2,000
Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa
al-Qaeda 800
Boko Haram
Ansar al-Sharia (Mali)






Group Strength
Boko Haram
Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta 15,000
Niger Delta People's Volunteer Force
Niger Delta Liberation Front 2,500
Niger Delta Vigilante 4,000




Group Strength
Paraguayan People's Army



Group Strength
Communist Party of the Philippines
Moro National Liberation Front
Moro Islamic Liberation Front[38]
Sultanate of Sulu
Abu Sayyaf[39] 300
Rajah Sulaiman movement[40][41]
Jemaah Islamiyah
Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters


Group Strength
Caucasus Emirate



Movement of Democratic Forces of Casamance

South Sudan[edit]

Group Strength
Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement-in-Opposition
South Sudan Liberation Movement
Nuer White Army
South Sudan South Sudan Democratic Movement
Lord's Resistance Army 200[42]


Further information: War in Darfur and Sudan–SRF conflict
Group Strength
Sudan Revolutionary Front 60,000
Sudan Liberation and Justice Movement


Group Strength
Islamic Front 55,000
People's Protection Units Flag.svg People's Protection Units 47,000
Syria Free Syrian Army 40,000
al-Qaeda 15,000
Ajnad al-Sham Islamic Union 15,000
Authenticity and Development Front 13,000
Army of Mujahedeen 8,000
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant 15,000
Jabhat al-Akrad 7,000
Muhajirin wa-Ansar Alliance 6,000
Mujahideen Shura Council
Ahl al-Sham
Jaysh al-Sham
Turkish Ghuraba al-Sham
Jund al-Sham
Abdullah Azzam Brigade
Jaish al-Muhajireen wal-Ansar
Fatah al-Islam
Ansar al-Islam
Iraq Free Iraqi Army
Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan
East Turkestan Islamic Movement
Green Battalion
Harakat Sham al Islam
Sham Legion
Ahrar al-Jazeera
Muslim Brotherhood of Syria
Syriac Military Council


Further information: South Thailand insurgency
Group Strength
Pattani United Liberation Organization
National Revolution Front
National Front for the Liberation of Pattani
Jemaah Islamiyah




Group Strength
Federal State of Novorossiya 20,000[44]
Donbass People's Militia
Don Cossacks

United Kingdom[edit]



Group Strength
Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula
Houthis 100,000
People's Democratic Republic of Yemen South Yemen Movement

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Wright 2006, pp. 107–108, 185, 270–271.
  2. ^ Afghanistan: Skeptics Urge Caution Over Purported Hekmatyar Cease-Fire July 19, 2007
  3. ^ Le : Les zones d'influence talibanes en Afghanistan
  4. ^ Watson, Rob. "Algeria blasts fuel violence fears", BBC News, 04-11-2007. Retrieved 04-22-2007.Jean-Pierre Filiu, "Local and global jihad: Al-Qa'ida in the Islamic Maghrib", The Middle East Journal,Vol.63, spring 2009.
  5. ^ restart Nov. 8, 2010.
  6. ^ from January 1949 to day.
  7. ^ from February 24, 2011 .
  8. ^ Council Decision of 21 December 2005. Official Journal of the European Union. Accessed 2008-07-06
  9. ^ The Government of Colombia states: "All the violent groups in Colombia are terrorists": Presidencia de la Republica de Colombia
  10. ^ Kingsley, Patrick. "Egypt faces new threat in al-Qaeda linked group Ansar Beyt al-Maqdis". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 May 2014. 
  11. ^ Troops die in India Maoist attack, BBC News Online, April 13, 2009
  12. ^ Indictment of John Walker Lindh American Rhetoric February, 2002
  13. ^ [1][2]
  14. ^
  15. ^ "Jaish-e-Mohammad: A profile". BBC News. 2002-02-06. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  16. ^ U.S. Court Convicts Khalid Awan for Supporting Khalistan Commando Force
  17. ^
  18. ^ Kurth Cronin, Audrey; Huda Aden; Adam Frost; Benjamin Jones (February 6, 2004). Foreign Terrorist Organizations (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  19. ^ Students Islamist Movement of India (SIMI)
  20. ^
  21. ^ Elena Pavlova. "From Counter-Society to Counter-State: Jemaah Islamiyah According to Pupji, p. 11." (PDF). The Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies. 
  22. ^ "mages and exclusive testimony of northern Mali: a colonel MNLA reveals its military arsenal". France 24. Retrieved 29 April 2014. 
  23. ^ Tobar, Hector (2007-09-20). "A small guerrilla band is waging war in Mexico". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-05-08. [dead link]
  24. ^ O'Neil, Patrick H.; Fields, Karl; Share, Don (2006), Cases in Comparative Politics (2nd ed.), New York: Norton, ISBN 0-393-92943-4 , pages 376-378
  25. ^ Aoun Sahi and Mark Magnier (October 21, 2013). "Passenger train bombed in Pakistan, at least seven dead". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2013-10-22. 
  26. ^ Bajoria, Jayshree (2008-02-06). "Pakistan’s New Generation of Terrorists". Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved 2009-03-30. 
  27. ^ Rehmat, Kamran (2009-01-27). "Swat: Pakistan's lost paradise". Islamabad: Al Jazeera. Retrieved 2009-02-03. 
  28. ^ "Pakistan's extremists: The slide downhill". The Economist. 2009-04-08. Retrieved 2009-04-19. 
  29. ^ Jayshree Bajoria Pakistan’s New Generation of Terrorists Council on Foreign Relations, February 6, 2008
  30. ^ Alisher Sidikov (July 2, 2003). "Pakistan Blames IMU Militants For Afghan Border Unrest". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  31. ^ South Asia Terrorism Portal.
  32. ^ |url=
  33. ^ |url=
  34. ^ |url=
  35. ^ |url=
  36. ^ "Shining-Path". Accessed January 16, 2008.
  37. ^ Powell, Colin (August 9, 2002). "Designation of a Foreign Terrorist Organization". U.S. State Department. Archived from the original on 2007-03-14. Retrieved 2011-03-03. 
  38. ^ BBC News Online Article:The Philippines' MILF rebels, Last accessed 23 October 2006
  39. ^ "Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG)". MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base. Retrieved September 20, 2006. 
  40. ^ Philippines arrests key militants -
  41. ^ Ticking Time Bombs -
  42. ^ "Uganda to head new military force to hunt for Kony". Hindustan Times. 
  43. ^ James C. McKinley Jr. (April 1, 1996). "Uganda's Christian Rebels Revive War in North". New York Times. Retrieved 2011-03-03. 
  44. ^ "The army of the Lugansk and Donetsk People's Republics has 20,000 fighters - Gubarev". ITAR-TASS. Retrieved 10 July 2014.