List of active separatist movements in North America

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This is a list of currently active separatist movements in North America. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:

  1. They are active movements with living, active members.
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
  3. They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area and do not come from other countries.

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:


Flag of Cascadia.svg British Columbia + Pacific Northwestern US

Flag of Quebec.svg Quebec (Main article: Quebec sovereignty movement)

Inuit Autonomist Movements:

Danish territories[edit]

For other movements in Denmark, see List of active separatist movements in Europe.

Greenland is geographically part of North America, but is politically connected to Europe.

Flag of Greenland.svg Greenland


Flag of the EZLN.svg Zapatista (Chiapas)

(As result of the dialog between the government and the EZLN support base, 5 small and remote regions of the Mexican southernmost state of Chiapas have established semi-autonomous self-governance, ruled under indigenous traditional councils that coexist alongside the official Mexican government, these regions are called Councils of Good Government)


Flag of Miskito - Minahan.svgMosquito

United States and its dependencies[edit]

For movements outside North America, See List of active separatist movements in Oceania.


New Hampshire

    • Proposed State: Free State

Started by a paper written by Jason Soren, the Free State Project is a movement of libertarians who wish to achieve a stateless society in their lifetime. A pledge list of interested parties who agree to move to NH has attracted thousands and has a goal of moving over 20,000 to NH.

Flag of Alaska.svg Alaska

Pine Ridge Flag.svg Lakota Sioux (South Dakota and North Dakota)

Flag of the Confederate States of America (1865).svg The South

Flag of Texas.svg Texas[2]

Flag of the Vermont Republic.svg Vermont

Flag of Cascadia.svg Cascadia (including Washington, Oregon, and the Canadian province of British Columbia)

Flag of Hawaii.svg Hawaii[5]


Flag of Puerto Rico.svg Puerto Rico

French Overseas Departments[edit]

Flag of Martinique.svg Martinique

British overseas territories[edit]

For movements in the United Kingdom and its other dependencies in Europe, see the List of active separatist movements in Europe.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Curiouser and Curiouser". CBS News. 2008-09-02. Retrieved 2009-04-11. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ Vt. Independence Party to meet in Montpelier, WCAX-TV News, September 12, 2012.
  4. ^ Vermont Independence Party convention, Seven Days newspaper, September 2012.
  5. ^ Hawaii is not geographically in the continent of North America, but is politically part of it.