List of active separatist movements in North America
This is a list of currently active separatist movements in North America. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:
- They are active movements with living, active members.
- They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
- They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area and do not come from other countries.
Under each region listed is one or more of the following:
- De facto state: for regions with de facto autonomy from the government
- Proposed state: proposed name for a seceding sovereign state
- Proposed autonomous area: for movements toward greater autonomy for an area but not outright secession
- De facto autonomous government: for governments with de facto autonomous control over a region
- Government-in-exile: for a government based outside of the region in question, with or without control
- Political party (or parties): for political parties involved in a political system to push for autonomy or secession
- Militant organisation(s): for armed organisations (sometimes called terrorist organisations)
- Advocacy group(s): for non-belligerent, non-politically participatory entities
- Ethnic/Ethno-religious/Racial/Regional/Religious (s): for information on what group of people calls for change for each individual movement listed
- regional group: Québécois
- Proposed state: Quebec
- Civil organization: Saint-Jean-Baptiste Society, Mouvement national des Québécois et des Québécoises (MNQ), Rassemblement pour l'indépendance du Québec (RIQ), Les Intellectuels pour la souveraineté (IPSO), Mouvement de libération nationale du Québec (MLNQ), Réseau de Résistance du Québecois (RRQ)
- Labour union: Confédération des syndicats nationaux (CSN), Centrale des syndicats du Québec (CSQ), Fédération des travailleurs du Québec (FTQ), Union des artistes (UDA)
- Political party: Parti Québécois, Bloc Québécois, Québec solidaire, Parti indépendantiste, Option nationale
- Ethnic group: Saskatchewanian Germans
Inuit Autonomist Movements:
Greenland is geographically part of North America, but is politically connected to Europe.
- Ethnic group: Inuit
- Ethnic group: Chiapas Mayas
(As result of the dialog between the government and the EZLN support base, 5 small and remote regions of the Mexican southernmost state of Chiapas have established semi-autonomous self-governance, ruled under indigenous traditional councils that coexist alongside the official Mexican government, these regions are called Councils of Good Government)
United States and its dependencies
- Proposed State: Free State
Started by a paper written by Jason Soren, the Free State Project is a movement of libertarians who wish to achieve a stateless society in their lifetime. A pledge list of interested parties who agree to move to NH has attracted thousands and has a goal of moving over 20,000 to NH.
- Ethnic group: Alaska Natives, Americans (Alaskans)
- Regional group: Americans (Southerners)
- Regional group: Americans (Texans)
- Regional group: Americans (Vermonters)
- Regional group: Americans and Canadians (Pacific Northwesterners)
- Proposed state: Cascadia
- Pressure group: Cascadia Independence Movement
- Ethnic group: Native Hawaiians
- Ethnic group: Puerto Rican
French Overseas Departments
- Ethnic group: Martinican
British overseas territories
- For movements in the United Kingdom and its other dependencies in Europe, see the List of active separatist movements in Europe.
- Anguilla
- Political party: Progressive Labour Party
- Advocacy group: Bermuda Independence Commission
- Political parties: New People's Liberation Movement
- Turks and Caicos Islands
- "Curiouser and Curiouser". CBS News. 2008-09-02. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
- Vt. Independence Party to meet in Montpelier, WCAX-TV News, September 12, 2012.
- Vermont Independence Party convention, Seven Days newspaper, September 2012.
- Hawaii is not geographically in the continent of North America, but is politically part of it.