Makonde language

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Makonde
Chi(ni)makonde
Native to Tanzania, Malawi
Ethnicity Makonde
Native speakers
1.4 million  (2006)[1]
Dialects
Matembwe–Machinga
Mabiha
Latin
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
kde – Makonde, Mabiha
mvw – Machinga
Glottolog mako1251  (Makonde)[2]
mach1265  (Machinga)[3]
P.23,25[4]

Makonde, or Kimakonde, is the language spoken by the Makonde, an ethnic group in southeast Tanzania and northern Mozambique. Makonde is a central Bantu language closely related to Yao. The Matembwe and Mabiha (Maviha) dialects are divergent, and may not be Makonde (Nurse 2003).

Chikungunya, the name of a mosquito-borne viral fever, is derived from the Makonde root verb kungunyala (meaning "that which bends up", "to become contorted," or "to walk bent over") after the disease was first identified on the Makonde plateau.[5] The derivation of the term is generally falsely attributed to Swahili.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Makonde, Mabiha at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Machinga at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Makonde". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Machinga". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  4. ^ Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
  5. ^ Morens DM and Fauci AS. "Chikungunya at the Door — Déjà Vu All Over Again?". New England Journal of Medicine. 
  6. ^ Four cases of acute flaccid paralysis associated with chikungunya virus infection