Mazatlán

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Mazatlán
Coat of arms of Mazatlán
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Pacific Pearl
Mazatlán is located in Mexico
Mazatlán
Mazatlán
Mazatlán in Mexico
Coordinates: 23°13′12″N 106°25′12″W / 23.22000°N 106.42000°W / 23.22000; -106.42000Coordinates: 23°13′12″N 106°25′12″W / 23.22000°N 106.42000°W / 23.22000; -106.42000
Country Mexico
State Sinaloa
Municipality Mazatlán
Settled May 14, 1531
Government
 • Mayor Carlos Felton
Area
 • Municipality 3,068.5 km2 (1,184.75 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 438,434
 • Demonym Mazatleco, Mazatleca
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
Postal code 82000-
Area code(s) 669
Website http://www.mazatlan.gob.mx
View overlooking Centro Histórico (historical center)
Faro Mazatlan

Mazatlán (Spanish pronunciation: [masaˈtɬan] ( )) is a city in the Mexican state of Sinaloa. The city serves as the municipal seat for the surrounding municipio, known as the Mazatlán Municipality. It is located at 23°13′N 106°25′W / 23.217°N 106.417°W / 23.217; -106.417 on the Pacific coast, across from the southernmost tip of the Baja California peninsula.

Mazatlán is a Nahuatl word meaning "place of deer".[1] The city was founded in 1531 by an army of Spaniards and indigenous settlers.[2] By the mid-19th century a large group of immigrants had arrived from Germany. These new citizens developed Mazatlán into a thriving commercial seaport, importing equipment for the nearby gold and silver mines. It served as the capital of Sinaloa from 1859 to 1873. The German settlers also influenced the local music, banda, which is an alteration of Bavarian folk music. The settlers also established the Pacifico Brewery on March 14, 1900.

With a population of 438,434 (city) and 489,987 (municipality) as of the 2010 census, Mazatlán is the second-largest city in the state. It is also a popular tourist destination, with its beaches lined with resort hotels. A car ferry plies its trade across the Gulf of California from Mazatlán to La Paz, Baja California Sur. The municipality has a land area of 3,068.48 km² (1,184.75 sq mi) and includes smaller outlying communities such as Villa Unión, La Noria, El Quelite, El Habal and many other small villages. Mazatlán is served by General Rafael Buelna International Airport.

Etymology[edit]

The name Mazatlán comes from the Nahuatl language and means "place of deer" (mazatl: "deer", tlan: "earth" or "place".)

History[edit]

Mazatlan early settlers[edit]

According to historians, Indigenous groups were in the region of Mazatlan prior to the arrival of the Spanish. These groups included the Totorames, who lived from the south bank of the River Piaxtla, to the Río de las Cañas, as well as the Xiximes, who lived in the mountains in the bordering the state of Durango.

Until the early 19th century, Mazatlán was a collection of huts inhabited by indigenous people whose major occupation was fishing, according to Abel Aubert du Petit-Thouars, a French explorer. In 1829 a Filipino banker named Juan Nepomuceno Machado arrived and established commercial relations with vessels coming to Mazatlán from far off places such as Chile, Peru, the United States, Europe, and Asia Pacific. By 1836 the city had a population of between 4,000 and 5,000.

Foundation of the city, colonial period[edit]

During the early years of the Spanish conquest in Sinaloa, the region currently occupied by the municipality of Mazatlan remained uninhabited. The nearest town was Chametla, which was occupied by the Spanish in 1531, and lent its name to the province, despite being abandoned shortly afterward.

In 1534 the Valley of Mazatlan was divided into 25 Castellanos by an unknown person who did not stay for long. In 1576, Don Hernando de Bazán, Governor and Captain General of Nueva Vizcaya, sent Captain Martin Hernandez with his father, brothers and soldiers to occupy the site of Mazatlan, granting them land and titles in return. The Captain's claims were ratified in the City of Durango in 1639 and endorsed in the same city in 1650.

The entry of Nuño de Guzmán to Sinaloa in 1531, and the appointment of the conquered lands as provinces prompted the internal territorial division in the State. Chametla was occupied by the Spanish and listed as a province spanning from the River to the Rio Cañas Elota to the boundary with the province of Culiacan. Both provinces belonged to the kingdom of New Galicia.

In 1565 the town of Chametla was gradually diminished by ongoing Indian raids. That year, Captain Francisco de Ibarra recovered the territory south of the state, rebuilt Chametla and founded the Villa de San Sebastian (known as Concordia today), and awarded the region to New Vizcaya. The provinces under his jurisdiction included the villages of San Sebastián, Mazatlan and its port, and Charcas Copala Royals and Finance Panuco.

During the last years of the seventeenth century and early eighteenth centuries, the territory within Sinaloa remained unchanged, until, in 1732, the provinces of Sonora and Ostimuri were united, as were the provinces of Sinaloa, Culiacan, and Rosario with San Felipe and Santiago being the principal cities.

In 1749 Sinaloa was divided into five provinces with their mayors and lieutenancy: Maloya, with jurisdiction over Chametla Rosario, San Jose, Copala, with jurisdiction over San Ignacio, Piaxtla and Mazatlán, Culiacán, with jurisdiction over Badiraguato, and Sinaloa that bordered the Rio Mayo.

In 1786, the intendant system was implemented because of the need to establish a provincial government. Arizpe Municipality was formed out of the territories of Sonora and Sinaloa. That year, the first mayor, Garrido Durán subdelagaciones, established eleven, eight of them in Sinaloa Mazatlan being within the sub Copala, later called San Sebastian.

Independent Mexico[edit]

Among the first decrees that the legislature enacted, it has the addition of each of the eleven districts, the name of one of the leading insurgents, corresponds to the Union Villa Mariano Balleza, parish priest Dolores Hidalgo joined the night of September 15, 1810.

In 1813, the Cadiz constitution came into effect. Article 310 of that constitution provided for the installation of local councils in towns that had more than 1,000 inhabitants. In 1814 Fernando VII repealed that constitution but it was later reinstated in 1820, and the first municipalities in Sinaloa were founded.

In the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century, Mazatlán was a native fishing village located north of Cerro de la Aduana. In 1821 it was declared the first port of Mazatlan on Mexico's Pacific coast.

Jurisdictionally, Mazatlan remained dependent on the sub-delegation of San Sebastian, unaffected by the divisions between the states of Sonora and Sinaloa. In 1824 they got together to form the State of West. After the imposition of new internal division of five departments and municipalities divided into parties, Mazatlan was in the department of San Sebastian, which was formed with the parties of its name, San Ignacio and the Rosary, with a limit to the River of Reeds.

In 1830 he decreed the dissolution of the West in two states. The first constitution of the state of Sinaloa, promulgated on December 12, 1831 divided the territory into eleven districts with their respective parties, leaving the district town of La Union separated from Concord and San Ignacio.

According to the French navigator Abel Aubert du Petit-Thouars a Spanish banker named Machado, through his commercial activities, gave impetus to that village to make it in 1836, a village where there lived between four and five thousand people. It then became the largest port on the Mexican Pacific.

Invasions[edit]

Between 1847 and 1848, Mazatlan was invaded and occupied by the U.S. military. Ten years later, in 1859, the port was blockaded by the British warship Amethyst. On November 13, 1864 the French Army and the Imperialist forces took possession of Mazatlan, until they were deported on November 13, 1866 by the forces of General Ramón Corona. After customs officials seized twenty-three ounces of gold to the payer of British warship Chanticleer,the June 18, 1868 he blockaded the port, and its captain, William H. Bridge, threatened to bomb the city on November 22.

The Gold Rush

During the California Gold Rush, Mazatlan, attracted prospective miners from as far away as the United States east coast. Many of them arrived at Mexican ports on the Gulf and then rode for weeks to get to Mazatlan. However, they did not spend much time in Mazatlan before boarding a ship to San Francisco.

Mazatlan Plan

When Félix Zuloaga Tacubaya proclaimed the Plan of ignoring the Constitution of 1857, the garrison of the Plaza de Mazatlán not remained outside this proclamation, and the first of January 1858 proclaimed the Plan of Mazatlan, which seconded Felix Zuloaga.

Mazatlan, Sinaloa capital Until the year 1853 had been the capital Culiacan, Sinaloa state. However, this year the powers were transferred to Mazatlan. On July 22, 1867 the federal government passed a law that forbade the state capitals were at the ports. As a result of this law, the September 20, 1873 the State Legislature decreed that declared capital Culiacan state again.

City Bombing

On the morning of November 13, 1864 the French Navy ships fired twelve cannon shots into the city, causing minor damage to several homes but causing no deaths. The attack stopped when the prefect of the city made known to the invaders that the Mexican Army had left the square and he formally handed them.

On June 26, 1880 Jesus Ramirez former general in command of 400 men stormed the garrison of the square and appropriated Mazatlan. After imposing a compulsory loan traders, had to leave the city when it was bombed again by theDemocraticMexican warship, which during its attack, caused a high number of women and children to be killed or wounded. Of the 24 cannon shots fired, only three hit the headquarters of the sharp and the rest landed on the neighboring houses.

Mazatlán Lighthouse

Mazatlán's famous lighthouse began operating in mid-1879. The maritime signals were manufactured in Paris, France, and consisted of a large oil lamp with mirrors to reflect and enhance light. Because the light was static, from a distance it was often mistaken for a star. It was not until 1905, that the lamp was replaced and incorporated a revolving turntable. At that time period, the Mazatlan lighthouse was considered the highest in the world.

The Mazatlan Times

Mazatlan The Times was a weekly published by the American A. D. Jones The first issue appeared on May 12, 1863. The publisher boasted that his was the only weekly English language not only of Mazatlan and Sinaloa, but throughout Mexico.

Siglo XIX The constitution of 1852 decreed a new internal division in Sinaloa, which reduced it to nine Districts, by deleting the San Ignacio which was annexed to the Cosalá, and Choix which is annexed to El Fuerte, and amending the name of the district Villa de la Union, the port of Mazatlan. That same constitution decrees the headquarters facility policies and councils in each district.

In 1861 political headquarters are deleted and become prefectures, the same year the State Legislature adopted Act on Municipalities. For 1868 the district had five municipalities Mazatlan, one in the central header and the other in Villa Union, Siqueiros, La Noria and The Milkweed.

In 1873, according to the census of the State, the District of Mazatlán 26.298 inhabitants had been reduced to three the number of municipalities: its name, Villa Union and La Noria. Siqueiros had annexed in 1870 to the central hall and the Milkweed for mayor of La Noria.

Porfiriato[edit]

Prefectures in 1880 changed its name and become political directorate subdivided into municipalities and guardhouse.

The growth of towns influenced the subdivisions within districts. Thus, in 1882 the village of El Venadillo is elevated to the category of people. In 1883 Siqueiros with the municipal government and the bend stands a header directorship Siqueros policy, however, the reforms enacted in May 1887, abolishing the mayor of Siqueros being attached to their people for mayor of Mazatlan. A year later, the village of El chilillos stands in town, belonging to the central hall.

Mexican Revolution[edit]

In 1912 the municipalities enact law No.21 as a form of internal division of the State, however it is until 1915 when it abolished by law the political directorate, when erected the first free communes.

With the publication of the decree creating the municipality of Mazatlan, in the official newspaper of April 8, 1915, independent life begins in the region. The Constitution of 1917, culminating in the first constitutional governor, General Ramón F. Iturbe, born in Mazatlan, confirms the sixteen municipalities in which they divided the State, which would be subdivided into receiverships and police stations.

Wonder of Mexico[edit]

In September 2007, Mazatlan was considered one of the 13 Wonders of Mexico made by man.

The city has seen some turbulent times. During the Mexican-American War (1846–48) the U.S. Army took the city and, in order to avoid the shelling of the city, the Mexican army abandoned it. Almost twenty years later, on the morning of November 13, 1864, a French man-of-war fired on the city twelve times but there were no casualties; Mazatlán then became part of the Second Mexican Empire under Maximilian (vestiges of French influence may still be found in the architecture of many buildings in Centro Historico). On November 13, 1866, the Mexican general Ramon Corona expelled the imperialists from Mazatlán.

On June 18, 1868, William H. Bridge, captain of HMS Chanticleer, blockaded the port and threatened to shell the city on June 22. The captain had taken umbrage after local Customs Authorities seized 23 ounces of gold from the paymaster of his ship.

The City of Mazatlán has the dubious distinction of being the second city in the world after Tripoli, Libya, to suffer aerial bombardment (although the local historical display at the plazuela claims that Mazatlán was the first). During the Mexican revolution of 1910–17 General Venustiano Carranza (later president), intent on taking the city of Mazatlán, ordered a biplane to drop a crude bomb of nails and dynamite wrapped in leather on the target of Neveria Hill adjacent to the downtown area of Mazatlán. The crude bomb landed off target on the city streets of Mazatlán, killing two citizens and wounding several others.

During the Gold Rush, fortune hunters from the United States East Coast sailed from New York Harbor and other Atlantic ports to Mexican ports in the Gulf of Mexico. Debarking, the aspiring miners travelled overland for weeks to Mazatlán, where they would embark from the port to arrive in San Francisco in another four to five weeks.

The lighthouse "El Faro"

Mazatlán's lighthouse (El Faro) began to shine by mid-1879. The lamp had been handcrafted in Paris, containing a large oil lamp with mirrors and a Fresnel lens to focus the light. Since the light was static, in the distance it was often mistaken for a star. By 1905 this lamp was converted to a revolving lamp. Today, the 1000 watt bulb can be seen for 30 nautical miles (60 km). Near the lighthouse shore, famous "divers" (called this even by the Spanish speaking inhabitants of Mazatlán) perform daring jumps off high rocks into the Pacific Ocean for tips from onlooking tourists.

Angela Peralta (1845–1883), a Mexican opera diva famed throughout the world, died of yellow fever in Mazatlán shortly after her arrival in the port. Legend has it she sang one last aria from her hotel balcony overlooking the Plazuela Machado. Her memory is held dear by Mazatlécos to this day, and the restored Teatro Angela Peralta by the Plazuela keeps her memory alive.

Mazatlán is also the hometown of Pedro Infante, one of the most popular actors and singers of the golden years of the Cinema of Mexico.

Mazatlán was well regarded by film stars such as John Wayne, Gary Cooper, John Huston, and others of their generation as a sportfishing mecca. The hotels along Olas Altas flourished during the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s supporting this vibrant trade.

In the 1970s, tourism in Old Mazatlán declined as newer venues catering to Western tourists opened on the expanses of beach to the north of the city ("Zona Dorada"). As an example of Mazatlán's tourism expansion, one of the largest timeshare providers in Mexico, Mayan Resorts was founded in 1975 with the inauguration of Paraíso Mazatlán (Mazatlán Paradise). This time also saw the expansion of the Hotel Playa Mazatlán and the construction of many others, a trend that continues to this day.

Next to Infante, Lorena Herrera, one of the most famous actresses and singers in Mexico and Latin America during the final decades of the 20th Century and the first decades of the 21st century, is Mazatlan's most famous native. German-born telenovela star Sabine Moussier, a stablemate of Herrera's—both have been under Televisa contract since the 1990s—also grew up in Mazatlan. Hollywood and Broadway actress Sara Ramirez is also a Mazatlan native.

As the 21st century begins, the Centro Histórico has been rediscovered by newcomers and locals alike, spurring a renaissance of restoration and entrepreneurial endeavors. Once-fine homes that had fallen into literal ruin are being restored to their former glory as family homes and boutique businesses. The city has assisted in upgrading infrastructure, such as better water, sewer and electrical services.

Climate[edit]

The climate regime of the municipality of Mazatlán is transitional Tropical wet and dry (Köppen climate classification Aw),[3] with a marked dry season in the winter; however, as it is at the transition zone with the semi-arid climate to the north (BSh), the dry season is longer and more arid than most areas of similar classification. The wet season (July to September) is short, very rainy, and very humid.

During the 1940–1980 period, the municipality saw an average annual rainfall of 748 mm, a maximum of 215.4 mm in 24 hours, and 90.4 mm in one hour. During this same period, the average rate of evaporation was 2146.80 mm. The prevailing winds are from the northwest at an average speed of 5.0 m per second (18 km/h).

In January 2008, the lowest recorded temperature in Mazatlán thus far during this century occurred at 2 °C,[citation needed] despite the city's location in the Tropic of Cancer.

On February 3, 2011 temperatures were recorded at a minimum of 3 °C and a maximum of 18.6 °C.[4]

Climate data for Mazatlán
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.0
(91.4)
35.7
(96.3)
33.0
(91.4)
38.9
(102)
34.0
(93.2)
39.6
(103.3)
37.0
(98.6)
36.0
(96.8)
39.0
(102.2)
35.4
(95.7)
35.1
(95.2)
31.6
(88.9)
39.6
(103.3)
Average high °C (°F) 25.0
(77)
25.1
(77.2)
25.4
(77.7)
27.2
(81)
29.1
(84.4)
31.3
(88.3)
32.2
(90)
32.4
(90.3)
32.1
(89.8)
31.5
(88.7)
28.9
(84)
26.3
(79.3)
28.9
(84)
Daily mean °C (°F) 19.7
(67.5)
19.7
(67.5)
20.4
(68.7)
22.5
(72.5)
25.0
(77)
27.7
(81.9)
28.7
(83.7)
28.8
(83.8)
28.5
(83.3)
27.3
(81.1)
23.7
(74.7)
21.0
(69.8)
24.4
(75.9)
Average low °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
14.5
(58.1)
15.1
(59.2)
17.3
(63.1)
20.1
(68.2)
24.0
(75.2)
24.9
(76.8)
24.9
(76.8)
24.5
(76.1)
23.1
(73.6)
18.8
(65.8)
16.2
(61.2)
19.8
(67.6)
Record low °C (°F) 7.5
(45.5)
3.0
(37.4)
6.7
(44.1)
7.9
(46.2)
11.1
(52)
13.0
(55.4)
17.5
(63.5)
14.5
(58.1)
13.6
(56.5)
16.6
(61.9)
9.8
(49.6)
7.3
(45.1)
3.0
(37.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 41.9
(1.65)
8.8
(0.346)
2.4
(0.094)
5.2
(0.205)
1.9
(0.075)
20.6
(0.811)
175.8
(6.921)
230.6
(9.079)
174.1
(6.854)
66.5
(2.618)
46.6
(1.835)
25.9
(1.02)
800.2
(31.504)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.3 1.0 0.5 0.6 0.1 2.0 10.2 11.0 10.5 3.5 2.1 2.2 45.9
 % humidity 76 75 77 76 75 75 77 78 80 78 74 74 76
Mean monthly sunshine hours 217.0 226.0 257.3 255.0 297.6 273.0 223.2 232.5 216.0 248.0 243.0 204.6 2,893.2
Source #1: Colegio de Postgraduados (humidity and extremes),[5] Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (precipitation and extremes)[6]
Source #2: Hong Kong Observatory (average high, low, mean and sun)[7]
Average Sea Temperature
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
73 °F

23 °C

72 °F

22 °C

72 °F

22 °C

73 °F

23 °C

77 °F

25 °C

81 °F

27 °C

82 °F

28 °C

84 °F

29 °C

82 °F

28 °C

82 °F

28 °C

81 °F

27 °C

77 °F

25 °C

The temperature of the sea experiences a lot of variations but is always pleasant with lows of 72–75 °F during winter, and highs of 81–84 °F during the summer.[8]

Geography[edit]

The town of Mazatlan is located in the southern portion of the State of Sinaloa, including Meridians 105 ° 56'55 "and 106 ° 37'10" west of the meridian of Greenwich, and between latitude 23 ° 04'25 "and 23 ° 50'22 "north latitude. The height above sea level is 1234m. Its land area totals 3,068.48 square kilometers, i.e. 5.3% of the total area of the State, it ranks as the ninth city in area.

Bordered on the north by the municipality of San Ignacio and the state of Durango, south to the town of Rosario and the Pacific Ocean east to the town of Concord and the west coast of the Pacific Ocean.

Land[edit]

Geomorphology[edit]

The geography is determined by the ramifications of the Sierra Madre Occidental in the region of the coastal plain and northwestern taking the Pacific Ocean, where rise the hills of the Watcher, Punta de Monte Mater Silla orographic this accident before entering the municipality of San Ignacio takes the name of Sierra del Metate, whose characteristic is the formation of Peak Metate.

In the limit of Mazatlan and Concordia runs the Sierra del Metate and Panuco in this county is diverted to penetrate Sierra Madre Occidental in Durango, before leaving some landslides such as the Sierra de San Juan and the friars, being well within orography, the following mountain areas.

Towards the north end of town is the Sierra de los Frailes which extends in a northwesterly direction with elevations ranging from 150 to 1.900 meters above sea level in the northwestern part of the mountain is located in The Milkweed which branches into northwest with elevations of 50–700 meters above sea level in the southeast and north sides, was born on Arroyo de La Noria and some tributaries of the River Milkweed, in the same part of the municipality is located the Sierra de La Noria extending northwest with elevations above sea level between 300 and 500 meters on its western side originates the birth of the Zapote river, north of the territory is located the Sierra de San Marcos that records altitudes between 50 and 700 meters above sea level in the formation of the southeastern and northwestern slopes born Copala stream and some tributaries of the prison.

Geology[edit]

The geological nature of the municipality is based on sedimentary rocks, eastern characteristics of the Republic, thus leading to the outcrop of rock fragments consolidated marine and continental, and volcanic and metamorphic rocks. Mazatlan is generally constituted by tonalites and belonging to the Tertiary monsonitas medium composed of rhyodacite outcrops, rhyolites and ignimbrites with tuffaceous sediments at the base; andesites and early Late Cretaceous felsite, conglomerate, sandstone, tuff, sandy tuff, tobalítica, conglomeratic sandstone, pluvial arches and late Tertiary rhyolitic tuffs, limestone, slate, sandstone and quartzite of coal, gravel and conglomerates that form alluvial fans and slope deposits, rhyolite and rhyodacite tuffs of the same composition, dacite and Lower Tertiary andecita medium; spills ended pirocláticos volcanic andecítica Late Cretaceous; plutonic rocks of basic composition and basic ultra late Paleozoic, Late Cretaceous limestones, conglomerates of igneous and metamorphic ridges, typical of sediments in rivers and streams and sandy sediments, gravel, silt and orange.

Hydrology[edit]

The Milkweed river, Brooks of Zapote, La Noria and Los Cocos are part of the water resources of the municipality in the southwest and southeast side, these currents during the rainy season increase its volume considerably.

The current record Quelite River catchment basin of 835 square kilometers where average annual runoff of 107 million cubic meters with variations ranging from 78 to 163 million cubic meters. This current hydrological passing through the town of Mazatlan touches the towns of El Castillo, Las Juntas, Amapa, Los Naranjos, El Milkweed, Modesto station and recreation among others. After traveling a distance of 100 kilometers from its source discharges into the Pacific Ocean. The streams of El Zapote and Los Cocos, drain in a southeasterly direction and empties into the Rio Presidio at the height of the villages which take their names.

On the southeast side of the mountains of Milkweed born Arroyo de La Noria and on the north side of it, some tributaries of the River Quelite. The stream drains La Noria playing in a southeasterly direction in their course the town of the same name and eventually to the Rio Presidio.

El Zapote stream is formed on the western slope of the Sierra de La Noria and moving in a southwesterly direction, passing touches the people of El Zapote and Recreation, and empties into the Pacific Ocean.

On the northern slope of the Sierra del Salto, near the town of the same name in the state of Durango, was born the Rio Presidio performed in a southeasterly direction a distance of 167 kilometers. Its catchment area is 5.614 square kilometers, with an annual average expenditure of 900 million cubic meters, a maximum of 2.225 and a minimum of 550 million cubic meters. The margin populations are Los Cocos, El Zapote, El Placer, El Tecomate, Copala, El Recodo, Porras, Villa Union, Alley and Alley ostial Rosa.

Coastal areas[edit]

Cliff diver, Mazatlán, Mexico

The coasts of the municipality extend over 80 km and sandy sediments are typical of the beaches in the northwestern flank. At the head of the municipality is a berm classified as sandy sediment, the shoreline is composed of gravel and clusters that form alluvial fans and slope deposits.

In the southwestern end of Lagoon is located Huizache (which occupies an area of 40.0 hectares 4.000 square kilometers) which is influenced by sea through the estuary the Freshwater ostial and a diversion canal that receives water from the Rio Presidio. The shoreline of the town houses three fishing camps which mainly work to catch shrimp and fishing for scale.

Cooperatives are distributed in the estuaries of the Escopama, Salinitas, The Twenty-nine, Estero Urias, Laguna del Huizache.

On March 27, 1964, Friday of Holy Week, at 5:36 am, a strong earthquake shook Prince William Sound, Alaska, causing waves of up to 68 meters. The shock wave spread across the Pacific Ocean and reached Mazatlan a few hours later. That afternoon, a rumor spread that was to become a tidal wave, which the locals called Green Wave. It is also popularly referred to as "tsunami." In response, thousands of Mazatlan and tourists fled in cars, walking or as they could toward the Sierra Madre Occidental[citation needed]. The tsunami wave height at Mazatlan was recorded as 0.3 meters.[9]

Islands[edit]

Most islands are composed of ignimbrites township, rhyolitic tuff and tuffaceous sandstone-colored altered and distorted.

Bird Island is located between the extreme equatorial coordinates of 106 ° 28'34 "to 106 ° 28'55" west longitude and 23 ° 10'00 "23 ° 15'25" north latitude, its area is 0.4 square kilometers, 1.1 kilometers long and a maximum and minimum range of 800 to 650 meters respectively.

Deer Island is located between 106 ° 27'60 "west longitude and 23 ° 14'03" north latitude, the approximate length is 1.850 km and a width that varies between 250 and 700 meters.

Creston Island located on the western edge of the outer harbor of Mazatlan, has a length of 700 meters and a maximum range of 800 meters northwest of the training, about 3 miles away small islands rise from which stand the "Brother of the South", and "Brother of the North" (the first with 46.3 meters in elevation) and Turtle Rock with 1.5 meters above sea level at its highest ridge.

Goat Island is similar in appearance to that of Creston, has a height above sea level of just over 50 meters.

Stone Island is the most important part of the coast of the municipality. At 30 square kilometers and approximately 14.5 kilometers long and 2.5 wide, it is the largest of the islands. The Stone Island is not actually an island; rather it's a peninsula that projects from the vicinity of the airport.

Beaches[edit]

Olas Altas is the most historical reference beach of Mazatlan, is located in the southern part of the city, a few meters from the historic center. At the section of boardwalk that passes through Olas Altas, one can view many monuments, such as The Shield, which contains the coats of Sinaloa and Mazatlan, El Venado, a statue of a deer with reference to the etymology of the name of the city, Monument Pedro Infante, Monument to the Continuity of Life: Women Mazatleca Monument, also is the famous restaurant "Vieux Port".

North Beach is located in the Downtown area. Here one can find the Fisherman's Monument, Monument to the pulmonia and the Pacific Brewery. The second of these relates to the characteristic of this city taxis.

Playa Sabalo is located in the north of the city.

Playa Cerritos is an extension of Playa Sabalo.

Sandy the Dolphin is located north of the tourist area of the city.

Stone Island Beach is located in the southern part of the city.

Panorama of Las Olas Altas Beach

Economy[edit]

Tourism and fishing are Mazatlan's main industries. The city hosts major beach resorts and has the second largest fishing fleet in Mexico. Most of the seafood processed in the city is shrimp and tuna.

By 1864 Mazatlan had three hotels and three restaurants, with more opening in the late-19th century. Today, Mazatlan's twenty-plus miles of beaches are the primary attraction, and the city contains a large number of hotels, restaurants, bars, and shops. The city is also home to a brewery, a coffee factory, and two electric power plants.

Mazatlan's economy has also benefited from activities related to drug dealing, and it has been for many years the home base of drug dealers of the Sinaloa Cartel, including El Chapo Guzman

Mazatlán's Malecón[edit]

Mazatlán's Malecón is the longest in the world, a promenade that skirts the beaches of Mazatlan for nearly twenty-one kilometers. Along it, one can find cliffs, monuments, gazebos, old buildings, hotels, shops, bars, sculpture, street vendors – just about anything one would expect of a booming beach town. It is divided into nine sections: Puntilla "Ferry Pier", Lighthouse, Centennial, Olas Altas, Claussen, Avenida del Mar, Shrimp – Chad, Chad – Cerritos, Cerritos – Nuevo Mazatlan. Sections of Mazatlán's Malecón have recently been refurbished and extended. The Malecon is famous in mexico as it is mentioned in a lot of mexican songs and corridos. A hotel on the malecon named, Hotel Miramar, is where El Chapo Guzman was captured

Carnival[edit]

Each year the city celebrates the Carnival on the same dates as in the rest of the world: forty days before Easter.

History[edit]

In his book The Lieutenant, Gringos Wise makes a brief description of the carnival you had to witness in this port in 1848, during the U.S. invasion. This is the first Carnival of Mazatlan really documented. However, the modern version of this Shrovetide dates back to 1898. For an official history of this holiday see the official website at: Mazatlan Carnival

Politics[edit]

In the town of Mazatlan are two electoral preferences. While the inhabitants of the receiverships, police and other villages in the municipality are traditionally voting for the Institutional Revolutionary Party, in this city can see an electoral alternation phenomenon.

Mazatlan was governed by municipal presidents emerged from the ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party. It was from the municipal elections of 1989 when he won the mayor's office the candidate of the National Action Party, Rice Humberto Garcia (1990–1992). Notwithstanding the Institutional Revolutionary Party regained the municipality when the elections of 1992 won the Mr. Martin Gavica Gardiner (1993–1995). However, for the period 1996–1998 the PAN Alejandro Camacho Mendoza recovered the town for his party, and it kept him in the next period (1999–2001) by Alejandro Higuera Osuna.

In elections for the 2002–2004 period the National Action Party and the Institutional Revolutionary Party candidates were defeated by the candidate of Labour Party, Jorge Alberto Rodríguez Pasos. However, few months after taking oath as mayor, Rodriguez Pasos was deposed by the State Congress to face a domestic violence charge he was accused by his own wife. His place was taken by Gerardo Rosete Ramirez, the same party. Shortly thereafter, in a move seen as a trick of PRI state government, was replaced by Ricardo Ramírez González, member of the Institutional Revolutionary Party.

In elections for the 2005–2007 period new account Alejandro Higuera Osuna PAN occupied the City Hall until June 2007 he resigned to contest elections for local representative, the 12th of that month and year was replaced by Isaac López Arregui.

In elections for the period 2008–2010 the Institutional Revolutionary Party regained the town with its candidate Jorge Abel Lopez Sanchez.

In April 2010 the city of Mazatlan in a situation very <cruzada> policy is greatly influenced both the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) and the National Action Party (PAN), since the last election the mayor which was won by the PRI Jorge Abel Lopez Sanchez, who defeated a former PAN government and dummy (PT), this was the first time that Mazatlan has had a PRI government.

In July 2010 after the election for governor, local deputies and municipal presidents, for the first time in the history of Sinaloa state government was not be governed by the PRI. PAN won the elections to take office on January 1, 2011 with Governor-elect Malov latter PRI just three months ago. Also a historical fact in Mazatlan found the president-elect third occasion the PAN Alejandro Higuera Osuna contending for the nomination for governor with Mario Lopez Valdez (MALOVA), and he withdrew to contend for the nomination for mayor of Mazatlan, also in the form Historico the National Action won all estado. PAN also held the District XIX for the fourth straight time, this time for the second time in the hands of Carlos E. Ing Felton.

Educational institutions[edit]

French explorer Duflot points Mofro that by the 1840s the foreign merchants living in Mazatlan pushed for opening the first public school in the city. Still in 1872 there were only two schools of primary instruction. In 1873 he founded the Liceo Rosales, which over time would become the Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa.

Today in Mazatlan, in addition to preschool, elementary, middle and high school, are based colleges and schools both public and private institutions. Of those the main ones being Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa, the Instituto Tecnológico de Mazatlán, the University of the West, the University of Sinaloa and Nautical School Mazatlán. The National Autonomous University of Mexico, UNAM, has a college of marine sciences in the city. The Center for Food Research and Development, CIAD, has a unit. Those belonging to private initiative stand the campus of Universidad Autónoma de Durango Instituto Tecnologico Superior de Sinaloa and other main tradition in the town.

Culture and contemporary life[edit]

Ángela Peralta Theater's interior, downtown Mazatlán
Ángela Peralta Theater's facade, downtown Mazatlán

Entertainment and performing arts[edit]

Mazatlan is home to the Teatro Angela Peralta, located on the Plazuela Machado. Originally built from 1869 to 1874, the Teatro, completely restored from 1987 to 1992 to its 19th-century splendor, houses a concert hall, galleries, an art school and a highly regarded conservatory of music and dance.

Actress and singer Lorena Herrera was born and raised in Mazatlan, although her German-born Televisa stablemate, actress Sabine Moussier grew up here.

Mazatlan is the most active art, culture and entertainment city on the Mexican pacific coast. Something is going on all year, but the high season, from mid October until mid April, offer more than 100 events, including the third largest carnival in the world. You will find a comprehensive, non-commercial source of information at Mazatlan Life Magazine

Sports[edit]

Baseball is the most popular sport in Mazatlan. The local team, Venados de Mazatlan (Mazatlan Deer), play in the Liga Mexicana del Pacifico. In 2005, Mazatlan hosted the Caribbean Series for the third time, with the Venados winning the competition in front of their local fans.

League Baseball teams from Mazatlan have competed in national and international tournaments.

In 2005, Mazatlán hosted and won the "Serie del Caribe" (Caribbean Series), which is an annual baseball tournament with teams from Mexico, Puerto Rico, Venezuela, and the Dominican Republic.

Transportation[edit]

Airports[edit]

Mazatlan is served by Gral. Rafael Buelna International Airport with flights to Los Angeles, San Francisco, Phoenix, Denver, Houston, Dallas, Minneapolis, Seattle, Mexico City, Guadalajara, La Paz and San Jose del Cabo B.C.S., Tijuana, B.C., Puerto Vallarta, Vancouver, Edmonton and Calgary.

Port of Mazatlan[edit]

Cruise ships embark and disembark passengers at the port. There is also ferry service to La Paz.

Public transportation[edit]

You can ride a pulmonia, a golf cart-like taxi cab around Mazatlan for very few pesos.

Road and rail[edit]

A four-lane tollway links the city and Sinaloa's capital, Culiacán. High-quality, intercity bus lines provide transportation to numerous points throughout Mexico and to the United States.

Miscellany[edit]

  • El Faro de Mazatlan, which sits on top of the hill of Creston, in the extreme southwest of the city for many years has been considered the highest natural lighthouse in the world. But now its 157 meters high are overcome by four lighthouses on the Atlantic: l Lover's Leap in Jamaica has 487 meters. In Trinidad and Tobago there are two lighthouses, that of the Island Chacachacare with 251 meters and the Brigand's Hill with 217. The San Vicente lighthouse island rises to 222 meters.

Images[edit]

Sister Cities[edit]

References[edit]

Sunset at Playa Gaviotas
  1. ^ Ayuntamiento Municipal de Mazatlán]
  2. ^ Benchwick, G & Hecht, J (2009). Puerto Vallarta and Pacific Mexico. Lonely Planet. p. 320. ISBN 1-74104-806-0. 
  3. ^ Wikimedia.org
  4. ^ "Weather History for Mazatlan Airport, Mexico". Weather Underground. Retrieved February 22, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Normales climatológicas para Mazatlan, Sinaloa (1951–1980)" (in Spanish). Colegio de Postgraduados. Retrieved January 12, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Mazatlan Normales climatológicas 1981–2000" (in Spanish). Comision Nacional Del Agua. Retrieved January 12, 2013. 
  7. ^ Climatological Information for Mazatlan, Mexico, accessed March 19, 2012.
  8. ^ Temperature Mazatlan – climate Mazatlan Mexico Pacific Coast – weather Mazatlan
  9. ^ "THE GREAT ALASKAN EARTHQUAKE & TSUNAMIS of 1964". NOAA.gov. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 

Additional sources[edit]

External links[edit]