|Base||Mooresville, North Carolina|
Sprint Cup Series
12. Sam Hornish Jr.
22. Brad Keselowski
48. Brad Keselowski
12. Alliance Truck Parts
22. Discount Tire Company/Hertz
|Debut||1968 Indianapolis 500 (INDYCAR)
1972 Winston Western 500 (NASCAR)
|Drivers' Championships||10: USAC
1: IndyCar Series
1: NASCAR Sprint Cup Series
1: NASCAR Nationwide Series
|Race victories||105 (NASCAR)
Sprint Cup: 756
Nationwide Series: 29
|Pole positions||119 (NASCAR)|
Team Penske (formerly Penske Racing) is a racing team that competes in the IndyCar Series and NASCAR. They also previously competed in road racing and Formula One. Team Penske is a division of Penske Corporation, and is owned and chaired by Roger Penske. The team president is Tim Cindric.
- 1 IndyCar
- 2 NASCAR
- 3 Trans-Am Series
- 4 Can-Am Series
- 5 Endurance racing
- 6 American Le Mans Series
- 7 Formula One
- 8 Penske Racing Museum
- 9 Racing results
- 10 Notes
- 11 External links
Penske has been involved with IndyCar racing since 1968, when they first fielded a stock block-powered Eagle with Mark Donohue. The team first competed at Indianapolis in 1969, and within three years had become the team to beat, winning the race with Donohue in 1972. In 1978, Roger Penske along with Pat Patrick, Dan Gurney, and several other team owners who had been participating in USAC events involving cars known as Champ Cars and IndyCars formed Championship Auto Racing Teams (CART). As of May 1, 2012, Penske Racing has won the Indianapolis 500 15 times, won the Indianapolis 500 pole position 16 times, as well as 163 open wheel IndyCar wins in USAC, CART and IRL, 26 of which are in 500-Mile Races and 12 open wheel championships. Penske Racing has 1327 starts in IndyCar races, 207 pole positions, 66 wins from pole, 42 double wins of which 8 are 1-2-3 finishes from the Pocono race on June 26, 1977 to the race in São Paulo on April 29, 2012.
In 2001, team Penske marked its return to the Indy 500 after a five-year absence due to the open wheel split, after the 1995 PPG IndyCar World Series season. Later, in 2001 Roger Penske announced he would leave CART for the IRL IndyCar Series.
Team Penske currently fields two cars, the #3 Shell Oil Company Dallara/Chevrolet driven by Hélio Castroneves, and the #12 Verizon Wireless Dallara/Chevrolet driven by Will Power. Castroneves has won the Indianapolis 500 three times (2001, 2002 and 2009), as well as other CART and IRL races with Team Penske. Sam Hornish, Jr. is the 2006 Indianapolis 500 winner and the (2001, 2002, and 2006) IndyCar Series Champion, with 16 IndyCar Wins. His 2001 and 2002 championships were with Panther Racing, prior to joining Team Penske.
The open-wheel racing portion of Penske Racing had been based in Reading, Pennsylvania since 1973 with the cars, during the F1 and CART era, being constructed in Poole, Dorset, England as well as being the base for the F1 team. On October 31, 2005 Penske Racing announced after the 2006 IRL season, they would consolidate IRL and NASCAR operations at the team's Mooresville North Carolina facility; with the flooding in Pennsylvania in 2006, the team's operations were moved to Mooresville earlier than expected.
Late in 2005, Team Penske announced primary sponsor Marlboro, which had been a sponsor with Team Penske since the 1989 Indianapolis 500, and primary sponsor of all Team Penske IndyCars since 1991, would not appear on the cars any longer in accordance with the Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement restricting cigarette advertising by name. Since 2007, the IndyCar Series cars have carried "Team Penske" insignia and sponsorship from Mobil 1 (although the cars remain painted in the Marlboro color scheme—in Formula 1 the Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro has a similar set up). For 2009, Cellco Partnership, a joint venture of Verizon and Vodafone, joined Exxon Mobil as associate sponsors, and the team will be billed as Verizon Championship Racing. The third car was driven by Will Power, originally a substitute for Castroneves, carried the #12 and featured primary sponsorship of both Cellco's Verizon Wireless brand and Roger Penske's truck rental business. In 2010, Phillip Morris USA discontinued their relationship with Team Penske, ending a 19-year partnership. The team subsequently changed their livery to black and white (similar to McLaren that have black-silver livery in 1997–2005), reflecting Verizon sponsorship. Team Penske became a three-car team for the first time since 1994, with the addition of a full-time team for Power.
Roger Penske announced a switch to Chevrolet powerplants for the 2012 IndyCar Series season. Once again, Penske would dominate the early portion of the season, winning 4 consecutive races, with Castroneves taking the season opener at St. Petersburg, and Power capturing wins at Barber, Long Beach, and São Paulo. Briscoe would have struggles throughout the season, but managed to find victory lane at Sonoma. However, Power would come up short in the championship after a crash at the season finale. Briscoe left the team after 2012 for other opportunities.
Indianapolis 500 victories
- 1972 Mark Donohue (McLaren/Offenhauser)
- 1979 Rick Mears (Penske/Cosworth)
- 1981 Bobby Unser (Penske/Cosworth)
- 1984 Rick Mears (March/Cosworth)
- 1985 Danny Sullivan (March/Cosworth)
- 1987 Al Unser (March/Cosworth)
- 1988 Rick Mears (Penske/Ilmor-Chevrolet)
- 1991 Rick Mears (Penske/Ilmor-Chevrolet)
- 1993 Emerson Fittipaldi (Penske/Ilmor-Chevrolet)
- 1994 Al Unser, Jr. (Penske/Ilmor-Mercedes-Benz)
- 2001 Hélio Castroneves (Dallara/Ilmor-Oldsmobile)
- 2002 Hélio Castroneves (Dallara/Chevrolet)
- 2003 Gil de Ferran (G-Force/Toyota)
- 2006 Sam Hornish, Jr. (Dallara/Ilmor-Honda)
- 2009 Hélio Castroneves (Dallara/Ilmor-Honda)
1994 PPG IndyCar World Series
Penske's 1994 IndyCar World Series Championship was one of, if not the most dominating performance from a race team in history of American open wheel racing. Roger Penske had found the key to win but also found a way to run from the competition. The new Penske PC-23 chassis with the Ilmor- Indy V8 engine would power the Marlboro Team Penske drivers of Al Unser, Jr., Paul Tracy, and Emerson Fittipaldi. The team racked up 12 wins out of 16 races, collecting 10 poles and 28 podium finishes on their way to the championship. The team also dominated a controversial May at Indianapolis. Marlboro Team Penske debuted a radical new Mercedes-Benz engine at Indy, the 500I. This engine used a provision in the rules intended for stock block pushrod engines such as the V-6 Buick engines that allowed an extra 650 cm³ and 10 inches (4.9 psi/33.8 kPa) of boost. This extra power (at least 900 horsepower, and rumored to be in excess of 1000) allowed the Penskes to run significantly faster, giving them the pole and outside front row on the grid for the 78th Indianapolis 500. Al Unser, Jr. and Emerson Fittipaldi dominated the race, eventually lapping the field with 16 laps to go in the 200 lap race when Emerson made contact with the wall coming out of Turn 4, giving Al Unser, Jr. the lead and win. The only driver who finished on the lead lap was rookie Jacques Villeneuve. This one season gave Marlboro Team Penske the Driver's Championship with Al Unser, Jr., Constructor's Cup with the Penske PC-23, and Manufacturer's Cup with the Ilmor-Indy V8 engine. (Ironically in the 1995 Indy 500 Penske failed to qualify any cars for the race)
Drivers who have raced for Team Penske (USAC/CART/IRL/INDYCAR)
- Mark Donohue (1968–1975)
- David Hobbs (1971)
- Gary Bettenhausen (1972–1974)
- Gordon Johncock (1972)
- Mike Hiss (1972 and 1974)
- Tom Sneva (1975–1978)
- Bobby Allison (1975)
- Mario Andretti (1976–1980)
- Rick Mears (1978–1992)
- Bobby Unser (1979–1981)
- Bill Alsup (1981)
- Kevin Cogan (1982)
- Al Unser (1983–1989)
- Johnny Rutherford (1984) (injury replacement)
- Mike Thackwell (1984) (injury replacement)
- Danny Sullivan (1985–1990)
- Geoff Brabham (1989) (injury replacement)
- Emerson Fittipaldi (1990–1996)
- Paul Tracy (1991–1994, 1996–1997)
- Al Unser, Jr. (1994–1999)
- Jan Magnussen (1996) (injury replacement)
- André Ribeiro (1998)
- Alex Barron (1999, 2003; 2003 as injury replacement)
- Gonzalo Rodriguez (1999) (killed at Laguna Seca Raceway)
- Tarso Marques (1999) (injury replacement)
- Gil de Ferran (2000–2003)
- Hélio Castroneves (2000–present)
- Max Papis (2002) (injury replacement)
- Sam Hornish, Jr. (2004–2007)
- Ryan Briscoe (2008–2012)
- Will Power (2009–present) (legal replacement, 1 race; two other races in #12 in 2009, full–time in 2010)
- AJ Allmendinger (2013)
- Juan Pablo Montoya (2014)
- Note: This does not include Greg Moore, who in mid-1999 signed a contract with Penske Racing to join the team for the 2000 season. Moore was killed in a crash on Lap 10 of the Marlboro 500 at the Auto Club Speedway in the last race of the 1999 season while in his last race for Forsythe Championship Racing. Castroneves, who had been driving for Hogan Racing, which shut down after the 1999 season, was tapped to fill that seat.
Running under the banner of Penske Racing South, Penske made its NASCAR debut in 1972 at Riverside International Raceway. Mark Donohue was driving a factory-sponsored red-white-blue American Motors Matador. It was dubbed the "flying brick" by many noting its squarish aerodynamics. The car finished 39th after rear end problems. The team ran part-time for a few years, fielding cars for several drivers including Donohue, Dave Marcis, Donnie Allison, and Bobby Allison. The team went full-time with Bobby Allison in 1976 with a new, more aerodynamic fastback coupe, finishing 4th in the points. In 1980, the team fielded two races for Rusty Wallace, finishing 2nd in his first race at Atlanta. Penske sold his machinery to the Elliott family in 1977 and got out of NASCAR.
The team didn't run for eleven years, returning in 1991 with Wallace at the wheel again, with Rusty moving his Miller beer dollars to the new team. Early in 2008, Roger Penske and Penske Racing won the 2008 Daytona 500 with Ryan Newman, the first time Penske has won a restrictor plate race, winning with a 1–2 finish.
In 2003, Penske switched from fielding Fords to Dodges. By 2011, however, Penske was the only NASCAR team running Dodges full-time as most of the former Dodge teams had either folded or switched to other brands such as Ford or Toyota. Owner Roger Penske announced on March 1, 2012 that the team would return to Ford in 2013.
In 2012, with Dodge, Brad Keselowski won the Sprint Cup and gave Penske it first Championship in his 25 plus years of involvement in NASCAR.
In 2014, the team changed their name from "Penske Racing" to "Team Penske" to match their IndyCar name.
Car No. 2 history
The #2 team hasn't seen many changes since its debut in the 1991 Daytona 500, where it finished 27th after a crash late in the race. 1989 Winston Cup Champion Rusty Wallace drove the car from 1991–2005, with some form of Miller Beer as primary sponsor of the #2. Wallace moved to Penske from the Blue Max Racing team, which suspended operations after 1990. The team performed impressively in its first go, winning twice and finishing 10th in points. 1992 was just decent for Wallace, with him winning once and finishing 13th in points. That's when things turned around for the Wallace and Penske, winning 25 races over the next 4 years, despite never winning the championship. The team switched from Pontiac to Ford in 1994. The season finale at Atlanta Motor Speedway and the entire 1996 season saw a small change when the popular Miller Genuine Draft paint scheme was replaced with a red, blue and yellow splashed scheme that advertised the Miller brand. After winning 5 races that season, Wallace donned the blue and white colors of Miller Lite in 1997. After winning one race a piece over the next 3 years, Wallace put together 4 wins in 2000, and won 9 Bud Pole Awards, the highest total of his career. 2002 was a disappointment however, as he failed to win a race, marking the first year since 1985 that he did not visit Victory Lane. After that year, the team switched manufacturers from Ford to Dodge. In 2004, Wallace announced the 2005 season would be his last in NASCAR Nextel Cup, citing his son's racing career and wanting to concentrate on his Busch Series team, Rusty Wallace Racing, for the departure. During that season Wallace returned to victory lane for the first time since 2001 at Martinsville, one of his historically strong racetracks. Although he wouldn't return to victory lane during his final season, Wallace qualified for the Chase for the Nextel Cup and finished eighth in series points.
In order to replace the retiring Wallace, Penske tabbed Kurt Busch. However, this caused a problem with Busch's then-current team, Roush Racing, as Busch was still under contract for the 2006 season. The situation was resolved thanks in part to the resolution of another disputed contract with Roush. Jamie McMurray had been signed by Roush to drive their #6 car for the 2006 season but his previous team owner, Chip Ganassi, would not let him drive for Roush. Eventually an agreement was struck where McMurray was released from Ganassi's team to take over Busch's ride at Roush, therefore freeing up Busch to drive the #2 car. He quickly returned the team to victory lane by winning his fifth career race at Bristol, his only win of 2006 as the #2 team finished 16th in the season points. Busch has won six additional races since joining Penske's 2 team, his most recent being the 2010 Coca-Cola 600, and has qualified for the Chase three times with a best placing of 4th in the final standings.
Brad Keselowski and his #12 team moved over to the #2 team, with Nationwide Series crew chief Paul Wolfe replacing Jay Guy. The 2 team with Keselowski and Wolfe initially struggled for the first half of 2011. In an ironic twist, the team's performance started to improve dramatically after Keselowski injured his leg during a testing crash at Road Atlanta. Keselowski and Wolfe grabbed 3 wins at Kansas, Pocono and Bristol, and rallied to make the 2011 Chase field. However, the final 10 races would be an up and down affair for the team, being knocked out of contention after finishing 18th at Phoenix. Nonetheless, Keselowski managed a fifth place finish in the points, a dramatic turnaround from his 2010 performance.
2012 would be better still for the team, as Keselowski posted five wins at Bristol, Talladega, Kentucky, Chicagoland and Dover, with the last two being Keselowski's first Chase wins. He would ultimately win Penske its first Sprint Cup title after a close battle with Jimmie Johnson.
Car No. 12 history
Since 1998, Team Penske has fielded two separate teams bearing car number 12.
The first #12 team for Penske debuted in 1994 at Michigan as the #07 Ford driven by Robby Gordon and owned by German businessman and former Ford executive Michael Kranefuss along with Newman/Haas Racing co-principal Carl Haas. The car started and finished 38th after Gordon crashed on lap 70. After another start with Geoff Brabham at the Brickyard 400, the team— known as Kranefuss-Haas Racing— went full-time in 1995 with John Andretti driving the Kmart/Little Caesars #37 Ford. Andretti won the pole at the Mountain Dew Southern 500 and finished 18th in the points. The team struggled in 1996 and Kranefuss decided to replace Andretti with Jeremy Mayfield in what amounted to a driver swap between Kranefuss-Haas and Cale Yarborough's team as Andretti replaced Mayfield in Yarborough's #98. The team picked up co-sponsorship from Royal Crown Cola for the following season and improved to be 13th in the points in 1997, but it was obvious the team wouldn't succeed if it only fielded one team. At the end of the season Kranefuss and Haas dissolved the partnership and the Kmart sponsorship moved over to Travis Carter's team, which became Haas-Carter Motorsports.
In 1998, Kranefuss and Penske Racing announced a merger, with Mayfield coming aboard to drive the #12 Mobil 1 Ford Taurus as a teammate to Rusty Wallace. The move turned out to be a success, and Mayfield became the next big star. He won the pole at Texas, and at one point in the season, found himself in the points lead. At the Pocono 500 in June, he won his first Winston Cup series race. Mayfield's breakout year in Winston Cup ended with a 7th place finish in the points. Mayfield struggled in 1999, as he did not win and dropped 4 spots in the points. In 2000, he won the Pocono 500 and California 500. Midway through the season, Kranefuss sold his share of the team to Penske. Mayfield then suffered a concussion while practicing for the Brickyard 400. He missed two races recuperating from his injury and finished 24th in points. In 2001, Mayfield posted seven top-10 finishes, but was fired following the race at Kansas. Rusty Wallace's little brother Mike took over, and came close to winning at Phoenix before settling for second place to Jeff Burton. However, Mobil elected to leave the team at the end of the season and the #12 was shut down.
Penske's current #12 team originally began running in the ARCA Re/Max Series in 2000 as the #27 Ford sponsored by Alltel and driven by Ryan Newman. Later in the year, the team made its Winston Cup debut with Newman at Phoenix, finishing 41st due to engine failure. In 2001, now driving the #02 Alltel Ford, Newman split time between ARCA, the NASCAR Busch Series, and the NASCAR Winston Cup Series. He drove in 15 Busch races and won at Michigan. In the Cup Series, he participated in 7 events, and almost won The Winston Open before his engine expired in the closing laps. He put together two top-five finishes, which included a second place finish at Darlington, and a pole in his abbreviated schedule.
Penske brought the #02 team to full-time competition in 2002, with Alltel sponsoring the newly renumbered #12. In his rookie year Newman waged a spirited battle with Jimmie Johnson for NASCAR Rookie of the Year honors. Newman won The Winston, and the fall event at New Hampshire, as well as six poles. Although he didn't win as many races as Johnson (one versus Johnson's three) and finished behind him in the points (sixth place, seven points behind fifth-place Johnson), he finished ahead of Johnson to win Winston Cup Rookie of the Year. After the switch to Dodge in 2003, he won 8 races, 11 poles, and finished 6th in points.
In 2004, Newman won twice, earned 9 pole positions, qualified for the inaugural Chase for the Nextel Cup, and finished seventh in points. Newman finished 2005 with 8 pole positions, but only one win. He qualified for the Chase for the Cup for a second year in a row and ended up sixth in the final standings. He failed to win a race and missed the Chase in both 2006 and 2007. However, he found himself back in the winners circle early in 2008, taking victory in the 50th running of the Daytona 500 (the #2 of Kurt Busch finished second) to open the season and to claim Penske's first Daytona 500 win. After the #12 team won the Daytona 500 in 2008, the team had struggled and Ryan Newman announced during the summer that he would leave and drive the #39 Chevy for Stewart-Haas Racing.
The #12 car lost its sponsor in 2009 as Cellco Partners, a joint venture of Verizon and Vodafone, closed the deal to purchase Alltel in January 2009, thus voiding the terms of the grandfather clause that allowed the #12 car to run with a sponsor that is a direct competitor to that NASCAR series' sponsor. The team announced that they would move the Wireless sponsorship to the IndyCar Series and the NASCAR Nationwide Series and renamed the team to Verizon Championship Racing, a reference to Verizon Wireless' Penske-wide marketing through both its IndyCar and NASCAR sponsorships, complete with its heritage of champions (especially on Vodafone's side, as it was a sponsor of Scuderia Ferrari). Penske hired David Stremme to race the car in a largely unbranded fashion for 2009, but he did not produce results and was fired toward the end of the season. Brad Keselowski, who had recently signed with Penske when he was unable to procure a seat at Hendrick Motorsports, took over the car toward the end of the 2009 season. He then ran the #12 full-time in 2010 with sponsorship from Dodge and AAA.
In 2012, the #12 team returned at the spring Kansas race with Hornish. The team was also meant to run at the October Talladega race with Hornish, but after the following of AJ Allmendinger from the #22, Hornish replaced him full time. Hornish's SKF sponsorship was transferred to the #22 for this race.
In 2013, Hornish again qualified at Kansas, but crashed out of the race in a multi-car wreck. He attempted the fall Talladega race, but after qualifying was rained out, the #12 did not qualify due to having the fewest race attempts of the season.
With Hornish leaving Team Penske, it is anticipated that the part-time team might be taken over by Penske development driver Ryan Blaney in 2014 for limited starts.
Car No. 22 history
Following the 2009 season Bill Davis Racing sold the #22 and its owners points to Penske Racing and transferred them to the #77 and driver Sam Hornish Jr. In the deal Bill Davis became a minority owner in Penske Racing.
In 2011, Kurt Busch and the #2 team changed numbers to #22, with Shell Oil Company and Pennzoil sponsoring. The team will use the #2's owner points from 2010 while the #2 team will use the #12's owner points. The #22 shares the Shell sponsorship with Penske's IndyCar driver Helio Castroneves. The team won two races at Infineon and Dover, but poor finishes during the Chase left Kurt 11th in points. Kurt Busch and Penske Racing agreed to mutually part December 5, 2011.
On December 21, 2011, A.J. Allmendinger was announced as the driver for the 2012 season, moving over from Richard Petty Motorsports. He would team up with newly promoted crew chief Todd Gordon after the departure of Steve Addington to Stewart-Haas Racing. In July 2012, Allmendinger was suspended indefinitely after failing a drug test; Nationwide series driver Sam Hornish, Jr. was named as replacement. On September 4, 2012, Joey Logano was announced to be the driver of the #22 car in 2013.
Car No. 77 history
The #77 car began running in 2004 after Penske merged with Jasper Motorsports. Brendan Gaughan was hired as the driver, with Kodak sponsoring. Gaughan had four top-ten finishes and finished 28th in points in his rookie year. He was immediately replaced by Travis Kvapil, who had two top-tens but finished 33rd in points. The #77 team shut down for the next two years due to a lack of sponsorship. In late 2007, Penske Racing announced that the #77 team would return to racing with Mobil 1 as a sponsor (ExxonMobil had used the brand to sponsor a car numbered 06 for Penske) and that Sam Hornish, Jr., one of Penske's IndyCar series drivers, would switch to NASCAR full-time and drive the car.
The team underwent a points swap with Kurt Busch's #2 car to guarantee Hornish a spot in the first five races while allowing Busch to qualify automatically if necessary with his Past Champion's Provisional starts. The team did the same in 2009 as Bill Davis (formerly of Bill Davis Racing) sold the owner points from his #22 Toyota to Penske and is now a minority partner in the organization and listed owner of the #77 team. Hornish was guaranteed a spot in the first five races. With the departure of Mobil 1 to Stewart Haas Racing, the #77's operations were consolidated with those of the #2 and Hornish was removed from Penske's Cup Series roster.
Penske Racing made their Busch Series debut in 2005, in the #39 Alltel/Mobil Oil Dodge driven by Ryan Newman. He ran only 9 of 25 races, but won 6 times. In 2006, Newman and Kurt Busch shared the ride. Busch won twice and Newman's best finish was 2nd. Hornish began racing the #39 in the last two races of the year, crashing out of both races.
In 2007, the team began running the #12 with Hornish, Busch, and Newman splitting the car. Newman and Busch had a best finish of third. The team returned return on limited basis in 2008 with Hornish driving most of the races early in the season, and Justin Allgaier later in the year.
In 2009, Allgaier drove the car, as the team stepped up to a full-time schedule. Cellco Partners, banned from the Sprint Cup Series under terms of the Viceroy Rule, sponsored the car. Allgaier was involved in a close rookie battle with Michael McDowell and Scott Lagasse Jr., but eventually won the 2009 Rookie of the Year.
For 2010, Penske Racing ran two full-time Nationwide series cars with Verizon and Allgaier returning and Discount Tire and Ruby Tuesday coming on board to sponsor Brad Keselowski in the #22. They continue to use Dodge engines, despite Dodge cutting their Nationwide support.
On November 6, 2010, Brad Keselowski and the #22 Discount Tire/Ruby Tuesday Nationwide team secured the NASCAR Nationwide driver championship by finishing 3rd at Texas Motor Speedway. By holding an insurmountable 465-point lead over Carl Edwards with 2 races left in the season, the #22 team delivered Roger Penske's first NASCAR title of any kind.
For the 2011 season, Penske continued to run the #22 full-time with Brad Keselowski, but the #12 team ran a limited schedule due to Verizon's departure from NASCAR, prompting Allgaier to move to Turner Motorsports. Sam Hornish, Jr. took over the car on a limited basis with Alliance Truck Parts sponsoring his effort. In August, Keselowski suffered a hard crash while testing at Road Atlanta. He was replaced in the #22 by Hornish, Kurt Busch, and Parker Kligerman. Formula 1 Champion Jacques Villeneuve drove the #22 at the road courses while Alex Tagliani drove the #12 in Montreal with sponsorship from Hot Wheels. The #22 team scored five wins with Keselowski and another with Busch at Watkins Glen, while Hornish won his first Nationwide Series race at Phoenix. In 2012, Kligerman, Keselowski, Ryan Blaney, and Villeneuve will split the 22 while Hornish returned to the #12 for the full season. In 2013, A. J. Allmendinger took over the #22, winning the Johnsonville Sausage 200 at Road America and the inaugural race at Mid-Ohio in August. Hornish was a contender for the Nationwide title, but finished second to Austin Dillon in the final points standings, and was subsequently released by Penske.
Penske first fielded a Blue Sunoco 1967 Camaro driven by Mark Donohue in this series designed for Pony cars like the Ford Mustang. Penske entered Camaros won the series championship in 1968 and 1969. Later they  switched to a red/white/blue American Motors backed 1970 AMC Javelin, and later the restyled 1971 AMC Javelin AMX which had an aerodynamic tail spoiler and other features suggested by Donohue. The Javelin took the series championship in 1971, 1972, and 1976. Alongside the Camaros, Penske also entered a Chevrolet Corvair with identical livery.
Penske Racing entered a Lola T70 in the 1966 Can-Am Series for Mark Donohue, resulting in 1 win at Mosport. In 1967, Penske Racing entered two Lolas, one for Mark Donohue and one for George Follmer. 1968 saw Penske switch to a McLaren M6, which had won the series in 1967. Donohue won one race that year in Can-Am at Bridgehampton. With the McLaren domination of the Can-Am, Penske switched back to Lola Cars for his 1969 Can-Am efforts, but only entered the car in one race at Mid-Ohio.
From 1972 to 1974, Penske was Porsche's official partner in the CanAm Series. In late 1971, Penske and Mark Donohue helped to develop the tubocharged version of the Porsche 917. George Follmer won the series in 1972, and Donohue dominated CanAm in 1973 with the ultimate evolution of the 917, the 917/30. The rules were changed for 1974, and Penske raced only once this year.
|This section requires expansion. (June 2008)|
During the 1970 season the competition between the 5-liter sportscars of Porsche and Ferrari turned to the advantage of the Porsche 917. In 1971, Ferrari decided to give up any official effort with the 5-liter Ferrari 512. In order to prepare the 1972 season, the new works prototype Ferrari 312PB was presented and engaged by the factory in several races.
Roger Penske bought a used 512 M chassis that was totally dismantled and rebuilt. The car was specially tuned for long races receiving many unique features, among them were a large rear wing and an aviation inspired quick refueling system. The engine was tuned by CanAm V8 specialist Traco, and was probably able to deliver more than 600 hp (450 kW). As of today it's unknown to what extent Penske's initiative was backed by Ferrari works. This 512M was painted in a blue and yellow livery and was sponsored by Sunoco and the Californian Ferrari dealer Kirk F. White. The car made the pole position for the 1971 24 Hours of Daytona and finished second despite an accident. For the 12 Hours of Sebring the "Sunoco" made the pole again but finished the race at the sixth position after making contact with Pedro Rodrigez's 917. Despite this misfortune the car had proved to be a serious opponent for the 917. Not only this car was the fastest on track in Daytona and Sebring but it was also the car that had the shortest refueling time.
The presence of the 512 M "Sunoco" forced Porsche to pursue his effort of research and development on the 917: The 917K short tail was modified, and the 917 LH aerodynamics received further improvements. New Magnesium chassis were developed. An entirely new car, the 917/20 was built as test-bed for future CanAm parts and aerodynamic "low-drag" concepts.
In Le Mans the "Sunoco" Ferrari was unable to break the 200 mph (320 km/h) barrier on the straight while the Porsche 917 LH were lightning quick at speeds of over 240 mph (380 km/h). Mark Donohue qualified fourth anyway, which was obviously the result of an aerodynamic configuration that favored downforce over drag, which helped in the twistier sections. The car did not have much luck in the race though.
American Le Mans Series
In April 2005, it was announced that Porsche would build an Automobile Club de l'Ouest (ACO) sanctioned LMP2 Class Prototype that would be entered by Penske Racing in the American Le Mans Series. The Porsche RS Spyder made its successful debut at the ALMS season final race at Mazda Raceway Laguna Seca. The "Porsche Junioren" factory drivers Sascha Maassen and Lucas Luhr finished 1st in LMP2 Class and 5th Overall in the 4 Hour Endurance Race.
In 2006, Penske Motorsports fielded two LMP2 Porsche RS Spyder in the American Le Mans Series, but did not run the 2006 24 Hours of Le Mans in June. The Penske cars combined to win seven class victories and the overall win at Mid-Ohio. Penske Racing won the LMP2 team championship. Drivers Sascha Maassen and Lucas Luhr tied for first place in the driver's championship, while Timo Bernhard finished fifth, Romain Dumas finished sixth, and Emmanuel Collard finished tenth.
2006 Team Lineup:
- LMP2 Porsche RS Spyder #6: Sascha Maassen, Lucas Luhr (plus Emmanuel Collard in Long Distance events)
- LMP2 Porsche RS Spyder #7: Timo Bernhard, Romain Dumas (plus Patrick Long in Long Distance events)
In 2007, Penske Motorsports fielded two LMP2 Porsche RS Spyder Evo in the American Le Mans Series. Penske Motorsports for 2nd year in row did not compete in 2007 24 Hours of Le Mans in June. Penske's two cars combined for eleven class victories and eight overall victories during the twelve race season. Penske won the LMP2 team championship, and team drivers Romain Dumas and Timo Bernhard finished tied for first in the LMP2 driver's championship, while Sascha Maassen and Ryan Briscoe tied for third place.
2008 Team Lineup:
- LMP2 Porsche RS Spyder #6: Sascha Maassen, Patrick Long
- LMP2 Porsche RS Spyder #7: Romain Dumas, Timo Bernhard (plus Emmanuel Collard in long distance events)
In 2009, the #6 and #7 ALMS teams were used for Penske's #12 Indycar, driven by Will Power in 5 races. The team announced in late 2009 that the ALMS teams would be dissolved and turned into the new #12 Verizon sponsored Indycar for Will Power to run full-time in 2010.
Penske entered the Formula One World Championship from 1974 to 1976. Although the cars were built at the British base in Poole, the team held an American licence. In 1971, Penske had sponsored the second McLaren entry in the 1971 Canadian and US GP, entering Mark Donohue, who took the car to a podium finish. The team returned three years later, in the 1974 Canadian GP, with their own chassis, the PC1, a standard tub built around a Cosworth DFV engine and a Hewland gearbox. Donohue took the car to 12th place on its debut. In 1975, Roger Penske mounted a full season attack with the PC1, Donohue managing to score a fifth place in the Swedish GP. However, the car was retired after the French GP and Penske entered a March 751 for the next three races, scoring another fifth in the British GP. However, Donohue crashed the car in the Austrian GP at Zeltweg and later died from his injuries. Penske missed the Italian race, returning only for the US GP, abandoning the March 751 in favor of the PC1 with Northern Irish driver John Watson.
For 1976, Penske signed a sponsorship deal with Citibank and entered a brand new PC3 for Watson. In spite of a fifth place scored at the South African GP at Kyalami, the PC3 was evolved into the PC4, which was much more competitive, allowing Watson to score two podiums in France and Britain. Then, in the Austrian Grand Prix, the team scored their only F1 win, "forcing" John Watson to shave his trademark beard. So far this has been the last time an American constructor won a F1 race. Still, Roger Penske was tired of Europe and at the end of the year decided to concentrate solely on Indycar racing, selling the remains of his European operations to Günther Schmidt of Germany.
For 1977, the car was entered by Schmidt's ATS Wheels business, painted in yellow. The ATS-Penske PC4 debuted in the 1977 United States Grand Prix West with Jean-Pierre Jarier at the wheel, where the Frenchman scored the team's single point of the season. A second PC4 was eventually entered for Hans Heyer and Hans Binder but the team's fortunes sunk and Schmidt quit after the Italian GP, before returning in 1978 with his own chassis. A third PC4 was built by Penske for Interscope Racing, who entered the car in the United States and Canadian Grands Prix, driven by American Danny Ongais with no results.
In 1979 Penske designed and built the HR100 for wealthy Mexican 'gentleman driver' Héctor Rebaque. The car was entered for the final three races of the season, but either failed to qualify or to finish in each case.
Penske Racing Museum
Opened in 2002, the Penske Racing Museum in Scottsdale, Arizona, is located within a complex of Penske Automotive Group car dealerships at the Scottsdale 101 Auto Collection. The two-story, 9,000-square-foot (840 m2) museum houses approximately 20 historically significant Penske Racing cars, along with trophies, artwork, engines and other memorabilia dating from Penske Racing's earliest origins up to the present day. Displays are rotated on a regular basis, but the museum focuses primarily on the team's successes in the Indy 500 and NASCAR, with lesser emphasis on F1 and sports car racing.
CART FedEx Championship Series results
(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position)
|Al Unser Jr.||27||27||4||3||7||18||20||8||25||4||20||20||22||7||5||11||22|
|Al Unser Jr.||22||2||29||15||16||19||3||24||5||17||17||22||6||27||5||6||7||22||27|
|Al Unser, Jr.||26||24||12||12||19||16||5||9||9||13||15||25||25||25||Wth||15||22||7|
|Gil de Ferran||6||7||17||9||1||12||9||1||14||6||18||3||2||25||5||2||8||3||23||3|
|Gil de Ferran||2||3||23||13||7||6||13||4||14||24||3||2||5||2||8||1||1||3||4||6|
Complete IndyCar results
|Gil de Ferran||24||2|
|Gil de Ferran||2||2||4||3||10||16||1||2||5||2||5||21||1||23|
|Gil de Ferran||2||14||1||8||3||3||3||1||7||3||9||4||12||15||1|
|Sam Hornish, Jr.||1||15||19||26||4||11||8||2||3||4||14||18||11||6||4||17|
|Sam Hornish, Jr.||2||1||15||7||23||2||18||12||2||1||5||7||2||17||3||7||5|
|Sam Hornish, Jr.||3||8||4||1||12||4||1||1||14||2||19||1||9||3|
|Sam Hornish, Jr.||3||7||5||6||4||9||1||14||15||2||4||14||9||18||5||12||3|
|A. J. Allmendinger||19||23||7||25||25||16|
Complete Formula One World Championship results
Penske Racing results
|1974||Penske PC1||Ford V8||G||ARG||BRA||RSA||ESP||BEL||MON||SWE||NED||FRA||GBR||GER||AUT||ITA||CAN||USA||0||NC|
Results of other Penske cars
|F&S Properties||Penske PC3||Ford V8||G||Boy Hayje||Ret|
|ATS Racing Team||Penske PC4||Ford V8||G||Jean-Pierre Jarier||6||DNQ||11||11||8||Ret||9||Ret||14||Ret||Ret|
|Interscope Racing||Penske PC4||Ford V8||G||Danny Ongais||Ret||7|
- "Motorsports Hall of Fame of America and Museum:Roger Penske". Mshf.com. 2011-12-15. Retrieved 2012-08-13.
- "http://www.walkerracing.com/team/walker.php". Grandprix.com. 2007-03-10. Retrieved 2012-08-13.
- Cavin, Curt. "Motor Sports | Indianapolis Star". indystar.com. Retrieved 2012-08-13.
- "Chevy, Penske explain new partnership". Racer.com. 2010-11-12. Retrieved 2012-08-13.
- "Montoya going back to IndyCar". Fox Sports. 2013-09-16. Retrieved 2013-09-17.
- "Bill's Driving 'em Bananas". CNN. July 22, 1985.
- Joe Menzer, NASCAR.COM (2012-08-07). "Dodge pulling out of NASCAR at season's end - Aug 07, 2012". Nascar.Com. Retrieved 2012-08-13.
- Owens, Jeff (January 9, 2014). "Penske changes name of team to Team Penske". Sporting News. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
- Siano, Joseph (January 2, 1994). "AUTO RACING; Hey, Rusty Wallace and Roger Penske, Have You Driven a Ford Lately?". The New York Times.
- "Talladega Qualifying and Starting Lineup". Jayski's Silly Season Site. Retrieved December 7, 2013.
- "Penske Racing, Kurt Busch Mutually Agree to Separation". Penske Racing. Retrieved December 5, 2011.
- "Allmendinger to Drive Shell-Pennzoil Dodge in 2012". Penske Racing. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
- Gelston, Dan. "NASCAR: Penske dumps Allmendinger after drug test » Sports » Goshen News, Goshen, IN". Goshennews.com. Retrieved 2012-08-13.
- Report: Cellco Partners to sponsor #12 NNS car for Allgaier[dead link]
- Long, Mark (November 17, 2013). "Roger Penske says maybe he started Sam Hornish Jr.'s career going 'backwards'". Autoweek. Retrieved November 19, 2013.
-  javelinamx.com
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