Stoney language

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Stoney
Alberta Assiniboine
Nakoda
Native to Canada
Ethnicity Nakota: Stoney
Native speakers
3,200  (2011)[1]
Siouan
Language codes
ISO 639-3 sto
Glottolog ston1242[2]
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The location of Stoney / Nakoda

Stoney, also called Nakoda or Alberta Assiniboine, is a Dakotan Siouan language of the Northern Plains, spoken by two thousand[citation needed] people in Alberta. It is closely related to and shares distinctive features with Assiniboine, though it is hardly more intelligible with it than it is with Dakota Sioux.


Phonology[edit]

Vowels Nasal Vowels Consonants
a ã b
e ĩ
i ũ d
o g
u h
kh
m
n
ph
θ ~ s
s ~
th
w
j
ð~ z
z~ʒ

Word Set (includes numbers)[edit]

  • One — Wazhi
  • Two — Nûm
  • Three — Yamnî
  • Four — Ktusa
  • Five — Zaptâ
  • Man — Wîca
  • Woman — Wîyâ
  • Sun — Wa
  • Moon — Hâwi
  • Water — Mini

Phonetic differences from other Dakotan languages[edit]

The following table shows some of the main phonetic differences between the two Nakota languages (Stoney and Assiniboine) and the three dialects (Lakota, Yankton-Yanktonai and Santee-Sisseton) of the Sioux language, which is closely related to, but no longer mutually intelligible with either Stoney or Assiniboine.[3][4]

Sioux Assiniboine Stoney
Lakota Western Dakota Eastern Dakota gloss
Yanktonai Yankton Sisseton Santee
Lakȟóta Dakȟóta Dakhóta Nakhóta Nakhóda self-designation
lowáŋ dowáŋ dowáŋ nowáŋ to sing
assertion
čísčila čísčina čístina čúsina čúsin small
hokšíla hokšína hokšína hokšída hokšína hokšín boy
gnayáŋ gnayáŋ knayáŋ hnayáŋ knayáŋ hna to deceive
glépa gdépa kdépa hdépa knépa hnéba to vomit
kigná kigná kikná kihná kikná gihná to soothe
slayá sdayá sdayá snayá snayá to grease
wičháša wičháša wičhášta wičhášta wičhá man
kibléza kibdéza kibdéza kimnéza gimnéza to sober up
yatkáŋ yatkáŋ yatkáŋ yatkáŋ yatkáŋ to drink
žé žé that

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stoney at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Stoney". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Ullrich, Jan (2008). New Lakota Dictionary (Incorporating the Dakota Dialects of Yankton-Yanktonai and Santee-Sisseton). Lakota Language Consortium. p. 4. ISBN 0-9761082-9-1.  To be precise, Ullrich states that Stoney "is completely unintelligible to Lakota and Dakota speakers", while Assiniboine is not comprehensible to them, "unless they have been exposed to it extensively" (p. 2).
  4. ^ Parks, D. R.; DeMallie, R. J. (1992). "Sioux, Assiniboine, and Stoney Dialects: a Classification". Anthropological Linguistics 34 (1-4). 

External links[edit]