A Nirgrantha (Sanskrit: निर्ग्रन्थ nirgrantha, Pali: निगंठ nigaṇṭha "free from all ties"[Note 1]) is a term that specifically refers to Jains in religious and philosophical works from the Indian religions. Mahavira (family name Jain Prakrit: Ṇāyaputtē), the most recent Jain tirthankara is referred to as the Nigaṇṭha Nātaputta in the Pāli Tipiṭaka.a person who has attained kevalya can be a nirgrantha. kevalya is the divine knowledge according to jain literature and is attained after harsh meditation and removal of all evils from the mind.
The Jain Agamas also contain explicit use of this term aside from referencing Mahavira: The Ten Lectures on the Religious Profession of a Layman describe Ananda, a disciple of Mahavira, stating, "Venerable sir, I believe in the doctrine of the Nigaṇṭhas; I am convinced of the Nigaṇṭha doctrine."
- ^ The base of the word is grantha, meaning "tie/knot" literally and also "wealth/property".
- ^ Jaini, Padmanabh S. (1979). The Jaina Path of Purification. Los Angeles: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-03459-7., page 9.
- ^ Jaini, Padmanabh S. (1979). The Jaina Path of Purification. Los Angeles: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-03459-7., page 234.