Vallabhsuri

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Acharya Vijay Vallabh Suri
Acharya Vijayavallabhasuri.jpg
Name (official) Acharya Vijay Vallabh Suri
Personal Information
Birth name Chhagan
Born (1870-10-26)October 26, 1870
Vadodara, Gujarat
Died 22 September 1954(1954-09-22) (aged 83)
Byculla, Mumbai
Parents Deepchand, Icchabai
Initiation
New name given Vallabhvijay
Initiated by Vijayanandsuri (Atmaram)
Initiated on 5 May 1887
After Initiation
Rank Acharya
Succeeded by Samudra Suri

Acharya Vijay Vallabh Suri was a Jain monk. He is also known as Punjab Kesari. He was a disciple of Vijayanandsuri. He worked for religious as well as social life of people. He worked actively in Punjab.[1]

Early life[edit]

He was born on 26 October 1870 ( Second day of bright half of Kartik month, Vikram Samvat 1927) at Vadodara, Gujarat. He was named Chhagan.[1] His parents Deepchand and Ichhabai died in his early years.

Ascetic life[edit]

He met Vijayanandsuri at Janiseri Jain Upashray, Vadodara.[citation needed] At age of 17 years, he was initiated as a Jain monk Muni Vallabhvijay on 5 May 1887 (Jayesth Vad 9, Vikram Samvat 1944) by Vijayanandsuri and became disciple of Muni Harshvijay. In Vikram Samvat 1981, he was conferred the title of Acharya on Magshirsh Sudi 5 by Sumtivijay at Lahore. He was also conferred with title of Pattadhar by Jain sangha.

Vallabhsuri was in Gujranwala for Chaturmas in 1947. Due to partition of India, Gujaranwala fell in Pakistan. There was a widespread communal violence across both nations. He denied travel by plane arranged by Government of India as Jain monks do not use vehicles. He travelled by foot along with other Jains of Gujaranwala and entered India via Wagah Border unharmed.

Later life[edit]

Throughout his life, Acharya Vallabh Suriji placed emphasis on education and inspired Jains to build more educational institutions. He founded Mahavir Jain Vidyalaya (at Mumbai, Vadodara, Pune), parshwanath umed mahavidyalaya (at falna Aatmanand Jain College (at Ambala, Malerkotla), Aatmanand Jain High School (Ludhiana, Ambala, Malerkotla, Bagwada, Hoshiarpur, Jandiala Guru) and other educational institutes.[1] He wrote some books and religious texts in Hindi, Gujarati, Punjabi Languages. He also established Atmanand Jain Sabha. He supported Mahatma Gandhi's non-violence movement for freedom of India.[2]

His major part of life is compiled in ADARSH JEEVAN written by ACHARYA SAMUDRA SURI JI

Death[edit]

He died on 22 September 1954 ( Asoj Vadi 11, Vikram Samvat 2011), Tuesday at 2:32 am in Byculla, Mumbai.[1] A memorial dedicated to him was built there later.

Legacy[edit]

His disciples are now a part of Atam - Vallabh Samudai, an ascetic grouping. Their leader is known as Pattadhar. Successors of it in chronological order are:

  1. Jainacharya Vijayanand Suri - popularly known as Guru Atam
  2. Jainacharya Vijay Vallabh Suri
  3. Jain Acharya Vijay Samudra Suri
  4. Jain Acharya Vijay Indradinn Suri
  5. Jain Acharya Vijay Ratnakar Suri

Recognition[edit]

  • A Smadhi Mandir has been built in Byculla, Mumbai at the spot where his last rites were performed. The Smadhi Mandir is an emotional memorial for Jains who visit in large numbers throughout the year. Similar Smadhi Mandirs are built in many cities of India by the indebted Jain Samaj in his fond memory.
  • Vijay Vallabh Smarak - built and managed by Shri Atma Vallabh Jain Smarak Shikshan Nidhi, a Memorial in Delhi was erected to honour him.[2] Vijay Vallabh Smarak is a multifaceted memorial where a Jain Temple, Guru Mandir, Smadhi Mandir of Mahattra Sadhwi Mrigawati Ji, Bhogilal Lehar Chand Institute of Indology, Dev- Devi Mandir, Jain Bharati Mrigawati School, Homeopathic Dispensary, Upashrayas for Monks and Nuns, Guest House for Scholars and devotees,modern Bhojanshala have been constructed.
  • More than 150 idols of Guru Vallabh have been installed in various temples across the length and breadth of the nation.
  • India Post issued a postage stamp of Vallabhsuri on 21 February 2009 due to efforts of Vijay nityanand suri, which depicted his image along with Vijay Vallabh Smarak as a background image.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Acharya Vijay Vallabh Suri". herenow4u.com. Retrieved 28 December 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Titze, Kurt (1998). Jainism: A Pictorial Guide to the Religion of Non-Violence. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. p. 136. ISBN 9788120815346. Retrieved 28 December 2012. 

References[edit]

  • Jainism: The World of Conquerors By Natubhai Shah, 1998 Sussex Academic Press

External links[edit]