Oti language

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Not to be confused with Xavante language. ‹See Tfd›
Oti
Chavante
Native to Brazil
Region State of São Paulo
Extinct Beginning of the 20th century
Language codes
ISO 639-3 oti
Glottolog otii1244[1]

The Otí language, also known as Chavante or Euchavante, is a language isolate once spoken in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, between the Peixe and Pardo rivers.[2] The language went extinct at the beginning of the 20th century, and the last ethnic Oti died in 1988.[3] Only a few word lists are preserved.[4]

Greenberg classified Oti as a Macro-Ge language, but he provided almost no supporting data and has not been followed by other researchers.[5]

History[edit]

The Oti were largely exterminated in the late 19th century out of fear that they were Kaingang.[6] Nimuendajú estimated that there were some 50 Oti in 1890.[7] By 1903, there were only 8, divided between two locations, one a few kilometers east of Indiana and east of Presidente Prudente, between the Peixe and Paranapanema rivers, and one in Platina, some 50 km northwest of Ourinhos. The traditional Oti lands up to 1870 had been located between these two places.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Oti". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  2. ^ Lyle Campbell, 1997. American Indian Languages: The Historical Linguistics of Native America. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195094271
  3. ^ CEDI 1991. Oti-Xavante. CEDI 1991: 580–581.
  4. ^ Glottolog
  5. ^ Aryon Rodrigues, "Macro-Jê", in RMW Dixon, 1999, The Amazonian Languages
  6. ^ Ute Ritz-Deutch, 2008. Alberto Vojtech Fric, the German Diaspora, and Indian Protection in Southern Brazil, 1900–1920
  7. ^ Nimuendajú, Curt 1942. The Šerente. Los Angeles.
  8. ^ Fabre (2009)

External links[edit]

  • Alain Fabre, 2009, Diccionario etnolingüístico y guía bibliográfica de los pueblos indígenas sudamericanos: Oti