Papyrus 47

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New Testament manuscripts
Papyrus \mathfrak{P}47
Papyrus 47 Rev 13,16-14.4.jpg
Text Book of Revelation 9:10-17:2 †
Date 3rd century
Script Greek
Found Egypt
Now at Chester Beatty Library
Cite F. G. Kenyon, The Chester Beatty Biblical Papyri III, (London, 1934).
Type Alexandrian text-type
Category I
Note close to Sinaiticus, 0308

Papyrus 47 (Gregory-Aland), signed by \mathfrak{P}47, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Book of Revelation, it contains Rev. 9:10-11:3; 11:5-16:15; 16:17-17:2. The manuscript paleographically has been assigned to the 3rd century. It gives the number of the beast as "666" (as opposed to 616).[1]

The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type. Aland ascribed it as a Normal text, and placed it in Category I.[2] The text of this manuscript is closest to Codex Sinaiticus, and they are witnesses for one of early textual types of the Book of Revelation.[3] Another type is represented by manuscripts Papyrus 115, Codex Alexandrinus, and Codex Ephraemi.

It is currently housed at the Chester Beatty Library (Inv. 14. 1. 527) in Dublin.[2][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Beacon Bible Commentary: Hebrews-Revelation (1969), p. 577. "616" is given by Papyrus 115.
  2. ^ a b Aland, Kurt; Barbara Aland; Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.) (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 99. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  3. ^ Philip W. Comfort, Encountering the Manuscripts. An Introduction to New Testament Paleography & Textual Criticism, Nashville, Tennessee: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2005, p. 68.
  4. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 26 August 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

  • F. G. Kenyon, The Chester Beatty Biblical Papyri III, (London, 1934).
  • Comfort, Philip W.; David P. Barrett (2001). The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers. pp. 335–351. ISBN 978-0-8423-5265-9.