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Pavlohrad or Pavlograd (Ukrainian: Павлогра́д; Russian: Павлогра́д) is an industrial city in eastern Ukraine, located within the Dnipropetrovs'ka oblast, and had a population of 118,800 in 2001. The rivers of Vovcha (runs through the city 12.85 kilometres (7.98 mi)), Hnizdka (3.9 kilometres (2.4 mi)), Kocherha (2.9 kilometres (1.8 mi)) flow through Pavlohrad. The area of the city is 59.3 square kilometres (22.9 sq mi). There are 20 schools and 1 lyceum in the city.
In 1930 there was an uprising against Soviet rule in Pavlohrad. There was a significant Jewish community in Pavlohrad prior to 1941, which was founding in 1780. The pre-Holocaust Jewish population was approx. at 4,000. The city was destroyed during Nazi occupation in 1941. During the Holocaust, a concentration camp was located in the city and a large part of the community died during the war and during the mass executions. The Pavlohrad Jewish cemetery contains not only Jewish, but also Christian burials, which were agreed to by the leaders of the local Jewish community in 1995. On May 22, 2011, it was reported that unknown persons desecrated the cemetery in the town - tombstones were turned over and broken.
Pavlohrad Mechanical Plant
The city is home to Pavlohrad Mechanical Plant (PMZ) that was established in December 1963 as a specialized production facility of the Plant no. 586 (now Pivdenmash Production Association). Russian Defense Business Directory (1995) quotes 1931 as establishment date. Perhaps, that relates to a previous facility, which existed at that place and was used as a basis for PMZ. (According to some sources, it was initially a workshop associated with an artillery test range.) PMZ is a dedicated factory for assembly, perfection and production of solid-fueled rocket engines and missiles. By 1975 PMZ became the largest solid-rocket factory within the Ministry of General Machine Building of USSR. PMZ made fuel tanks for booster rockets and plastic ICBM rocket motor casings; parts, components, and assemblies for aerospace systems manufacturing.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Pavlohrad is twinned with:
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