|• Mayor||Yevhen Klep|
|• Total||422 km2 (163 sq mi)|
|• Density||686.9/km2 (1,779/sq mi)|
Horlivka (Ukrainian: Горлівка Ukrainian pronunciation: [ˈɦɔrliu̯kɑ]); also known by its Russian name Gorlovka (Russian: Горловка) or Gorlowka while a part of the Soviet Union, is a city of regional significance in the Donetsk Oblast (province) of eastern Ukraine. In 2001, the city's population was 292,000. Economic activity is predominantly coal mining and the chemical industry. The Horlivka State Pedagogical Institute of Foreign Languages has a two building campus in the center of town.
During the Russian Revolution of 1905, it was the scene of an armed uprising.
Subsequently under Soviet control, by the 1930s it had expanded considerably and become a major center for mining operations in the Ukrainian SSR.
During World War II retreating Nazis burned buildings. Nonetheless, the city's population had risen to over 400,000 by the end of the war.
In recent years many mines have closed. The population fell by more than ten percent during the 1990s.
2014 pro-Russian separatism
In the middle of April, 2014, and shortly thereafter, pro-Russian separatists captured several towns in Donetsk Oblast. A group of separatists seized the police station in Horlivka on April 14; the city hall was seized on April 30. The mayor of the city, Yevhen Klep, was detained by the separatists on June 11, and not released until July 18.
On June 20, 2014, a Russian armoured column reportedly crossed the border and penetrated deep into the Donbass region, reaching as far as Horlivka. The column included at least two T-64B tanks, five armoured personnel carriers, and several Grad multiple rocket launchers. Ukrainian troops captured one armoured carrier, and the Ukrainian Ministry of Defence claimed that Russian documentation had been found accompanying the vehicle.
On July 5, 2014, the bulk of pro-Russian forces fell back to this place in the face of an advance by Ukrainian forces.
On July 21 and 22, 2014, the city saw heavy fighting. The Ukrainian army reportedly retook parts of Horlivka on July 21. After the Ukrainian army had retaken Lysychansk on July 25, 2014, the recapture of Horlivka became a priority, for the city was seen as "a direct path to the regional center - Donetsk". As of 28 July, the city was reported to be fully surrounded by Ukrainian troops, with rebels holding their positions inside. Horlivka City Council reported that on 28 July 17 civilians, including three children, were killed in the city. The Ukrainian army accused the separatists of shelling residential areas to discredit the Ukrainian army.
Infrastructure and environment
Despite the fall of communism a statue of Lenin still stands in a central square bearing his name. Horlivka is well served by CNG-buses (see Natural gas vehicle), but much of the city's Soviet-era infrastructure shows signs of deterioration. By contrast, a number of modern shops and a new cathedral (completion 2014) in the town center indicate some rejuvenation.
On the eastern side of Horlivka there is an abandoned chemical plant which used to produce toxic explosives and has been reported to be in a dangerous condition. Mining activity has resulted in large spoil tips being visible around the city, but a tree-planting project and ongoing forestry maintenance has revitalised an area to the north.
Notable people from Horlivka
- Sergei Baranov, an Russian volleyball player
- Yuriy Boyko, Ukrainian politician
- Valeriy Horbunov, a Ukrainian and Soviet football player
- Nikolai Kapustin, Russian composer and pianist
- Ihor Petrov, a Ukrainian professional football coach and a former player
- Aleksandr Ponomarev, a Soviet Ukrainian football player and manager
- Ruslan Ponomariov, Ukrainian chess player
- Serhiy Rebrov, Ukrainian footballer
- Oleksandr Savanchuk, a Ukrainian football striker
- Arkady Shevchenko, Soviet defector
- Mykyta Shevchenko, a Ukrainian football goalkeeper
- Evgeny Ukhanov, a Ukrainian-Australian pianist
- Alexander Volkov, Soviet-Russian cosmonaut
Twin towns — Sister cities
Horlivka is twinned with:
|City||Country||Year of Signing|
|Pensacola, Florida||United States|
|Buffalo, New York||United States||2007|
- The result counts, Den (24 February 2011)
- "Gorlovka: Ukraine". Geographical Names. Retrieved 2014-04-15.
- "Gorlowka: Ukraine". Geographical Names. Retrieved 2014-04-15.
- Journal of Health & Pollution. doi:10.5696/2156-9622.214.171.124.
- "2012-01-03 Chernobyl of Gorlivka".
- "Town twinning Information about town twinning". Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council. 12 November 2012. Retrieved 2013-07-14.