|• Mayor||Yevhen Klep|
|• Total||422 km2 (163 sq mi)|
|• Density||686.9/km2 (1,779/sq mi)|
Horlivka (Ukrainian: Горлівка Ukrainian pronunciation: [ˈɦɔrliu̯kɑ]); also known by its Russian name Gorlovka (Russian: Горловка) or Gorlowka while a part of the Soviet Union, is a city in the Donetsk Oblast (province) of eastern Ukraine. In 2001, the city's population was 292,000. Economic activity is predominantly coal mining and the chemical industry. The Horlivka State Pedagogical Institute of Foreign Languages has a two building campus in the center of town.
During the Russian Revolution of 1905, it was the scene of an armed uprising.
Subsequently under Soviet control, by the 1930s it had expanded considerably and become a major center for mining operations in the Ukrainian SSR.
During World War II retreating Nazis burned buildings. Nonetheless, the city's population had risen to over 400,000 by the end of the war.
In recent years many mines have closed. The population fell by more than ten percent during the 1990s.
Infrastructure and environment
Despite the fall of communism a statue of Lenin still stands in a central square bearing his name. Horlivka is well served by CNG-buses (see Natural gas vehicle), but much of the city's Soviet-era infrastructure shows signs of deterioration. By contrast, a number of modern shops and a new cathedral (completion 2014) in the town center indicate some rejuvenation.
On the eastern side of Horlivka there is an abandoned chemical plant which used to produce toxic explosives and has been reported to be in a dangerous condition. Mining activity has resulted in large spoil tips being visible around the city, but a tree-planting project and ongoing forestry maintenance has revitalised an area to the north.
Famous people from Horlivka
- Yuriy Boyko, Ukrainian politician
- Nikolai Kapustin, Russian composer and pianist
- Ruslan Ponomariov, Ukrainian chess player
- Serhiy Rebrov, Ukrainian footballer
- Arkady Shevchenko, Soviet defector
- Alexander Volkov, Soviet-Russian cosmonaut
Twin towns — Sister cities
Horlivka is twinned with:
|City||Country||Year of Signing|
|Pensacola, Florida||United States|
|Buffalo, New York||United States||2007|
- The result counts, Den (24 February 2011)
- "Gorlovka: Ukraine". Geographical Names. Retrieved 2014-04-15.
- "Gorlowka: Ukraine". Geographical Names. Retrieved 2014-04-15.
- Journal of Health & Pollution.
- "2012-01-03 Chernobyl of Gorlivka".
- "Town twinning Information about town twinning". Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council. 12 November 2012. Retrieved 2013-07-14.
|This article about a location in Donetsk Oblast is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|