|• Mayor||Yevhen Klep|
|• Total||422 km2 (163 sq mi)|
|• Density||686.9/km2 (1,779/sq mi)|
Horlivka (Ukrainian: Горлівка Ukrainian pronunciation: [ˈɦɔrliu̯kɑ]); also known by its Russian name Gorlovka (Russian: Горловка) or Gorlowka while a part of the Soviet Union, is a city in the Donetsk Oblast (province) of eastern Ukraine. In 2001, the city's population was 292,000. Economic activity is predominantly coal mining and the chemical industry. The Horlivka State Pedagogical Institute of Foreign Languages has a two building campus in the center of town.
During the Russian Revolution of 1905, it was the scene of an armed uprising.
Subsequently under Soviet control, by the 1930s it had expanded considerably and become a major center for mining operations in the Ukrainian SSR.
During World War II retreating Nazis burned buildings. Nonetheless, the city's population had risen to over 400,000 by the end of the war.
In recent years many mines have closed. The population fell by more than ten percent during the 1990s.
2014 pro-Russian separatism
Starting Mid-April 2014 pro-Russian separatists captured several towns in Donetsk Oblast and Horlivka's police station was taken over by a crowd of pro-Russians on 14 April; Horlivka town hall was captured by the separatists on 30 April 2014. Horlivka Mayor Yevhen Klep was detained by the separatists on 11 June; and released by them on 18 July 2014.
On June 20, 2014, Earlier, an armoured Russian column reportedly crossed the border and penetrated deep into the Donbass region, reaching as far as this place. It included at least two T-64B tanks, five armoured personnel carriers and some Grad multiple rocket launchers. One armoured carrier was seized by Ukrainian troops, and the Ministry of Defence claimed that Russian documentation had been found accompanying the vehicle.
On July 5, 2014, The bulk of pro-Russian forces fell back to this place due to Ukrainian forces advancing.
On 21 and 22 July 2014 the city saw heavy fighting. On 21 July parts of the city were reportedly retaken by the Ukrainian army. After the Ukrainian army had retook Lysychansk on 25 July 2014 the capture of Horlivka became their priority since it was seen as "a direct path to the regional center - Donetsk".
Infrastructure and environment
Despite the fall of communism a statue of Lenin still stands in a central square bearing his name. Horlivka is well served by CNG-buses (see Natural gas vehicle), but much of the city's Soviet-era infrastructure shows signs of deterioration. By contrast, a number of modern shops and a new cathedral (completion 2014) in the town center indicate some rejuvenation.
On the eastern side of Horlivka there is an abandoned chemical plant which used to produce toxic explosives and has been reported to be in a dangerous condition. Mining activity has resulted in large spoil tips being visible around the city, but a tree-planting project and ongoing forestry maintenance has revitalised an area to the north.
Famous people from Horlivka
- Yuriy Boyko, Ukrainian politician
- Nikolai Kapustin, Russian composer and pianist
- Ruslan Ponomariov, Ukrainian chess player
- Serhiy Rebrov, Ukrainian footballer
- Arkady Shevchenko, Soviet defector
- Alexander Volkov, Soviet-Russian cosmonaut
Twin towns — Sister cities
Horlivka is twinned with:
|City||Country||Year of Signing|
|Pensacola, Florida||United States|
|Buffalo, New York||United States||2007|
- The result counts, Den (24 February 2011)
- "Gorlovka: Ukraine". Geographical Names. Retrieved 2014-04-15.
- "Gorlowka: Ukraine". Geographical Names. Retrieved 2014-04-15.
- Journal of Health & Pollution.
- "2012-01-03 Chernobyl of Gorlivka".
- "Town twinning Information about town twinning". Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council. 12 November 2012. Retrieved 2013-07-14.