Pleasant Prairie, Wisconsin

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Pleasant Prairie, Wisconsin
Village
Location of Pleasant Prairie, Wisconsin
Location of Pleasant Prairie, Wisconsin
Coordinates: 42°32′20″N 87°52′13″W / 42.53889°N 87.87028°W / 42.53889; -87.87028Coordinates: 42°32′20″N 87°52′13″W / 42.53889°N 87.87028°W / 42.53889; -87.87028
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Kenosha
Area[1]
 • Total 33.64 sq mi (87.13 km2)
 • Land 33.33 sq mi (86.32 km2)
 • Water 0.31 sq mi (0.80 km2)
Elevation[2] 696 ft (212 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 19,719
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 20,027
 • Density 591.6/sq mi (228.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 262
FIPS code 55-63300[5]
GNIS feature ID 1571621[2]

Pleasant Prairie is a village in Kenosha County, Wisconsin located between Milwaukee and Chicago. The population was 19,719 at the 2010 census. The neighborhoods of Carol Beach, Dexter's Corner, Ranney, and Tobin are located within the village.

Geography[edit]

Pleasant Prairie is located at 42°32′20″N 87°52′13″W / 42.53889°N 87.87028°W / 42.53889; -87.87028 (42.538820, -87.870229).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 33.64 square miles (87.13 km2), of which, 33.33 square miles (86.32 km2) of it is land and 0.31 square miles (0.80 km2) is water.[1]

Neighborhoods[edit]

Carol Beach[edit]

Carol Beach is a residential neighborhood located in Pleasant Prairie.[7] It is generally bordered by Lake Michigan to the east, the Wisconsin-Illinois border to the south, Sheridan Road (Wisconsin State Highway 32) to the west, and 80th Street to the north. It is the location of the Chiwaukee Prairie State Natural Area preserve.

Carol Beach traces its roots to 1924, the year that Edith Rockefeller McCormick of Chicago, Illinois, the daughter of John D. Rockefeller and daughter-in-law of reaper inventor Cyrus McCormick, purchased a 1,554-acre (6 km2) land parcel to found a new community which soon adopted the name "Chiwaukee" (the area is nearly equidistant between Chicago and Milwaukee, Wisconsin). Chiwaukee was to have its own business district, golf course and playground, and its homes were to be constructed in the Tudor style. A promotional arch was constructed over Sheridan Road to inform passersby of the new, planned community. A street network was installed, with Lake Shore Drive as the main thoroughfare.

A national contest was announced to select a permanent name for the new community. Elmer Huge of La Porte, Indiana won a $1,500 prize for his winning submission: "Edithton Beach". Boxing aficionado Ham Fisher, the creator of the "Joe Palooka" strip, moved to a large home on South Lake Shore Drive in Edithton Beach where he drew the series and where famous pugilists (among them Joe Louis) would train.

When the Great Depression struck, McCormick's debts mounted and the project collapsed. The curbs and streets leading nowhere were the only visible reminders of the failed project until 1946, when local real-estate investor and developer Joseph Shaffron bought it, renamed it "Carol Beach" for his young daughter, and promoted the community as a "second Evanston, Illinois." Some modest homes began to be built at that time.

The area is one of the most significant wetland areas in the United States and was largely protected through a compromise land use agreement between the Town of Pleasant Prairie, Kenosha County, the State of Wisconsin, and the Army Corps of Engineers. Today many of the areas that can be developed have been, and the state of Wisconsin and the Nature conservancy continue to buy remaining properties for prairie land preservation. In 1992 the Town of Pleasant Prairie, in which Carol Beach is located, became a village. The neighborhood continues to be known as Carol Beach.[8]

Dexter's Corner[edit]

Dexter's Corner is a residential and agricultural community within the village of Pleasant Prairie. It is located at the intersection of Wisconsin Highway 31 and Springbrook Road.[8]

The area is named for the pioneer John Dexter family, the patriarch of which was a veteran of the War of 1812. The red-brick Dexter residence is located to the north of the intersection. The site is near the location of a tower for FM radio station WWDV (formerly WKZN and WAXO).

Ranney[edit]

Ranney (also known as Rogers Siding) is a ghost town in Pleasant Prairie. It is located at the intersection of Bain Station Road and the Canadian Pacific Railroad (originally the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul & Pacific Railroad).[7] The last passenger train stopped at the Ranney Station prior to 1862, but the Ranney post office opened in 1885 and lasted into 1906. The Bain Station of the KD Line was located just east of Ranney, and remained into the 1940s. Rogers Siding itself was a KD Line team track just west of Green Bay Road for area farmers who would load their produce for rail shipments; the siding itself was removed in the 1980s. The last house in Ranney, the former KD Line yardmaster's house, was demolished in 2003, and the area is now devoid of all traces of community except for continuing railroad activity on the KD Line and the Canadian Pacific. Much of the property there is now owned by We Energies.

Tobin[edit]

Tobin is an area along Kenosha County Highway T in Pleasant Prairie.[8] The community is named for early settler Patrick Tobin. Tobin's most famous visitors included boxer Joe Louis, who would arrive and depart at the Tobin station on the Chicago North Shore and Milwaukee Railway interurban in the mid-1930s as part of his workout training at the Ham Fisher mansion in nearby Carol Beach.

History[edit]

The Pleasant Prairie area was the center of Indian activity in pre-pioneer Wisconsin.[8] The remnants of Indian culture abound in Pleasant Prairie. Some of the earliest traces of Indian life in Wisconsin were found along STH 32 and STH 165, Barnes Creek, and in the Carol Beach area.[9] These early Indian campsites, along what was once the shoreline of Lake Michigan, represent some of the highest quality archeological sites in the United States. Pleasant Prairie also saw pioneers arrive in Wisconsin on the Jambeau Trail (now known as Green Bay Road). In addition, several natural historic sites such as the Chiwaukee Prairie and the Kenosha Sand Dunes lie undisturbed in Pleasant Prairie.

Settlement[edit]

The area's first settler was Horace Woodbridge, who arrived on June 4, 1833; while Henry Miller arrived later that same month. Pleasant Prairie had its beginnings as a political entity in April 1842 when the first town meeting was held and the first election of town officials took place. The early town officials met in the Williams Congregational Church located at 93rd Street and Green Bay Road. Later the old church became the official Town Hall and served the quiet agricultural community.[10] Pleasant Prairie originally was a town nearly 42 square miles (110 km2) in size.

Over the next 150 years, the City of Kenosha began to annex lands south of 60th Street and west from Lake Michigan. The town of Pleasant Prairie was slowly reduced in size as Kenosha grew. There were nine separate settlement areas in the township that, in some cases, became the starting point for significant growth in the future. Some no longer exist.

The original unincorporated community of Pleasant Prairie was located at 104th Avenue and Bain Station Road. Prior to 1875 it was known as "Tar Corners" because a thief was once tarred and feathered there.

Dynamite plant and catastrophe[edit]

At the dawn of the 20th Century, Pleasant Prairie with its 700 residents was the site of a 190-acre Dupont de Nemours blasting-powder plant. The plant, made up of forty buildings, had an ongoing record of accidents.

In 1909, residents of Kenosha County had brought suit against the company on the grounds that the plant was a public menace. The suit was won by the company. On March 9, 1911, most of the town was destroyed by the explosion of five magazines holding 280 tons of dynamite and 105,000 kegs of black powder housed at the plant. The explosions rendered most houses within five miles of the blast-center uninhabitable. Several hundred people were injured, and one plant employee, E. S. "Old Man" Thompson, was killed (his body was later found a mile away). A crater one hundred feet deep was blasted under the former dynamite house. Damage estimates were put at $1,500,000. Almost equal damage was done in Bristol, Wisconsin four miles west. The force of the explosion was felt more than a hundred miles in every direction and was heard as far away as Ohio and Iowa. Stahl impressed a hundred deputies and cleared the village. It was believed the first explosion took place in the Glaze house where more than 1,100 kegs of powder were dried at a time in nine 12-foot steel cylinders, each holding 125 kegs of powder through which live steam was forced and brought to a high heat. One steel cylinder crashed through the roof of the general store of H. A. and E. A. King, tearing a hole five feet in diameter through the roof, the first and second floor and into the earth. H. A. King, in an adjoining room, was thrown to the floor unconscious by the shock. Phil Hess, a farmer near Truesdell, Wisconsin over two miles from the factory, lost his right ear, severed by a piece of flying glass as he was entering his home. J. H. Beland of Truesdell lost his eye from flying glass, and E. A. Fox, a farmer, bled heavily when a vein in his wrist was cut.

Today, the site is the location of many residential homes and the "Pleasant Prairie Ball Park", which is used for recreational softball and soccer.

Other developments[edit]

Other settlements include the neighborhoods of Carol Beach, Ranney, Tobin, State Line, and Erly discussed above.

As a town, Pleasant Prairie constantly struggled to maintain its identity and ability to provide for the orderly development of the community. In 1961, the town hall moved from the former Williams Congregational Church site to rented office space in a small commercial center located on 22nd Avenue and 91st Street. In 1967 the town government moved into a newly constructed municipal building on Springbrook Road and 39th Avenue that provided office, an auditorium, Fire Department apparatus room, and sleeping quarters.

In 1984, the town and the City of Kenosha agreed upon a plan for the orderly development and fixed boundaries for the town in exchange for an acknowledged right of property owners in various locations along the town/city border to be annexed into the City of Kenosha. A significant provision of this agreement gave Kenosha the ability to annex lands north of STH-50 from Green Bay Road to I-94, where the current Southport Plaza shopping center, WhiteCaps subdivision, River Crossing subdivision and the Aurora Hospital are located. In exchange, Pleasant Prairie received the ability to protect the rest of its area from annexations. The town also received the ability to purchase sewer and water from Kenosha.

Village petition[edit]

In 1989, the town of Pleasant Prairie was incorporated as a village by a referendum of more than 3,000 citizens in favor and 300 against. The new boundaries were fixed and the new village, along with the WisPark Corporation, began the development of LakeView Corporate Park, a center of employment for more than 8,000 people.

In 1997, eight years after the incorporation of the town into a village, the Municipal Building was updated and increased in size to accommodate village operations.[7]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 19,719 people, 7,272 households, and 5,372 families residing in the village. The population density was 591.6 inhabitants per square mile (228.4 /km2). There were 7,753 housing units at an average density of 232.6 per square mile (89.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the village was 91.1% White, 2.5% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.4% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.8% of the population.

There were 7,272 households of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.0% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 26.1% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.14.

The median age in the village was 41.3 years. 25.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.3% were from 25 to 44; 30.6% were from 45 to 64; and 12.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 16,136 people, 5,819 households, and 4,393 families residing in the village. The population density was 482.3 people per square mile (186.3/km²). There were 6,050 housing units at an average density of 180.9 per square mile (69.8/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 94.08% White, 1.45% African American, 0.39% Native American, 1.38% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.03% from other races, and 1.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.37% of the population.

There were 5,819 households out of which 37.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.0% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.5% were non-families. 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the village the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.7 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $62,856, and the median income for a family was $71,452. Males had a median income of $50,477 versus $30,293 for females. The per capita income for the village was $26,087. About 3.0% of families and 3.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

The Pleasant Prairie Power Plant is located in Pleasant Prairie. Based on property value, Pleasant Prairie ranks as the fifth largest manufacturing municipality in the state of Wisconsin, exceeded only by Milwaukee, Green Bay, Madison, and Menomonee Falls.[7]

Education[edit]

Pleasant Prairie is part of the Kenosha Unified School District.[11]

References[edit]

External links[edit]