Kankakee County, Illinois
|Kankakee County, Illinois|
Kankakee County Courthouse
Location in the state of Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 11, 1853|
|Named for||Kankakee River|
|• Total||681 sq mi (1,764 km2)|
|• Land||677 sq mi (1,753 km2)|
|• Water||4.8 sq mi (12 km2), 0.7%|
|• Density||168/sq mi (65/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Starting in the 1770s if not earlier the area that is now Kankakee County was dominated by the Pottawatami.
French Canadian Settlers came to Kankakee County in 1834, after the federal government signed the Treaty of Camp Tippecanoe in 1832. They were soon joined by migrants from New York and Vermont who had moved their way west, mostly locating in Momence, Illinois. In the 1840s most of the migrants were French Canadians or Metis and they settled in such places as Bourbonnais.
An act of the Illinois Legislature created Kankakee County out of the north part of Iroquois County and the south part of Will County on February 11, 1853. The six original townships were: Yellowhead, Rockville, Bourbonnais, Momence, Aroma Park, and Limestone. The population of the new county was about 8,000. It wasn’t until 1855 that the two western townships of Norton and Essex were taken from Vermilion County and added to Kankakee County. The County was named for the Kankakee River.
Climate and weather
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Kankakee have ranged from a low of 12 °F (−11 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −29 °F (−34 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 107 °F (42 °C) was recorded in August 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.62 inches (41 mm) in February to 4.54 inches (115 mm) in May.
- Will County - north
- Lake County, Indiana - northeast
- Newton County, Indiana - east
- Iroquois County - south
- Ford County - southwest
- Livingston County - southwest
- Grundy County - northwest
As of the census of 2000, there were 103,833 people, 38,182 households, and 26,765 families residing in the county. The population density was 153 people per square mile (59/km²). There were 40,610 housing units at an average density of 60 per square mile (23/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 79.89% White, 15.47% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.38% from other races, and 1.38% from two or more races. 4.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 21.3% were of German, 9.9% Irish, 8.7% French, 6.6% American and 5.4% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.1% spoke English and 4.3% Spanish as their first language.
There were 38,182 households out of which 34.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.80% were married couples living together, 13.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.90% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the county the population was spread out with 27.10% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 22.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 95.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $41,532, and the median income for a family was $48,975. Males had a median income of $37,776 versus $25,287 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,055. About 8.70% of families and 11.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 7.20% of those age 65 or over.
Kankakee County is considered a Republican-leaning swing county. In the 2008 Presidential Election, Kankakee County voted 52% in favor of Illinois native Barack Obama (D), giving 47% to John McCain (R). However, in the 2004 Presidential Election, Kankakee County voted 55% in favor of George W. Bush (R) and 44% for John Kerry (D).
Cities and towns
Kankakee County is divided into seventeen townships:
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Monthly Averages for Kankakee, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8.
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||Grundy County||Will County||Lake County, Indiana|
|Newton County, Indiana|
|Ford County and Livingston County||Iroquois County|