|Class||Full size luxury car|
|Body style||5-door fastback, Gran Turismo|
rear-wheel drive or
|Engine||3.0 L V6 (Diesel)
3.6 L V6 (Panamera/Panamera 4)
3.0 L V6 (Panamera S Hybrid)
4.8 L V8 (Panamera S/Panamera 4S)
4.8 L V8 (Panamera GTS)
4.8 L V8 (Panamera Turbo)
4.8 L V8 (Panamera Turbo S)
7-speed ZF PDK dual clutch
8-speed Aisin Tiptronic S
|Wheelbase||2,900 mm (114.2 in)|
|Length||4,970 mm (195.7 in)|
|Width||1,931 mm (76.0 in)|
|Height||1,418 mm (55.8 in)|
|Kerb weight||1,870 kg (4,123 lb)|
The Porsche Panamera production model was unveiled at the 13th Auto Shanghai International Automobile Show in Shanghai, China, on April 2009. In 2011, hybrid and diesel versions were launched. In April 2013, a facelift to the Panamera was announced, launching again at the Auto Shanghai show. A plug-in hybrid version, the Panamera S E-Hybrid, is scheduled to be released in Germany in July 2013.
Concept and description 
The Panamera's name is derived, like the Porsche Carrera line, from the Carrera Panamericana race. The Panamera is generally considered to be the long-awaited fruit of Porsche's 989 concept from the late 1980s.
The Panamera is marketed as a more exciting and higher performing alternative to the traditional executive saloons such as the BMW 7 Series, the Audi A8, and the Mercedes-Benz S-Class. The Panamera competes more directly with cars such as the Maserati Quattroporte, Mercedes-Benz CLS-Class, BMW 5 Series Gran Turismo and Aston Martin Rapide.
Like the Porsche Cayenne SUV (which has become the marque's best-selling vehicle), the Panamera upset many Porsche purists, since it was seen as an attempt to broaden Porsche's appeal beyond that of hardcore fans. The Panamera ran contrary to the company's signature offerings, particularly its light two-door rear-engine sports cars like the 911. The Panamera on the other hand is considered a full-size luxury car, weighing at nearly 4,000 pounds (1,800 kg), with four doors, and its engine mounted in the front. The Panamera's appearance with its long hood and rear hatch bears little resemblance to a stretched 911, although it does resemble the 911 from certain angles. The iconic 911 has a sparse interior, as it was focused on raw performance, while the Panamera has a sumptuous interior loaded with modern technological amenities and expensive leather upholstery.
Engines are first assembled in Stuttgart, and the car's body is built and painted at the Volkswagen Group facility in Hannover. The final assembly of the vehicle takes place in Leipzig, Germany, alongside the Cayenne.
Porsche has applied for patents on a four-door convertible version of the Panamera that keep the same general dimensions.
First generation 
The V8-powered Panamera S, 4S, and Turbo models were the first versions that debuted in 2009. In addition to the 4.8L Twin Turbo 500 bhp (373 kW; 507 PS) V8, Porsche launched two further models in 2010: the Panamera and Panamera 4 which are both powered by 3.6-litre V6 engines producing 300 bhp (224 kW; 304 PS).
Being derived from the V8 engine of the Panamera S and Panamera 4S, the V6 retains the V8's technologies like Direct Fuel Injection, infinitely variable intake camshaft adjustment with variable valve lift (VarioCam Plus), an on-demand oil pump, water cooling with thermal management, a variable intake manifold, as well as integrated dry sump lubrication with two-stage extraction of oil, and an Auto Start-Stop function (only with the PDK transmission). Turbo version uses active aerodynamics with a multi-stage, adjustable rear spoiler. Optional Sports Chrono Packages include a Sport Plus button, which has tighter damping and air springs, and lowers the car body by 25 mm (1.0 in).
The Panamera, S, Hybrid and Diesel models are rear-wheel drive, while the Panamera 4, 4S and GTS have the same four-wheel drive system as the Turbo and Turbo S, called Porsche Traction Management (PTM).
|car model||displacement &
|max. motive power @ rpm||max. torque @ rpm||max. speed||emissions CO2|
|Panamera||3.6 litre V6||300 bhp (224 kW; 304 PS) @ 6,200||400 N·m (295 lbf·ft) @ 3,750–4,250||261 km/h (162 mph)||265 g/km (manual)|
|Panamera 4||3.6 litre V6||300 bhp (224 kW; 304 PS) @ 6,200||400 N·m (295 lbf·ft) @ 3,750–4,250||257 km/h (160 mph)||225 g/km|
|Panamera Diesel||3.0 litre V6 turbodiesel||250 bhp (186 kW; 253 PS) @ 3,800||550 N·m (406 lbf·ft) @ 1,750–2,750||242 km/h (150 mph)||172 g/km|
|Panamera S||4.8 litre V8||400 bhp (298 kW; 406 PS) @ 6,500||500 N·m (369 lbf·ft) @ 3,500–5,000||285 km/h (177 mph)||293 g/km (manual)|
|Panamera 4S||4.8 litre V8||400 bhp (298 kW; 406 PS) @ 6,500||500 N·m (369 lbf·ft) @ 3,500–5,000||282 km/h (175 mph)||254 g/km|
|Panamera GTS||4.8 litre V8||430 bhp (321 kW; 436 PS) @ 6,700||520 N·m (384 lbf·ft) @ 3,500–5,000|
|Panamera S Hybrid||3.0 litre V6 supercharged||380 bhp (283 kW; 385 PS) @ 5,500||580 N·m (428 lbf·ft) @ 3,000–5,250||270 km/h (168 mph)||167 g/km|
|Panamera Turbo||4.8 litre V8 twin turbo||500 bhp (373 kW; 507 PS) @ 6,000||700 N·m (516 lbf·ft) @ 2,250–4,500||303 km/h (188 mph)||270 g/km|
|Panamera Turbo S||4.8 litre V8 twin turbo||550 bhp (410 kW; 558 PS) @ 6,000||750 N·m (553 lbf·ft) @ 2,250–4,500||306 km/h (190 mph)||270 g/km|
The new ZF seven-speed PDK dual clutch transmission is standard on the Panamera 4, 4S and Turbo models. With the addition of the optional sport chrono package, this provides faster acceleration times. In some markets a six-speed manual is available for rear-wheel drive petrol versions. The S Hybrid and Diesel models have an Aisin-supplied eight-speed automatic transmission called Tiptronic S.
Panamera Turbo S 
- Drag Coefficient: 0.30
- 0–60 mph (0–97 km/h): 3.8 seconds
- 0–100 mph (0–160 km/h): 7.2 seconds 
- 1/4 mile: 12.1 seconds @ 114 mph (183 km/h) 
- Braking 70. mph (113 km/h) to 0 mph (0 km/h): 159 feet (48 m) 
Panamera S Hybrid 
In 2008, Porsche AG announced the development of a parallel hybrid system for the Panamera. and in February 2011, Porsche unveiled the Panamera S Hybrid. Using the same drivetrain seen in the Cayenne S Hybrid—an Audi-sourced supercharged 3.0-litre V6 engine producing 333 PS (245 kW; 328 hp) along with an electric motor rated at 47 PS (35 kW; 46 hp), as well as the Cayenne's eight-speed Tiptronic S transmission—the 380 PS (279 kW; 375 hp) Panamera S Hybrid can accelerate from 0–100 km/h in 6.0 seconds. The Panamera S Hybrid produces only 159 grams of carbon dioxide per kilometer, rendering it the cleanest car in the entire Porsche model range, but still provides a top speed of 270 km/h (167.8 mph).
Deliveries began in the United States in 2011, and cumulative sales reached 684 units through March 2013. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) rated the fuel economy for the 2013/2012 model year Panamera Hybrid at 22 mpg-US (11 L/100 km; 26 mpg-imp) for city driving, 30 mpg-US (7.8 L/100 km; 36 mpg-imp) for highway, and 25 mpg-US (9.4 L/100 km; 30 mpg-imp) combined.
Panamera Diesel 
The Panamera Diesel was launched in May 2011. The vehicle uses the same Audi 3.0L V6 engine used in the Cayenne Diesel, itself a tuned carryover of an existing engine. The Panamera's engine has a power output of 250 PS (184 kW; 247 hp). The car is capable of accelerating from 0–100 km/h in 6.8 seconds and has a top speed of 242 km/h (150.4 mph). It is also the most economical Porsche in the entire vehicle range, consuming just 6.3 liters per 100 kilometers (37 mpg).
Special Editions 
In October 2012, Porsche introduced the Panamera Platinum Edition. It includes more standard equipment, larger wheels, and an exclusive interior leather combination of luxor beige and black. It will be offered with rear and all wheel drive, and has a 0 to 60 mph (0 to 97 km/h) time of under 5.8 seconds or faster on all variants. Exclusive equipment includes the special interior combination, platinum rear overhang, and front lower grille, platinum door sills, and platinum mirrors. It will be very limited, with most dealers getting just one or two examples.
First generation (facelift) 
Porsche announced its updated Panamera on 3 April 2013, with a scheduled formal launch at Auto Shanghai. The revised model can be identified by new front and rear bumpers and some technical changes included the addition of a new 3.0L twin turbocharged Panamera S and a new E-Hybrid model. A long wheelbase version with an additional 150mm will be available for selected left-hand drive markets, and the Turbo S is scheduled to follow in 2014.
|car model||displacement &
|max. motive power @ rpm||max. torque @ rpm||max. speed||emissions CO2|
|Panamera||3.6 litre (3605cc) V6||310 bhp (231 kW; 314 PS) @ 6,200||400 N·m (295 lbf·ft) @ 3,750||259 km/h (161 mph)||196 g/km|
|Panamera 4||3.6 litre (3605cc) V6||310 bhp (231 kW; 314 PS) @ 6,200||400 N·m (295 lbf·ft) @ 3,750||257 km/h (160 mph)||203 g/km|
|Panamera Diesel||3.0 litre (2967 cc) V6 turbodiesel||250 bhp (186 kW; 253 PS) @ 3,800-4,400||550 N·m (406 lbf·ft) @ 1,750–2,750||244 km/h (152 mph)||166 g/km|
|Panamera S||3.0 litre (2997 cc) V6 twin turbo||420 bhp (313 kW; 426 PS) @ 6,000||520 N·m (384 lbf·ft) @ 1,750–5,000||287 km/h (178 mph)||204 g/km|
|Panamera 4S||3.0 litre (2997 cc) V6 twin turbo||420 bhp (313 kW; 426 PS) @ 6,000||520 N·m (384 lbf·ft) @ 1,750–5,000||286 km/h (178 mph)||208 g/km|
|Panamera S E-Hybrid||3.0 litre (2995cc) V6 supercharged||416 bhp (310 kW; 422 PS) @ 5,500||590 N·m (435 lbf·ft) @ 1,250–4,000||270 km/h (168 mph)||71 g/km|
|Panamera GTS||4.8 litre (4806cc) V8||440 bhp (328 kW; 446 PS) @ 6,700||520 N·m (384 lbf·ft) @ 3,500||288 km/h (179 mph)||249 g/km|
|Panamera Turbo||4.8 litre (4806cc) V8 twin turbo||520 bhp (388 kW; 527 PS) @ 6,000||700 N·m (516 lbf·ft) @ 2,250–4,500||305 km/h (190 mph)||239 g/km|
Panamera S E-Hybrid 
As part of the 2013 Panamaera facelift, Porsche announced the introduction of a plug-in hybrid model, the Panamera S E-Hybrid. Sales are scheduled to begin in Germany in July 2013. The plug-in model will be unveiled at the April 2013 Shanghai Auto Show.
The S E-Hybrid is powered by a 71 kW (97 PS; 95 bhp) electric motor, with a total system power of 310 kW (421 PS; 416 bhp). Top speed is 84 mph (135 km/h) in all-electric mode, and its time from 100 km/h (62 mph) is 5.2 seconds. The plug-in electric hybrid will have a 9.4 kWh lithium-ion battery pack capable of delivering a range of more than 32 km (20 mi) under the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) standard. The battery can be fully charged in approximately 2½ hours from a 240V power source. The Panamera plug-in hybrid reduces fuel consumption to 3.1 L/100 km (91 mpg-imp; 76 mpg-US), down from 7.11 L/100 km (39.7 mpg-imp; 33.1 mpg-US) for the current Panamera hybrid, which translates to CO2 emissions of 71 g/km, down from 167g/km for the current hybrid.
Despite the differences in dimensions and design, a reviewer noted that the Panamera's driving dynamics were close to that of the 911, and it "seems to occupy the no-man's-land between really good sports sedans and proper sports cars", and so far the Panamera has won every comparison test against other four-door performance cars on the market such as the Maserati Quattroporte and Aston Martin Rapide. Function was also praised, with the 15.7 cubic feet (440 L) hatchback trunk, and the four-corner adaptive air suspension that retained superior handling while also providing a comfortable ride for public roads. Edmunds stated that the Panamera was an innovative engineering feat that "makes a unique statement about the way that luxury transportation and serious high-performance potential can be mixed together in one car".
Unlike most of the V8-engined contemporaries, all models of the Panamera avoid the US Gas Guzzler Tax. The V6-powered Panamera was also praised, as its smaller engine still retained respectable acceleration, and as it had even better handling than its V8 siblings, due to the engine being lighter by 100 lb (45 kg) which gave the car better weight distribution.
However, CAR magazine of the U.K. described the S model as lacking sportiness, which they attributed to their test car's being "about as oriented to comfort as it’s possible to get" and called the Turbo model "a missed opportunity on behalf of Porsche" to be "the world’s first lightweight four seater" as the top model weighs as much as an Audi S8.
The 30 November 2008 edition of BBC's Top Gear featured a look at the Panamera in its news section, with the three presenters being very critical of the look. In the June 2009 edition, Richard Hammond and James May were seen driving the Panamera along the A30 in Devon, Great Britain They were racing against a letter sent via Royal Mail between the Isles of Scilly and the Orkney Islands. Jeremy Clarkson reviewed the Porsche Panamera for an article with The Times newspaper and was quite critical.
As of 2011, the largest national market was the United States with 6188 sold. Sales by cities: Los Angeles (890), New York (760), Hong Kong (300), Dubai (285), Tokyo (223), Munich (206), Moscow (203), Shanghai (188), Hamburg (117) and Berlin (108). Sales internationally by model variant: Panamera 4S (9394), Turbo (6171), S (4563) and V6 (2390—introduced weeks earlier).
|Porsche Panamera Sport Turismo at the 2012 Paris Motor Show.|
On the 20 April 2007, a spy video of the Porsche Panamera became available on the Internet.
On 28 November 2008, Porsche sent a mailer containing two photos of the Panamera which were labeled as "the first official images of the Porsche Panamera" with an invitation to have online access to via Porsche USA's website.
On 19 April 2009, Porsche finally unveiled the Porsche Panamera saloon to the public at the 2009 Shanghai Auto Show. One of the highlights of the Panamera's debut was fitting the car in the freight elevator of the Shanghai World Financial Center and sending it to the skyscraper's 94th floor.
- "Last Auto News – Porsche Panamera Sedan Launched – Shows A "Liftback" Bodystyle | Auto News - Daily Last Auto News". Lastautonews.com. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- "2010 Porsche Panamera Photo Trunk Open - Consumer Guide Automotive". Consumerguideauto.howstuffworks.com. 2007-07-30. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- "First Test: 2010 Porsche Panamera S". Motor Trend. Oct 2009. Retrieved 2010-08-07.
- "All Panamera Models - All Porsche Vehicles - HOME - Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG". Porsche.com. Retrieved 2011-03-24.
- Porsche ready new Panamera saloon (2009-03-20). "Porsche ready new Panamera saloon - Cars and Motorbikes - Mirror.co.uk". Blogs.mirror.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- "First Drives » First Drive: 2010 Porsche Panamera". CanadianDriver. 2009-12-24. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- "2010 Porsche Panamera: 20 New Photos". Left Lane. 2008-11-25. Retrieved 2008-11-30.
- "2013 Porsche Panamera revealed: in pictures". MSN Autos. 3 April 2013. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- Douglas A. Bolduc (2013-04-03). "Porsche's plug-in Panamera to start at 110,400 euros". Automotive News Europe. Retrieved 2013-04-07.
- PR News Wire (2013-04-03). "Porsche introducing first plug-in hybrid with second generation of the Panamera". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 2013-04-07.
- "2010 Porsche Panamera Reviews, Prices + Rankings | U.S. News Cars". Usnews.rankingsandreviews.com. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- "BMW 760Li, Mercedes-Benz S63 AMG, Porsche Panamera Turbo - Luxury Sport Sedan Comparison - Automobile Magazine". Automobilemag.com. 2010-12-13. Retrieved 2011-03-24.
- "Review: 2012 Audi A7". Bloomberg Business Week. 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2011-11-28.
- "2010 Porsche Panamera Reviews by Cars.com Experts and Consumers". Cars.com. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- "2010 Porsche Panamera - Test drive and new car review - 2010 Porsche Panamera". Cars.about.com. 2010-06-11. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- "Future: Porsche Panamera". Motor Trend. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- Kaufmann, Alex (2008-11-24). "Porsche Panamera official details". Motorauthority.com. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- Kable, Greg (2010-03-22). "Porsche plans four-door Panamera convertible". AutoWeek (Detroit, MI: Crain Communications Inc.) 60 (6): 8. ISSN 0192-9674.
- "New Panamera: World Debut in China". Porsche.com. 2009-01-05. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- Paukert, Chris (2009-03-18). "U.S. Porsche Panamera to get start/stop, active aero among other features". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- Abuelsamid, Sam (2009-03-20). "Porsche Panamera: In-depth tech briefing and first ride". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- "Top Gear 16 February 2011". Topgear.com. 2011-02-16. Retrieved 2012-08-28.
- "Autocar 2 May 2011". Autocar.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-28.
- Porsche. "Telegraph 30 March 2011". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-28.
- "Porsche Doppelkupplung (PDK) - Panamera Models". Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG. Porsche.com. Retrieved 2009-10-31.
- "ZF 7-speed dual clutch transmission". ZF Friedrichshafen AG. ZF.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
- "Porsche Panamera Turbo S". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2010-09-16.
- Lavrinc, Damon (2008-01-07). "Confirmed! Porsche Panamera to come with hybrid flavor". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- Jurnecka, Rory (September 2009). "2011 Porsche Cayenne S Hybrid First Drive and Review". Motor Trend. Retrieved 2013-02-01.
- Jeff Cobb (2013-01-08). "December 2012 Dashboard". HybridCars.com and Baum & Associates. Retrieved 2013-04-07. See the section: December 2012 Hybrid Cars Numbers. A total of 52 Panamera S Hybrids were sold in 2011 and 570 units in 2012.
- Jeff Cobb (2013-04-03). "March 2013 Dashboard". HybridCars.com and Baum & Associates. Retrieved 2013-04-07. See the section: March 2013 Electric Car Sales Numbers. A total of 62 Panamera S Hybrids were sold during the first quarter of 2013
- U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. "Fuel Economy - Compare Side-by-Side". Fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2012-03-13.
- Kew, Ollie (3 April 2013). "Porsche Panamera facelift and S E-hybrid (2013) first pictures". Car. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- "Porsche Panamera S vs. BMW 750i, Maserati Quattroporte Sport GT S - Comparison Tests - Auto Reviews". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2011-03-24.
- "2010 Aston Martin Rapide vs. 2010 Porsche Panamera Turbo - Comparison Tests - Auto Reviews". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2011-03-24.
- Neil, Dan (2010-11-13). "2011 Porsche Panamera 4: The Case of Panamera v. Porsche Purists". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2011-03-24.
- "First Drive: 2011 Porsche Panamera (V6) [Review]". Leftlanenews.com. 2010-08-11. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- Ben Barry (2009-06-24). "Porsche Panamera S (2009) CAR review". CAR magazine. Retrieved 2010-08-07.
- Georg Kacher (2009-07-28). "Porsche Panamera Turbo (2009) CAR review". Car magazine. Retrieved 2010-08-07.
- Clarkson, Jeremy (2009-10-18). "Porsche Panamera 48 V8 Turbo". The Times (London). Retrieved 2010-05-22.
- Evans, Scott (2010-09-10). "Cold Hard Truth: One Year Later, The Panamera is Porsche’s Sales Leader". Motor Trend. Retrieved 2011-04-27.
- "The Panamera is in high demand internationally". Porsche (press release). 2010-09-10. Retrieved 2011-04-27.
- Fallah, Alborz (2007-04-20). "Porsche Panamera Spy Video". Caradvice.com.au. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- Panamera at porsche.com
- "Porsche Panamera makes Korea move". Ausmotive.com. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- "Welcome to the Family | Porsche Panamera". Porscheusa.com. Retrieved 2009-11-09.
- "Porsche Panamera Debuts In Shanghai – With Videos". Automoblog.net.
- "How to Fit a Porsche Panamera into an Elevator". Left Lane News. 2009-04-21. Retrieved 2009-04-29.
- Kable, Greg (2012-09-26). "Porsche previews new Panamera wagon at Paris show". Autoweek. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Porsche Panamera|
- Porsche Panamera official microsite
- 2010 Porsche Panamera article at LeftLaneNews.com
- The most expensive Panamera almost tops 200,000 Euros—Porsche Panamera article at AutoEvolution.com