List of Volkswagen Group petrol engines

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Volkswagen TSI engine

List of Volkswagen Group petrol engines. The spark-ignition petrol engines listed below are currently[when?] used by various marques of automobiles and commercial vehicles of the German automotive concern, Volkswagen Group,[1] and also in Volkswagen Industrial Motor applications. All listed engines operate on the four-stroke cycle, and unless stated otherwise, use a wet sump lubrication system, and are water-cooled.[1]

Since the Volkswagen Group is European, official internal combustion engine performance ratings are published using the International System of Units (commonly abbreviated "SI"), a modern form of the metric system of figures. Motor vehicle engines will have been tested by a Deutsches Institut für Normung (DIN) accredited testing facility, to either the original 80/1269/EEC, or the later 1999/99/EC standards.[citation needed] The standard initial measuring unit for establishing the rated motive power output is the kilowatt (kW);[citation needed] and in their official literature, the power rating may be published in either the kW, or the 'Pferdestärke' (PS, which is sometimes incorrectly referred to as 'metric horsepower'), or both, and may also include conversions to imperial units such as the horsepower (hp) or brake horsepower (bhp). (Conversions: one PS ˜ 735.5 watts (W), ˜ 0.98632 hp (SAE)). In case of conflict, the metric power figure of kilowatts (kW) will be stated as the primary figure of reference. For the turning force generated by the engine, the Newton metre (Nm) will be the reference figure of torque. Furthermore, in accordance with European automotive traditions, engines shall be listed in the following ascending order of preference:[citation needed]

  1. Number of cylinders,
  2. Engine displacement (in litres),
  3. Engine configuration, and
  4. Rated motive power output (in kilowatts).

The petrol engines which Volkswagen Group previously manufactured and installed are in the list of discontinued Volkswagen Group petrol engines article.

EA111[edit]

The EA111 series of internal combustion engines was introduced in the mid-1970s in the Audi 50, and shortly after in the original Volkswagen Polo. It is a series of water-cooled inline three- and inline four-cylinder petrol and diesel engines, in a variety of displacement sizes. This overhead camshaft engine features a crossflow cylinder head design, and directly driven auxiliary units.[clarification needed] The exhaust side is in driving direction, closest to the front of the vehicle.

EA211[edit]

The EA211 engines are a completely new four-cylinder turbocharged and direct-injection TSI engines. Compared to its predecessor, the EA211 series is significantly more compact, with installation length 50 mm shorter, thus offering more interior space. The installation position of the engines has also been optimised. Just as in the diesels, the petrol engines are now mounted with the exhaust side facing backwards and tilted at an angle of 12 degrees. The weight of these petrol engines made of die-cast aluminium is only 97 kg for the 1.2 TSI and 106 kg for the 1.4 TSI. The crankshaft alone became lighter by 20 per cent; the connecting rods lost 30 per cent of their weight. In addition the connecting rod bearing journals are now hollow-drilled and pistons now come with flat bottoms, all of them optimized for lower weight. Regarding thermal management, the EA211 petrol engine is equipped with a modern dual-circuit cooling system. That means that a high temperature circuit with a mechanically driven cooling pump cools the basic engine, while a low temperature circuit flows through the intercooler and the turbo-charger casing. The cylinder-head circuit heats the cabin's interior. The exhaust manifold is integrated into the cylinder head, enabling the engine to warm up more quickly, in turn making heat available quickly for the passenger cabin. At high loads, the exhaust is cooled by the coolant, lowering fuel consumption.

Three-cylinder petrols[edit]

This section is about current three-cylinder petrol engines

1.0 R3 12v (EA211)[edit]

The new fuel-saving engine presented at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show

identification
parts code prefix: ???, ID code: ???
engine displacement & engine configuration
999 cubic centimetres (61.0 cu in) inline three engine (R3/I3); bore x stroke: 74.5 by 76.4 millimetres (2.93 in × 3.01 in), stroke ratio: 0.99:1 - 'square engine', 333.1 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 10.5:1
cylinder block & crankcase
cast aluminium alloy; four main bearings, die-forged steel crankshaft
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four valves per cylinder, 12 valves total, double overhead camshaft (DOHC)
aspiration
[natural]
fuel system
multi-point electronic indirect fuel injection with three intake manifold-sited fuel injectors
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs
44 kilowatts (60 PS; 59 bhp) @ 5,000-6,000 rpm; 95 newton metres (70 lbf·ft) @ 3,000-4,300 rpm
55 kilowatts (75 PS; 74 bhp) @ 6,200 rpm; 95 newton metres (70 lbf·ft) @ 3,000-4,300 rpm
application
Volkswagen up! Skoda Citigo Seat Mii

1.2 R3[edit]

This all-aluminium alloy engine is manufactured at the Škoda Auto plant in Mladá Boleslav.

parts code prefix
03E
engine displacement & engine configuration
1,198 cubic centimetres (73.1 cu in) inline three engine (R3/I3); bore x stroke: 76.5 by 86.9 millimetres (3.01 in × 3.42 in), stroke ratio: 0.88:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 399.4 cc per cylinder
cylinder block & crankcase
cast aluminium alloy; four main bearings, die-forged steel crossplane crankshaft with 120 degree crankpins, gear-driven contra-rotating balance shaft, simplex chain-driven oil pump
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; low-friction roller finger cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, simplex roller chain-driven overhead camshaft
6v: two valves per cylinder, 6 valves total, single overhead camshaft (SOHC), compression ratio: 10.3:1
12v: four valves per cylinder, 12 valves total, double overhead camshaft (DOHC), compression ratio: 10.5:1
aspiration
plastic intake manifold
fuel system, ignition system & management
common rail multi-point electronic sequential indirect fuel injection (MPI) with three intake manifold-sited fuel injectors; three individual spark coils; Siemens SIMOS 91 electronic engine control unit (ECU), EU4 compliant
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes - 6v
40 kilowatts (54 PS; 54 bhp) @ 4,750 rpm; 108 newton metres (80 lbf·ft) @ 3,000 rpm — AWY, BMD
44 kilowatts (60 PS; 59 bhp) @ 5,000 rpm; 108 newton metres (80 lbf·ft) @ 3,000 rpm — BBM
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes - 12v
47 kilowatts (64 PS; 63 bhp) @ 5,400 rpm; 112 newton metres (83 lbf·ft) @ 3,000 rpm — AZQ, BME
51 kilowatts (69 PS; 68 bhp) @ 5,400 rpm; 112 newton metres (83 lbf·ft) @ 3,000 rpm — BZG, CEV, CGPA
applications
Volkswagen Fox (BMD: 04/05->), Volkswagen Polo Mk4 (9N, PQ24 - AZQ: 11/01-05/04, AWY: 01/02-05/04, BMD: 05/04-05/07, BME: 11/04-07/07, BBM/BZG: 05/07->), Škoda Fabia (AWY: 07/01-05/04, BMD: 05/04-12/07, BME: 12/04-12/07, BBM: 12/06-05/09, BZG: 01/07-05/09, CEV: 01/08->), Škoda Roomster (BME: 05/06-01/07, BZG: 01/07-03/09, CGPA: 03/09->), SEAT Ibiza (BBM: 06/07-05/08, AZQ: 01/02->, BME: 11/04->, BZG: 03/08->), SEAT Cordoba (AZQ: 10/02->, BME: 11/04->)
reference
"New VW Fox in depth". WorldCarFans.com. Volkswagen AG. 4 April 2005. Retrieved 26 January 2010. 

1.2 R3 12v FSI[edit]

identification
parts code prefix: ???, ID codes: ???
engine displacement & engine configuration
1,198 cubic centimetres (73.1 cu in) inline three engine (R3/I3); bore x stroke: 76.5 by 86.9 millimetres (3.01 in × 3.42 in), stroke ratio: 0.88:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 399.4 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 10.3:1 - 12.3:1[clarification needed]
cylinder block & crankcase
cast aluminium alloy; four main bearings, die-forged steel crankshaft, balancer shaft
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four valves per cylinder, 12 valves total, low-friction roller finger cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, simplex roller chain-driven double overhead camshaft (DOHC)
aspiration
multi-position tumble flap in the intake port controlling the tumble effect
fuel system
common rail Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI) cylinder-direct petrol injection, up to 150 bars (2,180 psi) high-pressure pump
exhaust system
up to 25% cooled exhaust gas recirculation (EGR)
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs
50 kilowatts (68 PS; 67 bhp) @ 5,000 rpm; 115 newton metres (85 lbf·ft) @ 3,250 rpm
65 kilowatts (88 PS; 87 bhp) @ 6,000 rpm; 120 newton metres (89 lbf·ft) @ 3,500 rpm
application
Volkswagen Polo Mk5 (6R, PQ25)

Four-cylinder EA827/EA113/EA211 petrols[edit]

This section is about current four-cylinder petrol engines, for discontinued four-cylinder petrol engines, see list of discontinued Volkswagen Group petrol engines#Four cylinder EA111 petrols and list of discontinued Volkswagen Group petrol engines#Four cylinder EA827/EA113 petrols

The EA827 family of internal combustion engines was introduced in 1972 in the Audi 80, and was eventually superseded by the EA113 evolution introduced in 1993. Both share the same 88 millimetres (3.46 in) cylinder spacing. The latter EA113 was updated with Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI) direct injection, to be topped by the 200 kilowatts (272 PS; 268 bhp) 2.0 TFSI used in the Audi TTS. Forty million engines have been produced. This range will eventually be superseded by the all new EA888 project, introduced with the 1.8 TSI/TFSI below, but the EA113 still remains in production.

1.2 R4 TSI/TFSI[edit]

This engine is manufactured at the Škoda Auto plant in Mladá Boleslav.

identification
parts code prefix: 03F, ID codes: CBZA, CBZB, CBZC
engine displacement & engine configuration
1,197 cubic centimetres (73.0 cu in) inline-four engine (R4/I4); bore x stroke: 71.0 by 75.6 millimetres (2.80 in × 2.98 in), stroke ratio: 0.94:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 299.3 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 10.5:1, 130 bars (1,890 psi) peak pressures
cylinder block & crankcase
cast aluminium alloy, five main bearings, die-forged steel crankshaft
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; low-friction roller finger cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation
two valves per cylinder, 8 valves total, roller chain-driven single overhead camshaft (SOHC)
aspiration
hot-film air mass meter, cast alloy throttle body with electronically controlled Bosch "E-Gas" 'drive by wire' throttle butterfly valve; turbocharger with maximum pressure 1.6 bars (23.2 psi), water-cooled intercooler integrated into intake manifold
fuel system
fully demand-controlled and returnless; - fuel tank–mounted low-pressure fuel pump; Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI): camshaft-driven single-piston high-pressure injection pump supplying up to 150 bars (2,180 psi) fuel pressure in common rail fuel rail, four combustion chamber sited direct injection sequential fuel injectors, mounted on the intake side between the intake port and cylinder head gasket level, homogeneous mixing, stratified lean-burn operation with excess air at part load; 95 RON ultra-low sulphur unleaded petrol (ULSP)
ignition system & engine management
centrally positioned longlife spark plugs, mapped direct ignition with four individual direct-acting single spark coils; electronic engine control unit (ECU), knock control via a single knock sensor, permanent lambda control, EU5 compliant
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs
63 kilowatts (86 PS; 84 bhp) @ 4,800 rpm; 160 newton metres (118 lbf·ft) @ 1,500-3,500 rpm — CBZA; Volkswagen Golf Mk6 (05/10->), Audi A1
66 kilowatts (90 PS; 89 bhp) @ 4,500 rpm; 160 newton metres (118 lbf·ft) @ 1,500-3,500 rpm — CBZC; Volkswagen Polo (05/11->)
77 kilowatts (105 PS; 103 bhp) @ 5,000 rpm; 175 newton metres (129 lbf·ft) @ 1,550-4,100 rpm — CBZB
applications
Volkswagen Beetle (A5), Volkswagen Polo Mk5, Volkswagen Golf Mk6, Volkswagen Caddy (05/09->), SEAT Ibiza, SEAT León (1P), SEAT Altea, SEAT Altea XL, SEAT Toledo (2012) (KG) Škoda Octavia (02/10->), Škoda Yeti, Škoda Fabia (02/10->), Audi A1, Škoda Rapid (2012) (NH)
references
auto-motor-sport.de and the Volkswagen press releases to the new Polo 2009
"VW presents new 1.2 litre TSI and 1.6 litre TDI engines for Golf and Polo". WorldCarFans.com. Volkswagen AG. 13 May 2009. Retrieved 28 December 2009. 
"New engines 1.2 TSI for Leon and Altea". SEAT.com. SEAT. 5 March 2010. Retrieved 5 March 2010. 
"New engine 1.2 TSI for Octavia". skoda-auto.com. Škoda Auto. 25 January 2010. Retrieved 26 January 2010. 

1.2 TSI (EA211)[edit]

These newly developed generation of modern petrol engines are manufactured at the Škoda Auto plant in Mladá Boleslav.

identification
EA211 engine family. Turbocharged and direct-injection TSI engines with a four-cylinder, four-valve layout and belt driven camshafts.
1.2 TSI 63 kW
The entry-level petrol engine. Turbocharging produces a maximum torque of 160 Nm (at 1,400 to 3,500 rpm).
1.2 TSI 77 kW
The improved performance version of the 1.2 TSI Green tec, which includes a start/stop system and brake energy recuperation, manages an output of 77 kW (105 hp). This TSI engine provides a maximum torque of 175 Nm at between 1,400 and 4,000 rpm.

1.4 R4[edit]

identification
parts code prefix: 030, ID codes: ABD, AEX
engine displacement & engine configuration
1,390 cubic centimetres (84.8 cu in) inline-four engine (R4/I4); bore x stroke: 76.5 by 75.6 millimetres (3.01 in × 2.98 in), stroke ratio: 1.01:1 - 'square engine', 347.5 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 10.5:1
cylinder block & crankcase
grey cast iron; five main bearings, die-forged steel crankshaft
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; two valves per cylinder, 8 valves total, low-friction roller finger cam followers, timing belt-driven single overhead camshaft (SOHC)
fuel system
electronic fuel injection
DIN-rated motive power & torque output
55 kilowatts (75 PS; 74 bhp) @ 4,800-5,000 rpm; 124 newton metres (91 lbf·ft) @ 2,750 rpm
applications
Audi A2, Volkswagen Fox, Volkswagen Golf Mk3, Volkswagen Type 2 (T2) in Brazil, SEAT Ibiza, Volkswagen Polo Mk3
reference
"New VW Fox in depth". WorldCarFans.com. Volkswagen AG. 4 April 2005. Retrieved 26 January 2010. 

1.4 R4 16v[edit]

identification
parts code prefix: 036
engine displacement & engine configuration
1,390 cubic centimetres (84.8 cu in) inline-four engine (R4/I4); bore x stroke: 76.5 by 75.6 millimetres (3.01 in × 2.98 in), stroke ratio: 1.01:1 - 'square engine', 347.5 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 10.5:1
cylinder block & crankcase
cast aluminium alloy; five main bearings, die-forged steel crankshaft
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four valves per cylinder, 16 valves total, double overhead camshaft (DOHC)
fuel system
multi-point electronic indirect fuel injection with four intake manifold-sited fuel injectors
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes
55 kilowatts (75 PS; 74 bhp) @ 5,000 rpm; 128 newton metres (94 lbf·ft) @ 3,300 rpm — AHW, AXP, AKQ, APE, AUA, BCA, BBY, BKY
59 kilowatts (80 PS; 79 bhp) @ 5,000 rpm; 132 newton metres (97 lbf·ft) @ 3,800 rpm — BUD, CGGA
63 kilowatts (86 PS; 84 bhp) @ 5,000 rpm; 132 newton metres (97 lbf·ft) @ 3,800 rpm — BXW, CGGB
74 kilowatts (101 PS; 99 bhp) @ 6,000 rpm; 126 newton metres (93 lbf·ft) @ 4,400 rpm — AFH, AFK, AUB, BBZ (discontinued)
applications
Audi A2, SEAT Ibiza, SEAT Córdoba, SEAT León Mk1 (1M), SEAT Altea, SEAT Toledo, Škoda Fabia, Škoda Octavia II, Škoda Octavia II Tour (CGGA), Škoda Octavia II FL (CGGA), Škoda Roomster (BXW: 05/06->2011,CGGB:2011->), Volkswagen Lupo, Volkswagen Polo, Volkswagen Golf, Volkswagen Bora, Volkswagen Jetta, Volkswagen New Beetle

1.4 R4 16v TSI/TFSI[edit]

Based on the EA111, this new engine was announced at the 2005 Frankfurt Motor Show, to be first used in the Mk5 Golf GT, the 125 kW 1.4 litre TSI engine is a "Twincharger", and uses both a turbocharger and a supercharger. Its displacement downsizing leads to improved fuel economy, with 14% more power than the 2.0 FSI, but consuming 5% less fuel. The mechanical supercharger compressor, driven at 1.5 times the speed of the crankshaft, mainly operates at low engine speeds from tick-over up to 2,400 revolutions per minute (rpm) to increase low-end torque. At engine speeds just above idle, the belt-driven supercharger provides a boost pressure of 1.2 bars (17.4 psi). The turbocharger assumes full effectiveness at middle revs, and the engine map disengages the clutch-controlled supercharger at a maximum upper limit of 3,500 rpm; the supercharger will then be bypassed once the turbocharger spools up and reaches sufficient speed to provide adequate boost in the upper rev-ranges. This engine is made at Volkswagen-Motorenfertigung, Chemnitz.

In 2007, Volkswagen announced the 90 kW model which will replace the 1.6 FSI 85 kW (116 PS; 114 bhp) engine. This engine differs from the 103 kW and 125 kW models in several ways. It uses only one method of forced induction - a turbocharger (and not a supercharger), and has water-cooled intercooler. The engine has reduced frictional losses, optimised camshafts, new intake ports, and new high-pressure injector valves. It is also 14 kilograms (31 lb) lighter than the 125 kW model, in order to improve fuel economy and reduce emissions.

See also: G60
identification
parts code prefix: 03C, ID codes: BLG, BMY, CAXC
engine displacement & engine configuration
1,390 cubic centimetres (84.8 cu in) inline-four engine (R4/I4); bore x stroke: 76.5 by 75.6 millimetres (3.01 in × 2.98 in), stroke ratio: 1.01:1 - 'square engine', 347.5 cc per cylinder, 120 bars (1,740 psi) peak pressures, compression ratio: 10.0:1
cylinder block & crankcase
grey cast iron; 82 mm (3.23 in) cylinder spacing, five main bearings, die-forged steel crankshaft, roller chain-driven oil pump
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four valves per cylinder, 16 valves total, low-friction roller finger cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, roller chain driven double overhead camshaft (DOHC), continuous adjusting variable intake valve timing
aspiration
hot-film air mass meter, cast alloy throttle body with electronically controlled Bosch "E-Gas" 'drive by wire' throttle butterfly valve
90 to 96 kW variants — two-part plastic intake manifold, turbocharger incorporated in exhaust manifold with maximum boost pressure 1.8 bars (26.1 psi), water-cooled intercooler integrated into intake manifold
103 to 125 kW variants — multi-ribbed belt-driven fifth-generation Eaton Roots-type positive displacement supercharger operated by a magnetic clutch integrated in a module inside the water pump, internal step-down ratio on the input end of the synchronisation gear pair, and KKK turbocharger with integrated wastegate connected in series, administrated by a control flap, 2.5 bars (36.3 psi) pressure at 1,500 rpm, front-mounted intercooler (FMIC)
fuel system
fully demand-controlled and returnless; - fuel tank–mounted low-pressure fuel pump; Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI): camshaft-driven single-piston high-pressure injection pump supplying up to 150 bars (2,180 psi) fuel pressure in common rail fuel rail integrated into the inlet manifold, four combustion chamber sited direct injection sequential solenoid-controlled six-hole fuel injectors, mounted on the intake side between the intake port and cylinder head seal level, homogeneous mixing, stratified lean-burn operation with excess air at part load,
90 to 103 kW variants — 95 RON ultra-low sulphur unleaded petrol (ULSP)
110 to 125 kW variants — 98 RON 'Super Unleaded' ultra-low sulphur unleaded petrol (ULSP) - 95 RON may be used, but will result in lower power output
ignition system & engine management
centrally positioned NGK longlife spark plugs, mapped direct ignition with four individual direct-acting single spark coils; Bosch Motronic ME electronic engine control unit (ECU), knock control via a single knock sensor, permanent lambda control
exhaust system
cast iron exhaust manifold (with integrated turbocharger), one catalytic converter, two heated oxygen sensors monitoring pre- and post catalyst exhaust gasses
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes
90 kilowatts (122 PS; 121 bhp); 210 newton metres (155 lbf·ft) @ 1,500-4,000 rpm — Passat (2009 on)
90 kilowatts (122 PS; 121 bhp); 200 newton metres (148 lbf·ft) @ 1,500-3,500 rpm — CAXA; Golf Mk5 (2007 on), Tiguan (08/10->), Škoda Octavia Mk2, Scirocco Mk3
92 kilowatts (125 PS; 123 bhp); 200 newton metres (148 lbf·ft) @ 1,500-4,000 rpm — CAXC; Audi A3, SEAT Leon
96 kilowatts (131 PS; 129 bhp); 220 newton metres (162 lbf·ft) @ 1,750-3,500 rpm — CFBA; Golf Mk6, VW Jetta V, Passat B6, Škoda Octavia Mk2, LAVIDA(SAIC-VW), Bora
103 kilowatts (140 PS; 138 bhp); 220 newton metres (162 lbf·ft) — BMY; Touran from early 2006, Golf Mk5, Jetta
110 kilowatts (150 PS; 148 bhp) @ 5,800 rpm; 220 newton metres (162 lbf·ft) @ 1,250-4,500 rpm — CAVF; SEAT Ibiza FR
110 kilowatts (150 PS; 148 bhp) @ 5,800 rpm; 240 newton metres (177 lbf·ft) @ 1,750-4,000 rpm — BWK/CAVA; VW Tiguan
110 kilowatts (150 PS; 148 bhp) @ 5,800 rpm; 240 newton metres (177 lbf·ft) @ 1,750-4,000 rpm — CDGA; Touran, Passat B7 EcoFuel
118 kilowatts (160 PS; 158 bhp) @ 5,800 rpm; 240 newton metres (177 lbf·ft) @ 1,750-4,500 rpm — CAVD; Golf Mk6, Scirocco Mk3, VW Jetta TSI Sport
125 kilowatts (170 PS; 168 bhp) @ 6,000 rpm; 240 newton metres (177 lbf·ft) (MEP 21.7 bar) @ 1,750-4,500 rpm (200 N·m (148 lbf·ft) @ 1,250-6,000 rpm), rev limit: 7,000 rpm — BLG; Golf Mk5 GT, Jetta, Golf Plus, Touran
132 kilowatts (179 PS; 177 bhp) @ 6,200 rpm; — 250 newton metres (184 lbf·ft) @ 2,000 - 4,500 rpm, CAVE/CTHE in ; SEAT Ibiza Cupra, Polo GTI, Fabia RS
applications
2005 VW Golf Mk5, 2006 VW Touran, 2008 Audi A3, 2008 VW Scirocco, possibly in the 2008 VW Concept R, 2007 SEAT León, 2008 Škoda Octavia, 2009 VW Tiguan, 2009 VW Golf Mk6
references
"Volkswagen Golf GT TSI - Supercharged and Turbocharged 1.4L". VWVortex.com. Volkswagen AG. 29 August 2005. Retrieved 6 September 2009. 
"In a nutshell: Engine Technology 2006". Volkswagen-Media-Services.com (Press release). Volkswagen AG. 16 March 2006. Retrieved 7 September 2009. 
"To the Point: TSI Offensive" (Press release). Volkswagen AG. 2007-05-29. [dead link]
"New VW 122 PS TSI Engine in detail". WorldCarFans.com. Volkswagen AG. 29 May 2007. Retrieved 7 September 2009. 
Parks, Jim (2009-07-10). "Eaton Supercharger Boosts VW Green Engine Of The Year". Eaton.com. Eaton Corporation. Retrieved 2009-07-24. "The highly regarded engine was named International Engine of the Year, Best Engine in the 1-litre to 1.4-litre category, and Green Engine of the Year, ahead of state-of-the-art hybrid and twin-turbo diesel competition." 

awards[edit]

Was winner of the "Best New Engine" category in the 2006 annual competition for International Engine of the Year.
Was winner of the "1.0-litre 1.4-litre" category for six consecutive years in the 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2011 annual competition for International Engine of the Year.
Was winner of the "Green Engine of the Year" category in the 2009 annual competition for International Engine of the Year.
Was outright overall winner of the 2009 and 2010 International Engine of the Year annual competition.

1.4 TSI (EA211)[edit]

These newly developed generation of modern petrol engines are manufactured at the Škoda Auto plant in Mladá Boleslav.

identification
EA211 engine family.
description
1.4 TSI Green tec engine with 103 kW (140 hp). This engine achieves its maximum torque of 250 Nm at 1,500 to 3,500 rpm.

1.6 R4[edit]

identification
parts code prefix: 06B, ID code: AHP (75 kW)
engine displacement & engine configuration
1,595 cubic centimetres (97.3 cu in) inline-four engine (R4/I4); bore x stroke: 81.0 by 77.4 millimetres (3.19 in × 3.05 in), stroke ratio: 1.05:1 - oversquare/short-stroke, 398.8 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 10.3:1
cylinder block & crankcase
aluminium alloy aluminium alloy; five main bearings, die-forged steel crankshaft
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; two valves per cylinder, single overhead camshaft (SOHC)
fuel system & engine management
multi-point electronic indirect fuel injection with four intake manifold-sited fuel injectors; Bosch MD 7 electronic engine control unit (ECU)
electronic indirect injection Total Flex gasoline and/or ethanol (Brazil)
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes
74 kilowatts (101 PS; 99 bhp) @ 5,800 rpm; 135 newton metres (100 lbf·ft) @ 4,400 rpm — AEK (10/94-12/95) - Golf, Vento, Passat
74 kilowatts (101 PS; 99 bhp) @ 5,800 rpm; 140 newton metres (103 lbf·ft) @ 3,500 rpm — AFT, AKS
74 kilowatts (101 PS; 99 bhp) @ 5,300 rpm; 140 newton metres (103 lbf·ft) @ 3,800 rpm — ANA, ARM, ADP, AHL
74 kilowatts (101 PS; 99 bhp) @ 5,600 rpm; 145 newton metres (107 lbf·ft) @ 3,800 rpm — AEH, AKL, APF, AUR, AWH
75 kilowatts (102 PS; 101 bhp) @ 5,600 rpm; 148 newton metres (109 lbf·ft) @ 3,800 rpm — ALZ, AVU, AYD, BFQ, BFS, BGU, BSE, BSF, CCSA
applications
Audi: Audi A3 Mk1 & Mk2 (AEH: 09/96-06/01, AKL: 08/97->, APF: 06/99-08/00, AVU: 05/00-04/02, BFQ: 05/02-06/03, BGU: 05/03-05/05, BSE/BSF: 06/05->, CCSA: 07/08->), Audi 80 (ABB: 08/90-05/93), Audi A4 B5, B6 & B7 (ADP: 11/94-10/96, AHL: 10/96-07/99, ANA: 08/98-06/00, ARM: 08/98-10/91, ALZ: 06/00-06/08), Audi 100 (ABB: 03/92-07/93)
SEAT: SEAT Ibiza Mk2 (AFT: 09/95-06/99, AKL: 06/99-05/02, AEH: 01/00-05/02, APF: 03/00-10/00, AUR: 07/00-05/02), SEAT Córdoba Mk1 (AFT: 09/95-06/99, AKL: 06/99-08/02, AEH: 01/00-08/02, APF: 03/00-10/00, AUR: 07/00-08/02), SEAT León Mk1 & Mk2 (AEH: 08/99-10/05, AKL: 11/99-10/05, BFQ: 10/05-06/06, BSE/BSF: 07/05->, CCSA: 07/05->), SEAT Altea (BGU: 03/04-05/05, BSE/BSF: 05/05->, CCSA: 12/07->), SEAT Toledo Mk1, Mk2 & Mk3 (AFT, AKS: 09/96-03/99, AKL: 10/98-07/04, AEH: 11/98-07/04, BGU: 02/04-03/06, BSE/BSF: 05/05->, CCSA: 12/07->), SEAT Exeo (ALZ: 03/09->)
Škoda: Škoda Octavia Mk1 & Mk2 (AEH: 12/97->, AKL: 08/98->, AVU: 08/00-04/02, BFQ: 04/02->, BGU: 05/04-05/05, BSE/BSF: 05/05->, CCSA: 11/07->)
VW/VWCV: Volkswagen Polo Mk3 (AFT: 12/95-08/99, AEH/AKL: 10/99-09/01, APF: 03/00-10/00, AUR: 07/99-09/01), Volkswagen Golf Mk3 (AFT: 07/95-10/00, AKS: 04/97-10/00), Volkswagen Golf Mk4 (AKL: 10/97-05/04, AEH: 01/98-05/04, APF: 05/99-04/01, AVU: 09/99-04/02), Volkswagen Golf Mk5 (BFQ: 05/02-06/06, BGU: 01/04-07/07, BSE/BSF: 05/05->, CCSA: 11/07-12/08), Volkswagen Golf Mk6 (CCSA: 01/08->), Volkswagen Vento (AFT: 01/96-12/97, AKS: 04/97-12/97), Volkswagen Bora (AKL: 08/98-05/05, AEH: 09/98-05/05, APF: 05/99-09/00, AVU: 09/99-04/02, BFQ: 05/02-05/05), Volkswagen Jetta (74kW AHP: 05/98-01/02, BGU: 05/04->, BSE/BSF: 08/05->, CCSA: 01/08-07/10), Volkswagen Touran (BGU: 07/03-05/05, BSE/BSF: 06/05->), Volkswagen New Beetle (AWH: 11/99-10/00, AYD: 06/00->, BFS: 06/02->), VW Passat B4, B5 & B6 (AFT: 12/95-12/96, ADP: 01/97-10/97, AHL: 10/96-08/00, ARM: 01/99-08/00, ANA: 07/99-08/00, ALZ: 10/00-05/05, BSE/BSF: 05/05->), Volkswagen Caddy Mk3 (BGU: 04/04-05/05, BSE/BSF: 06/05->) Volkswagen Citi Mk1, Volkswagen VeloCITI, Volkswagen Citi Life

1.6 R4 16v[edit]

identification
parts code prefix: 036
engine displacement & engine configuration
1,598 cubic centimetres (97.5 cu in) inline-four engine (R4/I4); bore x stroke: 76.5 by 86.9 millimetres (3.01 in × 3.42 in), stroke ratio: 0.88:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 399.4 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 10.5:1 (China), 12.1:1 (AUS)
cylinder block & crankcase
grey cast iron; five main bearings, die-forged steel crankshaft
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four valves per cylinder, 16 valves total, double overhead camshaft (DOHC)
fuel system & engine management
electronic multipoint injection; Bosch MD 7; Magneti Marelli 7GV
electronic injection Total Flex gasoline or ethanol (Brazil)
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes
77 kilowatts (105 PS; 103 bhp) @ 5,700 rpm; 148 newton metres (109 lbf·ft) @ 4,500 rpm — AUS, AZD, ATN, BCB (discontinued)
77 kilowatts (105 PS; 103 bhp) @ 5,600 rpm; 153 newton metres (113 lbf·ft) @ 3,800 rpm — BTS, CFNA, CLSA
80 kilowatts (109 PS; 107 bhp) @ 5,800 rpm; 150 newton metres (111 lbf·ft) @ 4,200 rpm — (China)
applications
SEAT Ibiza Mk3, Mk4 & Mk5, SEAT Córdoba Mk2, SEAT León Mk1, SEAT Toledo Mk2, Škoda Fabia Mk2, Škoda Roomster (BTS: 05/06->), Škoda Octavia, Volkswagen Polo Mk4, Volkswagen Golf Mk4, Volkswagen Bora, VW Jetta Mk4 (China), Volkswagen Polo sedan

1.8 R4[edit]

identification
parts code prefix: ???, ID code: ADF
engine displacement & engine configuration
1,781 cubic centimetres (108.7 cu in) inline-four engine (R4/I4); bore x stroke: 81.0 by 86.4 millimetres (3.19 in × 3.40 in), stroke ratio: 0.94:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 445.2 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 9.0:1
cylinder block & crankcase
grey cast iron; five main bearings, die-forged steel crankshaft
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; two valves per cylinder, 8 valves total, hydraulic bucket tappets, timing belt-driven single overhead camshaft (SOHC)
fuel system
Pierburg 1B3 downdraft carburettor
dimensions
length: 502 mm (19.8 in), width 656 mm (25.8 in), height 593 mm (23.3 in), dry mass: 111 kilograms (245 lb)
EWG-rated motive power & torque output
50 kilowatts (68 PS; 67 bhp) @ 4,000 rpm; 144 newton metres (106 lbf·ft) @ 2,100 rpm
application
Volkswagen Industrial Motor (04/94->)
reference
"ADF 1.8 ltr Carburettor engine" (PDF). mi-uk.com (Volkswagen AG). September 1993. Retrieved 12 November 2009. 

1.8 R4[edit]

identification
parts code prefix: ???, ID codes: HT, RD, RV, PB, GZ, GX, PF, FP, ABS, ADZ, ACC
engine displacement & engine configuration
1,781 cubic centimetres (108.7 cu in) inline-four engine (R4/I4); bore x stroke: 81.0 by 86.4 millimetres (3.19 in × 3.40 in), stroke ratio: 0.94:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 445.2 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 8.5-10.8:1
cylinder block & crankcase
grey cast iron; five main bearings, die-forged steel crankshaft
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; two valves per cylinder, 8 valves total, single overhead camshaft (SOHC)
fuel system & engine management
Bosch CIS continuous single-point fuel injection system, with or without knock control and electronic timing advance
multi-point electronic indirect fuel injection with four intake manifold-sited fuel injectors; Magneti Marelli, Bosch Motronic or Digifant
electronic injection Total Flex, Gasoline or Ethanol (BR)
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes, applications
55 kilowatts (75 PS; 74 bhp) @ 5,000 rpm; 140 newton metres (103 lbf·ft) @ 2,500 rpm — AAM, ANN (discontinued)
66 kilowatts (90 PS; 89 bhp) @ 5,200 rpm; 142 newton metres (105 lbf·ft) @ 3,000 rpm — RP (discontinued)
66 kilowatts (90 PS; 89 bhp) @ 5,500 rpm; 145 newton metres (107 lbf·ft) @ 2,500 rpm — ABS, ADZ, ANP: VW Gol, VW Golf Mk3, VW Pointer, SEAT Ibiza Mk2
72 kilowatts (98 PS; 97 bhp) @ 5,400 rpm; 143 newton metres (105 lbf·ft) @ 3,000 rpm — 1P (discontinued)
76 kilowatts (103 PS; 102 bhp) @ 5,400 rpm; 155 newton metres (114 lbf·ft) @ 3,000 rpm — VW Gol, Volkswagen Santana, VW Golf Mk1, VW Golf Mk2, VW Saveiro
applications
Audi 80, Audi 100, SEAT Ibiza Mk2, SEAT Córdoba Mk1, SEAT Toledo Mk1, Volkswagen Golf Mk2, Volkswagen Golf Mk3, Volkswagen Golf Mk3 Cabriolet, Volkswagen Golf Mk3 Variant, Volkswagen Vento, Volkswagen Jetta Mk2, Volkswagen Jetta Mk3, Volkswagen Passat B2, Volkswagen Passat B3, Volkswagen Passat B4

1.8 R4 16v[edit]

identification
parts code prefix: ???
engine displacement & engine configuration
1,781 cubic centimetres (108.7 cu in) inline-four engine (R4/I4); bore x stroke: 81.0 by 86.4 millimetres (3.19 in × 3.40 in), stroke ratio: 0.94:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 445.2 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 10.0:1, longitudinally mounted
cylinder block & crankcase
grey cast iron; five main bearings, die-forged steel crankshaft
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four valves per cylinder, 16 valves total, double overhead camshaft (DOHC)
fuel system & engine management
multi-point electronic sequential indirect fuel injection with four intake manifold-sited fuel injectors; Bosch Motronic electronic engine control unit (ECU)
DIN-rated motive power & torque output
95 kilowatts (129 PS; 127 bhp) @ ?,??? rpm; 146 newton metres (108 lbf·ft) @ ?,??? rpm: SEAT Ibiza GTI

1.8 R4 20vT[edit]

Wholly created and developed by AUDI AG, this version is a 1.8 litre 20-valve turbocharged engine built in Wolfsburg, Germany; Gyor, Hungary; and Puebla, Mexico. Output varies based on internal component selection, turbocharger, and engine control unit (ECU) software. This ubiquitous powerplant has been extensively used in all four mainstream Volkswagen Group marques, along with Volkswagen Industrial Motor applications.

This engine is also used in a very high state of tune in the one-make Formula Palmer Audi (FPA) open-wheeled auto racing series. It develops 300 brake horsepower (224 kW; 304 PS), with an extra 60 brake horsepower (45 kW; 61 PS) available from a driver operated 'push-to-pass' turbo boost button. Based entirely on road-car production engines and prepared and built by Mountune Racing, it only differs by utilising a Pi Research Pectel electronic fuel injection and a water-cooled Garrett T34 turbocharger with closed-loop boost control.

Furthermore, an even higher 'step up' version of this engine is used in the new European-based FIA Formula Two Championship. Developed as a pure race engine and again built by Mountune Racing, this variant includes many all-new lightweight components, and has been converted to a dry sump lubrication system. For its initial 2009 season, it produced a continuous maximum power of 400 brake horsepower (298 kW; 406 PS) at 8,250 revolutions per minute (rpm), and includes a limited duration 'overboost' to 450 brake horsepower (336 kW; 456 PS), aided by an all-new Garrett GT35 turbocharger and a Pi Research Pectel MQ12 ECU. From the 2010 season, base power is increased to 425 brake horsepower (317 kW; 431 PS), and with overboost to 480 brake horsepower (358 kW; 487 PS).

identification
parts code prefix: 058, 06A, 06B
engine displacement & engine configuration
1,781 cubic centimetres (108.7 cu in) inline-four engine (R4/I4); bore x stroke: 81.0 by 86.4 millimetres (3.19 in × 3.40 in), stroke ratio: 0.94:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 445.2 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 9.0-9.5:1
cylinder block & crankcase
grey cast iron; five main bearings, die-forged steel crankshaft, fracture-split forged steel connecting rods, Mahle forged aluminium alloy pistons
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; five valves per cylinder, 20 valves total, hydraulic bucket tappets, timing belt-driven double overhead camshaft (DOHC) with variable inlet valve timing
aspiration
cast aluminium alloy intake manifold, turbocharger, intercooler
fuel system, ignition system & engine management
multi-point electronic sequential indirect fuel injection with four intake manifold-sited fuel injectors; mapped direct ignition with four individual direct-acting single spark coils; Bosch Motronic ME 7.5 (MBE 975F on Industrial variants) electronic engine control unit (ECU), red line: 6,500 rpm, rev limit 6,800 rpm

Mass
149 kg ('BAM' engine, dry)

DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes, applications
110 kW (150 PS; 148 bhp) @ 5,800 rpm; 220 N·m (162 lbf·ft) @ 2,200-4,200 rpm — AEB, AGU, AJH, APH, ARX, ARZ, ATW, AUM, AVC, AWD, AWL, AWT, AWW, BJX, BKF, BKV
VW Polo GTI, VW Golf Mk4 GTI, VW Bora, VW New Beetle, VW Passat B5 and VW Sagitar. Also on the Audi TT Mk1 (8N), Audi A3 (first gen.), Audi A4, Audi A6, Škoda Octavia and SEAT Ibiza.
110 kW (150 PS; 148 bhp) @ 5,700 rpm; 220 N·m (162 lbf·ft) @ 1,800 rpm — EU5 rated: CFMA
SEAT Exeo (CFMA: 12/08-on)
115 kW (156 PS; 154 bhp) — AQX,AYP
SEAT Ibiza Mk3 Cupra, Cupra R, SEAT Cordoba Cupra
120 kW (163 PS; 161 bhp) @ 5,700 rpm; 225 N·m (166 lbf·ft) @ 1,950-4,700 rpm — BFB, BKB, CED
replaced the 110 kW version in 2003 on most models; Audi A4, VW Passat
125 kW (170 PS; 168 bhp) @ 5,900 rpm; 225 N·m (166 lbf·ft) @ 1,950-5,000 rpm — AMB, AWM
Audi A4, VW Passat, New Beetle, VW Jetta. This version only exists in North American and emerging markets.
132 kW (179 PS; 177 bhp) @ 5,500 rpm; 235 N·m (173 lbf·ft) @ 1,950-5,000 rpm — AJQ, APP, ARY, ATC, AUQ, AWP, BEK, BNU (North America only), BBU (UK)
Volkswagen Golf Mk4 GTI, VW Bora/Jetta, New Beetle, Audi A3, Audi A4, Audi TT Mk1 (8N), Škoda Octavia vRS, SEAT León, SEAT Toledo, VW Polo GTI.
140 kW (190 PS; 188 bhp) @ 5,700 rpm; 240 N·m (177 lbf·ft) @ 1,950-4,700 rpm — BEX, BVR
Audi A4 (BEX: 11/02-12/04), Audi TT Mk1 (8N) (BVR: 09/05-06/06)
154 kW (209 PS; 207 bhp); 270 N·m (199 lbf·ft) — APY, AUL, AMK
Audi S3 (8L) (APY: 11/98-08/00, AUL: 09/99-04/01, AMK: 09/00-04/02), SEAT León Mk1 (1M) Cupra R (05/02-05/03)
165 kW (224 PS; 221 bhp) @ 5,900 rpm; 280 N·m (207 lbf·ft) @ 2,200-5,500 rpm — AMU (North America only), APX, BAM, BEA (North America only)
Audi TT Mk1 (8N), Audi S3 (8L), SEAT León Mk1 (1M) Cupra R (05/03-06/06). This version is built in Gyor.
176 kW (239 PS; 236 bhp) @ 5,700 rpm; 320 N·m (236 lbf·ft) @ 2,300-5,000 rpm —
2005 Audi TT quattro Sport, (9:1 compression ratio) — BFV
EWG-rated motive power & torque outputs, applications
147 kilowatts (200 PS; 197 bhp) @ 6,000 rpm; 260 newton metres (192 lbf·ft) @ 2,500-5,500 rpm — Volkswagen Industrial Motor, Stage1
184 kilowatts (250 PS; 247 bhp) @ 6,000 rpm; 300 newton metres (221 lbf·ft) @ 2,500-5,500 rpm — Volkswagen Industrial Motor, Stage2
221 kilowatts (300 PS; 296 bhp) @ 6,000 rpm; 360 newton metres (266 lbf·ft) @ 4,000-5,500 rpm — Volkswagen Industrial Motor, Stage3
references
"Audi TT quattro Sport revealed". WorldCarFans.com. AUDI AG. 22 February 2005. Retrieved 4 January 2010. 
"The 1.8 Turbo Gasoline" (PDF). mi-uk.com (Volkswagen AG). Retrieved 12 November 2009. 
"Formula Palmer Audi Championship - The FPA Car". FormulaPalmerAudi.com. MotorSport Vision. Retrieved 6 January 2010. 
"The Williams JPH1 FIA Formula Two car". FormulaTwo.com. MotorSport Vision. 6 January 2010. 

awards[edit]

Was placed in the 1997, 1998, 2001, 2002 and 2003 annual list of Ward's 10 Best Engines

2.0 R4 (EA827)[edit]

identification
parts code prefix: ???
engine displacement & engine configuration
1,984 cubic centimetres (121.1 cu in) inline-four engine (R4/I4); bore x stroke: 82.5 by 92.8 millimetres (3.25 in × 3.65 in), stroke ratio: 0.89:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 496.1 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 10.0-10.5:1
cylinder block & crankcase
CG25 grey cast iron; five main bearings; die-forged steel crankshaft, forged steel connecting rods
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; two valves per cylinder, 8 valves total, hydraulic bucket tappets, timing belt-driven one-piece cast single overhead camshaft (SOHC)
aspiration
cast aluminium alloy intake manifold
engine management
Bosch Motronic or Siemens Simos electronic engine control unit (ECU)
EWG-rated motive power & torque outputs, application, ID codes
37 kilowatts (50 PS; 50 bhp) @ 2,800 rpm; 140 newton metres (103 lbf·ft) @ 2,100-2,400 rpm — Volkswagen Industrial Motor multi-fuel (petrol / LPG / CNG) - CBS (08/06->)
43 kilowatts (58 PS; 58 bhp) @ 2,800 rpm; 143 newton metres (105 lbf·ft) @ 2,100-2,400 rpm — Volkswagen Industrial Motor multi-fuel (petrol / LPG / CNG) - BEF (04/02->)
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes
80 kilowatts (109 PS; 107 bhp) @ 5,400 rpm; 160 newton metres (118 lbf·ft) @ 3,500 rpm — Ecofuel (bivalent) @ 2,600 rpm — ATM
85 kilowatts (116 PS; 114 bhp) @ 5,400 rpm; 172 newton metres (127 lbf·ft) @ 3,200 rpm — AZH, AZJ
85 kilowatts (116 PS; 114 bhp) @ 5,400 rpm; 172 newton metres (127 lbf·ft) @ 3,500 rpm — AZM
88 kilowatts (120 PS; 118 bhp) @ 5,600 rpm; 174 newton metres (128 lbf·ft) @ 2,400 rpm — ATF
88 kilowatts (120 PS; 118 bhp) @ 5,600 rpm; 175 newton metres (129 lbf·ft) @ 2,600 rpm — AUZ, ASU, AVA
applications
SEAT Ibiza Mk2 & Mk3, SEAT Córdoba, SEAT Toledo Mk1, SEAT Alhambra, Škoda Fabia Mk1 (6Y), Škoda Octavia Mk1 (1U), Škoda Superb Mk1 (3U), Volkswagen Santana, Volkswagen Polo Mk4, Volkswagen Golf Mk3, Volkswagen Golf Mk4, Volkswagen Vento, Volkswagen Bora, Volkswagen Jetta, Volkswagen New Beetle, VW Passat B3, VW Passat B4, VW Passat B5, Volkswagen Industrial Motor
reference
"Volkswagen Industrial - Technical specifications EST gaseous fuel engine" (PDF). mi-uk.com (Volkswagen AG). Retrieved 12 November 2009. 

2.0 R4 16v FSI (EA113)[edit]

identification
parts code prefix: ???, ID code: AXW, BPG, BWT (North America)
engine displacement & engine configuration
1,984 cubic centimetres (121.1 cu in) inline-four engine (R4/I4); bore x stroke: 82.5 by 92.8 millimetres (3.25 in × 3.65 in), stroke ratio: 0.89:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 496.1 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 11.5:1
cylinder block & crankcase
AlSi aluminium alloy; five main bearings, die-forged steel crankshaft
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four valves per cylinder, 16 valves total, low-friction roller finger cam followers, double overhead camshaft (DOHC), continuously adjustable intake camshaft
aspiration
variable intake manifold and dual-branch front pipe
fuel system
common rail Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI), single-piston high-pressure injection pump, air-guided homogeneous combustion process, stratified lean-burn operation with excess air at part load
DIN-rated motive power & torque output
110 kilowatts (150 PS; 148 bhp) @ 6,000 rpm; 200 newton metres (148 lbf·ft) @ 3,500 rpm
applications
VW Golf Mk5, VW Jetta, VW Passat, Audi A3, Audi A4, Škoda Octavia, SEAT León, SEAT Toledo, SEAT Altea
reference
"Audi A3 Sportback – in depth" (Press release). Audi AG. 2004-07-19. 

2.0 R4 16v TFSI[edit]

This turbocharged EA113 engine is based on the naturally aspirated 110kW 2.0 FSI.

identification
parts code prefix/variant: 06F.C, 06F.D
engine displacement & engine configuration
1,984 cubic centimetres (121.1 cu in) inline-four engine (R4/I4); bore x stroke: 82.5 by 92.8 millimetres (3.25 in × 3.65 in), stroke ratio: 0.89:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 496.1 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 10.5:1
cylinder block & crankcase
CG25 grey cast iron with liquid-blasted cylinder bore honing; 88 mm (3.46 in) cylinder spacing, five main bearings, die-forged steel crankshaft, two simplex-roller chain driven balance shafts
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; modified inlet duct geometry for high tumble values providing superior knock resistance, four valves per cylinder (exhaust valves sodium filled for increased cooling), 16 valves total, low-friction roller finger cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, belt and roller-chain driven double overhead camshaft (DOHC), continuous intake camshaft adjustment (42° variance from crankshaft)
aspiration
hot-film air mass meter incorporated into air filter housing, cast alloy throttle body with electronically controlled 'drive by wire' throttle butterfly valve, plastic variable length controlled intake manifold with charge movement flaps adjusted by a continuous-action pilot motor, 0.9 bars (13.1 psi) boost water-cooled BorgWarner K03 turbocharger (K04 on 169 kW upwards) incorporated in exhaust manifold, sandwiched central front-mounted intercooler (FMIC)
fuel system
fully demand-controlled and returnless; - fuel tank–mounted low-pressure fuel pump, Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI): inlet camshaft double-cam driven Hitachi single-piston high-pressure injection pump maintaining a pressure between 30 to 110 bars (440 to 1,600 psi) in the stainless steel common rail fuel rail, four combustion chamber sited direct injection sequential solenoid-controlled fuel injectors, air-guided combustion process, multi-pulse injection with homogeneous mixing, stratified lean-burn operation with excess air at part load
ignition system & engine management
centrally positioned Bosch longlife spark plugs, mapped direct ignition with four individual direct-acting single spark coils; Bosch Motronic MED 9.1 electronic engine control unit (ECU), cylinder-selective knock control via two knock sensors, permanent lambda control
exhaust system
secondary air injection pump for direct injection into exhaust ports to assist cold start operation, cast iron exhaust manifold (with integrated turbocharger), one primary and one main ceramic catalytic converters, four heated oxygen sensors monitoring pre- and post catalyst exhaust gasses
dimensions
length: 652 millimetres (25.7 in), width: 648 millimetres (25.5 in), height: 666 millimetres (26.2 in), mass: 152 kilograms (335 lb)
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes & applications
125 kilowatts (170 PS; 168 bhp) @ 4,300 rpm; 280 newton metres (207 lbf·ft) @ 1,800-4,200 rpm — BPJAudi A6 (C6), VW Tiguan
136 kilowatts (185 PS; 182 bhp) @ 6,000 rpm; 270 newton metres (199 lbf·ft) @ 1,800-5,000 rpm — BWA — 2005 SEAT León
147 kilowatts (200 PS; 197 bhp) @ 5,100-6,000 rpm; 280 newton metres (207 lbf·ft) @ 1,700-5,000 rpm — AXX, BWA, BWE, BPY (North America) — Audi A4 (B7), Audi A3 (8P), 2006 Audi TT, VW Passat (B6), VW Golf Mk5 GTI, VW Jetta Mk5 GLI, SEAT León FR Mk2, SEAT Altea, SEAT Toledo Mk3, SEAT Exeo, Škoda Octavia (1Z) vRS
162 kilowatts (220 PS; 217 bhp) @ 5,900 rpm; 300 newton metres (221 lbf·ft) @ 2,200-4,800 rpm — BUL — 2005 Audi A4 (B7) DTM Edition
162 kilowatts (220 PS; 217 bhp) @ 4,500-6,300 rpm; 350 newton metres (258 lbf·ft) @ 2,500-4,400 rpm — CDL — Volkswagen Polo R WRC
169 kilowatts (230 PS; 227 bhp) @ 5,500 rpm; 300 newton metres (221 lbf·ft) @ 2,250-5,200 rpm — BYDVW Golf Mk5 GTI Edition 30, Pirelli Edition & Volkswagen Golf MKVI GTI Edition 35
177 kilowatts (241 PS; 237 bhp) @ 6,000 rpm; 300 newton metres (221 lbf·ft) @ 2,200-5,500 rpm — BWJSEAT León Cupra, SEAT León Cupra Mk2 facelift
188 kilowatts (256 PS; 252 bhp) @ 6,000 rpm; 330 newton metres (243 lbf·ft) @ 2,400-5,200 rpm — CDLAudi S3 (8P), Golf R (Australia, Japan, Middle-East and North America)
195 kilowatts (265 PS; 261 bhp) @ 6,000 rpm; 350 newton metres (258 lbf·ft) @ 2,500-5,000 rpm — BHZAudi S3 (8P)
195 kilowatts (265 PS; 261 bhp) @ 6,000 rpm; 350 newton metres (258 lbf·ft) @ 2,300-5,200 rpm — CDLAudi S3 (8P), Audi TTS, SEAT León Cupra R Mk2 facelift
199 kilowatts (271 PS; 267 bhp) @ 6,000 rpm; 350 newton metres (258 lbf·ft) @ 2,500-5,000 rpm — CDLAudi TTS, Golf R (Europe)
notes
the 162 kW (only Polo R WRC) and higher versions have stronger pistons and gudgeon pins, new rings, reinforced connecting rods, new bearings, reinforced cylinder block at the main bearing pedestals and cap, new lightweight aluminium-silicon alloy cylinder head for high temperature resistance and strength, adjusted exhaust camshaft timing, increased cross-section high-pressure injectors, 1.2 bars (17.4 psi) (value only valid for Audi S3(8P)) boost pressure K04 turbocharger with larger turbine and compression rotor (S3, Cupra, GTI Edition 30), of which some components are NOT shared with the lower output variants
references
The 2.0L FSI Turbocharged Engine - Design and Function. Self-Study Program (Course Number 821503 ed.). 3800 Hamlin Road, Auburn Hills, MI 48326 USA: Volkswagen of America, Inc. August 2005. 
"Audi A3 Sportback – in depth". WorldCarFans.com. AUDI AG. 19 July 2004. Retrieved 2 September 2009. 

awards[edit]

Was winner of the "1.8-litre 2.0-litre" category for four consecutive years in the 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008 annual competition for International Engine of the Year,
Was placed for four consecutive years in the 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2009 annual list of Ward's 10 Best Engines

Four-cylinder EA888 petrols[edit]

This section is about current four-cylinder petrol engines, for discontinued four-cylinder petrol engines, see list of discontinued Volkswagen Group petrol engines#Four cylinder EA111 petrols and list of discontinued Volkswagen Group petrol engines#Four cylinder EA827/EA113 petrols

This latest EA888 family of internal combustion engines is anticipated to be an eventual complete replacement of the EA113 range. It was wholly designed and developed by AUDI AG. The only common feature with its predecessors is the sharing of the same 88 millimetres (3.46 in) cylinder spacing - which keeps the engine length relatively short, meaning it can be installed either transversely or longitudinally. Grey cast iron (GJL 250) remains the choice material for the cylinder block and crankcase, due to its inherent good acoustic dampening properties. This all-new EA888 range is notable for utilising simplex roller chains to drive the two overhead camshafts, instead of the former engines' toothed-rubber timing belt. Like the final developments of the former EA113 engine generation, all EA888s only use the Audi-created Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI) direct injection. Furthermore, EA888 engines are also able to utilise the Audi-developed 'valvelift' technology, which complements the existing variable valve timing. This new family of engines is scheduled to be universally available for all markets on five continents, within all marques of the Volkswagen Group. The former EA113 range still remains in production.

Grainger & Worrall was reported to have cast 50 CGI cylinder blocks for over 12 months, based on the EA888 gasoline engine.[2]

1.8 R4 16v TSI/TFSI (EA888)[edit]

identification
parts code prefix: 06H, 06J; ID codes: BYJ
engine displacement & engine configuration
1,798 cubic centimetres (109.7 cu in) EA888 inline-four engine (R4/I4); bore x stroke: 82.5 by 84.1 millimetres (3.25 in × 3.31 in), stroke ratio: 0.98:1 - 'square engine', 449.6 cc per cylinder; compression ratio: 9.6:1, 88 millimetres (3.46 in) cylinder spacing
cylinder block & crankcase
GJL 250 grey cast iron; 33 kg (73 lb), die-forged steel crankshaft with five 58 mm (2.28 in) diameter main bearings, two toothed chain-driven counter-rotating balance shafts suppressing second degree free inertial forces and oil pump, horizontal-baffled oil sump
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four valves per cylinder, 16 valves total, low-friction roller finger cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, toothed chain-driven double overhead camshaft (DOHC), continuous vane-adjustable variable intake valve timing
aspiration
hot-film air mass meter, cast alloy throttle body with electronically controlled Bosch E-Gas 'drive by wire' throttle butterfly valve, plastic variable length controlled intake manifold with charge movement flaps controlling combustion chamber air movement, BorgWarner K03 water-cooled turbocharger incorporated into cast iron exhaust manifold, sandwiched central front-mounted intercooler (FMIC)
fuel system
fully demand-controlled and returnless; - fuel tank–mounted low-pressure fuel pump; Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI): single-piston high-pressure injection pump driven by a four-lobe cam on the exhaust camshaft supplying up to 150 bars (2,180 psi) fuel pressure in the stainless steel common rail fuel rail, four combustion chamber sited direct injection sequential solenoid-controlled six-hole fuel injectors, air-guided combustion process, multi-pulse dual-stage injection during the induction and compression stroke with homogeneous mixing, stratified lean-burn operation with excess air at part load, 95 RON unleaded ultra-low sulphur petrol
ignition system & engine management
centrally positioned longlife spark plugs, mapped direct ignition with four individual direct-acting single spark coils; Bosch Motronic MED electronic engine control unit (ECU), cylinder-selective knock control via two knock sensors, permanent lambda control
exhaust system
cast iron exhaust manifold (with integrated turbocharger), close-coupled and main catalytic converters - both ceramic
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes
88 kilowatts (120 PS; 118 bhp) @ 4,000-6,200 rpm; 230 newton metres (170 lbf·ft) @ 1,500-3,650rpm — longitudinal — Audi A4 (B8), SEAT Exeo
118 kilowatts (160 PS; 158 bhp) @ 4,500-6,200 rpm; 250 newton metres (180 lbf·ft) @ 1,500-4,500 rpm, 165 N·m (122 lbf·ft) from 1,000 rpm — transversal — CDAA Škoda Yeti, SEAT Leon Mk2 (1P)
112 kilowatts (152 PS; 150 bhp) @ 4,300-6,200 rpm; 250 newton metres (180 lbf·ft) @ 1,500-4,200 rpm, 165 N·m (122 lbf·ft) from 1,000 rpm — transversal — CDAB Škoda Yeti
118 kilowatts (160 PS; 158 bhp) @ 4,500-6,200 rpm; 250 newton metres (180 lbf·ft) @ 1,500-4,500 rpm — longitudinal — Audi A4 (B8), Audi A3 Mk2 (8P), Audi TT Mk2 (8J), SEAT Exeo
125 kilowatts (170 PS; 168 bhp) @ 4,800-6,200 rpm; 250 newton metres (180 lbf·ft) @ 1,500-4,800 rpm — longitudinal — Audi A5
125 kilowatts (170 PS; 168 bhp) @ 3,800-6,200 rpm; 320 newton metres (240 lbf·ft) @ 1,400-3,700 rpm — longitudinal — Audi A4 (B8) (2012-), Audi A5
applications
Audi TT Mk2 (8J), Audi 8P A3, Audi B7 A4, Audi A4 (B8), Audi A5, SEAT Leon Mk2 (1P), SEAT Altea XL, Škoda Yeti, Škoda Octavia Mk2 (1Z, Ming Rui), Škoda Superb Mk2 (3T), VW Jetta Mk5/Sagitar, VW Passat B6, VW Passat CC
references
of the German technical engine publication mtz, press release 11/2006: "Der neue Audi 1.8 TFSI-Motor"
"Sporty Dynamism, Superb Comfort: The Audi 1.8 TFSI". AudiWorld.com. AUDI AG - press release. 27 September 2006. Retrieved 4 September 2009. 
"Audi TT Roadster slims down for Summer". Audi.co.uk. Audi UK. 23 March 2009. Retrieved 4 January 2010. 
"SEAT Exeo with new engines". Auto-motor-und-sport.de. 3 May 2008. Retrieved 5 May 2010. 
"Audi Unveils New 1.8 TFSI: 170 HP, 41 MPG". www.motorauthority.com. 4 August 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2011. 

2.0 R4 16v TSI/TFSI (EA888)[edit]

Manufacturing commenced March 2008.

identification
parts code prefix: 06H, 06J; ID codes: CAEA, CAEB, CAWB, CCZA, CDNB, CDNC
engine displacement & engine configuration
1,984 cubic centimetres (121.1 cu in) EA888 inline-four engine (R4/I4); bore x stroke: 82.5 by 92.8 millimetres (3.25 in × 3.65 in), stroke ratio: 0.89:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 496.1 cc per cylinder; compression ratio: 9.6:1 (10.3:1 A3 Cabrio 2009), 88 mm (3.46 in) cylinder spacing
cylinder block & crankcase
GJL 250 grey cast iron; 33 kg (73 lb), die-forged steel crankshaft with five 58 mm (2.28 in) diameter main bearings, two chain-driven counter-rotating balance shafts suppressing second degree free inertial forces and oil pump, horizontal-baffled oil sump. The water pump bolts to the side of the block, under the intake manifold, and is driven by a toothed belt and a pulley on the back of the intake-side balance shaft.
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four valves per cylinder, 16 valves total, low-friction roller finger cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, toothed chain-driven double overhead camshaft (DOHC), continuous vane-adjustable variable intake valve timing, Audi variants have two-stage "valvelift" inlet valve lift variable control
aspiration
hot-film air mass meter, cast alloy throttle body with electronically controlled Bosch E-Gas 'drive by wire' throttle butterfly valve, plastic variable length controlled intake manifold with charge movement flaps controlling combustion chamber air movement, IHI water-cooled turbocharger incorporated in exhaust manifold, sandwiched central front-mounted intercooler (FMIC)
fuel system
fully demand-controlled and returnless; - fuel tank–mounted low-pressure fuel pump; Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI): single-piston high-pressure injection pump driven by a four-lobe cam on the exhaust camshaft supplying up to 190 bars (2,760 psi) fuel pressure in the stainless steel common rail fuel rail, four combustion chamber sited direct injection sequential solenoid-controlled six-hole fuel injectors, air-guided combustion process, multi-pulse dual-stage injection during the induction and compression stroke with homogeneous mixing, stratified lean-burn operation with excess air at part load, 95 RON ultra-low sulphur unleaded petrol
ignition system & engine management
centrally positioned longlife spark plugs, mapped direct ignition with four individual direct-acting single spark coils; Bosch Motronic MED 17 electronic engine control unit (ECU), cylinder-selective knock control via two knock sensors, permanent lambda control
exhaust system
cast iron exhaust manifold (with integrated turbocharger), close-coupled and main catalytic converters - both ceramic
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs and applications - VW/Audi non-valvelift variants
147 kilowatts (200 PS; 197 bhp) @ 5,100-6,000 rpm; 280 newton metres (207 lbf·ft) @ 1,800-5,000 rpm — CCTA/CBFA: 2009 VW Golf Mk5 GTI (North American markets only), VW Golf Mk6 GTI (North American markets only), VW Jetta Mk5, VW Jetta Mk6, VW Passat B6, VW CC, Audi A3 (8P)
147 kilowatts (200 PS; 197 bhp) @ 5,100-6,000 rpm; 280 newton metres (207 lbf·ft) @ 1,700-5,000 rpm — CAWB: Audi A3 Cabriolet, VW Scirocco, CCZA: Audi TT, Škoda Superb Mk2 (3T), Škoda Octavia
155 kilowatts (211 PS; 208 bhp) @ 5,300-6,200 rpm; 280 newton metres (207 lbf·ft) @ 1,700-5,200 rpm — CCZB: VW Golf Mk6 GTI, VW Scirocco, VW Passat B6, VW CC, SEAT Altea Freetrack, SEAT Leon FR.
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs and applications - Audi/SEAT valvelift variants
132 kilowatts (179 PS; 177 bhp) @ 4,200-6,000 rpm; 320 newton metres (236 lbf·ft) @ 1,500-4,000 rpm — CAEA/CDNB: Audi A4 (B8), Audi Q5
155 kilowatts (211 PS; 208 bhp) @ 4,300-6,000 rpm; 350 newton metres (258 lbf·ft) @ 1,500-4,200 rpm — CAEA/CAEB/CDNC: Audi A4 (B8), Audi A5, Audi Q5, SEAT Exeo
155 kilowatts (211 PS; 208 bhp) @ 4,300-6,000 rpm; 350 newton metres (258 lbf·ft) @ 1,600-4,200 rpm : Audi TT Mk2 (8J), engine is installed transversely
155 kilowatts (211 PS; 208 bhp) @ 5,000-6,200 rpm; 300 newton metres (221 lbf·ft) @ 1,800-4,900 rpm : Audi Q3, engine is installed transversely
reference
"Audi adds 2.0 TFSI with Valvelift to A5 Coupé". PaulTan.org. 25 June 2008. Retrieved 4 September 2009. 
"SEAT Exeo with new engines". Auto-motor-und-sport.de. 3 May 2008. Retrieved 5 May 2010. 

awards[edit]

was winner of the "1.8-litre 2.0-litre" category in the 2009 annual competition for International Engine of the Year.

Five-cylinder petrols[edit]

This section is about current five-cylinder petrol engines, for discontinued five-cylinder petrol engines, see list of discontinued Volkswagen Group petrol engines#Five cylinder petrols

2.5 R5 20v (EA855; Americas/Mid. East)[edit]

This engine is only used in the North American, South American, and Middle Eastern markets, as the replacement for the inline-four naturally aspirated 2.0 litre 8v.

identification
parts code prefix: 07K
engine displacement & engine configuration
2,480 cubic centimetres (151.3 cu in) inline five engine (R5/I5); bore x stroke: 82.5 by 92.8 millimetres (3.25 in × 3.65 in), stroke ratio: 0.89:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 496.1 cc per cylinder
cylinder block & crankcase
GJL250 grey cast iron; two-part oil sump, 6-bolt cast or die-forged steel crankshaft with six steel main bearings, water-cooled oil cooler
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four valves per cylinder, 20 valves total, low-friction roller finger cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, chain-driven (relay method, using two simplex roller chains) double overhead camshaft (DOHC), variable intake valve timing
aspiration
cast aluminium intake manifold, single throttle body with electronically controlled 'drive by wire' throttle butterfly valve
fuel system
multi-point electronic sequential indirect fuel injection with five intake manifold-sited fuel injectors
ignition system & engine management
five individual direct-acting single spark coils with longlife spark plugs, Bosch Motronic engine control unit (ECU), secondary air injection during cold start phase to reduce emissions, single knock sensor
exhaust system
one-piece cast iron 5-into-1 exhaust manifold, ceramic catalytic converter, two heated oxygen sensors (three when equipped with California emissions) for permanent lambda control
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes
110 kilowatts (150 PS; 148 bhp) @ 5,000 rpm; 225 newton metres (166 lbf·ft) @ 3,750 rpm — January 2005 (BGP/BGQ/BPR/BPS)
125 kilowatts (170 PS; 168 bhp) @ 5,700 rpm; 239 newton metres (176 lbf·ft) @ 4,250 rpm — from May 2007 (CBT/CBU)
applications
Volkswagen Passat, VW Rabbit (Golf Mk5), VW Jetta Mk5, Volkswagen New Beetle, Volkswagen Transporter T2C (2006–present, Brazil only)

2.5 R5 20v TFSI (Audi TTRS, RS3 & quattro Concept)[edit]

An all-new engine designed by AUDI AGs high-performance subsidiary quattro GmbH, harking back to the original turbocharged five cylinder Audi engines in the "Ur-" Audi Quattro of the 1980s. A world first for a petrol engine, its cylinder block is constructed from compacted vermicular graphite cast iron (GJV/CGI) - first used in Audis large displacement, high-performance Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) diesel engines.

identification
parts code prefix/variant: 07K.3; ID code: CEPA
engine displacement & engine configuration
2,480 cubic centimetres (151.3 cu in) inline five engine (R5/I5); bore x stroke: 82.5 by 92.8 millimetres (3.25 in × 3.65 in), stroke ratio: 0.89:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 496.1 cc per cylinder; 88 mm (3.46 in) cylinder spacing, 144 degree firing interval, firing order: 1-2-4-5-3, compression ratio: 10.0:1
cylinder block & crankcase
GJV-450 compacted vermicular graphite cast iron (GJV/CGI); six main bearings, two-part cast aluminium alloy horizontal-baffled oil sump, simplex roller chain-driven oil pump, die-forged steel crankshaft, forged steel connecting rods, cast aluminium alloy pistons (weight, each, including rings and gudgeon pin: 492 grams (17.4 oz))
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast high hot-strength aluminium alloy, modified inlet duct geometry for high tumble values providing superior knock resistance, four valves per cylinder (exhaust valves sodium filled for increased cooling), 20 valves total, low-friction roller finger cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, simplex roller chain-driven (relay method) light-weight double overhead camshafts (DOHC), variable valve timing with continuous adjusting intake and exhaust camshaft timing of up to 42 degrees from the crankshaft, two-stage 'valvelift' variable lift control for inlet valves, siamesed inlet ports, Audi "RS" 'red' plastic cam cover
aspiration
twin charge pressure sensors; one pre-throttle plate, one intake manifold mounted, no air flow meter, cast alloy throttle body with electronically controlled 'drive by wire' throttle butterfly valve, two piece intake manifold with charge movement flaps adjusted by a continuous-action pilot motor, water-cooled turbocharger incorporated in exhaust manifold with 64 mm (2.5 in) diameter outlet, generating up to 1.2 bars (17.4 psi) boost, separated central lower front-mounted intercooler (FMIC)
fuel system
fully demand-controlled and returnless: fuel tank-mounted low-pressure fuel lift pump; Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI): single-piston high-pressure injection pump supplying up to 120 bars (1,740 psi) fuel pressure in the stainless steel common rail fuel rail, five combustion chamber sited direct injection sequential solenoid-controlled fuel injectors, air-guided combustion process, multi-pulse injection with homogeneous mixing, stratified lean-burn operation with excess air at part load, ultra-low sulfur unleaded petrol (ULSP)
ignition system & engine management
Beru longlife spark plugs centrally positioned in combustion chamber, mapped direct ignition with five individual direct-acting single spark coils; Bosch Motronic MED electronic engine control unit (ECU), cylinder-selective knock control via two knock sensors, permanent lambda control
exhaust system
secondary air injection pump for direct injection into exhaust ports to assist cold start operation, cast iron exhaust manifold (with integrated turbocharger), two primary and two main high-flow sports catalytic converters, two heated oxygen sensors monitoring pre- and post-catalyst exhaust gasses, vacuum-operated map-controlled flap-valves mounted in rear exhaust silencer tail pipes
dimensions
length: 494 millimetres (19.4 in), mass: 183 kilograms (403 lb)
DIN-rated motive power & torque output
250 kilowatts (340 PS; 335 bhp) @ 5,400-6,500 rpm (specific power of 100.8 kW (137.0 PS; 135.2 bhp) per litre); 450 newton metres (332 lbf·ft) @ 1,600-5,300 rpm; redline: 6,800 rpm
300 kilowatts (408 PS; 402 bhp) @ 5,400-6,500 rpm; 480 newton metres (354 lbf·ft) @ 1,600-5,300 rpm; redline: 8,000 rpm
application
Audi quattro concept (2010), Audi RS3, Audi TT RS (07/09->)
references
"Potent new Audi TT RS takes five in Geneva". Audi.co.uk. Audi UK. 3 March 2009. Retrieved 4 January 2010. 
"Audi TT RS World Debut in Geneva". WorldCarFans.com. AUDI AG. 3 March 2009. Retrieved 2 September 2009. 
"Audi TT RS in Depth - priced at 55,800 euros". WorldCarFans.com. AUDI AG. 29 May 2009. Retrieved 2 September 2009. 

awards[edit]

was winner of the "2.0-litre 2.5-litre" category in the 2010 and 2011 annual competition for International Engine of the Year.

Six-cylinder petrols[edit]

This section is about current six-cylinder petrol engines, for discontinued six-cylinder petrol engines, see list of discontinued Volkswagen Group petrol engines#Six cylinder petrols

2.8 V6 30v [edit]

identification
parts code prefix: 078, ID codes: ACK, ALG, APR, AQD, AMX, AHA, ATQ
engine displacement & engine configuration
2,771 cubic centimetres (169.1 cu in) 90° V6 engine; bore x stroke: 82.5 by 86.4 millimetres (3.25 in × 3.40 in), stroke ratio: 0.95:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 461.9 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 10.6:1
cylinder block & crankcase
cast steel; die-forged steel crankshaft
cylinder heads & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; five valves per cylinder, 30 valves total, hydraulic bucket tappets with automatic valve clearance compensation, chain-driven double overhead camshaft, continuous adjusting variable valve timing for intake and exhaust camshafts (Inlet cams only)
engine management
Bosch Motronic electronic engine control unit (ECU); regular premium unleaded (98 octane normally or 95 with "lower power output", according to manual)
DIN-rated motive power & torque output
142 kilowatts (193 PS; 190 bhp) @ 5,800 rpm; 280 newton metres (207 lbf·ft) @ 3,200 rpm
applications
Volkswagen Passat (1997–2005) including the Variant and Chinese Škoda Superb; Audi A4, Audi A6 and Audi A8

2.8 V6 24v FSI[edit]

The 2.8 V6 is a stroke-reduced version of the 3.2 V6 FSI introducing the Audi valvelift variable control of inlet valve lift.

identification
parts code prefix: ???, ID code: BDX
engine displacement & engine configuration
2,773 cubic centimetres (169.2 cu in) 90° V6 engine, 18.5 millimetres (0.73 in) cylinders banks offset; bore x stroke: 84.5 by 82.4 millimetres (3.33 in × 3.24 in), stroke ratio: 1.03:1 - oversquare/short-stroke, 462.1 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 12.0:1
cylinder block & crankcase
homogeneous monoblock low-pressure gravity die casting hypereutectic 'Alusil' aluminium-silicon alloy (AlSi17Cu4Mg) with a closed-deck design, mechanically stripped hard silicon crystal integral liners, honed under simulated mechanical stress; 360 mm (14.2 in) long, 430 mm (16.9 in) wide, 228 mm (9.0 in) high, 33 kg (73 lb); die-forged steel crankshaft
cylinder heads & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four valves per cylinder, 24 valves total, low-friction roller finger cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, chain-driven double overhead camshaft, continuous adjusting variable valve timing for intake and exhaust camshafts, two-stage valvelift inlet valve lift variable control
fuel system
common rail Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI) high-pressure direct injection
dimensions
165 kilograms (364 lb)
DIN-rated motive power & torque output
140 kilowatts (190 PS; 188 bhp) @ 5,500 rpm; 280 newton metres (207 lbf·ft) @ 3,000-5,000 rpm
150 kilowatts (204 PS; 201 bhp) @ 5,250 rpm; 280 newton metres (207 lbf·ft) @ 3,000-5,000 rpm
154 kilowatts (209 PS; 207 bhp) @ 5,500 rpm; 280 newton metres (207 lbf·ft) @ 3,000-5,000 rpm; 6,800 rpm max
162 kilowatts (220 PS; 217 bhp) @ 5,750 rpm; 280 newton metres (207 lbf·ft) @ 3,200-5,000 rpm
applications
2007 Audi A6 and facelifted A6 2008
reference
"KS Aluminium-Technologie: engine blocks for the new Audi A6". Rheinmetall.de. Rheinmetall AG. August 2004. Retrieved 13 January 2010. 
"ALUSIL - Cylinder Blocks for the new Audi V6 and V8 SI engines" (PDF). KSPG-AG.com. KS Aluminium-Technologie AG. Retrieved 1 February 2010. 
"The new 2.8 FSI with Audi Valvelift system" (Press release). Audi AG. 2006-09-27. 

3.0 V6 30v[edit]

This engine unveiled in 2000 is an all-aluminium alloy, longer stroke version of the 2.8 V6.

identification
parts code prefix: ???
engine displacement & engine configuration
2,976 cubic centimetres (181.6 cu in) 90° V6 engine; bore x stroke: 82.5 by 92.8 millimetres (3.25 in × 3.65 in), stroke ratio: 0.89:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 496.1 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 10.5:1
cylinder block & crankcase
cast aluminium alloy; die-forged steel crankshaft; light pistons, balancer shaft
cylinder heads & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; five valves per cylinder, 30 valves total, low-friction roller finger cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, belt-driven double overhead camshaft, continuous adjusting variable valve timing for intake and exhaust camshafts
aspiration
two-position variable length intake manifold
engine management
Bosch Motronic ME 7.1.1 with electronic throttle control, EU4 compliant
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes
BBJ: 160 kilowatts (218 PS; 215 bhp) for the C6 A6
AVK: 162 kilowatts (220 PS; 217 bhp) @ 6,300 rpm; 300 newton metres (221 lbf·ft) @ 3,200 rpm
applications
2000 Audi A4, 2005 Audi A6 (some Far East markets)
reference
"The New Audi A4" (Press release). Audi AG. 2000-10-10. 

3.0 V6 24v TFSI[edit]

See also: G60
identification
parts code prefix: 06E, ID codes: CAKA, CCBA
engine displacement & engine configuration
2,998 cubic centimetres (182.9 cu in) 90° V6 engine; bore x stroke: 84.5 by 89.1 millimetres (3.33 in × 3.51 in), stroke ratio: 0.95:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 499.7 cc per cylinder, 90 mm (3.54 in) cylinder spacing, compression ratio: 10.5:1
cylinder block & crankcase
cast aluminium alloy; die-forged steel crossplane crankshaft
cylinder heads & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four valves per cylinder, 24 valves total, low-friction roller finger cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, chain-driven double overhead camshaft, continuous adjusting variable valve timing for intake and exhaust camshafts
aspiration
hot-film air mass meter, Eaton 'Twin Vortices Series' (TVS) Roots-type positive displacement supercharger compressor with 160-degree axial twist twin four-lobe rotors and two integrated water-cooled charge air coolers (one per cylinder bank), mounted within the Vee pumping charged air directly into the inlet manifold
fuel system
fully demand-controlled and returnless; fuel tank–mounted low-pressure fuel pump; Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI): two inlet camshaft double-cam driven single-piston high-pressure injection pumps maintaining a pressure of 30 to 100 bars (435 to 1,450 psi) in the two stainless steel common rail fuel distributor rails (one rail per cylinder bank), six combustion chamber sited direct injection solenoid-controlled sequential fuel injectors, homogenous mixing, stratified-charge combustion (lean-burn) at partial load
ignition system and engine management
mapped direct ignition with centrally mounted spark plugs and six individual direct-acting single spark coils; Bosch Motronic electronic engine control unit (ECU)
exhaust system
two ceramic catalytic converters
dimensions
length: 360 mm (14.2 in), width: 430 mm (16.9 in), mass: 189 kg (417 lb)
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs
213 kilowatts (290 PS; 286 bhp) @ 4,850-6,500 rpm; 420 newton metres (310 lbf·ft) @ 2,500-4,800 rpm
245 kilowatts (333 PS; 329 bhp) @ 5,500-7,000 rpm; 440 newton metres (325 lbf·ft) @ 2,500-5,000 rpm — CAKA/CCBA: Audi S4 (B8), Audi S5
applications
2009 Audi A8 (D3), Audi A6 (C6), Audi A4 (B8), Audi S5, Audi S4 (B8), 2010 VW Touareg Hybrid (anticipated)
references
Parks, Jim (2008-07-17). "Audi Selects Eaton TVS Supercharger To Power Fuel Efficient V6". Eaton.com. Eaton Corporation - press release. Retrieved 2009-07-24. "when paired with direct injection and enhanced transmission ratio, the TVS supercharger helps the engine achieve 290 hp with an average fuel economy of nearly 24 miles per gallon" 
Parks, Jim (2008-11-06). "Eaton TVS Supercharger Featured On 2010 Audi S4/S4 Avant". Eaton.com. Eaton Corporation - press release. Retrieved 2009-07-24. "When combined with direct injection, the TVS surpasses twin turbochargers in packaging, starting performance and responsiveness" 
Parks, Jim (2009-03-04). "First Hybrid Application Of TVS Supercharger To Appear On 2010 Volkswagen Touareg; Fuel Economy Improved 17- 25 Percent". Eaton.com. Eaton Corporation - press release. Retrieved 2009-07-24. 

3.2 VR6 24v (EA390)[edit]

This VR6 engine was often badged as a "V6" in Audi models

identification
parts code prefix: 022, ID codes: CBRA
engine displacement & engine configuration
3,189 cubic centimetres (194.6 cu in) 15° VR6 engine; bore x stroke: 84.0 by 95.9 millimetres (3.31 in × 3.78 in), stroke ratio: 0.88:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 531.5 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 11.3:1
cylinder block & crankcase
grey cast iron; seven main bearings; die-forged steel crankshaft, cast aluminium alloy oil sump
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four unequal-length valves per cylinder, 24 valves total, low-friction roller finger cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, simplex roller chain-driven double overhead camshaft (DOHC - one camshaft for all exhaust valves, and one for all intake valves), continuous timing adjustment variable valve timing (52 degrees on the inlet, 22 degrees on the exhaust)
aspiration
hot-film air mass meter, electronic drive by wire throttle valve, one-piece cast aluminium alloy intake manifold, two cast iron exhaust manifolds
fuel system, ignition system, engine management
common rail multi-point electronic sequential indirect fuel injection with six intake manifold-sited fuel injectors; mapped direct ignition with six NGK longlife spark plugs and six individual single spark coils; electronic engine control unit (ECU)
EWG-rated motive power, ID code & application
54 kilowatts (73 PS; 72 bhp) — BMFVolkswagen Industrial Motor (LPG) (05/04->)
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes & applications
173 kilowatts (235 PS; 232 bhp) @ 6,200 rpm; 315 newton metres (232 lbf·ft) @ 2,950 rpm — Volkswagen Transporter (T5)
177 kilowatts (241 PS; 237 bhp) @ 6,200 rpm; 320 newton metres (236 lbf·ft) @ 2,500-3,000 rpm — BFHVW Golf Mk4 R32 (US)
177 kilowatts (241 PS; 237 bhp) @ 6,250 rpm; 320 newton metres (236 lbf·ft) @ 2,800-3,200 rpm — BMLVW Golf Mk4 R32 (Australia)
184 kilowatts (250 PS; 247 bhp) @ 6,300 rpm; 320 newton metres (236 lbf·ft) @ 2,500-3,000 rpm — BDB, BHE, BMJ, BPF, BUBAudi A3 (BDB: 07/03-08/04, BMJ: 09/04-10/05, BUB: 11/05-05/09), Audi TT (BHE: 07/03-06/06, BPF: 05/04-05/06, BUB: 08/06-06/10), VW Golf Mk5 R32
references
"VW Golf R32 (Mk4) - in depth". WorldCarFans.com. Volkswagen AG. 7 August 2002. Retrieved 2 August 2009. 
"The New Volkswagen Golf R32 (Mk4)". BillsWebSpace.com. Volkswagen Group Australia. February 2003. Retrieved 5 September 2011. 
"New Volkswagen Golf R32 (Mk5)". WorldCarFans.com. Volkswagen AG. 23 September 2005. Retrieved 2 August 2009. 

3.2 VR6 24v FSI (EA390)[edit]

identification
parts code prefix: 03H, ID code: AXZ (North America only)
engine displacement & engine configuration
3,189 cubic centimetres (194.6 cu in) 10.6° VR6 engine; bore: 86.0 millimetres (3.39 in) x stroke: 90.9mm, stroke ratio: 0.95:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 531.5 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 12:1[citation needed]
cylinder block & crankcase
grey cast iron; seven main bearings; die-forged steel crankshaft
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four unequal-length valves per cylinder, 24 valves total, low-friction roller finger cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, simplex roller chain-driven double overhead camshaft (DOHC - one camshaft for all exhaust valves, and one for all intake valves), continuous timing adjustment variable valve timing (52 degrees on the inlet, 22 degrees on the exhaust)
aspiration
hot-film air mass meter, electronic drive by wire throttle valve, one-piece cast aluminium alloy intake manifold, two cast iron exhaust manifolds
fuel system
Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI) high-pressure direct injection with two common rails
ignition system
mapped direct ignition with six individual ignition coils
DIN-rated motive power & torque output
184 kilowatts (250 PS; 247 bhp)
application
VW Passat B6 3.2 FSI (09/05->)

3.2 V6 24v FSI[edit]

identification
parts code prefix: ???, ID codes: AUK, BKH, BYU, (191 kW - BPK)
engine configuration
90° V6 engine; 90 millimetres (3.54 in) cylinder spacing, compression ratio: 12.5:1 (184 kW: 11.3:1)
engine displacement etc.
3,123 cubic centimetres (190.6 cu in); bore x stroke: 84.5 by 92.8 millimetres (3.33 in × 3.65 in), stroke ratio: 0.91:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 520.4 cc per cylinder
3,197 cubic centimetres (195.1 cu in); bore x stroke: 85.5 by 92.8 millimetres (3.37 in × 3.65 in), stroke ratio: 0.92:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 532.8 cc per cylinder
cylinder block & crankcase
homogeneous monoblock low-pressure chill gravity die casting hypereutectic 'Alusil' aluminium-silicon alloy (AlSi17Cu4Mg) with a closed-deck design, mechanically stripped hard silicon crystal integral liners, honed under simulated mechanical stress; die-forged steel crankshaft
cylinder heads & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four valves per cylinder, 24 valves total, low-friction roller finger cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, chain-driven double overhead camshaft, continuous adjusting variable valve timing for intake and exhaust camshafts
fuel system
common rail Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI) high-pressure direct injection between 30 to 100 bars (435 to 1,450 psi)
aspiration & exhaust system
variable intake manifold, two ceramic catalytic converters
dimensions
length: 360 mm (14.2 in), width: 430 mm (16.9 in), mass: 169.5 kg (374 lb)
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs
184 kilowatts (250 PS; 247 bhp) @ 6,300 rpm; 320 newton metres (236 lbf·ft) @ 2,500-3,000 rpm
188 kilowatts (256 PS; 252 bhp) @ 6,500 rpm; 330 newton metres (243 lbf·ft) @ 3,250 rpm, 90% available between 1,900-5,900 rpm, 7,200 rpm max — Audi A6
191 kilowatts (260 PS; 256 bhp) @ 6,500 rpm — Audi A8
195 kilowatts (265 PS; 261 bhp) @ 6,500 rpm; 320 newton metres (236 lbf·ft) @ 3,200-5,000 rpm — Audi A4, Audi A5
applications
2005 Audi A8, Audi A6, Audi A4, Audi A5
references
"New Audi A6 in depth". WorldCarFans.com. Audi AG. 2004-04-08. Retrieved 2009-07-31. 
"KS Aluminium-Technologie: engine blocks for the new Audi A6". Rheinmetall.de. Rheinmetall AG. August 2004. Retrieved 13 January 2010. 
"ALUSIL - Cylinder Blocks for the new Audi V6 and V8 SI engines" (PDF). KSPG-AG.com. KS Aluminium-Technologie AG. Retrieved 1 February 2010. 

3.6 VR6 24v FSI (EA390)[edit]

identification
parts code prefix: 03H
engine displacement & engine configuration
3,598 cubic centimetres (219.6 cu in) 10.6° VR6 engine; bore x stroke: 89.0 by 96.4 millimetres (3.50 in × 3.80 in), stroke ratio: 0.92:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 599.7 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 11.4-12.0:1[clarification needed]
cylinder block & crankcase
grey cast iron; die-forged steel crankshaft
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four unequal-length valves per cylinder, 24 valves total, low-friction roller finger cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, simplex roller chain-driven double overhead camshaft (DOHC - one camshaft for all exhaust valves, and one for all intake valves), continuous timing adjustment variable valve timing (52 degrees on the inlet, 22 degrees on the exhaust)
aspiration
hot-film air mass meter, electronic drive by wire throttle valve, two-piece cast aluminium alloy intake manifold, two cast iron exhaust manifolds
fuel system
Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI) high-pressure direct injection with two common rails
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes
191 kilowatts (260 PS; 256 bhp) @ 6,000 rpm; 350 newton metres (258 lbf·ft) @ 2,500-5000 rpm; — CDVA
206 kilowatts (280 PS; 276 bhp) @ 6,200 rpm; 360 newton metres (266 lbf·ft) @ 2,750 rpm; 12.57 bars (182.3 psi) MEP; max 6,500 rpm (20.9 m/s piston speed) — BLV (North America and Middle-East only)
220 kilowatts (299 PS; 295 bhp) @ 6,600 rpm; 400 newton metres (295 lbf·ft) @ 2,400-5,300 rpm — BWS
applications
VW Passat B6 3.6 FSI (BLV: 09/05->, BWS: 04/07-05/07), VW Passat CC (BLV: 06/08->, BWS: 05/08->), VW Passat B6 R36 (BWS: 09/07->), Škoda Superb 4x4 DSG (CDVA: 09/08->), VW Phaeton, VW Touareg, Porsche Cayenne, Audi Q7
references
"Volkswagen Passat 3.6". Car and Driver. December 2005. 
"Volkswagen Passat R36 technical specifications". Car Enthusiast. 

Eight-cylinder petrols[edit]

This section is about current eight-cylinder petrol engines, for discontinued eight-cylinder petrol engines, see list of discontinued Volkswagen Group petrol engines#Eight cylinder petrols

Of their eight cylinder petrol engines, all Volkswagen Group V8 engines are primarily constructed from a lightweight cast aluminium alloy cylinder block (crankcase) and cylinder heads. They all use multi-valve technology, with the valves being operated by two overhead camshafts per cylinder bank (sometimes referred to as 'quad cam'). All functions of engine control are carried out by varying types of Robert Bosch GmbH Motronic electronic engine control units.

These V8 petrol engines initially were only used in cars bearing the Audi marque, they are now also installed in Volkswagen Passenger Cars 'premium models'. They are all longitudinally orientated, and with the exception of the Audi R8, are front-mounted.

4.2 V8 32v FSI[edit]

The 4.2 FSI V8 as installed in the Audi R8

Based on the existing Audi 40 valve V8, this new engine is heavily revised over its predecessor, with all-new components including: crankshaft, connecting rods and pistons, cylinder heads and valvetrain, oil and cooling system, intake and exhaust system, and engine management system. It is available in two versions; a basic or 'comfort' version, first used in the Audi Q7; and a sports-focussed high-revving version, with features borrowed from motorsport, for the B7 RS4 quattro and the Audi R8. This is the first eight cylinder road car engine to use Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI), which was successfully developed by Audi in their LeMans winning R8 racing car. The 5.2 V10 FSI was developed directly from this V8 engine.

identification
parts code prefix/variant: 079.D
displacement & configuration
4,163 cubic centimetres (254.0 cu in) 90° V8 engine; 18.5 millimetres (0.73 in) cylinder bank offset; 90 millimetres (3.54 in) cylinder spacing; bore and stroke: 84.5 by 92.8 millimetres (3.33 in × 3.65 in), stroke ratio: 0.91:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 520.4 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 12.5:1, firing order: 1–5–4–8–6–3–7–2; water:oil lubricant cooler (RS4/R8 utilises an additional thermostatically controlled air:oil cooler); Q7 and RS4 utilise a wet sump system (RS4 with additional longitudinal axis flapped baffles controlled by lateral g-force), R8 uses dry sump
cylinder block & crankcase
homogeneous monoblock low-pressure chill gravity die casting hypereutectic 'Alusil' aluminium-silicon alloy (AlSi17Cu4Mg) with a closed-deck design, mechanically stripped hard silicon crystal integral liners, honed under simulated mechanical stress; reinforced by a cast lower crankcase alloy bedplate (AlSi17Cu4Mg) mimicking a ladder-frame design, and including five GGG50 nodular cast iron press-fit main bearing caps each attached by four bolts; 464 millimetres (18.3 in) overall length, 228 millimetres (9.0 in) cylinder block height; two-stage 3/8" simplex roller chain and gear driven 'accessory drive' which includes the oil pump, water pump, power steering pump, and air conditioning compressor; baffle-plate sump
crankshaft, connecting rods and pistons
die-forged and tempered high alloy steel (42CrMoS4) 90° crankshaft with 65 millimetres (2.6 in) diameter and 18.5 millimetres (0.73 in) width main bearing journals and 54 millimetres (2.1 in) diameter and 15.25 millimetres (0.60 in) width big end bearing journals; 154 millimetres (6.1 in) long high strength forged cracked trapezoidal connecting rods (36MnVS4 in basic engine, ultra high strength 34CrNiMo8 in RS4/R8 with more restrictive geometry tolerances); forged 290 grams (10.2 oz) aluminium pistons with shaped piston crowns designed to impart charged volume tumbling effect for fully homogeneous air/fuel charge
cylinder heads & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy, partition-plate horizontally divided intake ports producing a tumble effect (larger cross-section on RS4/R8); four valves per cylinder: chrome-plated solid-stem (hollow-stem on RS4/R8) intake valves, and chrome-plated sodium-filled hollow-stem exhaust valves, both with 11 millimetres (0.43 in) valve lift (longer valve lift on RS4/R8), 32 valves total; lightweight low-friction roller finger cam followers (uprated with peened rollers on RS4/R8) with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, double overhead camshafts (each a hollow tube composite) on each cylinder bank, driven from the flywheel side via a two-stage chain drive using three 3/8" simplex roller chains (sleeve-type on RS4/R8), valve opening (in crank angle degrees) 200 intake (230 for RS4/R8) and 210 e exhaust (230 for RS4/R8); valve overlap facilitates integral exhaust gas recirculation; continuous hydraulic vane-adjustable variable valve timing for intake and exhaust camshafts with up to 42 degrees adjustment, each controlled via information from Hall sensors, Audi "RS" 'red' plastic cam covers on RS4, 'anthracite' plastic on R8
aspiration
two single-entry air filters each with hot-film air mass flow meters (Q7), or triple-entry single air filter with single hot-film air mass meter (RS 4), or double-entry dual-element single air filter with two hot-film air mass flow meters (R8); single (Q7 & RS 4) or twin (R8) cast alloy throttle body electronically controlled Bosch E-Gas 'drive by wire' throttle butterfly valves (Bosch 82 millimetres (3.2 in) diameter on Q7, Pierburg 90 millimetres (3.5 in) diameter on RS4), two-stage four-piece gravity die-cast (Q7) (sand-cast on RS4/R8) magnesium-aluminium alloy variable length intake manifold with electronically map-controlled silicon tipped tract-length flaps along with tumble flaps inducing a swirling movement in the drawn air (RS4 & R8 do not use a variable tract-length intake manifold)
fuel system
fully demand-controlled, (Q7 returnless, RS4 return to tank); fuel tank–mounted low-pressure fuel pump; Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI): two inlet camshaft double-cam driven single-piston high-pressure injection pumps maintaining a pressure between 30 to 100 bars (435 to 1,450 psi) in the two stainless steel common rail fuel distributor rails, eight combustion chamber sited direct injection solenoid-controlled 65 volt single-hole sequential fuel injectors with integrated swirl plates; 98 RON/ROZ (93 AKI) EuroSuperPlus (premium) unleaded recommended for maximum performance and fuel economy (95 RON (91 AKI) may be used, but will reduce performance and worsen fuel economy)
ignition system & engine management
mapped direct ignition with centrally mounted longlife spark plugs and eight individual direct-acting single spark coils; Bosch Motronic MED 9.1.1 electronic engine control unit (ECU) (two MED 9.1 ECUs in the RS4 and R8, working on the 'master and slave' concept due to the high revving nature of the engine), four knock sensors, EU4 emissions standard, map-controlled coolant thermostat (Q7 only), additional electric after-run coolant pump with two additional side-mounted radiators (RS4/R8), water-cooled alternator, two map-controlled radiator fans
exhaust system
vacuum-controlled secondary air injection to assist cold start operation; air-gap insulated exhaust manifold per cylinder bank (Q7), or 4-into-2-into-1 fan-branch exhaust manifold per cylinder bank to minimise reverse pulsation of expelled exhaust gasses (RS4), or fan branch manifold with integrated catalytic converter per cylinder bank; two close-coupled and two main underfloor catalytic converters - ceramic on Q7, high-flow metallic on RS4, or main catalytic converter integrated into transverse main rear silencer with quad outlets; four heated oxygen (lambda) sensors (broadband upstream, nonlinear downstream) monitoring pre- and post-catalyst exhaust gasses; siamesed absorption-type middle silencer (Q7 with crossover) and siamesed rear silencer, separate rear silencers on RS4 with vacuum-operated flap valves
dimensions
Q7 (for auto transmission with plate-type flywheel): approx. 198 kilograms (437 lb), RS4 (for 6-speed manual with dual-mass flywheel): approx. 212 kilograms (467 lb)
DIN-rated power & torque outputs, ID codes, applications
257 kilowatts (349 PS; 345 bhp) @ 6,800 rpm; 440 newton metres (325 lbf·ft) @ 3,500 rpm, 85% available from 2,000 rpm — BAR: Audi Q7 (03/06-05/10), Volkswagen Touareg (06/06->); BVJ: Audi C6 A6 (05/06->), Audi D3 A8 (06/06->)
260 kilowatts (354 PS; 349 bhp) @ 7,000 rpm — CAU: Audi S5 (06/07->)
309 kilowatts (420 PS; 414 bhp) @ 7,800 rpm; 430 newton metres (317 lbf·ft) @ 5,500 rpm, 90% available between 2,250 and 7,600 rpm, 8,250 rpm rev limiterBNS: Audi B7 RS4 (11/05-10/08); BYH: Audi R8 (04/07->)
references
"KS Aluminium-Technologie: engine blocks for the new Audi A6". Rheinmetall.de. Rheinmetall AG. August 2004. Retrieved 27 January 2010. 
"ALUSIL - Cylinder Blocks for the new Audi V6 and V8 SI engines" (PDF). KSPG-AG.com. KS Aluminium-Technologie AG. Retrieved 1 February 2010. 
Audi 4.2-liter V8 FSI Engine - Self-Study Programme 921603. 3800 Hamlin Road, Auburn Hills, Michigan 48326, USA: Audi of America, Inc., Service Training. July 2006. 
"Audi RS4 Saloon - Technical Data" (MS Word document). AUDI AG. February 2005. Retrieved 14 September 2009. 
"Geneva Motor Show: Audi RS4 - The Sports Car for 365 Days a Year". VWvortex.com - Audi News. AUDI AG. 1 March 2005. Retrieved 14 September 2009. 
"New Audi RS4". WorldCarFans.com. AUDI AG - press release. 5 September 2005. Retrieved 16 September 2009. 
"Audi Q7 in depth". WorldCarFans.com. AUDI AG - press release. 31 January 2006. Retrieved 16 September 2009. 

Awards[edit]

was placed in the 2005 and 2006 annual list of Ward's 10 Best Engines

4.2 V8 40v[edit]

identification
parts code prefix: 079
engine displacement & engine configuration
4,163 cubic centimetres (254.0 cu in) 90° V8 engine; 90 millimetres (3.54 in) cylinder spacing; bore x stroke: 84.5 by 92.8 millimetres (3.33 in × 3.65 in), stroke ratio: 0.91:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 520.4 cc per cylinder
cylinder block & crankcase
homogeneous monobloc low-pressure gravity die casting hypereutectic 'Alusil' aluminium-silicon alloy (AlSi17Cu4Mg) with a closed-deck design, mechanically stripped hard silicon crystal integral liners, honed under simulated mechanical stress; five main bearings; die-forged steel crankshaft
cylinder heads & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy, five valves per cylinder, 40 valves total; lightweight low-friction roller cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, roller chain-driven double overhead camshafts
aspiration
synthetic material two-stage variable intake manifold
fuel system & engine management
two linked common rail fuel distributor rails, multi-point electronic sequential indirect fuel injection with eight intake manifold-sited fuel injectors; Bosch Motronic ME 7.1.1. electronic engine control unit (ECU); 98 RON/ROZ (93 AKI) EuroSuperPlus (premium) unleaded recommended for maximum performance and fuel economy
exhaust system
two multi-stage catalytic converters
dimensions
length: 464 millimetres (18.27 in), mass: 195 kilograms (430 lb)
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes
246 kilowatts (334 PS; 330 bhp) @ 6,600 rpm; 420 newton metres (310 lbf·ft) @ 3,500 rpm, 6,800 rpm max — BAT, BFM, BGH, BGJ
253 kilowatts (344 PS; 339 bhp) @ 7,000 rpm; 410 newton metres (302 lbf·ft) @ 3,500 rpm — Audi S4: BBK (03/03-03/09), BHF (03/06-06/08 - Korea only)
246 kilowatts (334 PS; 330 bhp) @ 6,500 rpm; 430 newton metres (317 lbf·ft) @ 3,500 rpm — Volkswagen Phaeton
applications
Audi B6 S4, Audi B7 S4, Audi A6 (BAT: 04/04-05/06), Audi A8 (BFM: 11/02-05/06), Volkswagen Phaeton (BGJ: 05/03-07/03, BGH: 08/03-05/10)
reference
"KS Aluminium-Technologie: engine blocks for the new Audi A6". Rheinmetall.de. Rheinmetall AG. August 2004. Retrieved 27 January 2010. 
"ALUSIL - Cylinder Blocks for the new Audi V6 and V8 SI engines" (PDF). KSPG-AG.com. KS Aluminium-Technologie AG. Retrieved 1 February 2010. 
"New Audi A6 in depth". WorldCarFans.com. Audi AG. 8 April 2004. Retrieved 9 September 2009. 

Awards[edit]

was placed in the 2004 annual list of Ward's 10 Best Engines

4.0 TFSI[edit]

This new engine is based on the V10 engine from the Audi RS6

engine displacement & engine configuration
3,993 cubic centimetres (243.7 cu in) 90° V8 engine; 90 millimetres (3.54 in) cylinder spacing; bore x stroke: 84.5 by 89.0 millimetres (3.33 in × 3.50 in), stroke ratio: 0.95:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 499.1 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 10.5:1
fuel system; Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI)
Central-Overhead Injectors
exhaust system
two twin-scroll turbo chargers and twin air- and water-cooled intercoolers
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes, applications
309 kilowatts (420 PS; 414 bhp) @ 5,800 rpm; 550 newton metres (406 lbf·ft) from 1,400 rpm to 5,300 rpm— BAR: Audi S6 C7 Audi S7 Audi D4 A8
383 kilowatts (521 PS; 514 bhp) @ 6,200 rpm; 650 newton metres (479 lbf·ft) from 1,700 rpm to 5,500 rpm in Audi S8 D4
412 kilowatts (560 PS; 553 bhp) @ 5,700 rpm; 700 newton metres (516 lbf·ft) from 1,750 rpm to 5,500 rpm in Audi RS6 C7 and RS7

Audi version of the engine includes electronic monitoring of the oil level, while Bentley engine includes a dipstick for oil check. In addition, the Bentley engine uses switchable hydraulic mounts instead of Audi's active electrohydraulic engine mounts. The Bentley engine does not include a stop-start system.[3]

6.75 V8 biturbo (Bentley)[edit]

This 6.75 litre V8 is a legacy engine, developed by Rolls-Royce Limited before the takeover of Bentley Motors Limited by the German Volkswagen Group, but still used during their ownership.

engine displacement & engine configuration
6,748 cubic centimetres (411.8 cu in) 90° V8 engine; bore x stroke: 104.1 by 99.1 millimetres (4.10 in × 3.90 in), stroke ratio: 1.05:1 - oversquare/short-stroke, 843.5 cc per cylinder
cylinder block & crankcase
cast aluminium alloy, single central camshaft
cylinder heads & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy, two valves per cylinder, 16 valves total, overhead valve (OHV) with pushrods
aspiration
biturbo - one turbocharger per cylinder bank
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs
335 kilowatts (455 PS; 449 bhp) @ 4,100 rpm; 875 newton metres (645 lbf·ft) @ 3,250 rpm
375 kilowatts (510 PS; 503 bhp) @ 4,200 rpm; 1,050 newton metres (774 lbf·ft) @ 3,300 rpm — R
395 kilowatts (537 PS; 530 bhp) @ ?,??? rpm; 1,050 newton metres (774 lbf·ft) — Bentley Brooklands
applications
2005 Bentley Arnage, 2006 Bentley Azure, 2008 Bentley Brooklands, 2010 Bentley Mulsanne
references
German press release: auto katalog 2006; auto, motor und sport
"2008 Bentley Brooklands Coupe". LeftLaneNews.com. LeftLane. Retrieved 2 January 2010. 

Ten-cylinder petrols[edit]

This section is about current ten-cylinder petrol engines

5.0 V10 40v (Lamborghini)[edit]

Only the third engine developed by Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A., and the first since Lamborghini was acquired by AUDI AG - this engine shares many technologies with other Audi-developed engines, although it is not directly based on any existing designs. It is constructed in two distinct stages: all components within the cylinder block and crankcase are built up at the Audi Hungaria Motor Kft. factory in Gyor, with final assembly being completed at Sant'Agata Bolognese.

Main article: Lamborghini V10
engine displacement & engine configuration
4,961 cubic centimetres (302.7 cu in) 90° V10 engine; bore x stroke: 82.5 by 92.8 millimetres (3.25 in × 3.65 in), stroke ratio: 0.89:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 496.1 cc per cylinder; compression ratio: 11.5:1; dry sump lubrication system
cylinder block & crankcase
cast aluminium alloy with integrated liners with eutectic alloy; 88 mm (3.46 in) cylinder bore spacing; die-forged steel crankshaft with split crankpins (to create even 72 deg firing interval with the 90 deg vee-angle)
cylinder heads & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four valves per cylinder, 40 valves total, low-friction roller finger cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, chain driven double overhead camshafts, continuously variable valve timing system both for intake and exhaust
aspiration
two air filters, two hot-film air mass meters, two cast alloy throttle bodies each with electronically controlled 'drive by wire' throttle butterfly valves, cast magnesium alloy variable geometry and resonance intake manifold
fuel system
two linked common rail fuel distributor rails, multi-point electronic sequential indirect fuel injection with ten intake manifold-sited fuel injectors
ignition system & engine management
mapped direct ignition with centrally mounted spark plugs and ten individual direct-acting single spark coils; two Lamborghini LIE electronic engine control units (ECUs) working on the 'master and slave' concept due to the high revving nature of the engine
exhaust system
five-into-one exhaust manifolds for each cylinder bank
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs
368 kilowatts (500 PS; 493 bhp) @ 7,800 rpm; 510 newton metres (376 lbf·ft) @ 4,500 rpm (80% available from 1,500 rpm) — 2003–2005
382 kilowatts (519 PS; 512 bhp) @ 8,000 rpm; 510 newton metres (376 lbf·ft) @ 4,250 rpm — SE, Spyder, and 2006-on
390 kilowatts (530 PS; 523 bhp) @ 8,000 rpm; 510 newton metres (376 lbf·ft) @ 4,250 rpm — Superleggera
application
Lamborghini Gallardo
references
Audi 5.2 litre V10 FSI engine. Service Training - Self-Study Programme (SSP 376 ed.). D-74172 Neckarsulm, Germany: AUDI AG. June 2006. "The (Audi) V10 belongs to the next generation of Audi V-engines, all of which have a 90-degree included angle and a spacing of 90 millimetres between cylinder centres. Compared to the engine in the Lamborghini Gallardo, which has a spacing of 88 millimetres between cylinder centres, the Audi engine has several new features in key areas." 
"Lamborghini Cars full specifications - First spyshots of the Lamborghini L140 model". LamboCars.com. Retrieved 30 August 2009. 
"Conversation: Lamborghini CEO Stephan Winkelmann - Italian style, German quality". Edmunds.com. Edmunds Inc. 27 February 2007. Retrieved 30 August 2009. 
"Lamborghini Gallardo LP560-4 - New Gallardo V10 bends design rules - Secrets behind Lamborghini's latest projectile, the LP560-4". evo.co.uk. Dennis Publishing. 7 March 2008. Retrieved 30 August 2009. 
"Lamborghini gives Gallardo bigger engine, new name". AutoWeek.com. Crain Communications. 26 February 2008. Retrieved 30 August 2009. 

5.0 V10 40v TFSI (Audi C6 RS6)[edit]

This 'Audi V10 TFSI' - a 5.0 litre V10 'biturbo' petrol engine is one of the most powerful engines fitted into any Volkswagen Group automobile. From its DIN-rated maximum power output of 426 kilowatts (579 PS; 571 bhp), this engine generates a specific power output of 85.4 kilowatts (116.1 PS; 114.5 bhp) per litre displacement.

identification
parts code prefix/variant: 07L.B, ID code: BUH
engine displacement & engine configuration
4,991 cubic centimetres (304.6 cu in) 90° V10 engine; bore x stroke: 84.5 by 89.0 millimetres (3.33 in × 3.50 in), stroke ratio: 0.95:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 499.1 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 10.5:1; dry sump lubrication system, simplex roller chain and gear-driven external ancillaries including combined oil pump and centrifugal coolant pump, two oil coolers - oil:water and thermostatically controlled oil:air, water-cooled alternator
cylinder block & crankcase
homogeneous monoblock low-pressure chill die casting hypereutectic 'Alusil' aluminium-silicon alloy (AlSi17Cu4Mg); reinforced by a cast alloy bedplate with six integral GGG50 grey cast iron main bearing caps each affixed by four bolts, web-reinforced inner vee; inner-vee balance shaft eliminating first degree inertial forces, 90 mm (3.54 in) cylinder bore spacing, 18.5 mm (0.73 in) cylinder bank offset; die-forged steel crossplane crankshaft with split 18 degree offset crankpins, cast aluminium alloy oil sump
cylinder heads & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; partition-plate horizontally divided intake ports designed to induce swirl-effect during induction stroke, four valves per cylinder, 40 valves total, low-friction roller finger cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, double overhead camshaft driven from the rear flywheel end in a relay method using four roller chains), continuous adjusting variable valve timing for intake and exhaust camshafts, plastic-composite cam covers
aspiration
two air filters, two hot-film air mass meters, two cast alloy throttle bodies each with electronically controlled Bosch "E-Gas" 'drive by wire' throttle butterfly valves, three-part sand-cast magnesium alloy fixed tract-length intake manifold incorporating electronically controlled vacuum-actuated two-stage tumble flaps inducing a swirling movement in the drawn air, 'biturbo': two parallel water-cooled (with reverse flow electric after-run pump) turbochargers integrated into exhaust manifold with electronically controlled vacuum-actuated excess pressure regulation giving a maximum boost of 1.6 bars (23.2 psi), two side-mounted intercoolers (SMICs)
fuel system
fully demand-controlled; two fuel tank–mounted low-pressure fuel lift pumps, Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI): two returnless single-piston high-pressure FSI injection pumps driven via roller tappet from a double cam lobe on the inlet camshaft - maintaining a maximum pressure of 120 bars (1,740 psi) in the two separate stainless steel common rail fuel distributor rails (one rail per cylinder bank), ten combustion chamber sited direct injection solenoid-controlled sequential fuel injectors
ignition system & engine management
mapped direct ignition with centrally mounted spark plugs and ten individual direct-acting single spark coils; two Bosch Motronic ME 9.1.2 electronic engine control units (ECUs) working on the master/slave concept due to the high rev limit
exhaust system
two close-coupled and two main underfloor catalytic converters, eight lambda sensors
DIN-rated motive power & torque output
426 kilowatts (579 PS; 571 bhp) @ 6,250-6,700 rpm; 650 newton metres (480 lbf·ft) @ 1,500-6,250 rpm
application
Audi C6 RS6 5.0 TFSI quattro (04/08->)
reference
"Audi RS6 Sedan unleashed ahead of Paris debut". WorldCarFans.com. AUDI AG. 12 August 2008. Retrieved 16 February 2010. 

5.2 V10 40v FSI (C6 S6/D3 S8)[edit]

A first in Audi's history, this new generation high-performance V10 engine is based on Audi's V8 FSI engines, and retains the same fundamental design principals of the V8 FSI, including the crankcase, cylinder heads, valvetrain, fuel system and intake manifold. However, an all new crankshaft, balance shaft, double-chambered intake manifold with dual throttle valves, exhaust manifold, and ECU - are all unique to the V10. As part of the new V10 engine development, specific emphasis was placed on 'refinement', 'comfort' and 'sportiness' - as required for installation in Audi high-performance luxury cars. As well as gaining two additional cylinders compared to the V8, it has been bored by an extra two millimetres, and also shares the 90 degree (°) cylinder bank angle of the recent Audi V engines. Audi continue to use the Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI) technology, originally developed in the Audi R8 LMP endurance race cars.

This engine is often, but incorrectly referred to as a derivative of the Gallardo's original 5.0 litre Lamborghini V10, which was also developed under the Volkswagen Group ownership. However, the subsequent 5.2 V10 FSI installed in the Gallardo LP560 and Audi R8 V10 is fundamentally identical to this Audi unit, save for a different crankshaft, dry sump, and engine management systems.

identification
parts code prefix: 07L
engine displacement & engine configuration
5,204 cubic centimetres (317.6 cu in) 90° V10 engine; bore x stroke: 84.5 by 92.8 millimetres (3.33 in × 3.65 in), stroke ratio: 0.91:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 520.4 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 12.5:1
cylinder block & crankcase
homogeneous monoblock low-pressure chill die casting hypereutectic 'Alusil' aluminium-silicon alloy (AlSi17Cu4Mg); reinforced by a cast alloy bedplate (AlSi12Cu1) with six integral GGG50 grey cast iron main bearing caps each affixed by four bolts, 685 millimetres (27.0 in) long, 80 millimetres (3.1 in) wide, approx. 47 kilograms (104 lb) in weight, inner-vee sited chain-driven contra-rotating spheroidal cast iron balance shaft eliminating first degree inertial forces, 90 mm (3.54 in) cylinder bore spacing, 18.5 mm (0.73 in) cylinder bank offset
crankshaft, connecting rods and pistons
die-forged steel crankshaft, with 18 degree crankpin offset to achieve a 72° crank angle even firing interval; high strength cracked trapezoidal connecting rods (36MnVS4); Kolbenschmidt cast aluminium pistons with shaped piston crowns designed to impart charged volume tumbling effect for fully homogenous air/fuel charge, skirt with iron liner
cylinder heads & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; partition-plate horizontally divided intake ports, four valves per cylinder, 32.5 millimetres (1.28 in) intake valves and 28.0 millimetres (1.10 in) sodium-filled exhaust valves, 40 valves total, low-friction roller finger cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, hollow tube composite double overhead camshafts driven from the flywheel side via a two-stage chain drive utilising three 3/8" simplex roller chains, continuous vane-adjustable variable valve timing for intake and exhaust camshafts with up to 42 degrees adjustment
aspiration
two air filters, two hot-film air mass meters, two cast alloy throttle bodies each with electronically controlled 'drive by wire' 68 millimetres (2.68 in) throttle butterfly valves, two-stage four-piece die cast magnesium alloy variable tract-length intake manifold utilising electronically map controlled silicon tipped tract length flaps along with tumble flaps inducing a swirling movement in the drawn air
fuel system
fully demand-controlled and returnless; two fuel tank–mounted low-pressure fuel pumps, Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI): two inlet camshaft double-cam driven single-piston high-pressure injection pumps maintaining a pressure between 30 to 100 bars (435 to 1,450 psi) in the two stainless steel common rail fuel distributor rails with an over-pressure release valve set to 136 bars (1,973 psi), ten combustion chamber sited direct injection solenoid-controlled 65 volt single-hole sequential fuel injectors with integrated swirl plates
ignition system & engine management
mapped direct ignition with centrally mounted spark plugs and ten individual direct-acting single spark coils; two Bosch Motronic MED 9.1 electronic engine control units (ECUs) working on the 'master and slave' concept due to the high revving nature of the engine, four knock sensors, EU4 emissions standard
exhaust system
vacuum-controlled secondary air injection into exhaust ports to assist cold start operation, 2-1-2 branch exhaust manifold per cylinder bank (650 millimetres (25.6 in) nominal length) to minimise reverse pulsation of expelled exhaust gasses, four close-coupled 600-cell ceramic catalytic converters, eight heated oxygen (lambda) sensors monitoring pre- and post-catalyst exhaust gasses
dimensions
approx. 220 kilograms (485 lb) (20 kilograms (44 lb) less than the BMW S85 with its 98 millimetres (3.9 in) bore spacing); length: 685 millimetres (27.0 in), width: 801 millimetres (31.5 in), height: 713 millimetres (28.1 in) with all components
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, applications, ID codes
Audi S6 — BXA: 320 kilowatts (435 PS; 429 bhp) @ 6,800 rpm; 540 newton metres (398 lbf·ft) @ 3,000-4,000 rpm, (over 500 N·m (369 lbf·ft) between 2,500 and 5,500 rpm)
Audi S8 — BSM: 331 kilowatts (450 PS; 444 bhp) @ 7,000 rpm; 540 newton metres (398 lbf·ft) @ 3,500 rpm (90% available from 2,300 rpm), 21.7 m/s maximum piston speed, 13.04 bars (189.13 psi) maximum MEP
applications
Audi C6 S6 (06/06->), Audi D3 S8 (06/06->)
references
"KS Aluminium-Technologie: engine blocks for the new Audi A6". Rheinmetall.de. Rheinmetall AG. August 2004. Retrieved 27 January 2010. 
Audi 5.2 litre V10 FSI engine. Service Training - Self-Study Programme (SSP 376 ed.). D-74172 Neckarsulm, Germany: AUDI AG. June 2006. "The (Audi) V10 belongs to the next generation of Audi V-engines, all of which have a 90-degree included angle and a spacing of 90 millimetres between cylinder centres. Compared to the engine in the Lamborghini Gallardo, which has a spacing of 88 millimetres between cylinder centres, the Audi engine has several new features in key areas." 
"New Audi S8". WorldCarFans.com. AUDI AG. 2005-10-19. Retrieved 2009-08-25. 
"New Audi S8 in depth". WorldCarFans.com. AUDI AG. 2005-12-02. Retrieved 2009-08-25. 
"New Audi S6 in depth". WorldCarFans.com. AUDI AG. 2006-03-20. Retrieved 2009-08-25. 

5.2 V10 40v FSI (LP 560-4/R8)[edit]

This is the second Lamborghini engine developed by AUDI AG, who became owners of Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. following the takeover of Lamborghini by the German Volkswagen Group. It is a development of Audi's fundamentally identical 5.2 V10 FSI 320-386kW engine as used in the Audi C6 S6 and Audi D3 S8. This variant has been de-tuned for the Audi R8 V10.

identification
parts code prefix: 07L.Y
engine displacement & engine configuration
5,204 cubic centimetres (317.6 cu in) 90° V10 engine; bore x stroke: 84.5 by 92.8 millimetres (3.33 in × 3.65 in), stroke ratio: 0.91:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 520.4 cc per cylinder; compression ratio: 12.5:1; dry sump lubrication system
cylinder block & crankcase
cast aluminium alloy; 90 millimetres (3.54 in) cylinder bore spacing; die-forged steel crankshaft with shared crankpins (creating an uneven firing interval of either 58 deg or 90 deg separation)
cylinder heads & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four valves per cylinder, 40 valves total, low-friction roller finger cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, chain driven double overhead camshafts, continuously variable valve timing system both for intake and exhaust
aspiration
two air filters, two hot-film air mass meters, two cast alloy throttle bodies each with electronically controlled 'drive by wire' throttle butterfly valves, cast magnesium alloy variable geometry and resonance intake manifold
fuel system
fully demand-controlled and returnless; fuel tank–mounted low-pressure fuel pump, Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI): two inlet camshaft double-cam driven single-piston high-pressure injection pumps maintaining pressure in the two stainless steel common rail fuel distributor rails, ten combustion chamber sited direct injection solenoid-controlled sequential fuel injectors
ignition system & engine management
mapped direct ignition with centrally mounted spark plugs and ten individual direct-acting single spark coils; two Bosch Motronic MED 9.1 or Lamborghini LIE electronic engine control units (ECUs) working on the 'master and slave' concept due to the high revving nature of the engine
exhaust system
2-1-2 branch exhaust manifold per cylinder bank to minimise reverse pulsation of expelled exhaust gasses
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID,
applications
Audi — BUJ: 386 kilowatts (525 PS; 518 bhp) @ 8,000 rpm; 530 newton metres (391 lbf·ft) @ 6,500 rpm — Audi R8 V10 (04/09->)
LP560: 412 kilowatts (560 PS; 553 bhp) @ 8,000 rpm; 540 newton metres (398 lbf·ft) @ 6,500 rpm — Lamborghini Gallardo LP 560-4
references
"Lamborghini Gallardo LP560-4 - New Gallardo V10 bends design rules - Secrets behind Lamborghini's latest projectile, the LP560-4". evo.co.uk. Dennis Publishing. 7 March 2008. Retrieved 30 August 2009. 
"Lamborghini gives Gallardo bigger engine, new name". AutoWeek.com. Crain Communications. 26 February 2008. Retrieved 9 January 2010. [unreliable source?]
Automobil Revue. pp. catalogue edition 2008, p.316 and 2006, p.285. 

Twelve-cylinder petrols[edit]

This section is about current twelve-cylinder petrol engines

6.0 WR12 48v[edit]

This W12 badged W12 engine is twelve cylinder W engine of four rows of three cylinders, formed by joining two imaginary 15° VR6 engine cylinder blocks, placed on a single crankshaft, with each cylinder 'double-bank' now at a 72° angle. This specific configuration is more appropriately described as a WR12 engine.

This Volkswagen Group engine is also used with slight modification, and with the addition of two turbochargers in the Bentley Continental GT and Bentley Continental Flying Spur. It has also been used in a 600 horsepower (450 kW; 610 PS) form aboard the Volkswagen W12 prototype sports car to establish a 24 hour record of 323 kilometres per hour (200.7 mph) in 2002 at the Nardò Ring in Italy.

identification
parts code prefix: 07C
engine displacement & engine configuration
5,998 cubic centimetres (366.0 cu in) 72° W12 engine; bore x stroke: 84.0 by 90.2 millimetres (3.31 in × 3.55 in), stroke ratio: 0.93:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 499.9 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 10.7:1
cylinder block & crankcase
homogeneous monoblock low-pressure chill die casting hypereutectic 'Alusil' aluminium-silicon alloy (AlSi17Cu4Mg); torsionally stiff aluminium alloy crankcase with high-resistance cylinder liners, simplex roller chain driven oil pump; die-forged steel 21.2 kg crankshaft, seven main bearings, crankpins offset to achieve a constant firing order as on a V6 engine
cylinder heads & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four valves per cylinder, 48 valves total, low-friction roller finger cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, double overhead camshaft driven from the flywheel side via a two-stage chain drive utilising three 3/8" simplex roller chains, continuous vane-adjustable variable valve timing for intake and exhaust camshafts with up to 52 degrees timing range for the flow-optimised inlet ports, 22 degrees on the exhaust camshafts
aspiration
two air filters, two hot-film air mass meters, two throttle bodies each with electronically controlled Bosch 'E-Gas' 'drive by wire' throttle butterfly valves, four-part two-channel cast magnesium alloy intake manifold; Bentley versions also use twin-turbos - one turbocharger per VR cylinder bank
fuel system, ignition system, engine management
two linked common rail fuel distributor rails, multi-point electronic sequential indirect fuel injection with twelve intake manifold-sited fuel injectors; centrally positioned NGK longlife spark plugs, mapped direct ignition with 12 individual direct-acting single spark coils; Bosch Motronic ME 7.1.1 electronic engine control unit (ECU), cylinder-selective knock control via four knock sensors, permanent lambda control, water-cooled alternator
exhaust system
two vacuum-controlled secondary air injection pumps for direct injection into exhaust ports to assist cold start operation, four exhaust manifolds with four integrated ceramic catalytic converters, eight heated oxygen sensors monitoring pre- and post catalyst exhaust gasses
dimensions
length: 513 mm (20.2 in), height: 715 mm (28.1 in), width: 710 mm (28.0 in) then 690 mm (27.2 in)
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs - Audi / Volkswagen, ID codes
309 kilowatts (420 PS; 414 bhp); 550 newton metres (406 lbf·ft) — Audi A8: AZC, VW Phaeton: BAN
331 kilowatts (450 PS; 444 bhp) @ 6,200 rpm, 580 newton metres (430 lbf·ft) @ 4,000 rpm, 560 newton metres (413 lbf·ft) @ 2,300-5,300 rpm — Audi A8: BHT, BSB, BTE
331 kilowatts (450 PS; 444 bhp) @ 6,000 rpm; 560 newton metres (413 lbf·ft) @ 2,750-5,000 rpm — Phaeton: BRN, BTT
331 kilowatts (450 PS; 444 bhp) @ 6,000 rpm; 600 newton metres (443 lbf·ft) @ 3,300 rpm — Touareg: BJN, CFR
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs - Bentley twin turbo
412 kilowatts (560 PS; 553 bhp) @ 6,100 rpm; 650 newton metres (479 lbf·ft) @ 1,600-6,100 rpm — standard models
449 kilowatts (610 PS; 602 bhp) @ 6,000 rpm; 750 newton metres (553 lbf·ft) @ 1,700-5,600 rpm — "Speed" models
applications
Audi A8 (AZC: 03/01-09/02, BHT: 02/04-, BSB: 10/04-, BTE: 02/05-), Volkswagen Phaeton (BAN: 05/02-05/05, BRN: 05/05-10/08, BTT: 05/05-10/08), Volkswagen Touareg sport (BJN: 08/04-, CFR: 02/08-), Bentley Continental GT, Bentley Continental Flying Spur
references
"Volkswagen Phaeton - in depth". WorldCarFans.com. Volkswagen AG. 2002-03-01. Retrieved 2009-08-26. 
"KS Aluminium-Technologie: engine blocks for the new Audi A6". Rheinmetall.de. Rheinmetall AG. August 2004. Retrieved 27 January 2010. 
"Audi A8L details". WorldCarFans.com. Audi of America. 2004-01-12. Retrieved 2009-08-26. 
"Continental Flying Spur specification". BentleyMotors.com. Bentley Motors Limited. Retrieved 2 September 2009. 
"Continental Flying Spur Speed specification". BentleyMotors.com. Bentley Motors Limited. Retrieved 2 September 2009. 

6.2/6.5 V12 48v (Lamborghini)[edit]

This is a legacy engine, an original 3.5 litre version was developed before the takeover of Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. by the German Volkswagen Group subsidiary AUDI AG. The current 6.2 and 6.5 litre versions, which can trace their lineage back to the original, now used in the Murciélago during the current VW Group ownership, were developed with the help from Audi.

Main article: Lamborghini V12
engine configuration
60° V12 engine; dry sump lubrication system
engine displacement etc.
6.2: 6,192 cubic centimetres (377.9 cu in); bore x stroke: 87.0 by 86.8 millimetres (3.43 in × 3.42 in), stroke ratio: 1.00:1 - 'square engine', 516.0 cc per cylinder; compression ratio: 11.6:1
6.5: 6,496 cubic centimetres (396.4 cu in); bore x stroke: 88.0 by 89.0 millimetres (3.46 in × 3.50 in) (stroke ratio: 0.99:1 - 'square engine'); 541.3 cc per cylinder; compression ratio: 11.8:1
cylinder block & crankcase
cast aluminium alloy
cylinder heads & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four valves per cylinder, 48 valves total, double overhead camshaft
aspiration
two air filters, four cast alloy throttle bodies each with Magneti Marelli electronically controlled 'drive by wire' throttle butterfly valves, cast magnesium alloy intake manifold
fuel system & ignition system
two linked common rail fuel distributor rails, multi-point electronic sequential indirect fuel injection with twelve intake manifold-sited fuel injectors; centrally positioned spark plugs, mapped direct ignition with 12 individual direct-acting single spark coils
exhaust system
two 3-branch exhaust manifolds per cylinder bank, connected to dual-inlet catalytic converters, heated oxygen (lambda) sensors monitoring pre- and post-catalyst exhaust gasses
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs
6.2: 430 kilowatts (585 PS; 577 bhp) @ 7,500 rpm; and 650 newton metres (479 lbf·ft) @ 5,500 rpm
6.5: 471 kilowatts (640 PS; 632 bhp) @ 7,500 rpm; and 660 newton metres (487 lbf·ft) @ 5,200 rpm
6.5: 478 kilowatts (650 PS; 641 bhp) — Reventón
applications
2004 Lamborghini Murciélago LP640 Coupé and Roadster, Lamborghini Reventón
reference
German press release: auto katalog 2006
"Lighter Murcielago here in 2008". AutoCar.co.uk. Haymarket Media Group. 9 November 2007. Retrieved 4 January 2010. 

Sixteen-cylinder petrol[edit]

This section is about current sixteen-cylinder petrol engines

8.0 WR16 64v4T (Bugatti)[edit]

This W16 badged engine is the first and only production W16 engine in the world. It is a sixteen cylinder W engine, of four rows of four cylinders, and is created by joining two imaginary VR8-engined 15° cylinder banks at the crankcase, and placed on a single crankshaft, with each cylinder 'double-bank' now at a 90° vee-angle. This specific configuration method means it is more appropriately described as a WR16 engine.

engine displacement & engine configuration
7,993 cubic centimetres (487.8 cu in) 90° W16 engine; bore x stroke: 86.0 by 86.0 millimetres (3.39 in × 3.39 in), stroke ratio: 10.0:1 - 'square engine', 499.6 cc per cylinder
cylinder block & crankcase
forged aluminium alloy; plasma-coated cylinder bores, dry sump lubrication system featuring an eight-stage aluminium-geared oil pump, die-forged steel crankshaft, lightweight titanium connecting rods
cylinder heads & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four valves per cylinder, 64 valves total, low-friction roller finger cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, double overhead camshaft
engine cooling
two separate water cooling circuits: one of 40 litres (8.8 imp gal; 10.6 US gal) capacity utilising three front-mounted radiators, the second of 15 litres (3.3 imp gal; 4.0 US gal) for cooling the charged induction air in the two intercoolers
aspiration
lightweight cast magnesium alloy intake manifold with twin 'drive by wire' electronically controlled throttle valves in separate throttle bodies, four parallel turbochargers with integrated excess pressure regulation valves, two water-cooled top-mounted intercoolers
fuel system, ignition system & engine management
two linked common rail fuel distributor rails, multi-point electronic sequential indirect fuel injection with sixteen intake manifold-sited fuel injectors; mapped direct ignition with 16 individual direct-acting single spark coils; two digital electronic engine control units (ECUs), ion-current knock control and misfire cylinder-selective detection system
dimensions & mass
length: 710 millimetres (28.0 in), mass: ˜400 kilograms (882 lb)
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs
736 kilowatts (1,001 PS; 987 bhp) @ 6,000 rpm; 1,250 newton metres (922 lbf·ft) @ 2,200-5,500 rpm; achieving a top speed of 406 kilometres per hour (252.3 mph)
816 kilowatts (1,109 PS; 1,094 bhp); 1,310 newton metres (966 lbf·ft) - in the Veyron Linea Vincerò by Mansory special edition
882 kilowatts (1,199 PS; 1,183 bhp); 1,500 newton metres (1,106 lbf·ft) - in the Veyron Super Sport; achieving a top speed of 430 kilometres per hour (267.2 mph)
application
longitudinally mid-mounted in Bugatti Veyron EB 16.4
references
"Photograph of the Bugatti W16 cylinder block" (jpg image). Retrieved 30 December 2009. 
"2006 Bugatti Veyron W16 Engine". SuperCarNews.net. Bugatti Automobiles S.A.S. Archived from the original on June 15, 2008. Retrieved 30 December 2009. 
"Bugatti Veyron 16.4 powerplant". WorldCarFans.com. Bugatti Automobiles S.A.S. 2 February 2006. Retrieved 25 August 2009. 
"Mansory Linea Vincerò Bugatti Veyron 16.4 unveils in Geneva". WorldCarFans.com. Mansory Cooperation GmbH. 3 March 2009. Retrieved 1 September 2009. 
"Bugatti Veyron 16.4 Super Sport revealed". WorldCarFans.com. Bugatti Automobiles S.A.S. Retrieved 19 December 2010. 

Petrol engines data table[edit]

The following table contains a very brief selection of current and historical Volkswagen Group spark-ignition petrol engines for comparison of performance and operating characteristics:

engine
model
engine
disp.
:
(cc / cm³)
engine
config.
valvetrain max.
power:
kW
(PS)
rpm
for
max.
power
torque
@ max.
power:
Nm
max.
torque:
Nm
(ft·lbf)
rpm
for
max.
torque
power
@ max.
torque:
kW
specific
power
:
kW/L
(PS/L)
max
MEP:
bar
MEP @
max.
power:
bar
max
operating
revs:
rpm
dates
installed
(all unless
PS stated in
1st col.)
1.0 MPI 0,999 inline 3
(R3)
12v
DOHC
55
(75)
6,200 95
(70)
3,000-
4,300
55.1
(75.1)
1.2 TSI 8v 1,197 inline 4
(R4)
8v
SOHC
77
(105)
5,000 175
(129)
1,500-
4,100
64.3
(87.7)
1.4 TSI
1,390 inline 4
(R4)
16v
DOHC
125
(170)
6,000 240
(177)
1,750-
4,500
89.9
(122.3)
21.7 7,000
1.6 FSI 1,598 inline 4
(R4)
16v
DOHC
85
(116)
6,000 155
(114)
4,500 53.2
(72.6)
6,500
1.8 20vT
Audi TT Sport
1,781 inline 4
(R4)
20v
DOHC
176
(239)
5,700 320
(236)
2,300-
5,000
98.8
(134.2)
2.0 TFSI
1,984 inline 4
(R4)
16v
DOHC
147
(200)
5,100-
6,000
275 280
(207)
1,800-
5,000
53 74.1
(100.8)
6,500
2.2 T
Audi RS2
2,226 inline 5
(R5)
20v
DOHC
232
(315)
6,500 410
(302)
3,000 104.2
(141.5)
7,000
2.5
(Americas)
2,480 inline 5
(R5)
20v
DOHC
110
(150)
5,000 214 240
(177)
3,750 94 44.4
(60.5)
5,800
2.5 TFSI
Audi TT RS
2,480 inline 5
(R5)
20v
DOHC
250
(340)
5,400-
6,500
450
(332)
1,600-
5,300
100.8
(137.1)
6,800
2.7 V6 biturbo
Audi RS4 (B5)
2,671 V6 engine 30v
DOHC
280
(381)
6,100 440
(325)
2,500 104.8
(142.6)
2.8 V6 2,771 V6 engine 30v
DOHC
142
(193)
6,000 226 275
(203)
3,200 93 51.2
(69.6)
2.8 VR6 2,792 VR6 engine 24v
DOHC
150
(204)
6,200 265
(195)
3,400 53.7
(73.1)
3.0 V6 TFSI
Audi S4 (B8)
2,995 V6 engine 24v
DOHC
245
(333)
5,500-
7,000
440
(325)
2,500-
5,000
81.7
(111.1)
3.2 VR6 3,189 VR6 engine 24v
DOHC
184
(250)
6,300 279 320
(236)
2,500-
3,000
84 57.7
(77.5)
3.6 VR6 FSI 3,598 VR6 engine 24v
DOHC
220
(299)
6,600 350
(258)
2,400-
5,300
61.1
(83.1)
4.0 W8 3,998 WR8 engine 32v
DOHC
202
(275)
6,000 370
(273)
2,750 50.5
(68.8)
11.6 6,400
4.2 V8 40v
Audi S4 (B6)
4,163 V8 engine 40v
DOHC
253
(344)
7,000 410
(302)
3,500 110 60.8
(82.6)
7,000
4.2 V8 FSI 32v
Audi RS4 (B7)
4,163 V8 engine 32v
DOHC
309
(420)
7,800 378 430
(317)
5,500 248 74.2
(100.9)
8,250
4.2 V8 biturbo
Audi RS6 (C5)
4,172 V8 engine 40v
DOHC
353
(480)
6,000-
6,400
560
(413)
1,950-
6,000
84.6
(115.1)
5.0 V10 TFSI
Audi RS6 (C6)
4,991 V10 engine 40v
DOHC
427
(581)
6,250-
6,700
650
(480)
1,500-
6,250
85.6
(116.4)
5.2 V10 FSI
Audi S8 (D3)
5,204 V10 engine 40v
DOHC
331
(450)
7,000 452 540
(398)
3,500 198 63.6
(85.3)
13.04 9000
6.0 W12
Audi A8
5,998 WR12 engine 48v
DOHC
331
(450)
6,200 510 560
(413)
2,300-
5,300
55.2
(75.0)
6,000
8.0 W16 4T
Bugatti Veyron
7,993 WR16 engine 64v
DOHC
736
(1,001)
6,000 1,250
(922)
2,200-
5,500
92.1
(125.2)
engine
model
engine
disp.
:
(cc / cm³)
engine
config.
valvetrain max.
power:
kW
(PS)
rpm
for
max.
power
torque
@ max.
power:
Nm
max.
torque:
Nm
(ft·lbf)
rpm
for
max.
torque
power
@ max.
torque:
kW
specific
power
:
kW/L
(PS/L)
max
MEP:
bar
MEP @
max.
power:
bar
max
operating
revs:
rpm
dates
installed
(all unless
PS stated in
1st col.)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]