Registration Convention

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Registration Convention
Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space
Signed 12 November 1974
Location New York
Effective 15 September 1976
Condition 5 ratifications
Signatories 25
Parties 62
Depositary Secretary-General of the United Nations
Languages Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish
  ratified
  signed, but not yet ratified

The Convention on Registration of Launched Objects into Outer Space (Registration Convention) was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1974[1][2] and went into force in 1976. As of 2014, it has been ratified by 62 states.[3]

The convention requires states to furnish to the United Nations with details about the orbit of each space object. A registry of launchings was already being maintained by the United Nations as a result of a General Assembly Resolution in 1962.[4][5]

The Registration Convention and four other space law treaties are administered by the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space.[inconsistent]

The European Space Agency and European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites have submitted declarations of acceptance of rights and obligations according to the convention.[6]

Current status[edit]

The register is kept by the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) and includes[7]

  • Name of launching State
  • An appropriate designator of the space object or its registration number
  • Date and territory or location of launch
  • Basic orbital parameters (Nodal period, Inclination, Apogee and Perigee)
  • General function of the space object

Information on registered objects is available at the UNOOSA site

List of states parties[edit]

There are currently 62 states parties to the Convention.[8]

State party Signed Deposited Entered into force
 Algeria 9 March 2007 9 March 2007
 Antigua and Barbuda 13 December 1988 13 December 1988
 Argentina 26 March 1975 5 May 1993 5 May 1993
 Australia 11 March 1986 11 March 1986
 Austria 14 October 1975 6 March 1980 6 March 1980
 Belarus[A] 30 June 1975 26 January 1978 26 January 1978
 Belgium 30 June 1975 24 February 1977 24 February 1977
 Brazil 17 March 2006 17 March 2006
 Bulgaria 4 February 1976 11 May 1976 15 September 1976
 Canada 14 February 1975 4 August 1976 15 September 1976
 Chile 17 September 1981 17 September 1981
 China[B] 17 September 1981 17 September 1981
 Colombia 10 January 2014 10 January 2014
 Costa Rica 14 October 2010 14 October 2010
 Cuba 10 April 1978 10 April 1978
 Cyprus[C] 6 July 1978 6 July 1978
 Czech Republic[D] 22 February 1993 22 February 1993
 Denmark 12 December 1975 1 April 1977 1 April 1977
 France 14 January 1975 17 December 1975 15 September 1976
 Germany[E] 2 March 1976 16 October 1979 16 October 1979
 Greece 27 May 2003 27 May 2003
 Hungary 13 October 1975 26 October 1977 26 October 1977
 India 18 January 1982 18 January 1982
 Indonesia 16 July 1997 16 July 1997
 Italy 8 December 2005 8 December 2005
 Japan 20 June 1983 20 June 1983
 Kazakhstan 11 January 2001 11 January 2001
 Korea, North 10 March 2009 10 March 2009
 Korea, South 14 October 1981 14 October 1981
 Kuwait 28 April 2014 28 April 2014
 Lebanon 28 April 2004 28 April 2004
 Libya 8 January 2010 8 January 2010
 Liechtenstein 26 February 1999 26 February 1999
 Lithuania 8 March 2013 8 March 2013
 Mexico 19 December 1975 1 March 1977 1 March 1977
 Mongolia 30 October 1975 10 April 1985 10 April 1985
 Montenegro[F] 23 October 2006 23 October 2006
 Morocco 19 September 2012 19 September 2012
 Netherlands 26 January 1981 26 January 1981
 Niger 5 August 1976 22 December 1976 22 December 1976
 Nigeria 6 July 2009 6 July 2009
 Norway 28 June 1995 28 June 1995
 Pakistan 1 December 1975 27 February 1986 27 February 1986
 Peru 21 March 1979 21 March 1979
 Poland 4 December 1975 22 November 1978 22 November 1978
 Qatar 14 March 2012 14 March 2012
 Russia[G] 17 June 1975 13 January 1978 13 January 1978
 Saudi Arabia 18 July 2012 18 July 2012
 Serbia[F] 12 March 2001 12 March 2001
 Seychelles 28 December 1977 28 December 1977
 Slovakia[D] 28 May 1993 28 May 1993
 South Africa 27 January 2012 27 January 2012
 Spain 20 December 1978 20 December 1978
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 27 April 1999 27 April 1999
 Sweden 9 June 1976 9 June 1976 15 September 1976
  Switzerland 14 April 1975 15 February 1978 15 February 1978
 Turkey[C] 21 June 2006 21 June 2006
 Ukraine[H] 11 July 1975 14 September 1977 14 September 1977
 United Arab Emirates 7 November 2000 7 November 2000
 United Kingdom[B] 6 May 1975 30 March 1978 30 March 1978
 United States 24 January 1975 15 September 1976 15 September 1976
 Uruguay 18 August 1977 18 August 1977
Notes
  1. ^ Belarus signed and ratified the Convention as the  Byelorussian SSR, which was a republic within the Soviet Union. The current Belarusian state did not begin to exist until after the dissolution of the Soviet Union on 26 December 1991.
  2. ^ a b On 30 March 1978, the United Kingdom declared that the Convention applied to all its territories, including Hong Kong, whose sovereignty was transferred to China on 1 July 1997. China filed a declaration that upon the transfer, the Convention would continue to apply to Hong Kong.
  3. ^ a b Turkey filed a statement when it acceded to the Convention which implicitly stated that it did not indent for the treaty to be in force with Cyprus. Cyprus objected to the declaration on 21 June 2007 and stated that it would recognize the treaty as being in force with Turkey.
  4. ^ a b  Czechoslovakia signed the Convention on 5 April 1976 and ratified it on 26 July 1977, which was also the date it entered into force for Czechoslovakia. Czechoslovakia dissolved into the Czech Republic and Slovakia on 31 December 1992.
  5. ^  East Germany signed the Convention on 27 August 1975 and ratified it on 12 May 1977, which was also the date it entered into force for East Germany. East Germany was absorbed by West Germany (the current German state) on 3 October 1990.
  6. ^ a b  Yugoslavia acceded to the Convention on 24 February 1978, which was also the date it entered into force for Yugoslavia. Yugoslavia has since dissolved. Serbia is the successor state to  Serbia and Montenegro.
  7. ^ Russia is the successor state to the  Soviet Union
  8. ^ Ukraine signed and ratified the Convention as the  Ukrainian SSR, which was a republic within the Soviet Union. The current Ukrainian state did not begin to exist until after the dissolution of the Soviet Union on 26 December 1991.

Signatories[edit]

There are four states which have signed, but not ratified, the Convention.[8]

State Signed
 Burundi 13 November 1975
 Iran 27 May 1975
 Nicaragua 13 May 1975
 Singapore 31 August 1976

Proposals[edit]

A General Assembly resolution from December 2007 that was accepted by consensus recommended that the data should be extended to include:[9]

  • Coordinated Universal Time as the time reference for the date of launch;
  • Kilometres, minutes and degrees as the standard units for basic orbital parameters;
  • Any useful information relating to the function of the space object in addition to the general function requested by the Registration Convention
  • The geostationary orbit location, if appropriate
  • Any change of status in operations (e.g., when a space object is no longer functional)
  • The approximate date of decay or re-entry
  • The date and physical conditions of moving a space object to a disposal orbit
  • Web links to official information on space objects

Background[edit]

As of 2008, more than 200 dead satellites littered the part of space near geostationary orbit. Within 10 years, that number could increase fivefold, warns a report by the UN. The resulting chaos could lead to serious damage or loss of a spacecraft.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 29 Resolution 3235. Convention on Registration of Objects Launched Into Outer Space A/RES/3235(XXIX) 12 November 1974. Retrieved 2008-03-13.
  2. ^ "Resolution 3235 (XXIX) - Convention on Registration of Objects Launched Into Outer Space". UNOOSA. 12 November 1974. 
  3. ^ http://treaties.un.org/doc/Publication/CN/2013/CN.181.2013-Eng.pdf
  4. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 16 Resolution 1721. International co-operation in the peaceful uses of outer space A/RES/1721(XVI) 20 December 1962. Retrieved 2008-03-13.
  5. ^ "1721 (XVI) - International Cooperation in the peaceful uses of outer space". 20 December 1962. 
  6. ^ Status of International Agreements relating to activities in outer space as at 1 January 2012
  7. ^ "Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space". UNOOSA. Retrieved 2009-04-06. 
  8. ^ a b "Convention on registration of objects launched into outer space". United Nations Treaty Collection. 2014-08-14. Retrieved 2014-08-14. 
  9. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 62 Resolution 101. A/RES/62/101 page 3. 17 December 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-13.
  10. ^ McKie, Robin (24 February 2008). "Warning of catastrophe from mass of 'space junk' - 'Failure to act would be folly,' says report to UN". London: The Observer. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 

External links[edit]