Romanian general election, 1990

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Romanian Presidential election
Romania
20 May 1990 → 1992

  Ion Iliescu (2004).jpg Radu Câmpeanu.jpg Ion Ratiu.jpg
Nominee Ion Iliescu Radu Câmpeanu Ion Rațiu
Party FSN PNL PNŢ-CD
Popular vote 12,232,498 1,529,188 617,007
Percentage 85.07% 10.64% 4.29%

President before election

Ion Iliescu
FSN

Elected President

Ion Iliescu
FSN

Coat of arms of Romania
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Romania

General elections were held in Romania on 20 May 1990.[1] They were the first elections held after the overthrow of the Communist regime six months earlier, and also the first public presidential elections.[1] They were also the first free elections held in the country since 1937.[2]

Ion Iliescu was elected President, whilst the National Salvation Front won 263 of the 395 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 91 of the 118 seats in the Senate.

Results[edit]

President[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Ion Iliescu National Salvation Front 12,232,498 85.1
Radu Câmpeanu National Liberal Party 1,529,188 10.6
Ion Rațiu Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party 617,007 4.3
Invalid/blank votes 447,923
Total 14,826,616 100
Registered voters/turnout 17,200,722 86.2
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Parliament[edit]

Senate[edit]

Senate results
Party Votes % Seats
National Salvation Front 9,353,006 67.02 91
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 1,004,353 7.20 12
National Liberal Party 985,094 7.06 10
Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party 348,637 2.50 1
Ecological Movement of Romania 341,478 2.50 1
Alliance for Romanian Unity 300,473 2.15 2
Romanian Democratic Agrarian Party 221,790 1.59 0
Ecologist Party of Romania 192,574 1.38 1
Romanian Socialist Democratic Party 152,989 1.10 0
Romanian Social Democratic Party 69,762 0.50 0
Democratic Group of the Centre 65,440 0.47 0
National Reconstruction Party 52,465 0.38 0
Party of Free Change 46,247 0.33 0
Democratic Party of Labour 44,360 0.32 0
Liberal Union–Bratiănu 35,943 0.26 0
Party of Young Free Democrats 32,506 0.23 0
Cooperatist Party 22,869 0.16 0
Christian Democratic Union 21,210 0.15 0
Democratic Union of the Roma of Romania 19,847 0.14 0
Democratic Forum of Germans 19,105 0.14 0
Liberal Party of Freedom of Romania 14,546 0.10 0
Democratic Enivronmentalist Party 14,496 0.10 0
Party of Democratic Unity 14,009 0.10 0
Party of Democratic Unity of Moldova 13,111 0.09 0
Party of Labour 11,397 0.08 0
Republican Christian Party 11,045 0.08 0
Grouping of the Centre 'New Romania' 9,405 0.07 0
Humanistic Ecological Party - founded in Arad 8,888 0.06 0
Turkish Muslim Democratic Union 8,439 0.06 0
Union of the Ukrainians of Romania 8,310 0.06 0
Party Christian Orthodox Union 7,324 0.05 0
Democratic Union 'Tara Oasului' 7,131 0.05 0
Party of Christian Union of Romania 7,045 0.05 0
Romanian Christian Social Democratic Party 6,964 0.05 0
Party of the Gypsies of Romania 5,565 0.04 0
Party of Social Justice 5,344 0.04 0
Party Alliance for Democracy 4,958 0.04 0
Party of Labour and Social Justice of Romania 4,400 0.03 0
Romanian Party for a New Society 3,860 0.03 0
Romanian Peasant Party 3,547 0.03 0
Republican Union Party 3,280 0.02 0
Party for National and Democratic Reconstruction 3,228 0.02 0
Democratic Party of Cluj 2,751 0.02 0
Radical Democratic Party 2,600 0.02 0
Free Democratic Union of Roma of Romania 2,505 0.02 0
Romanian Popular Front of National Salvation 1,660 0.01 0
Association of Former Political Prisoners/Detainees and Victims of the Dictatorship in Romania 1,613 0.01 0
Humanitarian Party of Peace 1,599 0.01 0
Constitutional Democratic Party of Romania 1,224 0.01 0
Party for the Honouring of the Heroes of the Revolution and National Salvation 1,089 0.01 0
Romanian National Party 1,019 0.01 0
Party Democratic Future of the Motherland 1,008 0.01 0
Democratic Progressive Party 914 0.01 0
Union of Poles of Romania 848 0.01 0
National Republican Party 754 0.01 0
Workers Alliance 'Freedom' Anticommunist and Antifascist 672 0.00 0
National Progressive Party 634 0.00 0
Party of the Romanian House of Democratic Europe 553 0.00 0
Movement 'Young Democracy' 462 0.00 0
Independents 427,535 3.06 1
Invalid/blank votes 869,584
Total 14,825,764 100 119
Registered voters/turnout 17,200,722 86.2
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, University of Essex

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Chamber of Deputies results
Party Votes % Seats
National Salvation Front 9,089,659 66.31 263
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 991,601 7.23 29
National Liberal Party 879,290 6.41 29
Ecological Movement of Romania 358,864 2.62 12
Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party 351,357 2.56 12
Alliance for Romanian Unity 290,875 2.12 9
Romanian Democratic Agrarian Party 250,403 1.83 9
Ecologist Party of Romania 232,212 1.69 8
Romanian Socialist Democratic Party 143,393 1.05 5
Romanian Social Democratic Party 73,014 0.53 2
Democratic Group of the Centre 65,914 0.48 2
Democratic Party of Labour 52,595 0.38 1
Party of Free Change 47,017 0.34 1
National Reconstruction Party 43,808 0.32 1
Party of Young Free Democrats 43,188 0.32 1
Democratic Forum of Germans 38,768 0.28 1
Liberal Union–Bratiănu 36,869 0.27 1
Democratic Union of the Roma of Romania 29,162 0.21 1
Democratic Enivronmentalist Party 26,058 0.19 0
Cooperatist Party 24,749 0.18 0
Christian Democratic Union 24,001 0.18 0
United Democratic Party of the Roma Woodworkers and Fiddlers in Romania 21,847 0.16 0
Romanian Peasant Party 21,588 0.16 0
Liberal Party of Freedom of Romania 20,744 0.15 0
Community of the Lippovan Russians 17,974 0.13 1
Party Christian Orthodox Union 17,521 0.13 0
Socialist Party of Justice 17,484 0.13 0
Party of the Gypsies of Romania 16,865 0.12 0
Party of Democratic Unity from Moldova 16,863 0.12 0
Party of Democratic Unity 16,354 0.12 0
Union of the Ukrainians of Romania 16,179 0.12 1
Party of Christian Union 14,902 0.11 0
Humanistic Ecological Party 12,739 0.09 0
Romanian Party for the New Society 12,305 0.09 0
Party of Labour 10,744 0.08 0
Democratic Union of the Serbs of Romania 9,095 0.07 1
Grouping of the Centre 'New Romania' 9,073 0.07 0
Christian Republican Party 8,939 0.07 0
Turkish Muslim Democratic Union 8,600 0.06 1
Democratic Christian Party of the Roma of Romania 7,939 0.06 0
Party Alliance for Democracy 6,695 0.05 0
Democratic Union 'Tara Oasului' 6,215 0.05 0
Romanian Social Democratic Christian Party 6,194 0.05 0
Romanian Popular Front of National Salvation 5,208 0.04 0
Hellenic Union of Romania 4,932 0.04 1
Free Democratic Union of Roma in Romania 4,605 0.03 0
Democratic Union of Slovaks and Czechs of Romania 4,584 0.03 1
National Romanian Party 3,983 0.03 0
Bulgarian Union of Banat – Bulgarian Cultural Association from Bucharest 3,451 0.03 1
Radical Democratic Party 3,240 0.02 0
Party for National and Democratic Reconstruction 3,223 0.02 0
Republican Union Party 2,693 0.02 0
Independent Hungarian Party 2,578 0.02 0
Modern Democratic Movement 2,488 0.02 0
Union of Poles of Romania 2,372 0.02 1
Forum of Democracy and National Unity of Romania 2,176 0.02 0
Party of Labour and Social Justice of Romania 2,146 0.02 0
Party of the Democratic Future of the Motherland 2,091 0.02 0
Party of Social Justice (New Democracy) of the North West of Romania 2,073 0.02 0
National Republican Party 1,610 0.01 0
Progressive Democratic Party 1,495 0.01 0
Association of Former Political Prisoners/Detainees and Victims of the Dictatorship in Romania 1,404 0.01 0
National Progressive Party 1,116 0.01 0
Democratic Constitutional Party of Romania 946 0.01 0
Party for the Honouring of the Heroes of the Revolution and National Salvation 891 0.01 0
Democratic Party of Cluj 425 0.00 0
Union of Armenians of Romania 399 0.00 1
Party of the Romanian House of Democratic Europe 390 0.00 0
Movement 'Young Democracy' 328 0.00 0
Independents 256,656 1.9 0
Invalid/blank votes 1,118,605
Total 14,825,017 100 395
Registered voters/turnout 17,200,722 86.1
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, University of Essex

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1591 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Reaves, Joseph A. Romanians Hope Free Elections Mark Revolution's Next Stage. Chicago Tribune, 1990-03-30.