||This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2008)|
Scheider in 2007
|Born||Roy Richard Scheider
November 10, 1932
Orange, New Jersey, USA
|Died||February 10, 2008 (aged 75)
Little Rock, Arkansas, USA
|Cause of death||Multiple myeloma|
|Other names||Roy R. Scheider
|Alma mater||Rutgers University|
|Occupation||Actor, Boxer (former)|
|Spouse(s)||Cynthia Bebout (1962–1989)
Brenda King/Siemer (1989–2008 (his death) )
Roy Richard Scheider (November 10, 1932 – February 10, 2008) was an American actor. He was best known for his leading role as Police Chief Martin C. Brody in the first two Jaws movies, choreographer and film director Joe Gideon in All That Jazz, Detective Buddy "Cloudy" Russo in The French Connection, and Captain Nathan Bridger in the science fiction television series seaQuest DSV. Scheider's final performance was posthumously released in the 2011 thriller Iron Cross. Described by Allmovie as "one of the most unique and distinguished of all Hollywood actors", Scheider was nominated for two Academy Awards, a Golden Globe Award and a BAFTA Award.
Early life 
Scheider was born in Orange, New Jersey, the son of Anna Scheider (née Crosson) and auto mechanic Roy Bernhard Scheider. Scheider's mother was of Irish Catholic background and his father was German American and Protestant. As a child, Scheider was an athlete, participating in organized baseball and boxing competitions, for which he was classed as a welterweight, weighing in at 140 lbs. Scheider competed in the Golden Gloves. He attended Columbia High School in Maplewood, New Jersey, and was inducted into the school's hall of fame in 1985. He traded his boxing gloves for the stage, studying drama at both Rutgers University and Franklin and Marshall College, where he was a member of Phi Kappa Psi fraternity. After three years in the United States Air Force, he appeared with the New York Shakespeare Festival, and won an Obie Award in 1968.On TV, Scheider played running roles on two CBS soap operas, Love of Life and The Secret Storm, and also played character roles in episodes of Coronet Blue and N.Y.P.D..
Between 1947 and 1953 – and, in one match in 1958 – Scheider boxed as an amateur based in his hometown in New Jersey. In his first bout, at the 1947 Golden Gloves, he suffered a broken nose and lost by technical knockout in two rounds to Myron Greenberg. He went on, however, to post a 14-1 (10 knockouts) record, reversing the defeat to Greenberg in the process.
|Win||Nick Welling||KO||1953, July 20||2|
|Win||Earl Garrett||KO||1950||1||Golden Gloves||New Jersey||Scheider suffers nose injury;drops out of tournament.|
|Win||Peter Read||KO||1950||3||New Jersey|
|Win||Phillip Duncan||KO||1950, Feb 17||1||Orange, New Jersey|
|Win||Myron Greenberg||KO||1950||1||New Jersey|
|Win||Peter Read||KO||1948, Feb 21||2||Golden Gloves||New Jersey|
|Win||Jerry Gould||KO||1948||1||0:33||Golden Gloves||New Jersey|
|Win||Alfonse D'Amore||KO||1948||1||0:16||Golden Gloves||New Jersey|
|Loss||0–1||Myron Greenberg||TKO||1947, Mar 05||2||Golden Gloves||New Jersey||Scheider's nose is broken.|
Film career 
Scheider's first film role was in the 1963 horror film The Curse of the Living Corpse. (He was billed as "Roy R. Scheider"). In 1971, he appeared in two highly popular movies, Klute and The French Connection; the latter, in which he played a fictionalized version of New York City detective Sonny Grosso, gained him an Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actor. His first starring role came in 1973 in The Seven-Ups, a quasi-follow-up to The French Connection, in which Scheider's character is once again based on Grosso.
Two years later, he portrayed Chief Martin Brody in the Hollywood blockbuster Jaws which also starred Robert Shaw and Richard Dreyfuss. Scheider's famous movie line, "You're gonna need a bigger boat", ad-libbed by Scheider, was voted 35th on the American Film Institute's list of best movie quotes.
In 1976, he appeared as secret agent Doc Levy in Marathon Man, with Dustin Hoffman (as his younger brother) and Laurence Olivier. Scheider reunited with French Connection director William Friedkin in the box-office flop Sorcerer, a remake of the 1953 French film Le Salaire de la peur (The Wages of Fear).
He was originally cast as Steven (John Savage's role) in The Deer Hunter, the second movie of a three-movie deal with Universal Studios. However, despite being under contract, Scheider dropped out of the production two weeks before the start of filming. Universal offered him the option of reprising his role as Martin Brody for a Jaws sequel, and would consider his contractual obligations fulfilled if he accepted. Scheider accepted, and Jaws 2 was released in 1978, though it was not a happy production for Scheider, who came into conflict with the film's director Jeannot Szwarc.
In 1979, four years after he appeared in Jaws, he received his second Academy Award nomination, this time as Best Actor in All That Jazz, in which he played a fictionalized version of the film's director and co-writer Bob Fosse.
In 1983, he starred in Blue Thunder, a John Badham film about a fictitious technologically advanced prototype attack helicopter which was to be used as security over the city of Los Angeles during the 1984 Summer Olympic Games. This was followed by a role as Dr. Heywood Floyd in Peter Hyams' 2010, a 1984 sequel to Stanley Kubrick's 1968 science fiction classic 2001: A Space Odyssey, in which William Sylvester originated the role of Floyd.
One of his later parts was that of Dr. Benway in the long-in-production 1991 film adaptation of William S. Burroughs' novel Naked Lunch. In 1990 he co-starred with Sean Connery in The Russia House as the smart-talking CIA liaison with the British MI6. Scheider played a mob boss in the Gary Oldman crime film Romeo Is Bleeding (1994) and a chief executive of a corrupt insurance company cross-examined by Matt Damon in 1997's John Grisham's The Rainmaker, directed by Francis Ford Coppola.
Among his later films, he appeared as the crusty father of hero Frank Castle in The Punisher (2004), and in 2007, starred in The Poet and If I Didn't Care. When Scheider died in February 2008, he had two movies upcoming: Dark Honeymoon, which had been completed, and the British thriller Iron Cross. In Iron Cross, Scheider plays the leading role of Joseph, a holocaust survivor with a propensity for justice, which was inspired by director Joshua Newton’s late father Bruno Newton. Iron Cross was ultimately released in 2011.
Other work 
In 1993, Scheider signed on to be the lead star in the Steven Spielberg-produced television series SeaQuest DSV as Captain Nathan Bridger. During the second season, Scheider voiced disdain for the direction in which the series was heading. His comments were highly publicized, and the media criticized him for panning his own show. NBC made additional casting and writing changes in the third season, and Scheider decided to exit the show. His contract, however, required that he make several guest appearances that season. He also repeatedly guest-starred on the NBC television series Third Watch as fictional character Fyodor Chevchenko.
Scheider hosted an episode of Saturday Night Live in the tenth (1984–1985) season and appeared on the Family Guy episode "Bill and Peter's Bogus Journey", voicing himself as the host of a toilet-training video (portions of which were censored on FOX and syndicated broadcast). Scheider also did voiceover work on the Family Guy episode "Three Kings" (which was recorded in September 2007 but aired in May 2009, a year and three months after his death in February 2008) which also featured his Jaws co-star Richard Dreyfuss. Scheider guest-starred in the Law & Order: Criminal Intent episode "Endgame" as serial killer Mark Ford Brady, who is identified at the episode's end as being the biological father of series star Vincent D'Onofrio's, character, Detective Goren.
Scheider narrated and served as associate producer of the 2006 Jaws documentary The Shark is Still Working.
In 2007, Scheider received one of two annually-presented Lifetime Achievement Awards at the SunDeis Film Festival in Waltham, Massachusetts. (Academy Award winner Patricia Neal was the recipient of the other).
Personal life 
Scheider's first marriage was to Cynthia Bebout on November 8, 1962. The couple had one daughter, Maximillia, before divorcing in 1989. On February 11, 1989, he married actress Brenda King, with whom he had a son, Christian, and adopted a daughter, Molly. They remained married until his death.
In 2004, Scheider was found to have multiple myeloma, and he received a bone marrow transplant to treat the cancer in June 2005. He died on February 10, 2008, in Little Rock, Arkansas, at the University of Arkansas Medical Sciences Hospital.
- Roy Scheider at Allmovie
- Awards for Roy Scheider at IMDB
- Kehr, David (2008-02-10). "Roy Scheider, Actor in "Jaws", Dies at 72". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-02-10.
- "Roy Scheider Biography (1935?–)". Filmreference. Retrieved 2009-07-27.
- "Obituaries: Roy Scheider". The Telegraph. 11 Feb 2008. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- Kachmar, Diane C. (2002). Roy Scheider: A Film Biography. McFarland. p. 5. ISBN 0-7864-1201-1.
- "Obituary: Roy Scheider". BBC. February 11, 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-11.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Roy Scheider|
- Roy Scheider at the Internet Movie Database
- Official website
- Obituary in The Times
- William Friedkin on Roy Scheider
- Roy Scheider at Find a Grave