Publicity photo of Julie Harris (1973)
|Born||Julia Ann Harris
December 2, 1925
Grosse Pointe, Michigan, U.S.
|Died||August 24, 2013
West Chatham, Massachusetts, U.S.
Cause of death
|Congestive heart failure|
|Spouse(s)||Jay Julian (1946–1954; divorced)
Manning Gurian (1954–1967; divorced)
Walter Carroll (1977–1982; divorced)
Julia Ann "Julie" Harris (December 2, 1925 – August 24, 2013) was an American stage, screen, and television actress. She won five Tony Awards, three Emmy Awards and a Grammy Award, and was nominated for an Academy Award. In 1994, she was awarded the National Medal of Arts. She is a member of the American Theatre Hall of Fame and received the 2002 Special Lifetime Achievement Tony Award.
Early life and education
Harris was born Julia Ann Harris in Grosse Pointe, Michigan, the daughter of Elsie L. (née Smith), a nurse, and William Pickett Harris, an investment banker. She graduated from Grosse Pointe Country Day School, which later merged with two others to form the University Liggett School. In New York City she attended The Hewitt School. As a teenager, she also trained at the Perry-Mansfield Performing Arts School & Camp in Colorado with Charlotte Perry, a mentor who encouraged Harris to apply to the Yale School of Drama, which she soon attended for a year.
In 1952, Harris won her first Best Actress Tony for originating the role of insouciant Sally Bowles in I Am a Camera, the stage version of Christopher Isherwood's Goodbye to Berlin (later adapted as the Broadway musical Cabaret (1966) and as the 1972 film, with Liza Minnelli as Sally). Harris repeated her stage role in the film version of I Am a Camera (1955). Of particular note is her Tony-winning performance in The Belle of Amherst, a one-woman play (written by William Luce and directed by Charles Nelson Reilly) based on the life and poetry of Emily Dickinson. She received a Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Recording for the audio recording of the play. She first performed the play in 1976 and subsequently appeared in other solo shows, including Luce's Bronte. Other Broadway credits include The Playboy of the Western World, Macbeth, The Member of the Wedding, A Shot in the Dark, Skyscraper, And Miss Reardon Drinks a Little, Forty Carats, The Glass Menagerie, A Doll's House and The Gin Game, and a North American tour in 1992 of Lettice and Lovage in the lead part originated by Maggie Smith on Broadway.
Harris received ten Tony Award nominations, more than any other performer. She held the record for most competitive Tony wins (five) until Angela Lansbury tied her in 2009. Audra McDonald has since passed them both, with six acting Tony Award wins. In 1966, Harris won the Sarah Siddons Award for her work in Chicago theatre.
Harris's screen debut was in 1952, repeating her Broadway success as the monumentally lonely teenage girl Frankie in Carson McCullers' The Member of the Wedding, for which she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress. Harris played the ethereal Eleanor Lance in The Haunting (1963), director Robert Wise's screen adaptation of a novel by Shirley Jackson, a classic film of the horror genre. Another cast member recalled Harris maintaining a social distance from the other actors while not on set, later explaining that she had done so as a method of emphasizing the alienation from the other characters experienced by her character in the film. She reprised her Tony-winning role as Mary Todd Lincoln in 1973's play The Last of Mrs. Lincoln in the film version, which appeared in 1976. Another noteworthy film appearance was in the World War II drama The Hiding Place (1975). She also appeared in such films as East of Eden (also 1955), with James Dean (with whom she became close friends), Requiem for a Heavyweight (1962), with Paul Newman in the private-detective film Harper (1966), and Reflections in a Golden Eye (1967).
For her television work, Harris had won three Emmy Awards and had been nominated eleven times. One of her most famous television roles was as Queen Victoria, in the 1961 Hallmark Hall of Fame production of Laurence Housman's Victoria Regina, for which she won an Emmy. Earlier, also for the Hallmark Hall of Fame, she starred as Nora Helmer opposite Christopher Plummer in A Doll's House (1959), a 90-minute television adaptation of Ibsen's play. She made more appearances in leading roles on the Hallmark program than any other actress, also appearing in two different adaptations of the play Little Moon of Alban. In her later career, she was well known for her role as Lilimae Clements, the mother of Valene Ewing (played by Joan Van Ark) on the CBS nighttime soap opera Knots Landing. The role was as a recurring character from 1980 to 1981 and as a series regular from 1981-1987.
On December 5, 2005, she was named a Kennedy Center Honoree. At a White House ceremony, President George W. Bush remarked, "It's hard to imagine the American stage without the face, the voice, and the limitless talent of Julie Harris. She has found happiness in her life's work, and we thank her for sharing that happiness with the whole world."
Harris continued to work until her death, narrating five historical documentaries by Christopher Seufert and Mooncusser Films, as well as being active as a director on the board of the independent Wellfleet Harbor Actors Theater. She also did extensive voice work for documentary maker Ken Burns: the voices of Emily Warren Roebling in Brooklyn Bridge, Ann Lee in The Shakers: Hands to Work, Hearts to God, Susan B. Anthony in Not For Ourselves Alone: Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony and most notably Southern diarist Mary Boykin Chesnut for Burns' 1990 series The Civil War.
In the summer of 2008, she appeared on stage again in her hometown of Chatham as Nanny in a Monomoy Theater production of The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds.
Harris lived in Chatham, Cape Cod, Massachusetts and until recently, maintained a residence in the Detroit area near to where she grew up. Thrice divorced, she had one son, Peter Gurian. Harris battled breast cancer, a severe fall requiring surgery, a stroke in 2001, and a second stroke in 2010.
Harris died on August 24, 2013, of congestive heart failure at her home in West Chatham, Massachusetts, aged 87. She was survived by her son, Peter. Ben Brantley, theater critic for The New York Times, considered her "the actress who towered most luminously [...], rather like a Statue of Liberty for Broadway." Alec Baldwin, with whom she appeared in Knots Landing, praised her in a tribute in the Huffington Post. "Her voice was like rainfall. Her eyes connected directly to and channeled the depths of her powerful and tender heart. Her talent, a gift from God." On August 28, 2013, Broadway theaters dimmed their lights for one minute in honor of Harris.
- Actors Studio (4 episodes, 1948–1949)
- Starlight Theatre as Bernice (1 episode, 1951)
- Goodyear Television Playhouse (2 episodes, 1951–1953)
- The United States Steel Hour as Shivawn (1 episode, 1955)
- The Good Fairy (1956) as Lu
- The Lark (1957) as Joan of Arc
- Little Moon of Alban (1958) as Brigid Mary
- Johnny Belinda (1958) as Belinda
- A Doll's House (1959) as Nora Helmer
- Sunday Showcase as Francesca (1 episode, 1960)
- Play of the Week (1 episode, 1961)
- The Heiress (1961) as Catherine Sloper
- The DuPont Show of the Month as Julia (2 episodes, 1960–1961)
- The Power and the Glory (1961) as Maria
- Victoria Regina (1961) as Queen Victoria
- Pygmalion (1963) as Eliza Doolittle
- Little Moon of Alban (1964) as Brigid Mary
- Kraft Suspense Theatre as Lucy Bram (1 episode, 1964)
- The Holy Terror (1965) as Florence Nightingale
- Rawhide as Emma Teall (1 episode, 1965)
- Laredo as Annamay (1 episode, 1965)
- Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre as Isobel Cain (1 episode, 1966)
- Anastasia (1967) as Anastasia
- Garrison's Gorillas as Therese (1 episode, 1968)
- Run for Your Life as Lucrece Lawrence (1 episode, 1968)
- Tarzan as Charity Jones (4 episodes, 1967–1968)
- Daniel Boone as Faith (1 episode, 1968)
- Bonanza as Sarah Carter (1 episode, 1968)
- The Big Valley as Jennie Hall (1 episode, 1968)
- Journey to the Unknown as Leona Gillings (1 episode, 1969)
- House on Greenapple Road (1970) as Leona Miller
- The Name of the Game as Ruth Harmon (2 episodes, 1969–1970)
- How Awful About Allan (1970) as Katherine
- The Virginian as Jenny (1 episode, 1971)
- Home for the Holidays (1972) as Elizabeth Hall Morgan
- Thicker Than Water as Nellie Paine (9 episodes, 1973)
- Medical Center as Helen (1 episode, 1973)
- Columbo: Any Old Port in a Storm as Karen Fielding (1 episode, 1973)
- Hawkins as Janet Hubbard (1 episode, 1973)
- The Evil Touch as Aunt Carrie (2 episodes, 1973)
- The Greatest Gift (1974) as Elizabeth Holvak
- The Family Holvak as Elizabeth Holvak (10 episodes, 1975)
- Match Game as herself (1975) (5 daily episodes & 1 syndicated episode)
- The Belle of Amherst (1976) as Emily Dickinson
- The Last of Mrs. Lincoln (1976) as Mary Todd Lincoln
- Stubby Pringle's Christmas (1978) as Georgia Henderson
- Backstairs at the White House as Mrs. Helen 'Nellie' Taft (1 episode, 1979)
- Tales of the Unexpected as Mrs. Bixby (2 episodes, 1979)
- The Gift (1979) as Anne Devlin
- Family Ties as Margaret Hollings (1 episode, 1986)
- The Love Boat as Irene Culver (1 episode, 1987)
- Knots Landing as Lilimae Clements (165 episodes, 1980–1987)
- The Woman He Loved (1988) as Alice
- Too Good to Be True (1988) as Margaret Berent
- The Christmas Wife (1988) as Iris
- Single Women Married Men (1989) as Lucille Frankyl
- The Civil War as Mary Chesnut (9 episodes, 1990)
- They've Taken Our Children: The Chowchilla Kidnapping (1993) as Odessa Ray
- When Love Kills: The Seduction of John Hearn (1993) as Alice Hearn
- Scarlett as Eleanor Butler (1 episode, 1994)
- One Christmas (1994) as Sook
- Lucifer's Child (1995) as Isak Dinesen
- Secrets (1995) as Caroline Phelan
- Little Surprises (1996) as Ethel
- The Christmas Tree (1996) as Sister Anthony
- Ellen Foster (1997) as Leonora Nelson
- The Outer Limits as Hera (1 episode, 1998)
- Love Is Strange (1999) as Sylvia McClain
- The Member of the Wedding (1952) as Frances 'Frankie' Addams
- East of Eden (1955) as Abra
- I Am a Camera (1955) as Sally Bowles
- The Truth About Women (1957) as Helen Cooper
- Sally's Irish Rogue (1958) as Sally Hamil
- Requiem for a Heavyweight (1962) as Grace Miller
- The Haunting (1963) as Eleanor 'Nell' Lance
- Hamlet (1964) as Ophelia
- Harper (1966) as Betty Fraley
- You're a Big Boy Now (1966) as Miss Nora Thing
- Reflections in a Golden Eye (1967) as Alison Langdon
- Journey to Midnight (1968) as Leona Gillings
- The Split (1968) as Gladys
- The People Next Door (1970) as Gerrie Mason
- The Hiding Place (1975) as Betsie ten Boom
- Voyage of the Damned (1976) as Alice Fienchild
- The Bell Jar (1979) as Mrs. Greenwood
- Brontë (1983) as Charlotte Brontë
- Crimewave (1985) (uncredited)
- Nutcracker: The Motion Picture (1986) as Clara (voice)
- Gorillas in the Mist (1988) as Roz Carr
- HouseSitter (1992) as Edna Davis
- The Dark Half (1993) as Reggie Delesseps
- Carried Away (1996) as Joseph's Mother
- Bad Manners (1997) as Professor Harper
- Passage to Paradise (1998) as Martha McGraw
- The First of May (1999) as Carlotta
- The Way Back Home (2006) as Jo McMillen
- The Golden Boys (2008) as Melodeon Player
- The Lightkeepers (2009) as Mrs. Deacon
- Kennedy, Mark (August 24, 2013). "Julie Harris, Broadway Star, Dies at 87". Associated Press. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
- "Lifetime Honors - National Medal of Arts". National Endowment for the Arts. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
- "Tony Awards Facts & Trivia". Tony Awards. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
- "Julie Harris biography (1925-)". FilmReference.com. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
- Mula, Rose Madeline. "Julie Harris - Too Good to be True?". Senior Women Web. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
- Weber, Bruce (August 24, 2013). "Julie Harris, Celebrated Actress of Range and Intensity, Dies at 87". The New York Times. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
- "William Luce's Bronte - Press". Samuel French, Inc. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
- "The Haunting (1963)". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
- Paller, Rebecca (January 16, 2009). "Julie Harris... A Bit of Magic on a Cold Winter's Day". Paley Center for Media. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
- Weil, Martin (August 24, 2013). "Tony-Winning Actress Julie Harris Dies at 87". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
- "WHAT Board". Wellfleet Harbor Actors Theater. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
- Rizzo, Frank (August 28, 2008). "Julie Harris Returns To Stage". Hartford Courant. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
- Rose, Judy (November 4, 2012). "Michigan House Envy: Windmill Pointe palace offers medieval charm". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
- Jon Caswell (July–August 2007). "The Belle of Aphasia". Stroke Connection (nxtbook.com). Retrieved November 15, 2012.
- Brantley, Ben (August 25, 2013). "Luminous Julie Harris, Close Up and Afar". The New York Times. Retrieved August 30, 2013.
- Baldwin, Alec (August 30, 2013). "A Public Farewell to Julie Harris". Huffington Post. Retrieved August 30, 2013.
- Snetiker, Marc (August 27, 2013). "Broadway Theaters to Dim Lights in Honor of Stage Legend Julie Harris". Broadway.com. Retrieved August 30, 2013.
- Young, Jordan R. (1989). Acting Solo: The Art of One-Person Shows. Beverly Hills: Past Times Publishing Co. Intro by Julie Harris.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Julie Harris.|
- Julie Harris at the Internet Broadway Database
- Julie Harris at the Internet Movie Database
- Julie Harris at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
- Julie Harris at Find a Grave
- Julie Harris Documentary and Narration Work.
- TonyAwards.com Interview with Julie Harris
- Senior Women Web Interviews: Julie Harris - Too Good to be True?