Santa Cruz County, Arizona

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Santa Cruz County, Arizona
Santa Cruz County Courthouse.jpg
Santa Cruz County Courthouse
Seal of Santa Cruz County, Arizona
Seal
Map of Arizona highlighting Santa Cruz County
Location in the state of Arizona
Map of the United States highlighting Arizona
Arizona's location in the U.S.
Founded March 15, 1899
Seat Nogales
Largest city Nogales
Area
 • Total 1,238 sq mi (3,206 km2)
 • Land 1,237 sq mi (3,204 km2)
 • Water 1.2 sq mi (3 km2), 0.1%
Population
 • (2010) 47,420
 • Density 38/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7
Website www.co.santa-cruz.az.us

Santa Cruz is a county in southern Arizona. As of the 2010 census, its population was 47,420.[1] The county seat is Nogales.[2] The county was established in 1899. It borders between southern Arizona and northwestern Mexico's Sonora state.

Santa Cruz County comprises the Nogales, AZ Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Tucson-Nogales, AZ Combined Statistical Area.

Santa Cruz County contains many vineyards.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Santa Cruz County, formed on March 15, 1899, out of what was then Pima County, is named after the Santa Cruz River, which was named in the late 17th century by Father Kino. Santa Cruz means "holy cross" in Spanish. After that Father Kino built the famous mission which still stands today at the Tumacácori National Historical Park.[3][4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,238 square miles (3,210 km2), of which 1,237 square miles (3,200 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) (0.1%) is water.[5] It is the smallest county by area in Arizona.

Adjacent counties and municipalities[edit]

Major highways[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 4,545
1910 6,766 48.9%
1920 12,689 87.5%
1930 9,684 −23.7%
1940 9,482 −2.1%
1950 9,417 −0.7%
1960 10,808 14.8%
1970 13,966 29.2%
1980 20,459 46.5%
1990 29,676 45.1%
2000 38,381 29.3%
2010 47,420 23.6%
Est. 2013 46,768 −1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

2010[edit]

Whereas according to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:

2000[edit]

As of the 2000 census, there were 38,381 people, 11,809 households, and 9,506 families residing in the county. The population density was 31 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 13,036 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 76.00% White, 0.38% Black or African American, 0.65% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 19.73% from other races, and 2.63% from two or more races. 80.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 79.71% of the population reported speaking Spanish at home, while 19.51% speak English [1].

There were 11,809 households, of which 45.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.30% were married couples living together, 15.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.50% were non-families. 16.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.23 and the average family size was 3.66.

In the county the population was spread out with 33.60% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 20.80% from 45 to 64, and 10.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 91.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,710, and the median income for a family was $32,057. Males had a median income of $27,972 versus $21,107 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,278. About 21.40% of families and 24.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.70% of those under age 18 and 23.20% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Map of the incorporated areas in Santa Cruz County.

City[edit]

Town[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other communities[edit]

Rio Rico Northeast


County Population Ranking[edit]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Santa Cruz County.[10][11]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Population (2010 Census) Municipal type Incorporated
1 Nogales 20,837 City
2 Rio Rico 18,962 CDP
3 Tubac 1,191 CDP
4 Patagonia 913 Town
5 Sonoita 818 CDP
6 Tumacacori-Carmen 393 CDP
7 Amado 295 CDP
8 Beyerville 177 CDP
9 Elgin 161 CDP
10 Kino Springs 136 CDP

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "History: Pima County". Pima County Justice Court (jp.pima.gov). September 27, 2000. Retrieved 2009-09-30. 
  4. ^ "Santa Cruz County". Arizona State Library Archives and Public Records: Arizona History and Archives Division (lib.az.us). August 4, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-30. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 18, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014. 
  10. ^ http://www.census.gov/2010census/
  11. ^ http://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/maps/block/2010/

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°32′N 110°50′W / 31.533°N 110.833°W / 31.533; -110.833