The Semirechye Oblast (Russian: Семиреченская область, literally "Seven Rivers land") was an oblast (province) of the Russian Empire. It roughly corresponded to most of present-day southeastern Kazakhstan and northern Kyrgyzstan. It was created out of the territories of the northern part of Khanate of Kokand previously was included in Kazakh Khanate. Its center was Verniy, now Almaty. It was founded in 1854 and was ruled as part of Governor-Generalship of the Steppes (Before 1882 it was known as Governor-Generalship of the Western Siberia) between 1854 and 1867 and again between 1882 and 1899 and part of Russian Turkistan between 1867 and 1882 and again between 1899 and 1917. Much of it had been gained by Russia as a result of the Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1881) between Russia and China that saw Russia gaining the Zhetysu region.
As of 1897, the Semirechye Oblast was divided into 6 uyezds:
|Uyezd||Uyezd city (pop.)||Area,
As of 1897, 987,863 people populated the oblast. Kazakhs constituted the majority of the population. Significant minorities consisted of Russians and Taranchi. Total Turkic speaking were 878,209(88,9%).