The Serbs in Austria are the second largest ethnic group of Austria. The first wave of Serbs to Austria started in the early 19th century, and the largest wave of Serb immigration was during the Guest Worker program of the 60s and 70s. Serb immigration to Austria is still active today due to economic and familial factors. Like in most Western European countries, the Serb community in Austria is consists mainly of Serbs with origins in both Serbia and Bosnia & Herzegovina, while from other ex-Yugoslavian republics to a smaller extent.
Although according to the 2001 census, there were 135,376 Serbs with Austrian citizenship, 2.2% of the total population speaking Serbian as their native language. The real number of ethnic Serbs in Austria is thought to be much higher, e.g. the number of members of the ethnic Serbian associations (Savez Srba u Austriji) exceeds 250,000 people.