South African Open (tennis)
|Defunct tennis tournament|
|Event name||South African Championships (1891–1967)
South African Open (1968–??, 1993–95)
Altech NCR South African Open (19??–89)
Panasonic South African Open (1992)
|Tour||Grand Prix Tour (1972–89)
GP Championship Series (1970–74)
World Championship Series (1983–87)
ATP Tour (1990–95)
The South African Open – formerly the South African Championships, the Altech NCR South African Open and the Panasonic South African Open – is a defunct Grand Prix Tennis Tour, World Championship Series and ATP Tour affiliated tennis tournament played from 1891 to 1995. The tournament was independent in 1970 and 1971 and between 1970 and 1974 the event was part of the Grand Prix Championship Series of tournaments that were the precursors to the current ATP World Tour Masters 1000. It was mainly held in Johannesburg in South Africa, except in 1993, when it was held in Durban, and in 1994, when it was held in Sun City. The tournament was played on outdoor hard courts.
ATP Tour tennis returned to South Africa in 2009 under the banner of the SA Tennis Open. The history of this event, however, is not part of the history of the Open. The Tennis Open, which was part of the 250 series of events, was discontinued in 2011.
The first South African Championships were played in 1891 and took place in Port Elizabeth. The tournament was held at and organized by the Port Elizabeth Lawn Tennis Club. This inaugural edition consisted of a men's singles, women's singles, men's doubles and mixed doubles event. In 1905 the women's doubles competition was added. The first men's singles winner was Lionel Richardson from Bloemfontein. After the formation of the South African Lawn Tennis Union in 1903 the location of the tournament circulated between Johannesburg, Cape Town, Durban, Port Elizabeth, East London, Bloemfontein, Kimberly and Pretoria. In 1931 Ellis Park in Johannesburg became the permanent venue for the championships.
NB: The following tables comprise only of champions in the Open Era. For a full list of champions, see their respective main articles.
|1968||Margaret Court||Virginia Wade||6–4, 6–4|
|1969||Billie Jean King||Nancy Richey||6–3, 6–4|
|1970||Margaret Court||Billie Jean King||6–4, 1–6, 6–3|
|1971||Margaret Court||Evonne Goolagong||6–3, 6–1|
|1972||Evonne Goolagong||Virginia Wade||4–6, 6–3, 6–0|
|1973||Chris Evert||Evonne Goolagong||6–3, 6–3|
|1974||Kerry Melville||Dianne Fromholtz||6–3, 7–5|
|1975||Annette du Plooy||Brigitte Cuypers||6–3, 3–6, 6–4|
|1976||Brigitte Cuypers||Laura DuPont||6–7, 6–4, 6–1|
|1977||Linky Boshoff||Brigitte Cuypers||6–1, 6–4|
|1978||Brigitte Cuypers||Linda Siegel||6–1, 6–0|
|1979||Brigitte Cuypers||Tanya Harford||7–6, 6–2|
|1980||Lesley Charles||Rene Uys||7–5, 6–4|
|1981||Kathleen Horvath||Kathy Rinaldi||7–6, 6–4|
|1984||Chris Evert-Lloyd||Andrea Jaeger||6–3, 6–0|
|1986||Dinky van Rensburg||Rene Mentz||6–3, 6–1|
|1987||Gretchen Magers||Louise Allen||6–7, 7–6, 6–4|