Statoil

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Statoil ASA
Type Allmennaksjeselskap
Traded as OSE: STL
NYSESTO
Industry Oil and gas
Founded 14 June 1972
Headquarters Stavanger, Norway
Key people Helge Lund (CEO), Svein Rennemo (Chair)
Products Petroleum
Natural gas
Petrochemicals
Electrical power
Revenue NOK 723.4 billion (2012)[1]
Operating income NOK 206.6 billion (2012)[1]
Profit NOK 69.5 billion (2012)[1]
Total assets NOK 784.4 billion (2012)[1]
Total equity NOK 319.2 billion (2012)[1]
Employees 23,000 (2013)[2]
Website www.statoil.com
Old logo

Statoil ASA, (OSE: STL), is a Norwegian multinational oil and gas company headquartered in Stavanger, Norway. It is a fully integrated petroleum company with operations in thirty-six countries. By revenue, Statoil is ranked by Forbes Magazine (2013) as the world's eleventh largest oil and gas company and the twenty-sixth largest company, regardless of industry, by profit in the world.[3] The company has about 23,000 employees.[2]

Statoil was formed by the 2007 merger of Statoil with the oil and gas division of Norsk Hydro.[4]

As of 2013, the Government of Norway is the largest shareholder in Statoil with 67% of the shares, while the rest is public stock. The ownership interest is managed by the Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum and Energy.[5] The company is headquartered and led from Stavanger, while most of their international operations are currently led from Fornebu.

Operations[edit]

Upstream oil, gas, and biofuel operations[edit]

Statoil is the largest operator on the Norwegian continental shelf, with 60% of the total production. The fields operated are Brage, Heimdal, Grane, Glitne, Gullfaks, Heidrun, Huldra, Kristin, Kvitebjørn, Mikkel, Njord, Norne, Ormen Lange, Oseberg, Sleipner, Snorre, Snøhvit, Statfjord, Sygna, Tordis, Troll, Veslefrikk, Vigdis, Visund, Volve, and Åsgard. The company also has processing plants at Kolsnes, Kårstø, Mongstad, Tjeldbergodden, and Melkøya.

In addition to the Norwegian continental shelf, Statoil operates oil and gas fields in Australia, Algeria, Angola, Azerbaijan, Brazil, Canada, China, Libya, Nigeria, Russia, United States, and Venezuela. Statoil has offices that are looking for possible ventures in the countries of Mexico, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates. The company has processing plants in Belgium, Denmark, France, and Germany. In 2006, Statoil was approved to implement the world's largest carbon sequestration project as a means to mitigate carbon emissions to the atmosphere.[citation needed]

In September 2007, Statoil and the Brazilian oil company Petrobras signed a deal aimed at expanding exploration, sub-sea, and bio-fuels cooperation. After the merger with Hydro, Statoil became a partner in Brazil's offshore Peregrino oil field, which came on-stream in 2011. Under the agreement Statoil became a partner on six offshore licenses, as well as expanding biofuels production. Petrobras and Statoil announced plans to create dozens of refineries in Brazil and the rest of the world where vegetable oil will be added to crude to create a no-sulphur fuel.

On 4 March 2008, Statoil bought Anadarko Petroleum Corporation's 50% share of the Peregrino oil field for 1.8 billion USD.[6] At the time of acquiring the license, the field's recovery factor was estimated to be 9%. However, with the current reservoir depletion plan of the field calling for the use of produced water injection and rock compaction, Peregrino's recovery factor has increased to 20%.[7] On 24 May 2010, Statoil sold a 40% stake in the Peregrino field to Sinochem, the Chinese state-controlled oil company, for a cash sum of $3.07 billion, but retained 60% and the operatorship.

On 7 April 2010, Statoil announced finding oil and gas reserves in the Fossekall prospect just north of the Norne oil field in the Norwegian Sea. The proved recoverable oil resources were provisionally estimated at between 37 and 63 million barrels (5,900,000 and 10,000,000 m3), while the volume of associated and free gas was estimated at between 1 to 3 billion standard cubic metres.[8]

In May 2010, Noble Energy, Inc., operator of the Deep Blue exploration well on Green Canyon 723 in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico successfully reached a depth of 32,684 feet (9,962 m). Statoil holds a 15.625 per cent interest in the Deep Blue well.[9]

In April 2011, Statoil announced a large new find at the Skrugard prospect in the northern Norwegian Sea (Barents Sea in Statoil terminology) north of the Snøhvit field off Hammerfest. The find was seen as a key find as it could lead to more finds in the region.[10]

In September 2011 the company announced a large new find at its Aldous Major South prospect on the Norwegian continental shelf. It later amended its estimates up to between 900 million and 1.5 billion barrels of recoverable oil, making it one of the largest ever finds on the shelf.[11] The discovery was made less than 10 feet (3 metres) from where Elf Aquitaine had drilled a dry well in 1971.[12]

In June 2013 announced a Statoil funded joint venture with Petrofrontier Corp. in Australia. Petrofrontier's Georgina Basin shale oil and gas bearing structures consistent with other producing areas in Australia and North America. Statoil joins Hess, Santos, Total S.A., and other multi-national oil companies in Australia's Northern Territory Basins. Statoil's capital commitment to Petrofrontier $175Million.[13]

Heritage Oil owns approx. 20% of Petrofrontier.[14]

Pipeline operations[edit]

Statoil is involved in a number of pipelines, including Zeepipe, Statpipe, Europipe I and Europipe II, and Franpipe from the Norwegian continental shelf to Western Europe in addition to the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline in Caucasus. The pipelines from Norway are organized through Gassled.

The company has trading offices for crude oil, refined petroleum products, and natural gas liquids in London, Stamford, Connecticut, and Singapore.

Retail station operations[edit]

Statoil is operator of Statfjord in the Norwegian North Sea

The company operated three brands of fuel stations: Statoil, Hydro, and 1-2-3. Statoil operated petrol station services in Denmark, Estonia, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Russia, and Sweden. Some fully automated stations are branded 1-2-3. In Sweden the company also operated Hydro stations. In total Statoil had about 2,000 fuel stations. In mid-2008, Statoil service stations in the Republic of Ireland began to rebrand as Topaz, following the acquisition of the company in 2006 by Irish oil firm Topaz Energy Group.

In first quarter of 2010, Statoil ASA decided to have a new ownership structure for the retail operation.[15] Statoil ASA remained the main shareholder in the new company, Statoil Fuel & Retail ASA. On April 18, 2012 it was announced that Alimentation Couche-Tard will buy Statoil Fuel & Retail for $2.8 billion.[16]

History[edit]

The heritage of Statoil derives from the three major Norwegian petroleum companies Statoil, Norsk Hydro, and Saga Petroleum (the latter two merged in 1999).

Statoil[edit]

See also History of Statoil (1972–2007).

Den Norske Stats Oljeselskap A/S was founded as a limited company owned by the Government of Norway on July 14, 1972 by a unanimous act passed by the Norwegian parliament Stortinget. The political motivation was Norwegian participation in the oil industry on the continental shelf and to build up Norwegian competency within the petroleum industry to establish the foundations of a domestic petroleum industry. Statoil was required to discuss important issues with the Minister of Industry, later Minister of Petroleum and Energy. Statoil was also required to submit an annual report to the parliament.

In 1973 the company started work acquiring a presence in the petrochemical industry. This resulted in the development of processing plants in Rafsnes and, in partnership with Norsk Hydro, the Mongstad plant in 1980. In 1981 the company acquired, as the first Norwegian company, operator rights on the Norwegian continental shelf on the Gullfaks field. 1987-88 saw the largest scandal in the company's history, the Mongstad scandal that made the until then unassailable CEO Arve Johnsen withdraw.

In the 1980s Statoil decided to become a fully integrated petroleum company and started building the Statoil fuel station brand. The stations in Norway originated as Norol stations while the stations in Denmark and Sweden were purchased from Esso in 1985, while the stations in Ireland were purchased from British Petroleum in 1992 and ConocoPhilips Jet in the mid '90s, then sold by Statoil to Topaz Oil in 2006. Statoil also built up a network of stations in part of Eastern Europe in the 1990s.

In 1991 a controversy arose between Statoil and local environmentalists, mainly from Natur og Ungdom and Friends of the Earth Norway, who protested the building of a new research and development centre at Rotvoll, in Trondheim, Norway, a wetlands area close to the city with significant bird life. The controversy climaxed with civil disobedience by the environmentalists, but the centre was still built.[citation needed]

The company was privatised and made a public limited company (allmennaksjeselskap) in 2001, becoming listed on the both the Oslo Stock Exchange and the New York Stock Exchange. At the same time it changed its name to Statoil ASA. The government retained 81,7% of the shares. Through further privatization in 2004 and 2005 the government's share was reduced to 70,9%.[17]

The Statoil/Horton case refers to the company's use of bribes in Iran in 2002–2003 in an attempt to secure lucrative oil contracts in that country. This was mainly achieved by hiring the services of Horton Investments, an Iranian consultancy firm owned by Mehdi Hashemi Rafsanjani, son of former Iranian President Hashemi Rafsanjani. Horton Investments was paid $15.2 million by Statoil to influence important political figures in Iran to grant oil contracts to Statoil. The corruption scandal was uncovered by the Norwegian paper Dagens Næringsliv on September 3, 2003.[citation needed]

In 2007 Statoil bought a large area in the Athabasca oil sand field in Canada after purchasing North American Oil Sands Corporation for $2.2 billion. (In 2012, Statoil had 4 oil sand licences (oljesandlisensene ) as part of the Kai Kos Deh Seh project: Leismer, Corner, Hangingstone, and Thornberry.[18])

Hydro[edit]

In 1965 Hydro joined Elf Aquitaine and six other French companies to form Petronord to perform search for oil and gas in the North Sea. Hydro soon became a large company in the North Sea petroleum industry, and also became operator of a number of fields, the first being Oseberg.[citation needed]

Hydro acquired in the late 1980s the Mobil service stations in Norway, Sweden, and Denmark, changing their name to Hydro. In 1995 Hydro merged its stations in Norway and Denmark with Texaco, creating the joint venture HydroTexaco. The service station chain was sold in 2006 to Reitangruppen. In 1999 Hydro acquired Norway's third largest petroleum company Saga Petroleum, who had major upstream operations primarily in Norway and the United Kingdom. The British operations were later sold.[citation needed]

Merger[edit]

The logo of StatoilHydro
The New York Stock Exchange on June 20, 2011, on the 10th anniversary of when Statoil's shares were listed.

A merger proposal was announced in December 2006.[19] Under the rules of the EEA the merger was approved by the European Union on May 3, 2007[20] and by the Norwegian Parliament on June 8, 2007.[21] Statoil's shareholders hold 67.3% of the new company, with Norsk Hydro shareholders owning the remaining 32.7%.[20] The Norwegian Government, the biggest shareholder in both Statoil and Norsk Hydro, holds 67% of the company.[22] Jens Stoltenberg, the then Norwegian Prime Minister, commented that he viewed the merger as "the start of a new era...creating a global energy company and strengthening Norway’s oil and gas industry."[23]

It has been noted within the analyst community that a proposal will create an entity with much more competitive strength versus its much larger European rivals, including BP, Total, and Shell, while also increasing the ability of the company to make strategic acquisitions, particularly in the Gulf of Mexico.[24] It is the ninth largest oil company in the world, and would be the 48th largest company in the world on the current Fortune Global 500 list with a revenue of NOK 480 billion.[25]

The company's management team was initially to be led by President and CEO Helge Lund (who previously held the same posts at Statoil), with Eivind Reiten, the President and CEO of Hydro, acting as Chairman.[19] However, Reiten decided to resign as chairman three days after the merger because of a possible corruption case in Hydro's former oil division. The Vice-Chair and former Minister of Petroleum and Energy Marit Arnstad served as chairperson until 1 April 2008, when Svein Rennemo took up the post on a permanent basis after resigning as the CEO of the Norwegian oil services company Petroleum Geo-Services (PGS).

To reflect a merger of the two companies and with regards of the minor partner, Hydro, it was decided that the joint company should be given a new name. An actual new name was not decided upon at the time of the merger, and StatoilHydro was created for temporary usage only. The firm announced its intention to revert to the name Statoil ASA, and this was approved by the Annual General Meeting in May 2009.[26] The name was changed on 2 November 2009[27]

The Norwegian state's share of the company after the merge was initially 62.5%. As a parliamentary decision in 2001 said it was a goal that the government should own 67% of Statoil, it was announced that the Norwegian government intended to increase its share. In 2009, it was announced that the Norwegian government had reached its goal of obtaining 67% of Statoil's share.[17]

Divestment[edit]

In early June 2011, Statoil ASA has divested 24.1% shares in Gassled joint venture for NOK 17.35 billion ($3.25 billion) to Solveig Gas Norway AS and still has 5% shares in the partnership.[28]

Expansion of resources[edit]

Two large oil reserves, estimated to contain 700 million to 1.5 billion barrels of recoverable oil equivalents, were announced in 2011 and 2012. This included a new discovery in the North Sea of 500 million to 1.2 billion barrels and a find in the Havis Prospect of the Barents Sea of 200 to 300 million barrels of oil.[29]

In 2011, Statoil bought Brigham Exploration for $4.4 Billion to gain access to its oil shale operations in North Dakota's Bakken formation.[30] In 2012, Statoil sent 45,000 barrels of oil per day by railroad cars from North Dakota.[31][32]

Corruption[edit]

In 2006 the company accepted a $ 10.5 million fine for violating the U.S Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. [33]

Trial against Statoil consultant and two accomplices in 2011[edit]

A Statoil consultant and 2 others were tried in November 2011, for having received 7 million Norwegian kroner, in exchange for contracts and payments totaling "several tenfold" of millions of Norwegian kroner.[34]

Controversies[edit]

Corrib gas project[edit]

Statoil is a partner of Royal Dutch Shell in the Corrib gas project, which entails developing a natural gas field off the northwest coast of Ireland. The project has proved controversial with some Irish residents. In the summer of 2005, five men from County Mayo were jailed for contempt of court after refusing to obey a temporary court injunction forbidding them to interfere with work being undertaken on their land. The ensuing protests led to the Shell to Sea campaign that opposes the project.[citation needed]

Management of art collection[edit]

The Statoil Art Programme, which was founded in the mid-1980s, has allegedly had its management breaching the ethical guidelines of International Council of Museums (ICOM), according to one of Aftenposten's resident critics of art/architecture, as of October 2010.[35]

North Sea[edit]

In March 2011, Statoil halted work on two North Sea oil field projects because of higher taxes in the U.K. budget.[36] In May 2011 they hired former MI6 chief John Scarlett as a strategic advisor.[37]

Charges of unethical practices in Athabasca[edit]

In 2012, a British company (Ecclesiastical Investment) announced that they were selling their stake in Statoil, as a result of perceived unethical practices related to Athabasca oil sands projects.[38]

Arctic[edit]

Rosneft and Statoil made an Arctic exploration deal in May 2012. It was the third deal Rosneft had signed in the past month, after Arctic exploration agreements with Italy's Eni and US giant Exxon Mobil.[39]

According to Greenpeace the Arctic is under threat from both climate change and increased oil drilling. Arctic oil drilling is a dangerous, high-risk enterprise and an oil spill under these icy waters would allegedly have a catastrophic impact on one of the most pristine, unique, and beautiful landscapes on earth.[40][41]

Environmental record[edit]

Statoil and Shell were planning on building a gas-fired powerplant in Norway that would infuse CO2 underground or beneath the seabed, but they discarded the plan due to economic reasons.[42]

Statoil has injected CO2 into the Utsira formation on the Sleipner gas field for environmental storage purposes since 1996. Natural gas containing approximately 8.5% CO2 is produced on the Sleipner Vest field. The gas is transported to the Sleipner Treatment platform, where the CO2 is removed. The gas is exported to the UK, Germany, and Belgium, and the CO2 is injected into the Utsira formation.[43]

The world's first operational deep-water floating large-capacity wind turbine is the Hywind, launched by Statoil in 2009.[44] The 2.3 MW turbine can be anchored in water 120 to 700 metres (390 to 2,300 ft) deep. It will be tested off the coast of Norway for two years.[45][46] The 120 metres (390 ft) tall tower with a 2.3 MW turbine was towed 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) offshore into the Amoy Fjord, in 220 metres (720 ft) deep water, off of Stavanger, Norway on 9 June 2009 for a two-year test run.[47] The unit became operational in the summer of 2009,[48] and was formally inaugurated on 8 September 2009.[49][dated info]

Sponsorship[edit]

Statoil sponsors talents in art, education, and sports through the program Morgendagens helter (Tomorrow's heroes).[50]

Two musical prizes are included in the program.[51] As of 2013, the grant for both awards is of 1 million NOK (about $166,000). The Statoil classical music award has been awarded since 1999. The Statoil stipend to a Norwegian pop/rock artist or group has been awarded since 2008 during the by:Larm festival and is meant to stimulate an international career.[52][53]

The program also includes an art prize, Statoils kunstpris, that has been awarded every second year since 2007 to a talented artist in Norway. The grant is 500,000 NOK (about $83,000) which makes it Norway's largest prize of its kind.[54]

Sponsorship for sports includes support for football and skiing. Sponsorship for education focuses on natural sciences and included a yearly competition for high school students in Norway where Statoils realfagspris is awarded.[55]

Statoil was an official sponsor of the 2011 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships that was held in Oslo.[56]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Annual Report 2012". Statoil. Retrieved 31 August 2013. 
  2. ^ a b This is who we are Statoil.com, retrieved 14 May 2013
  3. ^ "The Global 2000". Forbes. 2013-05-28. 
  4. ^ Offshore247 (2007-05-10). "StatoilHydro signature unveiled". Retrieved 2007-06-20. 
  5. ^ "The Norwegian state". Statoil. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  6. ^ Statoil Buys Anadarko Projects for 2.1 Billion, CNBC.com, 4 March 2008
  7. ^ Doubled Reserves in Peregrino, Statoil Press News & Media - 2007
  8. ^ Statoil Reports Oil And Gas Discovery Just North Of Norne, Scandinavian Oil & Gas Magazine, 7 April 2010
  9. ^ Noble Energy Announces Status of Deep Blue Exploration Well PR Newswire 11 May 2010
  10. ^ http://www.worldoil.com/Major_oil_discovery_in_the_Barents_Sea.html
  11. ^ Damian Kahya (2011-10-13). "Statoil doubles estimated size of North Sea find". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  12. ^ "Norway's Biggest Oil Find Since ‘80s Sends Lundin to Record". businessweek.com. 2010-12-30. Archived from the original on 2011-10-02. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  13. ^ million.http://www.newswire.ca/en/story/1181481/petrofrontier-corp-announces-statoil-to-fully-fund-a-us-50-million-2013-2014-exploration-program-in-the-southern-georgina-basin
  14. ^ http://www.heritageoilplc.com/our-operations.aspx
  15. ^ [1] Statoil opens for new ownership structure, Statoil.com, Published 2010-02-03, 08:31 CET. Updated 2010-02-03, 15:52 CET
  16. ^ Koranyi, Balazs (2012-04-18). "Canada's Couche-Tard to buy Statoil Fuel for $2.8 billion". Reuters. 
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  20. ^ a b EU Business (2007-05-03). "EU regulators approve Statoil, Norsk Hydro merger". Retrieved 2007-06-20. 
  21. ^ Ocean Resources (2007-06-11). "Okays Statoil-Hydro Merger". Archived from Norwegian Parliament the original on 2007-11-22. Retrieved 2007-06-20. 
  22. ^ Statoil (10). "Top 20 shareholders". Retrieved 2010-09-17. 
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  25. ^ E24 (2006-12-19). "Blant verdens 50 største". Retrieved 2007-10-18. 
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  28. ^ "Statoil to divest in Gassled". Reuters.com. 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  29. ^ Adams, Beckett (2012-01-10). "Massive Oil Deposit Discovered in Arctic Region". The Blaze. Retrieved 2012-01-11. "Norway’s Statoil said Monday it has discovered a large oil reserve in the Barents Sea, its second major oil find in the Arctic region in less than a year. The state-controlled oil company said a well drilled in the Havis prospect in the Barents Sea proved both oil and gas at an estimated volume of between 200 million and 300 million barrels of recoverable oil equivalents. Last April, Statoil said it had discovered between 150 million-250 million recoverable barrels of oil equivalents in the nearby Skrugard prospect. The company has received a huge boost to its reserves in the past year. In August, it announced the biggest find in the Norwegian continental shelf in 30 years with a massive discovery of 500 million to 1.2 billion barrels of oil in the North Sea." 
  30. ^ Statoil Buys Brigham Exploration for $4.4 Billion Cash to Gain Oil Shale
  31. ^ "Statoil Using Rails to Ease Bottleneck"
  32. ^ "Statoil to begin transporting Bakken crude from North Dakota by rail to overcome limited pipeline capacity; more than 1,000 cars for unit trains" picture
  33. ^ Statoil innrømmer korrupsjon
  34. ^ Ånestad, Morten (2011-10-06). "Falske fakturaer i fleng". Dagens Næringsliv. p. 17. "Forholdet de er tiltalt for skal ha foregått over 7 år, fra 2003 til 2010. Tilsammen skal hovedmannen, en innleid Statoil-konsulent, ha mottatt over syv millioner kroner i bestikkelser. Motytelsen var kontrakter og utbetalinger på flere titall millioner kroner fra Statoil til et selskap de to andre er knyttet til. — To av tre erkjenner straffeskyld. — Saken er den største korrupsjonssaken siden Statoils Horton-sak" 
  35. ^ Aftenposten, 2010-10-24 page 15: From the article "Diskutabel kunstvirksomhet"(Translation: Debatable art-activities) by Lotte Sandberg: "... Dobbeltrollen strider mot ICOM(det internasjonale museumsforbundets) etiske regelverk"
  36. ^ Statoil halts North Sea oil projects, Rowena Mason, The Telegraph, 30 March 2011
  37. ^ Spy chief behind 'dodgy dossier' gets top Iraq oil job, Daniel Martin, The Daily Mail, 23 May 2011
  38. ^ http://www.aftenposten.no/okonomi/Etisk-fond-trekker-seg-ut-av-Statoil-6783966.html
  39. ^ Rosneft and Statoil in Arctic exploration deal 6 May 2012
  40. ^ The Arctic is under threat from both climate change and increased oil drilling
  41. ^ The dangers of Arctic oil
  42. ^ "Statoil, Shell shelve Draugen field CO2 injection | Environment". Reuters. 2007-06-29. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  43. ^ Technology as a driving force in climate policy (Bjørn-Erik Haugan, Cicerone, Number: 6. pp.8-9. 2005) [3]
  44. ^ Ramsey Cox (February–March 2010). "Water Power + Wind Power = Win!". Mother Earth News. Retrieved 2010-05-03. 
  45. ^ Madslien, Jorn (5 June 2009). "Floating wind turbine launched". BBC News. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  46. ^ "Hywind floating wind turbine". StatoilHydro. 2009-05-15. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  47. ^ Patel, Prachi (2009-06-22). "Floating Wind Turbines to Be Tested". IEEE Spectrum. Retrieved 2009-06-25. 
  48. ^ Madslien, Jorn (2009-09-08), Floating challenge for offshore wind turbine, BBC News, retrieved 2010-03-28 
  49. ^ "Technip and StatoilHydro Announce Inauguration of World's First Full-Scale Floating Wind Turbine". OilVoice. 2009-09-13. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  50. ^ Kunstnerforbundet (20 November 2009): Statoils nominasjonsutstilling kunstnerforbundet.no, retrieved 15 May 2013
  51. ^ Fred Olav Vatne (19 November 2012): Millionen som deler musikk-Noreg (Norwegian) NRK, retrieved 15 May 2013
  52. ^ Nina Berglund (20 February 2012): Bernhoft wins Statoil stipend News in English, retrieved 12 May 2013
  53. ^ Guro Havrå Bjørnstad: Vant en million kroner - igjen (Norwegian) Dagbladet, retrieved 12 May 2013
  54. ^ Thea Steen (2 November 2011): Her er de nominerte til Statoils kunstpris 2011 (Norwegian) Dagbladet, retrieved 15 May 2013
  55. ^ Ragnhild Lunner (11 May 2012): Her er vinnerne av Statoils realfagspris (Norwegian) Teknisk Ukeblad, retrieved 14 May 2013
  56. ^ "Oslo 2011 enjoys great sponsor interest, Statoil". FIS 23 December 2009 article accessed 25 December 2009.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 58°53′30.48″N 5°43′2.82″E / 58.8918000°N 5.7174500°E / 58.8918000; 5.7174500