The Doors (album)

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The Doors
Studio album by The Doors
Released January 4, 1967
Recorded August 24–31, 1966 at Sunset Sound Recorders, Hollywood, California
Genre Psychedelic rock, acid rock
Length 44:48
Label Elektra
Producer Paul A. Rothchild
The Doors chronology
The Doors
(1967)
Strange Days
(1967)
Singles from The Doors
  1. "Break On Through (To the Other Side)"/"End of the Night"
    Released: January 1, 1967
  2. "Light My Fire"/"The Crystal Ship"
    Released: April 1967

The Doors is the debut album by American rock band The Doors, recorded in August 1966 and released in January 1967. It was originally released in different stereo and mono mixes, and features the breakthrough single "Light My Fire", with three different music videos, extended with an instrumental section mostly omitted on the single release, and the lengthy song "The End" with its Oedipal spoken word section. The Doors credit the success of the album to being able to work the songs out night after night at the Whisky a Go Go and the London Fog. The album has become one of the most influential albums in the progression of psychedelic rock, and remains one of the most prolific and popular albums in all of popular music. As of April 2014, The Doors has sold 5 million units in the U.S, over 17 million units worldwide, becoming The Doors's most successful studio album in commercial sales. The Doors was ranked #42 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.

Background[edit]

The Doors final line-up was formed in mid-1965 after Ray Manzarek's two brothers left and Robby Krieger joined.[1] They were initially signed to Columbia Records under a six-month contract, but the band agreed to a release after being unable to secure a producer for the album from Columbia.[2] After being released from the label, the Doors played club venues including the London Fog and Whisky a Go Go until they were signed to Elektra Records by Jac Holzman.[3]

The album was recorded at Sunset Sound Studios in California over six days, with producer Paul Rothchild and audio engineer Bruce Botnick.[4] A four track tape machine was used for recording using mostly three tracks, bass and drums on one, guitar and organ on another with Jim Morrison's voice on the third. The fourth track was used for overdubbing.[4] During recording of the album session bassist Larry Knechtel was present on few of the songs only to give some "punch" to the sound of Fender Rhodes piano bass.[5] For "The End" two takes were worked and cut together to achieve the final song.[5]

Writing and composition[edit]

Although composition credit went to the band as a whole, the album's primary writers were Morrison and Krieger. "The End"'s Oedipal climax was first performed live at the Whisky a Go Go; the band was thrown out as a result of Morrison screaming "Mother...I want to fuck you!" toward the end of the song. "Alabama Song" was written and composed by Bertolt Brecht and Kurt Weill in 1927, for their opera Aufstieg und Fall der Stadt Mahagonny (Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny); "Back Door Man" was written by Willie Dixon and originally recorded by Howlin' Wolf. The line "Some are born to sweet delight, some are born to endless night" from "End of the Night" is a quote from William Blake's poem "Auguries of Innocence".

Speed discrepancy[edit]

The 40th anniversary mix of the debut album presents a stereo version of "Light My Fire" in speed-corrected form for the first time. The speed discrepancy (i.e., about 3.5% slow) was brought to Bruce Botnick's attention by a Brigham Young University professor, who noted that all the video and audio live performances of the Doors performing the song, the sheet music, and the statements of band members show the song in a key almost a half step higher (key of A) than the stereo LP release (key of Ab / G#). Until the 2006 remasters, only the original 45 RPM singles ("Light My Fire" and "Break On Through") were produced at the correct speed.[6]

Mono version[edit]

The mono LP (Elektra EKL-4007) has unique mixes that sound different from the stereo version (EKS-74004). The mono LP version was deleted not long after its original release and remained unavailable until 2010, when it was reissued as a limited edition 180 gram audiophile LP by Rhino Records. This version has never been officially released on compact disc, it is however available for purchase through digital media outlets such as iTunes and Amazon.

Surround releases[edit]

The Doors has been released in 2006 in multichannel DVD-Audio,[7] and on September 14, 2011, on hybrid stereo-multichannel Super Audio CD by Warner Japan in their Warner Premium Sound series.[8]

Reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 5/5 stars[9]
Robert Christgau B–[10]
Rolling Stone 5/5 stars[11]
The Rolling Stone Record Guide 5/5 stars[12]
Slant Magazine 4/5 stars[13]

The Doors made a steady climb up the Billboard 200, ultimately becoming a huge success in the US once "Light My Fire" scaled the charts, with the album peaking at #2 on the chart in September 1967 (stuck behind the Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band) and going on to achieve multi-platinum status. In Europe, the band would have to wait slightly longer for similar recognition, with "Light My Fire" originally stalling at #49 in the UK singles chart and the album failing to chart at all. However, in 1991, buoyed by the high profile of Oliver Stone's film The Doors, a reissue of "Light My Fire" reached #7 in the singles chart and the album reached #43. It eventually spent more time on the UK chart than any other Doors studio album.[citation needed]

The album is ranked #42 on Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time and also on "The Rolling Stone Hall of Fame". It is on Q magazine's "100 Greatest Albums Ever" and ranked #25 in NME magazine's list of the "Greatest Albums of All Time".[14] In 2007, Rolling Stone included it on their list of the 40 essential albums of 1967.[15]

Censorship[edit]

Two songs were censored for the album. On "Break On Through", the repeated line "She gets high" was edited to remove the final word, as it was considered a reference to drug use and Elektra feared radio stations might not play the song. In "The End" the vocal interlude of the final minutes was edited to remove Morrison's repeated use of the word "fuck". Most remasters from 1999 onward have the original portions of both songs restored.

Track listing[edit]

All songs written and composed by Jim Morrison, Robby Krieger, Ray Manzarek and John Densmore, except where noted. 

Side one
No. Title Length
1. "Break On Through (To the Other Side)"   2:29
2. "Soul Kitchen"   3:35
3. "The Crystal Ship"   2:34
4. "Twentieth Century Fox"   2:33
5. "Alabama Song (Whisky Bar)" (Kurt Weill, Bertolt Brecht) 3:20
6. "Light My Fire"   7:06
Side two
No. Title Length
7. "Back Door Man" (Willie Dixon) 3:34
8. "I Looked at You"   2:22
9. "End of the Night"   2:52
10. "Take It as It Comes"   2:23
11. "The End"   11:41

The running time of "Light My Fire", while listed correctly above, is incorrectly stated as 6:30 or 6:50 on some LP and CD versions of the album. An edited version was issued as the Doors' second single in May 1967, with most of its organ and guitar solos removed it had a running time of 2:52. As per the aforementioned speed discrepancy, the 40th anniversary speed-corrected mix made "Light My Fire" 6:59, with all solos intact.

Personnel[edit]

Additional musicians[edit]

  • Larry Knechtel (uncredited) – bass guitar on "Soul Kitchen", "I Looked At You", and "Take It As It Comes"

Chart positions[edit]

Album[edit]

Year Chart Position
1967 Pop Albums 2

Singles[edit]

Year Single Chart Position
1967 "Break On Through (To the Other Side)"
B-side: "End of the Night"
Pop Singles 126[16]
1967 "Light My Fire"
B-side: "The Crystal Ship"
Pop Singles 1

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Sales/shipments
United States (RIAA)[17] 5× Platinum 5,000,000^
France (SNEP)[18] 3× Platinum 900,000*
Argentina (CAPIF)[19] Gold 30,000x
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[20] Gold 50,000^
Austria (IFPI Austria)[21] Gold 25,000x
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[22] Platinum 50,000x
Canada (Music Canada)[23] 4× Platinum 400,000^
Germany (BVMI)[24] Platinum 500,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[25] 2× Platinum 600,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone
xunspecified figures based on certification alone

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Doors: The Doors by The Doors, 2006, p. 37
  2. ^ The Doors: The Doors by The Doors, 2006, p. 53
  3. ^ The Doors: The Doors by The Doors, 2006, p. 58
  4. ^ a b The Doors: The Doors by The Doors, 2006, p. 68
  5. ^ a b The Doors: The Doors by The Doors, 2006, p. 71
  6. ^ Botnick, Bruce: Liner notes to 40th Anniversary CD release, May 2006.
  7. ^ Sound and Vision review of the Doors' DVD-Audios
  8. ^ Warner Premium Sound 14 September releases (in Japanese). Retrieved November 3, 2011.
  9. ^ "All Music Review". All Music Website, Richie Unterberger. Retrieved July 6, 2010. 
  10. ^ Christgau, Robert (December 20, 1976). "Christgau's Consumer Guide to 1967". The Village Voice (New York). p. 69. Retrieved June 22, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Rolling Stone Review". Rolling Stone Magazine, Parke Puterbaugh. April 8, 2003. Retrieved July 14, 2010. 
  12. ^ Marsh, Dave; Swenson, John (Editors). The Rolling Stone Record Guide, 1st edition, Random House/Rolling Stone Press, 1979, p. 109.
  13. ^ "Slant Review". Slant Magazine, Sal Cinquemani. April 18, 2007. Retrieved July 14, 2010. 
  14. ^ Doors CD Album at CD Universe
  15. ^ "Rolling Stone : Photos : The 40 Essential Albums of 1967 :". Web.archive.org. 2007-07-08. Retrieved 2014-06-13. 
  16. ^ Whitburn, Joel. Bubbling Under Singles & Albums (1998): 66.
  17. ^ "American album certifications – The Doors – The Doors". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
  18. ^ "French album certifications – Doors – The Doors" (in French). InfoDisc.  Select DOORS and click OK
  19. ^ "Discos de oro y platino" (in Spanish). Cámara Argentina de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved September 16, 2012. 
  20. ^ "Solo Exitos 1959–2002 Ano A Ano: Certificados 1991–1995". Solo Exitos 1959–2002 Ano A Ano. ISBN 8480486392. 
  21. ^ "Austrian album certifications – The Doors – Doors" (in German). IFPI Austria.  Enter The Doors in the field Interpret. Enter Doors in the field Titel. Select album in the field Format. Click Suchen
  22. ^ "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (The Doors; 'The Doors')". Hung Medien. 
  23. ^ "Canadian album certifications – The Doors – The Doors". Music Canada. 
  24. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (The Doors; 'The Doors (1st Album)')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. 
  25. ^ "British album certifications – Doors – The Doors". British Phonographic Industry.  Enter The Doors in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Click Go