USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71)
USS Theodore Roosevelt
|Career (United States)|
|Name:||USS Theodore Roosevelt|
|Ordered:||30 September 1980|
|Builder:||Newport News Shipbuilding Co.|
|Cost:||US $4.5 billion in 2007 dollars.|
|Laid down:||31 October 1981|
|Launched:||27 October 1984|
|Commissioned:||25 October 1986|
|Homeport:||NS Norfolk, Virginia|
|Motto:||Qui Plantavit Curabit (He who has planted will preserve.)|
|Nickname:||TR, Big Stick|
|Status:||in active service, as of 2013[update]|
|Class & type:||Nimitz-class aircraft carrier
Theodore Roosevelt subclass
|Displacement:||104,600 long tons (117,200 short tons)|
|Length:||Overall: 1,092 feet (332.8 m)
Waterline: 1,040 feet (317.0 m)
|Beam:||Overall: 252 ft (76.8 m)
Waterline: 134 ft (40.8 m)
|Draft:||Maximum navigational: 37 ft (11.3 m)
Limit: 41 ft (12.5 m)
|Propulsion:||2 × Westinghouse A4W nuclear reactors
4 × steam turbines
4 × shafts
260,000 shp (194 MW)
|Speed:||30+ knots (56+ km/h; 35+ mph)|
|Range:||Unlimited distance; 20-25 years|
|Endurance:||Limited only by food and supplies|
|Complement:||Ship's company: 3,200
Air wing: 2,480
|AN/SPS-48E 3-D air search radar
AN/SPS-49(V)5 2-D air search radar
AN/SPQ-9B target acquisition radar
AN/SPN-46 air traffic control radars
AN/SPN-43C air traffic control radar
AN/SPN-41 landing aid radars
4 × Mk 91 NSSM guidance systems
4 × Mk 95 radars
|SLQ-32A(V)4 Countermeasures suite
SLQ-25A Nixie torpedo countermeasures
|Armament:||M2HB mounted machine guns|
|Armor:||No armor plating, but a double-hull design reduces damage from torpedoes|
|Aircraft carried:||90 fixed wing and helicopters|
USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71) (also known by crewmembers as "the Big Stick" or within the navy simply as TR) is the fourth Nimitz-class supercarrier. Her radio call sign is Rough Rider, the name of President Theodore Roosevelt's volunteer cavalry unit during the Spanish-American War. She was launched in 1984, saw her first action during Operation Desert Storm in 1991, and is currently homeported at Newport News Shipyard, Virginia.
Design and construction 
Roosevelt and those Nimitz-class vessels completed after her have slight structural differences from the earlier carriers (Nimitz and Eisenhower), and improved protection for ordnance storage in her magazines.
TR's history began on 30 September 1980, when a contract was awarded for "Hull 624D" to Newport News Shipbuilding.
Her keel was laid down on 31 October 1981, with Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger initiating the first weld. On 3 November 1981, Secretary of the Navy John F. Lehman announced that the carrier would be named for the 26th President of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt.
TR was the first aircraft carrier to be assembled using modular construction, wherein large modules are independently constructed in "lay-down" areas, prior to being hoisted into place and welded together. Modular construction, made possible through the use of a huge gantry crane capable of lifting 900 tons, cut 16 months off TR's construction time, and the technique has been used on every aircraft carrier since.
The Navy's Pre Commissioning Unit (PCU) was formed in February 1984, with Captain Paul W. Parcells named the Commanding Officer.
Service history 
Maiden deployment 
After sea trials and pre-deployment work ups, Theodore Roosevelt started her maiden deployment on 30 December 1988 with Carrier Air Wing Eight embarked. The ship patrolled the Mediterranean Sea prior to returning on 30 June 1989.
Gulf war 
On 28 December 1990, Theodore Roosevelt and CVW-8 deployed for Operation Desert Shield, arriving in the Persian Gulf on 16 January 1991. With the commencement of Operation Desert Storm on 15 January 1991, Theodore Roosevelt began combat operations; eventually flying over 4,200 sorties (more than any other carrier) and dropping more than 4,800,000 pounds of ordnance before the cease-fire on 28 February.
When Iraqi forces turned on the Kurds, Theodore Roosevelt and CVW-8 were among the first coalition forces in Operation Provide Comfort, flying patrols over northern Iraq. After a 189-day deployment, with 176 days at sea, Theodore Roosevelt returned to Norfolk on 28 June 1991. On 14 February 1992, the ship won her second Battle "E". This was followed by the award of the Battenberg Cup for 1991 as the Atlantic Fleet's premier ship.
Theodore Roosevelt began her third deployment on 11 March 1993, again with CVW-8 embarked. Also embarked was a Special Purpose Marine Air Ground Task Force (SPMAGTF), in a test the concept of embarking a multi-purpose Marine force in a carrier.
TR operated in the Adriatic as CVW-8 planes enforced Operation Deny Flight in the U.S. no-fly zone over Bosnia. In June, on the way to only her second port visit, Theodore Roosevelt was ordered instead to transit the Suez Canal en route to the Red Sea to participate in Operation Southern Watch, enforcing the no-fly zone over Iraq.
Deployed for 184 days, Theodore Roosevelt spent 169 days under way prior to return in September 1993. For the accomplishments of her crew, the ship received her second Meritorious Unit Commendation.
From November 1993 to April 1994, Theodore Roosevelt conducted a Selected Restricted Availability (SRA) at Norfolk Naval Shipyard (NNSY), completing ahead of schedule.
On 10 March 1994, Theodore Roosevelt received its third Battle "E". Then on 3 June, Theodore Roosevelt was awarded her second Battenberg Cup as the best ship in the Atlantic Fleet.
Theodore Roosevelt and CVW-8 began their fourth deployment in March 1995, operating in the Red Sea in support of Operation Southern Watch over Iraq, and Operations Deny Flight and Sharp Guard over the skies of Bosnia and in the Adriatic operating areas. Deny Flight evolved into Operation Deliberate Force, as CVW-8 aircraft led NATO strikes against strategic Bosnian Serb targets in Bosnia-Herzegovina. The Theodore Roosevelt Battle Group returned to Norfolk, Virginia in September 1995 and was awarded the Navy Unit Commendation for its Bosnia operations.
Theodore Roosevelt deployed for her fifth deployment on 25 November 1996, with CVW-3 embarked, in support of Operation Southern Watch in the Mediterranean and Persian Gulf. The ship returned from deployment in May 1997.
On 8 July 1997, Theodore Roosevelt entered the Newport News Shipbuilding yard for a one-year Extended Drydock and Selected Restricted Availability (EDSRA), her first major overhaul since commissioning. Theodore Roosevelt returned to her homeport of Norfolk Naval Station on 2 July 1998.
From 1 February to 4 March 1999 Theodore Roosevelt participated in a large navy exercise called JTFEX / TMDI99 along with the Brazilian navy and several NATO navies. During the exercise Theodore Roosevelt was 'sunk' by a Dutch submarine called the Walrus (2) along with 8 other US ships, many of which were part of Theodore Roosevelts escorts.
Theodore Roosevelt began her sixth deployment on 26 March 1999 with CVW-8 embarked. They were immediately called to duty in the Ionian Sea to support NATO's Operation Allied Force. Theodore Roosevelt and CVW-8 aircraft conducted air strikes for two months over the skies of Kosovo against the Serbians. TR and CVW-8 were then dispatched to support Operation Southern Watch, enforcing the "no-fly" zone over Southern Iraq. Theodore Roosevelt returned to her homeport of Norfolk, Va., on 24 September 1999.
On 10 January 2000, Theodore Roosevelt entered a Planned Incremental Availability (PIA) at the Norfolk Naval Naval Shipyard, Portsmouth, Virginia for a six month maintenance period.
After the 11 September attacks, Theodore Roosevelt began her seventh deployment earlier than planned on 19 September 2001 with Carrier Air Wing One. On the night of 4 October 2001, Theodore Roosevelt and CVW-1 launched the initial strikes of Operation Enduring Freedom against al-Qaeda in Afghanistan from the North Arabian Sea. Theodore Roosevelt spent 159 consecutive days at sea, breaking the record longest period underway since WWII. Theodore Roosevelt returned to her homeport 27 March 2002, and was awarded the Navy Unit Commendation, 2001 Battenberg Cup, and 2001 Battle E. From April to October 2002, TR conducted a Planned Incremental Availability maintenance period at Norfolk Naval Ship Yard.
Theodore Roosevelt got underway on 6 January for a scheduled month-long training period in the Puerto Rican Operating Area. Near the end of January, TR received orders to proceed across the Atlantic to the Mediterranean Sea. Strike Fighter Squadron 201, based at Naval Air Station Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth, Texas, was ordered to active duty as a unit of Carrier Air Wing (CVW) 8, the first Naval Reserve squadron to deploy aboard an aircraft carrier since the Korean War. TR arrived on station in the Eastern Mediterranean in February. On 22 March 2003 Theodore Roosevelt, along with USS Harry S. Truman (CVN-75), began launching air strikes into Iraq in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. TR returned home on 26 May, and was awarded the Meritorious Unit Commendation, the Navy Unit Citation, and the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal.
On 19 February 2004, TR entered a ten-month Docked Planned Incremental Availability (DPIA) at NNSY in Portsmouth. Major systems overhauled included AC systems, Steam and CHT (sewage) systems, 1MC (announcing) systems, communication, navigation, and detection suites, weapons elevator overhauls, propeller replacement, hull cleaning and painting, and sea valve replacement, to name a few. TR came out of dry-dock in August and completed the maintenance availability on 17 December 2004.
On 1 September 2005, TR deployed with Carrier Air Wing Eight embarked for a routine six-month mission to the Persian Gulf in support of OIF., transiting the Suez Canal on 27 September and launching OIF missions beginning 6 October. This deployment was the last cruise for the F-14 Tomcat before its retirement in 2006. The TR carried two Tomcat squadrons, VF-31 (Tomcatters) and VF-213 (Black Lions). Theodore Roosevelt returned to home port on 11 March 2006.
Shortly after this cruise, the TR earned the "Jig Dog" Ramage Carrier and Carrier Air Wing Operational Excellence Award, which is a Navy-wide award that is selected jointly by Type Commanders (TYCOM) and is presented to the Carrier/Air Wing team with the best performance as an integrated unit.
On 7 March 2007 Theodore Roosevelt began a nine month Planned Incremental Availability (PIA) in Norfolk, which saw the addition of RAM missiles among other upgrades. The ship returned to Naval Station Norfolk on 28 November 2007.
CVW-8 and Theodore Roosevelt participated in Joint Task Force Exercise 08-4 Operation Brimstone off the coast of North Carolina between 21 and 31 July 2008. The British carrier HMS Ark Royal, the amphibious assault ship Iwo Jima with associated units and the Brazilian Navy frigate Greenhalgh (F-46) and the French submarine Améthyste also participated in the event.
Roosevelt left Norfolk on 8 September 2008 for a scheduled deployment to the Middle East with Carrier Air Wing Eight embarked. On 4 October 2008 the ship stopped at Cape Town, South Africa. This was the first visit to Cape Town by a nuclear-powered vessel since the German cargo ship Otto Hahn in the 1970s. Due to poor weather, approximately half of the ship's crew was unable to go ashore on liberty. The ship made four subsequent port stops in Jebel Ali, UAE, including one during the Christmas holiday. CVW-8 and CVN-71 supported Operation Enduring Freedom and flew more than 3,100 sorties and dropped more than 59,500 pounds of ordnance while providing Close Air Support for ISAF-forces in Afghanistan.
On 26 August 2009 defense contractor Northrop Grumman was awarded a 2.4 billion dollar contract for Refueling and Complex Overhaul (RCOH) of Theodore Roosevelt which is expected to be completed by June 2013. During the RCOH period, the ship's unofficial mascot became The Highduster, replacing the mascot of the ship's operational days, The Nighthawk..
Ship awards 
||This section needs additional citations for verification. (May 2010)|
- Joint Meritorious Unit Award
- Navy Unit Commendation (3 awards) – 1991, 1995, 2001
- Meritorious Unit Commendation – 1993
- Battle Efficiency Award (4 awards) – 1989, 1991, 1993, 2000
- National Defense Service Medal
- Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal
- Southwest Asia Service Medal (3 campaigns)
- Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
- Armed Forces Service Medal (2 campaigns)
- Sea Service Deployment Ribbon (9 campaigns)
- NATO Medal
- Kuwaiti Liberation Medal (Saudi Arabia)
- Kuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait)
- Battenberg Cup (3 awards) – 1991, 1993, 2001
- Golden Anchor / Retention Excellence Award (6 awards) – 1988, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1997, 2004
- Security Excellence Award (2 awards) – 1996, 2009
- Capt Edward F. Ney Memorial Award for Outstanding Food Service (2 awards) – 2001, 2002
- "USS THEODORE ROOSEVELT – HISTORY". Retrieved 3 July 2009.
- Polmar, Norman (2004). The Naval Institute guide to the ships and aircraft of the U.S. fleet. Naval Institute Press. p. 112. ISBN 978-1-59114-685-8.
- "Costing the CVN-21: A DID Primer". Defense Industry Daily. 19-December-2005. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- Thompson, Roger; ), Roger Thompson (M.A (6 April 2007). Lessons not learned: The U.S. Navy's status quo culture. ISBN 978-1-59114-865-4.
- http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-47099_ITM. Missing or empty
- Theodore Roosevelt Takes Battenberg Cup. Navy News.
- VFA-201 “Hunters” Make History Aboard TR. Navy News.
- America's Big Stick Launches Operation Iraqi Freedom Strikes. Navy News.
- Seaman, Journalist. (23 March 2004) FOD Walkdown Marks End to Historic Chapter for TR. Navy News.
- Fast Cruise Marks End of DPIA for ‘Big Stick’. Navy News.
- Theodore Roosevelt CSG Deploys in Support of Global War on Terrorism. Navy News.
- USS Theodore Roosevelt Transits Through Suez Canal. Navy News.
- TR CSG Offers OIF Air Support. Navy News.
- Tomcat Chapter Draws to a Close. Navy News.
- Theodore Roosevelt Moves to Shipyard. Navy News.
- JTFEX 08-4 "Operation Brimstone" Flexes Allied Force Training. Navy.mil. Retrieved on 2012-05-26.
- USS Theodore Roosevelt Deploys in Support of Maritime Security Operations. Navy News.
- IOL, USS Theodore gets green light
- ''Eisenhower'' Launches OEF Sorties. Navy.mil (21 March 2009). Retrieved on 2012-05-26.
- Washington Times, "Carrier Returns To Navy Station", 19 April 2009, p. 7.
- DefenseLink: Contracts for Wednesday, 26 August 2009
- America's Big Stick Wins 2nd straight Ney Award. Navy News.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71)|
- Official Theodore Roosevelt web site
- An unofficial USS Theodore Roosevelt webpage
- USS Theodore Roosevelt history at U.S. Carriers
- USS Theodore Roosevelt on Google Maps
- USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71) Story Archive – U.S. Navy
- USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71) News – U.S. Navy
- USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71) command histories – Naval History & Heritage Command